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bpm resume After a decade of what has often been conflicting and contentious debate over the meaning of “BPM”, we at BPM.com have joined with other industry experts on the establishment of an official and speech on speech, definitive definition of BPM: “Business Process Management (BPM) is a discipline involving any combination of modeling, automation, execution, control, measurement and optimization of business activity flows, in support of enterprise goals, spanning systems, employees, customers and partners within and beyond the doj application essay, enterprise boundaries.” The goal of this effort is to find the definition that closely represents the concept that most people (including both experts and otherwise) have for the term BPM. The goal was not offer judgment on different BPM methods, technologies or products, many of which are discussed on this site. This definition is by design short and concise, yet definitive and speech on speech, complete. Some broader considerations. BPM is a discipline; it is a practice; it is something you do. Business stems from the state of being busy, and it implies commercially viable and profitable work. A business exists to provide value to customers in english term paper, exchange for something else of value. Process means a flow of business activities and seeing those activities as connected toward the achievement of some business transaction. Flow is meant loosely here: the order may or may not be strictly defined. A person doing BPM must consider a process at the scope of interrelated business activities which holistically cooperate to fulfill a business objective. This is the key difference from a functional view of business where each function might be optimized independent of the other functions.

In a complex system like a business, it is well known that local optimization of part of the system will rarely lead to good overall results. A BPM practitioner must consider the metrics of the entire system when evaluating a specific process. Modeling means that they would identify, define, and speech, make a representation of the ksg faculty research series, complete process to speech on speech support communication about the process. There is no single standard way to model, but the model must encompass the process. Automation refers to the work that is done in 8th grade narrative essay, advance to assure the smooth execution of the process instances. In many cases this means writing software, but it might include building machinery or even creating signage to direct participants. Execution meaning that instances of a process are performed or enacted, which may include automated aspects. Conceptually, the process instance executes itself, following the BPM practitioner’s model, but unfolding independent of the BPM practitioner.

Control means that the there is speech on speech some aspect of making sure that the ksg faculty paper, process follows the designed course. This can be strict control and enforcement, or it might be loose control in the form of guidelines, training, and manual practices. Measurement means that effort is speech on speech taken to quantitatively determine how well the process is working in terms of serving the needs of customers. Optimization means that the discipline of BPM is an ongoing activity that builds over time to steadily improve the measures of the process. Improvement is relative to the goals of the organization, and ultimately in terms of meeting the needs of customers. Courage Essays For To Kill A Mockingbird! Enterprise is used here simply to mean a business organization; any organization where people are working together to meet common goals; it does not need to be exceptionally large, and it does not need to be for profit. The mention of speech on speech, enterprise goals is included here to emphasize that BPM should be done in the context of the ksg faculty working paper series, goals of the enterprise, and not some small part of speech, it.

This might seem a bit redundant in one sense: any improvement of a process must be an courage essays kill, improvement in terms of the enterprise goals anything else would not be called an improvement. Within and beyond the enterprise boundaries recognizes that the enterprise is speech part of a larger system. Customers are part of the letter, business process. Their interaction, along with those of employees should be considered as part of the end-to-end interaction. Assumptions and Understanding Beyond the Definition Alone. The discussions and commentary that led to the official definition of BPM also uncovered several assumptions and immutable notions about BPM. These are presented below. Speech! BPM is an activity; a practice - BPM is something you do, not a thing you own or buy. It is described in many definitions as a practice. There was wide agreement on this, well over 90% of the participants expressed this view.

BPM is about improving processes - It presumes the idea that you view business as a set of processes, and BPM is the act of improving those processes. This is important: “skill” is different from “skill improvement”. This can be confusing. For example in competitive situations the two ideas are often intertwined - what is the act of playing tennis, if not also the act of trying to improve the way you play tennis? However, in other contexts it is easier to essay distinguish the activity of driving is different than taking a driving course to on speech improve the way you drive. The implication is ksg faculty research that BPM is not about automating business process (in the ‘paving the cowpaths’ meaning) but about on speech, improving them. The same way that ‘reengineering’ a process is essays for to kill a mockingbird about not simply automating what is currently there. Some will say that automation by itself is an improvement over a manual process.

The BPM is the activity of discovering and designing the automated process, and is done when the finished application is deployed to the organization. The running of the processes is not part of speech on speech, BPM. However, monitoring the content, process to speech on speech find areas of improvement would still be an important part of BPM. BPM is done by people concerned primarily with improvement of the process - A business process will involve many people, but how many of them are concerned with improving it? Some will insist that improvement is everyone’s job. That is, the essays for to a mockingbird, receptionist should be thinking about how to speech improve the paper series, operations if possible. This interpretation is speech too broad to be useful. The cook who adds salt to the food making it taste better, motivating more employees to for to eat in the building, cutting down on waste of speech on speech, time driving to an outside restaurant, and improving the amount of information interaction between worker, and resulting in better performance is NOT business process management by any account.

Everybody in a business is perfect score working to do their best job, and every good job helps the speech on speech, business, but all of research working series, this is not BPM. BPM must be narrowly defined as the activity done by people who actively and primarily look specifically at the business processes, and trying to improve them. Speech On Speech! Clearly those people must solicit input from as many others as possible, but those others are not doing BPM. Participating in research paper, a process is speech not doing BPM - A manager approving a purchase order is not doing BPM even though that approval is an activity in letter, a process. On Speech! A bank manager rejecting a loan application is not doing BPM even though this activity is a step in a business process. Paper! These people are doing jobs that are part of speech, a process, but they are not doing BPM. Implementation (coding) of the process application is not BPM - An application developer designing a form for data entry as a step in a process is not doing BPM at that moment. Once the “to-be” process has been adequately spelled out, the actual implementation of the application that supports it is no longer actively engaged in improving the process. A small caution here: applications are often developed incrementally show to the customer, get feedback, improve, and doj application, iterate and on speech, the process may be improved incrementally as well. Ksg Faculty Working Paper Series! Those incremental improvements should be included as the activity of speech, BPM, but the activity of term, implementation of the application is not BPM.

The criteria is speech on speech clear: if you are actively and primarily engaged in term paper format, improvement of the process, then it is BPM, otherwise it is engineering. Making a suggestion for process improvement is not BPM - This means that there is a distinction between many people who make suggestions, and those who then actually do the BPM. When a process analyst is involved in BPM, it is expected that they will solicit lots of information about what is and is not working, as well as suggestions on on speech, how it might work. Those people who give the feedback are helping the BPM work, but not themselves doing BPM. Improving a single step of a process is not BPM - Some have the mistaken idea that any possible action that improves a process is BPM no matter how small. Essays Kill! A person doing BPM needs to have some kind of speech on speech, big-picture view of the process. It has been described as an “end-to-end view” of the process. Optimizing one step in a process, without knowledge of the cover, entire process, is exactly what Hammer and Champy were warning about: to understand the correct optimizations we need to consider those optimizations within the context of a complete business process.

A workman smoothing gravel on a road is improving all of the process that involved driving on that road, but it is not BPM because he does not have visibility of the whole process. The engineer finding a way to double the bandwidth of a fiber optic cable is improving all the processes that require communications, but this is not BPM either. An office worker who finds that OpenOffice4 helps to create documents faster than some other word processor is improving all the processes that involve writing documents; this is not BPM either. In order to speech have a discussion about BPM, we can consider only those activities by people who have a view to, and consider the content, effect on, the entire end to end process. Speech On Speech! Here we get into a variety of different ways that people abuse the BPM term. BPM is not a product - There is a category called “BPMS” which is a BPM Suite or BPM System. Gartner has introduced a new product category called “intelligent BPMS.” What is included depends very much on the vendor. Analysts have attempted to list features and capabilities that are necessary, but those features change from year to year.

For example, in 2007 analysts commonly insisted that BPM Suites must have a BPEL execution capability, but today this is doj application essay entirely ignored or forgotten. Most products designed to support BPM also include a lot of other capabilities beyond just those the BPM practitioner requires. Speech! Particularly they generally include a lot of application development and cover, data integration capability. It is very convenient to speech on speech offer all this in a single package, while other vendors bundle collections of offerings together to book on scorpia get the same benefit. By analogy “driving” is an activity, but an automobile offers many more things than just those needed to drive. BPM is not a market segment again, there might be a market segment around products that support BPM, or BPMS products, but BPM itself is a practice. Vendors may be labeled as a “BPMS Vendor” which simply means they have some products which can support the activity of on speech, BPM, among other things. An application does not do BPM the application might be the result of BPM activity. Once finished, it either does the business process, or support people doing the perfect 8th grade, business process. It may, as a byproduct, have metrics that help further improvement of the process. In this sense it supports BPM in the same way that receptionist may support BPM by coming up with good ideas, and that is speech not enough to say that the application, or the receptionist, is doing BPM.

BPM as a Service is not application hosting We use the english term, term business process as a service (BPaaS) to mean applications hosted outside the company that supports more than one function of a business process. Like the speech on speech, application above, it does the process, but it does not do BPM. Entire organizational units don’t do BPM To say that a company is doing BPM is simply a way of courage a mockingbird, saying that there are some people in the company that are doing BPM. This kind of abstraction is normal. It should be obvious that when a company or division claims to speech be doing BPM, the doj application essay, majority of the people there are not actually doing BPM. BPM is not anything that improves business some argue that every activity is part of speech on speech, a process because a process is just a set of activities. Then, any action taken to term paper format improve any activity is BPM. I have argued against this interpretation because such a broad interpretation would make BPM meaningless: it would mean anything.

There is broad acceptance that BPM is a practice of methodically improving a process that supports business, and speech on speech, that improvements in part of the process must be done only after the consideration of the doj application essay, entire end to speech end process. BPM is courage for to a mockingbird not all activities supported by a BPMS as I mentioned earlier, a BPMS supports many things (e.g. application development) which is not BPM. Speech On Speech! A BPMS that only supported the exact activity of BPM would not be as useful as one that bring a lot of capabilities together. It is however a common mistake for people to say that because a BPMS supports something, it is then an aspect of paper, BPM. While it is true that someone who does BPM needs to document a process, it is on speech not true that anyone who documents a process is doing BPM.

While it is essays true that many BPMS support designing a screen form, it is not true that design a screen form is BPM. The activity of BPM is fairly well defined, but a BPMS support a much wider set of speech on speech, activities. Because you can do something with a BPMS does not mean you are doing BPM A BPMS is designed to support the activity of BPM. However there are many things a BPMS can do that are not BPM. Report! Home What Is BPM BPM Today Blogs and Articles Quotes of the Week Podcast In the Forum Headlines Login Resources Events and Webinars First Impressions Featured Whitepapers Webinar Archive Case Studies Partner Events Vendor Guide bpmNEXT 2017.

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mpa graduate resume Even Albert Einstein said: “Do not worry about your difficulties in speech Mathematics. I can assure you mine are still greater.” Our perceptions of our skills tend to skew left, and when we think about our math ability, we reflect on our confidence, and not our actual skills. The SIPA Admissions office understands that applicants will have varied quantitative backgrounds and skills. We have designed an application that best allows you to demonstrate your quantitative competencies through the quantitative/language resume. Here, you can highlight experiences that have strengthened your math, economics, and statistics skills. The core curriculum at series, SIPA requires the completion of speech, rigorous quantitative courses and we want to paper make sure applicants provide as much information as possible about their quantitative aptitude, experience, and capabilities.

This can include coursework in mathematics, statistics, economics, engineering, natural or computer science, etc. as well as the use of quantitative methods in a professional environment (paid, volunteer, or intern work is acceptable). Perhaps you have worked as an accountant, bookkeeper, or balanced budgets in speech your professional experiences. Perhaps you served as treasurer of for to a mockingbird, a student organization or used quantitative skills in a volunteer opportunity. Speech. These are experiences that you can include in the additional resume. Is there an doj application essay, ideal quantitative background SIPA is looking for in an applicant? Recently, we’ve received many questions about on speech, what makes an ideal quantitative background for a hopeful candidate. Courage Kill A Mockingbird. While SIPA does not have a rigid answer, the Admissions Committee looks for evidence of a candidate’s ability to undertake quantitative coursework at the graduate level. Most successful applicants have completed at least two courses in economics (macro and speech microeconomics). Applicants lacking a quantitative background are encouraged to consider enrolling in working mathematics courses above all else. While the Admissions Committee does not require that each applicant have experience in speech all three areas (economics, statistics, and mathematics) to be admitted, extensive coursework in these areas definitely strengthens one’s chances of gaining favorable admission consideration.

For more on quantitative questions, check out our Frequently Asked Questions pages. Applying Students: A Refresher On Some Common Questions. At this time of the year, we have been getting emails from prospective students on all things related to their applications. We thought we would take a moment to essay address some of the speech most frequently asked questions and direct you to older blog posts where some of them have been addressed: Obviously, prospective students always want information about how they can fund their SIPA education. Here is the paper blog post on relevant financial aid information. It is important to note that first-year applicants are considered for fellowships and scholarships through the university regardless of nationality. Here is the blog post about things that you should avoid doing when applying to SIPA. Tps that may touch on some of the specific application areas: Applying to multiple programs:

The system allow applicants to easily apply to multiple programs under the same log-in. As per SIPA’s Admissions policy, you may apply to more than one program but you must submit full applications (with all required materials, application fee, etc.) to each program to be considered. What restrictions are there? Applicants may apply to any combination of programs EXCEPT you may NOT apply to the (two year full time) Master of International Affairs (MIA) and the (two year full time) Master of Public Administration (MPA) simultaneously (in the same term). How do I create a new application?

Many people have written or called asking how to create a new application. You may do so by logging in to the application system and in speech on speech the “application management” page you will see “ start new application ” below the list of open applications. Select and add the term format program and term. You may see a screenshot of my test application below: Personal Statement: Each program has specific question prompts that are required to be answered for review by the Committee. Some of these questions may be the same as the prompts for on speech other programs but don’t think that you can submit the same responses if you are applying to more than one program, it will be obvious. You can get a refresher on the personal statements here. Recommendation letters: We have received a LOT of calls and perfect narrative emails about on speech, recommendation letters so a few refresher posts, such as Can’t Say it Enough, Recommendation requests, with a little time and the Ins and Outs of Recommendation Letters may be useful for you to cover letter review.

However, the sheer number of emails and phone calls from panicked applicants indicates that there are some outstanding issues. Recommenders have not received the recommendation request submission notification and are confused as to how to speech on speech proceed. The most common reason for this issue is that the email message was delivered to the referee’s spam inbox and so we advise that recommenders check their email folders first. If the perfect narrative notification has not been received, it may be due to security protocol, particularly if the on speech email addresses has an “irregular” domain name or uses abbreviations (typically addresses from various countries, organizations or even universities/institutions), that prevents the message from being received. As an alternative, applicants may use a different email address for the recommender but this requires the recommender entry to be deleted and then re-entered to include the updated email address.

As a last resort, recommenders can send the letter (as an ksg faculty working series, attachment) to sipa_admission@columbia.edu directly and then our staff can upload the speech letter to the application manually. Due to high volume of book, activity, we request your patience as we process received materials. GRE/GMAT: The GRE/GMAT is an important component of the application, and all of your questions about these tests can be found here. Another item on test scores, WE DO NOT REQUIRE AN OFFICIAL TEST SCORE REPORT TO BE RECEIVED BY THE DEADLINE. On Speech. The Committee ONLY requires applicants to self-report your scores on the application. I have thought quite a bit about why this is confusing so I have provided a screenshot of “add test” below: This example is of a GRE score but you only need to type the SCORES and letter the PERCENTILES in speech the boxes to doj application essay report the GRE (or GMAT) and/or TOEFL or IELTS scores in order for your application to be reviewed. It is true that the self-reported scores are considered “unofficial” or a “copy” as you may have seen on speech on speech your application status page, but this is EXACTLY what the Admissions Committee is cover letter content, looking for. On Speech. Once you have submitted your application, you will see something similar to the screenshot below on your application status page: If your official test score has been received and matched with your application, it will show as “verified” or “original” on the application status page.

Another area of confusion has been the deadlines for each program so you may find the ksg faculty working series dates below helpful. If you click the link to each program, you will be taken to the appropriate program checklist page. February 5, 2014 (11:59pm EST) January 15, 2014. February 5, 2014 (11:59pm EST) February 5, 2014 (11:59pm EST) June 1, 2014 (11:59pm EST) January 15, 2014. February 15, 2014 (11:59pm EST) The two-part resume section of speech, SIPA’s application is content, your chance to show us all of speech, your skills and what you have been doing academically and professionally.

The resumes are a critical element of the application; it is letter content, where we will be able to determine if you meet the basic qualifications to become a member of the speech on speech SIPA community. We require all of our applicants to submit two separate resumes. These are broken down into: The Traditional Resume or Curriculum Vitae (C.V.) This is what people generally think of when they hear the word “resume.” This document includes but is not limited to: Positions held (employment and internships)- including specific dates Academic degrees and content other academic achievements Volunteer, public service, political work completed Memberships in honorary societies and awards for service or leadership Extracurricular activities and particularly if an speech, MIA applicant-foreign travel undertaken, including purpose and length of stay.

Please note that in other countries, C.V’s are generally more personalized. They may include marital status, nationality, or even a picture. You should avoid including this information on your resume for SIPA. How Should It Be Formatted? We like white space! Please make it legible for us to read, and use a professional, legible font.

11 point font is a good place to start. Use bold text for headings. Make sure a full page is used up before heading to the next page. No graphics or non-standard fonts, please! You’ll be safe if you stick with Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman. And Now, The Quantitative Resume. This second resume will focus exclusively on research paper your background in quantitative methods and language learning/ability.

Because SIPA’s core curriculum includes economics, statistics and financial management, it is on speech, important for the admissions committee to look at your previous experiences and score 8th grade narrative essay successes in quantitative classes. On this resume, please be as detailed as possible. We want to know more about these classes and what you learned in them. What was the content of the class? Tell us. Proficiency in a second language is a graduation requirement of the speech on speech MIA program but is not a requirement of the MPA program (unless an MPA student chooses to major in english paper Economic and Political Development).

Proficiency is defined as the ability to use a second language at on speech, an intermediate level. Academically this is defined as the ability to achieve a grade of “B” or better in cover letter content an intermediate level 2 language course. On Speech. If you have been out of school for a while, do not feel compelled to spend hours and hours trying to search for old syllabus or text book titles/authors. The point of the resume is not to kill a mockingbird put you through some sort of speech on speech, time trial, it is meant to provide information on the core learning from the course/experience. The example resume was borrowed from an applicant that applied to SIPA while still in college, and is meant to only be a sample. Simply provide as much information as you can and content you will be fine. One question you might have is, “If the course is listed on my transcripts or noted in another part of my application, is it necessary to include it in the Quantitative/Language resume?” The answer is yes. It is okay to be redundant or to include the speech on speech same information that might be listed in another part of the essay application in speech this section. Seeing the information twice, but in more detailed format in the resume portion, is what the for to Committee is seeking to achieve.

Top 10 Tips for speech on speech 2012 Application – # 4 Resumes. This is the cover letter fourth entry in our “Top 10? list to assist you with understanding the process of submitting your 2102 admission application to SIPA. This entry is focused on advice regarding our resume requirements. The first thing to take note of is that we require applicants to on speech submit two separate resumes . Perfect Narrative. This may seem strange at first but I believe this entry will clear up any confusion. The first resume is no surprise.

You could refer to this as your “traditional” resume and everyone applying probably has had a working resume for some time. A traditional resume includes, but is not limited to, information such as: Positions held (employment and internships) – include specific dates please Academic degrees and other academic achievements Volunteer, public service, political work completed Memberships in honorary societies and awards for service or leadership Extracurricular activities and speech on speech particularly if an MIA applicant – foreign travel undertaken, including purpose and letter content length of stay. Please note that readability is on speech, very important. We do no recommend using very small font and extended margins. When applying for doj application essay a job many people feel compelled to on speech use these tactics to keep their resume to a page or two.

This resume is for graduate school consideration and the Committee encourages applicants to list all relevant information and to doj application essay not use a small font or extended margins in on speech an attempt to cram a great deal of information into a very small space. Perfect 8th Grade Narrative Essay. A resume that is longer but easier to read is much preferred over speech a short resume that is hard to read. Put another way – we like white space. Committee members have to read several hundred applications and small fonts and cramped formats are very difficult on content the eyes. When it doubt, use 12 point font and normal margins – the speech on speech Committee will thank you for it. On a final note, we do not recommend that applicants use graphics or non-standard fonts. Let the cover content of your resume speak for you. The font chosen should be easy to read and graphics (other than bullets and bold face) do not enhance the readability of a resume. Common fonts that are easy to read include Arial, Calibri, and Tahoma. The second resume will focus exclusively on an applicant’s background with quantitative methods and speech language learning/ability.

The core curriculum at SIPA includes required coursework in economics, statistics, and financial management. The Committee is therefore quite interested in letter the quantitative aptitude of applicants to our program. This most typically includes coursework and/or professional experience related to speech on speech mathematics, statistics, and economics. Also of note can be quantitative experience as it pertains to essays areas such as science or engineering. Unfortunately, academic transcripts rarely provide in depth descriptions of the actual content of coursework completed. Speech On Speech. For example, a class labeled as “Principles of Economics” on a transcript provides little detail on working series how much focus was placed on the use of quantitative methods. Speech On Speech. And with the large number of international applicants to SIPA, often times transcripts translated into English will just list a class as “Mathematics” thus giving the Committee little information on the actual content/level of math studied. Providing the opportunity for report on scorpia applicants to list detailed information pertaining to quantitative preparation/experience will allow for better explanations of past academic and professional experience. The goal is to be able to allow applicants to list full descriptions of courses included in a course catalog or in the syllabus used in on speech a class. Proficiency in a second language is a graduation requirement of the MIA program but is not a requirement of the MPA program (unless an MPA student chooses to major in Economic and Political Development). Proficiency is defined as the ability to working series use a second language at an intermediate level.

Academically this is defined as the ability to achieve a grade of “B” or better in an intermediate level 2 language course. Incoming MIA students who speak English as a native language will be tested in speech on speech a second language of english paper format, their choice upon entering into the program. On Speech. Due to the intensity of the MIA program at SIPA, it would be quite difficult for an applicant with no previous language study to achieve intermediate level proficiency in two years of study. The Committee therefore wishes to score 8th grade essay see at least elementary level proficiency in a second language when evaluating an MIA applicant for admission. If an incoming native English speaker passes the proficiency exam administered shortly after beginning the speech on speech program, no additional language study is required. If the grade achieved on the exam is not sufficient, to essays kill prove proficiency a grade of “B” or better must be achieved in an intermediate level 2 language course during the time at SIPA in on speech order to report on scorpia graduate. For MPA students that speak English as a native language, second language learning is optional so it is not required to include language learning information in speech the second resume. However, if an MPA applicant does have experience in a second language we encourage them to provide this information because it provides us with additional information on your background. Please do note that there is 8th grade narrative essay, one exception to the language requirement for the MPA program.

If an speech on speech, MPA applicant chooses the Economic and Political Development concentration, second language proficiency is a requirement just like in the MIA program. For applicants that do not speak English as a native language, the second resume will provide an opportunity to elaborate further on book on scorpia time spent studying English and other languages. This can of course include academic study but can also include additional information not included in transcripts or test scores such as time spent living in English speaking environments. Details on Quantitative/Language Learning. The second resume is meant to provide applicants with the ability to provide detailed information which can include:

Name/level/grade/institution pertaining to classroom courses. For classroom courses, a description of the course and specific learning objectives (best done by providing a description from a course catalog or a syllabus that was used for the class). If it has been a number of years since you graduated, a description from a current course catalog found on your school web site can suffice. Examples of working knowledge of the subject matter as demonstrated in speech academic or professional settings. Tests taken and grades/scores achieved. Perfect Score Narrative Essay. Specific certificates earned.

In the on speech case of second language learning, the following information is useful: Information on time spent in a foreign country where the language is spoken. Letter. Or, if the second language was spoken in your home country please provide the context (i.e. did you grow up in a home where a second language was spoken but your academic training was in another language?). Details regarding professional/volunteer/personal use of the language. Speech. Specific details/examples regarding writing, reading, speaking, and working series listening ability. One question you might have is, “If the on speech course is listed on my transcripts or noted in another part of my application, is it necessary to include it in ksg faculty research the Quantitative/Language resume?” The answer is yes . It is okay to be redundant or to include the same information that might be listed in another part of the application in this section. Seeing the on speech information twice, but in more detailed format in the resume portion, is what the Committee is seeking to achieve. You can view samples of this resume by clicking here. Do note that the sample is essays for to kill, only a guide. Speech On Speech. The level of detail you wish to include is book on scorpia, entirely up to on speech you. If you have been out of school for a while, do not feel compelled to doj application spend hours and hours trying to search for old syllabus or text book titles/authors.

The point of the resume is not to put you through some sort of time trial, it is meant to speech provide information on the core learning from the course/experience. The example resume was borrowed from an cover, applicant that applied to SIPA while still in college, and is meant to only be a sample. Simply provide as much information as you can and you will be fine. Not Your “Average” Profile: Things to Consider as a Young Applicant to SIPA. The following post was submitted by speech Brittney Bailey. Brittney is working in our office this year and she, along with several other students, are contributing posts throughout the year. Another helpful entry on this topic written from an administrator standpoint can be found here. One of the most common questions we at admissions are asked is: “What are my chances of getting into SIPA if I am a younger applicant?

Do I even stand a chance?” Usually these questions come from prospective students who have been out of school for 1 or 2 years or those who are in their final year of their undergraduate program and want to perfect narrative transition straight into graduate school. And many times, these specific questions are deferred to me. I entered SIPA one year after graduating from undergrad and was commonly marked as the “baby” of every group assignment or SIPA bonding-experience. The reality is that SIPA does lend itself to students who exude a certain clarity and confidence in what they want to do and speech on speech know how their degree program will specifically fit into their career goals. Of course, this isn’t always the perfect score narrative essay case, but older students with more professional experience generally fall into this category. So, from one “young” student to another, I wanted to list a few key tips to keep in mind when approaching the on speech admissions process to professional schools like SIPA. Be aware of the statistics. About 5%-10% of accepted students come directly from undergrad each year.

These students tend to have extraordinary academic records, significant internship and/or study abroad experience and a fairly clear idea of what career path they want to head on. Note, the more substantive the letter content internship experience, the better. Speech. Yes, having lots of cover letter, internships at big name organizations can look good on your resume. But keep in speech mind that the Admissions Committee does more than glance at this section. They expect to see a CV longer than one-page (see resume entry here), unlike a typical job resume, and are really looking at report, content. On Speech. So, making sure that even a few internships, fellowships or part-time jobs can better demonstrate your ability to handle relevant and substantive work is vital. In many cases though, students with very strong academic backgrounds are not offered admission but are in fact, encouraged to paper reapply after gaining a year or two of relevant work experience. Applying for on speech competitive or prestigious short-stint programs like Teach for America, the perfect 8th grade narrative Peace Corps or Fulbright and Luce Scholarships are a good stepping stone into graduate programs that can further give you the hard skills, connections and credentials you need to speech on speech advance in an international affairs career. I could not stress enough the need to familiarize yourself with quantitative analysis before applying to SIPA.

Honestly, I avoided quant classes like the plague during my undergraduate career, even though basic economics courses were required as part of my international relations degree. This was definitely to my detriment! Although I ended up loving my economics courses at SIPA, especially those that applied to development, I have always felt as if I were playing “catch up”. Having a few courses in Micro and Macroeconomics, statistics, and mathematics under your belt are incredibly important tools for the SIPA experience and any international affairs or policy career. Not only do they make your transition into graduate school much easier, but they serve as a form of “leverage” in the application process when being benchmarked against many students who have years of applied, practical knowledge. Be clear about career objectives. As a young student, you inevitably have less “tools” to work with.

Your CV will most likely have less pages than an average SIPA student who was the courage essays a mockingbird Director of an NGO on the Thai/Burma border working with refugees for on speech five years or who moved up the paper format ranks as a Senior Analyst at Citibank in New York, Hong Kong and New Delhi offices. Not to worry! Even if your goal is to essentially become one of your peers, a SIPA degree can very well enhance these career paths. Being as clear as possible in speech your personal statement about essay, how to achieve this path is imperative. Ask yourself regularly: What do I think I want to do? Have I already taken all of the basic steps to speech get there? And how will this degree at SIPA and essay many of its components – from the concentration, specialization, professors, locale to the potential student body – help me to get to this goal?It’s not a simple question to answer at whatever age. But, it’s an on speech, imperative one to address and drive home in your personal statement, particularly as a student with limited professional experience. Don’t be afraid to “stay out of the game” (for a bit) I know that this is usually not the answer people want to doj application essay hear. Speech On Speech. But speaking from personal experience, had I gone through the admissions process all over again I would have spent another year or two working in international development.

In fact, after my first year at doj application, SIPA, I took off some time, in part, to do just that. Gaining the additional professional experience helped me to speech really refine my objectives at SIPA. I am much more confident in doj application essay what I have to offer to speech a future employer and what I need to take from the program here. Staying out of the SIPA game for just a few years can really enhance how well you play once you’re in it. Having said all this, it is possible to be a young student at research, SIPA and make the most of your experience. Speech. I hope these tips, at score 8th grade narrative, the very least, help out on speech some of you who have asked this common question. The most global public policy school, where an international community of students and faculty address world challenges.

—Merit E. Janow, Dean, SIPA, Professor of Practice, International and Economic Law and International Affairs.

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This is it! This is on speech, why the ksg faculty Maya picked 2012! For the Maya at high noon on the winter solstice of 2012, the on speech sun will be in front of the middle. of the dark rift, the Maya birth canal, and the sacred tree will be in the sky above them. This day can be said to cover content, contain the “sacred triple rebirth of the sun.” This astronomical. metaphor points directly to the spiritual metaphor of the triple rebirth of you. The Actual Astronomy of December 21, 2012, Not the Galactic Alignment. As we see in the above screenshot, the speech sun will be in front of the middle of the dark rift - the Maya as the birth canal - on the same day as the winter solstice of doj application essay, 2012.

This was seen metaphorically by the ancient Maya as the sacred triple rebirth of the sun. We also see that there will be four planets forming the horizontal crossbar of the sacred tree and the sun will be virtually exactly in the middle of these planets. This is also quite significant as to why the Maya picked this exact day to restart their calendar. Yet there is on speech, nothing to letter content, fear; we are not going to fall into a black hole or be inundated with a high level of speech on speech, cosmic rays. As far as Mother Nature goes, it will be business as usual. Please note that the astronomy that I am pointing to is not “the galactic alignment” of John Major Jenkins, which already peaked in 1998. (I really like John but I don't think that the 8th grade Maya missed what they were aiming at by 14 years!) The astronomy that I am pointing to is much more useful to the Maya as the foundation of the most profound metaphor of their culture: the metaphor of transformation and rebirth. In order to understand the core meaning of the transformation and rebirth metaphor, we need to learn about the psychedelic effects of the chemicals that the ancient Maya shamans got from the glands of the Bufo toad. If someone talks about 2012 and they don't talk about the psychedelic shamans, they are missing the most important clue of on speech, all! After all, a stone statue of the Bufo toad is used as an altar in the sacred ceremonial grounds of Izapa, the letter content birthplace of the Maya Long Count calendar. You cannot emphasize something more than that! The toad has the on speech supreme place of honor at that site!

And it is also on some of the courage essays a mockingbird stone carvings showing that the shamans went on journeys into the underworld - the mouth of the toad and the land of on speech, psychedelic experiences. [See image below.] When we understand the message of the toad, we find out what the Maya thought about the true nature of reality. For me personally, the more I dug into this material, the more mind-blowing it all became! Perhaps you will have a similar experience. Stela 6 in Izapa - A shaman in a canoe journeys into the underworld with the help of the. 5-MeO-DMT from the Bufo toad. Photo: Garth Norman, Brigham Young University. As I mentioned before, I don't think that the ancient Maya themselves created the essay calendar to predict world peace at this time. But this does not mean that we can't create a beautiful world right now! Your desire for world peace arises from your strong feelings of compassion and love and speech on speech, yet we should be honest and ksg faculty working series, acknowledge that we do not have the on speech power to make someone else happy; we do not have the power to make someone else be at peace. Yet perhaps your attitude and action will inspire others to create deep peace and score narrative, lasting joy within themselves.

In this way, we all can work towards a more peaceful world. Speech? Your inspiration and offer of a helping hand to build a better world together can reach out in ways whose limits are unknown. So never give up hope and always do your best to courage essays kill, transform both yourself and the world around you into yet an even more beautiful reflection of the divine love that comes to us all from the Source of everything. These essays contain much of speech, my own original research and I present the material in my own way with lots of my own pictures and diagrams that make it easy for everyone to understand. In other words, this is not a rehash of what you might have read elsewhere. The poetic beauty is breathtaking; the actual astronomy is profoundly precise! If I have piqued your interest, please read on. Most of the perfect 8th grade narrative essay essays do not require a background in either astronomy or the general subject of speech, 2012 so you can start reading any essay that catches your eye. If another essay would be helpful to read first, that will be noted at the beginning and a link will be provided. (Please note that because of this approach, there is plenty of essay, overlap between many of these essays.) So without any further ado, here are my essays and two of on speech, my most important videos.

People just getting started with 2012 or my work, might want to watch the score essay first video and then just pick the essays that sound the most interesting. • A narrated slideshow: Mystical 2012: Did the Maya Shamans Discover a Mystical View of Reality? This was created from the audio recording of a public lecture that I gave in October 2010 - 48 minutes in 4 parts. In this narrated slideshow, I cover both the astronomy of 2012 plus the core meaning of the speech Maya's timeless transformation and english paper, rebirth metaphor, which is what the astronomy is pointing to. Learn about the astronomical cross that will fly through the sky over the Maya on the winter solstice of 2012 and speech on speech, why the Maya saw this special day as containing the sacred triple rebirth of the sun. After you see how I present the astronomy of 2012, you might wonder how so many people can be completely unaware of this simple but important perspective. Courage Essays Kill? I have unique information about 2012 and a presentation style that makes it easy for you to understand so please check out this video. • 2012: A Quick Summary of a New Understanding. This 4-page essay is a very brief overview of my book, Mystical 2012 . You can start with this essay and if you find it to your liking, you can move on to any of the other essays. • Why the Maya Picked 2012 - The Essay. A 10-page essay with excellent pictures and diagrams. This is on of the fastest way to learn why the Maya picked the winter solstice of 2012. You will learn mostly by looking at speech, well-marked pictures made from an astronomy software program and I wouldn't be surprised if you learn more in this essay than you have in the many hours of 2012 research you might have already done. You will learn about the actual astronomy that will unfold in the sky over the Maya on book this special day - and only on this day!

You will learn why the Maya used this astronomy for their timeless metaphor about speech, transformation and rebirth. And finally, you will learn that in order to make a calendar that intentionally hits this exact day, the Maya needed to know the length of the year to within 45 seconds! That's 99.9999 percent correct! In my opinion, this is not merely remarkable, this is absolutely stunning! This essay is a modified excerpt from research working paper, Mystical 2012 . • Why the Maya Picked 2012 - My 11-Minute YouTube Video. The sacred triple rebirth of the speech sun and the sacred tree in the sky over the Maya. Learn why the for to astronomy that will unfold in the sky over the Maya on the exact day of the winter solstice of speech, 2012 was used as the basis of the Maya's transformation and rebirth metaphor. Not only doj application essay will you see how the astronomy provides the sacred triple rebirth of the speech on speech sun, you will also see the beautiful configuration of the sacred tree on this special day. Yes, you can quickly and easily understand the basic astronomy of 2012! • Understanding the Maya's Triple Rebirth Metaphor of english term paper format, 2012. Your True Self - What you think of as your personal consciousness is simply the One Awareness looking out through your eyes!

This is happening to you right now and it has been happening to speech, you your entire life! What was created when you were born was not a new personal consciousness but a new viewpoint from which the One Awareness experiences the world! Your true self is the One Awareness, not the book report on scorpia sentient being you have considered yourself to be all your life. This is speech on speech, what some of the ancient Maya shamans discovered. Essay? But not everyone who uses the speech chemicals from the toad awakens to this new understanding of the self, which is a core ingredient of what some people call a type of “enlightenment.” Yet the people that don't wake up to english term paper, the true self often still wake up to the idea that there is a greater spiritual reality behind our ordinary physical reality. Speech? This is like waking up or being born into a spiritual world. This is why it can be said that the score essay unfolding of this spiritual understanding has three births. Speech On Speech? Here they are: 1) Your birth into cover letter content, a materialist's view. 2) Your birth into speech, a spiritual understanding.

3) Your awakening to perfect score 8th grade narrative essay, your true self as the speech on speech One Awareness. Why Their Experiences Are the Key to Understanding the Message of 2012 (7-pages) As I explored the puzzle of 2012, one of the things that I least expected turned out to be the most important. My exploration of this subject was initially focused on the astronomy that will unfold on December 21, 2012 and this is indeed crucial in understanding why the cover Maya picked that exact day. But this essay does not focus on speech the astronomy; it focuses on something completely different. It focuses on the psychedelic effects of the report chemicals that the Maya shamans got from the Bufo toad. These psychedelic experiences are the key to understanding the message of the ancient Maya.

This essay draws plenty of material from Mystical 2012 but it also expands on speech it a bit . • Did Extraterrestrials Create the Maya Calendar? In this essay, I'll explore the following question: Does the precision of the astronomical knowledge required to create the Maya calendar prove that extraterrestrials created it? Afterall, the required astronomical knowledge has a level of precision that seems to be well beyond what the Maya could have achieved with naked-eye astronomy. But, as we shall see, this does not necessarily mean that ET's were involved. Don't worry! The astronomy is easy! But let me warn you: the precision of the astronomy is completely mind-blowing!

This essay is completely self-contained. If you have never read anything about 2012 or the astronomy of book report, 2012, this essay might be all you need to know. I have created many excellent pictures, which will allow you to quickly understand all the important points. • 2012: Why the Galactic Alignment Is Not It. As I explored the puzzle of 2012, I quickly found the work of speech on speech, John Major Jenkins. John's a great guy and score 8th grade narrative, I really like much of his work but his idea that the Maya created their Long Count calendar to speech, point to the galactic alignment left me a bit unsatisfied since that event already peaked in 1998. Consider this: From over on scorpia 2,000 years ago, the Maya hit the exact day of the winter solstice of 2012. How could they hit the exact day they wanted and yet miss the year they wanted? That just did not make any sense to me and this is what motivated me to look closer at the astronomy. This essay is completely self-contained. I have created several excellent pictures, which will allow you to quickly understand all the important points.

The Triple Rebirth of the Sun and the Triple Rebirth of on speech, You. NEW! Updated February 2012. Order it from Amazon: Paperback: $10, Ebook: $4. If you have enjoyed my 2012 essays, you may want to read Mystical 2012 , which brings together all of my important ideas about doj application essay, 2012.

The astronomy that will unfold in the sky over the Maya on the winter solstice of 2012 is the key to understanding why the on speech Maya restart their calendar on that exact day. Doj Application Essay? Almost all calendars are based on astronomy and it appears that this is on speech, also true for the Maya calendar, although in a rather spectacular way! Quickly learn why this astronomy was seen by the Maya as the sacred triple rebirth of the sun. But what does the Maya's rebirth metaphor really mean? Does this metaphor point to courage essays a mockingbird, a very deep spiritual rebirth that arose from the psychedelic rituals of the Maya? On the Maya sacred ceremonial grounds of on speech, Izapa, Mexico - the birthplace of the Maya calendar - we find altars carved in the shape of the 8th grade Bufo toad. The poison glands of these toads excrete a psychedelic chemical that was used by the Maya shamans and speech on speech, there is a stone carving of score 8th grade narrative, a shaman together with this toad. Did the psychedelic rituals of the Maya shamans reveal to them a mystical view of reality?

Did they awaken to their true fundamental identity and is this the profound spiritual rebirth that they hold forth as so important? And is this available to you now without drugs? Yes! Learn more about mysticism in general and the Maya's mystical message of speech on speech, rebirth in this easy to read booklet! For me personally, the more I dug into the subject of 2012, the more mind-blowing it all became! Perhaps you will have a similar experience! • How my work about the Maya calendar is different. and why you might like it. What if the doj application Maya calendar is not about doom and gloom or even world peace? What then? Certainly there might be another reason it was created! Well, after four years of being fully immersed in the study of the calendar, I think I have something to offer.

Now, it seems to me that some people already have their minds firmly made up about the on speech calendar. If this is you, that's fine with me. After all, I am only offering an opinion, and the opinions of cover content, other people might also be interesting. On Speech? And I am very clear that my work is certainly not for everyone. (Ha! That's for sure!) You see, my work is very different from report on scorpia, all the on speech other 2012 books and movies in a number of important ways. Please let me go through them quickly right now. But don't forget, in working the end, I am not simply letting go of some of the common 2012 ideas, I am adding something that you just might find very interesting. So let's see what's up. Awaken to on speech, your eternal awareness now! (2-pages) Did the for to Maya make the calendar simply because they could even though it was difficult? Was it a way of speech, boasting or did they want to give us something, perhaps an invaluable treasure? The calendar clearly points to the rhythms of cover letter content, nature.

What could they possibly want us to think or do in response to pondering the cycles of the day, the year and the great year? Their metaphor involves lovemaking and speech, birth. Do they want us to contemplate the question of life itself? Do they want us to contemplate who we are at the deepest level? Do they want us to ponder the process of creation and the source of english term paper format, our very being? This essay is an excerpt from Mystical 2012 . • The Maya Year Is Extremely Accurate! This essay has great potential to blow your mind.

Proceed with caution. The Maya year is 99.9999 percent correct or better! (4-pages) While the math is very simple, when I carried out the calculations for the first time, the results were simply mind-blowing! I had to double and triple check my work. On Speech? Don't worry about the math; you can understand this and ksg faculty paper series, it will be clear to you why this is one of the speech on speech most important facts to graps with regards to 2012. Although the essay is 4 pages, you can get the point by reading just the first few paragraphs. The rest of the material simply provides all the fine details. The gist of this essay is included in several of my other 2012 essays. • How Did the Maya Know Which Stars Were Near the Sun? As I have mentioned many times, the Maya picked the exact day of the winter solstice of 2012 because on that day, the on scorpia sun will be in front of the on speech dark rift, as seen from content, earth. As you know, the dark rift is a visible region in the band of stars made by our Milky Way galaxy.

While the sun will be in front of the dark rift, don't get the wrong idea. The sun will not be engulfed in darkness! These stars will simply provide the very distant background for the sun. This leads some people to speech, ask: How did the essay Maya know which stars would form the speech background for the sun on any given day since the brightness of the sun obscures these stars and prevents naked-eye skywatchers from courage essays for to a mockingbird, observing them? This essay goes into the surprisingly precise astronomy that can be achieved by simply watching the sky and counting the days. • The Actual Astronomy of 2012 in a Nutshell. If you are only interested in the astronomy of 2012 but you don't want to on speech, spend too much time, I recommend this essay and my YouTube video, which is linked at the beginning of the essay. This essay is simply a shorter version of english term paper format, The Actual Astronomy of 2012 and speech on speech, the Sacred Triple Rebirth of the term paper format Sun . It does not include any mystical spirituality nor does it discuss ET's. • The Actual Astronomy of on speech, 2012 and the Sacred Triple Rebirth of the Sun. Doj Application? A 28-page essay with many helpful diagrams and a link to my 11-minute video.

This thought-provoking essay has the most detail about the actual astronomy of 2012 and the sacred triple rebirth of the sun. On Speech? For me personally, the discovery of this material was totally mind-blowing. For most people, this essay will take some effort to read and essays for to kill, some time to sink in. Yet it will be very rewarding for speech on speech, people that really want to understand the actual astronomy in great detail. • My Main Website Is Infinitely Mysticial. At Infinitely Mysticial, I explore the ancient nondual wisdom that leads to personal peace and liberation. There you can read book excerpts from Living the Paradox of content, Enlightenment and more free essays about the nondual heart of true mysticism. Thanks for visiting and have a magical and mystical day!

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David Proctor: The banker who can’t get out of Qatar. David Proctor thought he had found a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to build a Gulf financial powerhouse at Al-Khaliji Bank. It didn’t work out. Speech On Speech. But almost a year after he was removed as chief executive Proctor’s life is in research paper series, limbo, as Qatar’s authorities decline to grant him an exit visa that would reunite him with his family. Eric Ellis investigates. eFinancial Careers, May 7 2010. eFinancial News, May 4 2010. The Independent, May 4 2010. Sydney Morning Herald, February 10 2010. Euromoney, February 1 2010.

The Independent, January 27 2010. Outwardly, there#146;s nothing particularly unusual about that. Bank executives often have their CVs puffed on the #145;About us#146; tab of their banks#146; websites. And Gulf banks do it often, both projecting a progressive image and speech, boasting about the working paper foreign talent they#146;ve lured to modernize their oil and gas-drenched emirates as emergent financial centres. And what bank, particularly an ambitious start-up like Al-Khaliji with regional ambitions, wouldn#146;t puff a CV like Proctor#146;s?

He#146;s Cambridge-educated, 25 years a banker, solidly trained at Midland and then with a long stint at Bank of America, rising to be its boss in Bangkok, where he chaired the foreign bankers#146; lobby during the 1990s Thai financial crisis. In 1999, he made a move to what would seem the on speech natural habitat of this Peterhouse alumnus, Standard Chartered, as its global head of content, client relationships. He was made CEO of StanChart#146;s European group, then its boss in the Gulf until 2006, and was a favourite of its former executive chairman Mervyn Davies #150; now Baron Davies of Abersoch, Britain#146;s minister for trade and on speech, investment. Indeed, as Al-Khaliji gushes of its special adviser to the chairman and managing director, Proctor#146;s breadth of understanding of the banking market #150; honed in the course of perfect 8th grade narrative essay, his 25 years in the industry #150; has equipped him as a natural leader with a proven track record of speech on speech, success at all points in courage, the economic cycle. Proctor reads as a combination of process man and speech on speech, safe hand, combining emerging market exotica with the ambassadorial polish of an cover content, international banker. On Speech. His experience leasing planes, ships and oil refineries would also seem perfect for the resource-rich Qatari story.

So, what#146;s wrong with this picture? And why should anyone care? Because as with much in this reclusive, gas-rich Gulf monarchy, one of the doj application world#146;s richest yet least transparent countries, not everything is as it appears. On Speech. Proctor#146;s special adviser designation on content the Al-Khaliji website seems as phony as what many anxious foreign bankers and speech on speech, businessmen in Doha posit is Qatar#146;s genuine commitment to due legal process. Qatar widely advertises a world#146;s best practices mantra but that is increasingly questioned internationally of financial centres across the score 8th grade narrative Gulf as once-soaring Arab ambitions dissolve in a desert storm of bad debt and speech, finger-pointing. But Qatar#146;s claims to openness and transparency are questionable in Proctor#146;s case. Search the Al-Khaliji website and there is no official announcement that David Proctor is no longer the bank#146;s CEO. The only public pronouncement on the matter was a statement posted on the Doha Securities Market#146;s website in March last year announcing his new position as special adviser. No reasons were given for content, the sudden change.

A senior member of Qatar#146;s remote ruling Al-Thani family, Sheikh Hamad is a former colleague of Qatar#146;s powerful finance minister Yousef Hussain Kamal. The sheikh was Kamal#146;s recent deputy at the finance ministry and is himself a former commerce minister. The wealthy Kamal is a prominent businessman in the emirate. He#146;s best-known for his long-time chairmanship of the country#146;s biggest bank, Qatar National Bank, an Al-Khaliji competitor. His former vice-chairman at QNB? None other than Sheikh Hamad. Since his ouster from Al-Khaliji last March, Proctor has been trapped in Doha against his will. He#146;s been denied a visa to leave, his living conditions reduced to a month-to-month tenancy of a one-bedroom flat. He drives a borrowed car, communicates by pre-paid SIM cards and Skype, and has an uncertain future. On Speech. Separated from his young family in Singapore #150; he has seen his new-born son for just two weeks, when his wife Trinh visited him in report, October #150; Proctor is on speech unable to work or earn an income in Qatar. He is steadily going broke, and is under considerable psychological pressure.

Although he frets that his movements and possibly his conversations and electronic traffic are being constantly monitored by Qatari security services, Proctor is under no personal restriction or formal house arrest by any Qatari authority. Book Report. Proctor is speech on speech able to go wherever he likes within Qatar#146;s sandy 11,000 square kilometres #150; he just doesn#146;t have permission to leave the emirate, return to his family and resume normal life. His small support group of sympathizers in Singapore, Britain and research series, Australia insist there are no formal legal proceedings against him. Speech On Speech. The only suggestion of doj application essay, anything wrong comes from Al-Khaliji#146;s Lebanese-born investor relations officer Charbel Cordahi, who in December told Euromoney that there were external investigations pending, without providing evidence or details. In September, the speech British government said they were advised by cover content Qatar#146;s attorney-general that Proctor has no legal case to answer in speech on speech, Qatar. In December, the Foreign Office told Euromoney it believed that to still be the case. Over the research working paper series Christmas period, Euromoney learned that Proctor#146;s lawyers had informed him that Qatar#146;s public prosecutor had said it was unwilling to issue him with an exit visa. As his desperation increases, friends of Proctor say he may soon have little option but to seek the sanctuary of the British Embassy in Doha and try his chances from there. So why can#146;t David Proctor leave Qatar? No one in Doha seems willing or able to say.

Al-Khaliji#146;s Cordahi told Euromoney that he#146;s too scared to talk about Proctor#146;s plight for fear of on speech, personal impact on him at the bank. Ex-staff talk of report, a climate of fear at the bank. Sheikh Hamad and speech on speech, Proctor#146;s successor as CEO, South African Robin McCall, refuse to book report on scorpia, respond to questions about Proctor#146;s status, or to key questions about the bank#146;s accounts under their management, as do the various board members sprinkled across the Gulf. The Qatar Central Bank and speech on speech, finance ministry also don#146;t respond to questions, nor do Qatar#146;s legal authorities. Proctor is able to go wherever he likes within Qatar#146;s sandy 11,000 square kilometres #150; he just doesn#146;t have permission to leave the emirate, return to his family and resume normal life. Among Qatar#146;s well-remunerated, there-but-for-the-grace-of-God-go-I expatriate business community, what#146;s happened to english format, Proctor is a phenomenon euphemistically known as going to speech on speech, China, something best not discussed because you might be next. Conversations in Doha#146;s few expat haunts #150; the Harp, the Irish pub at perfect narrative essay the Sheraton, if you#146;re British, or the #145;cholesterol corner#146; strip mall of chainstore eateries for American taste, or the speech W Hotel#146;s Crystal Lounge if you#146;re young, chic and culturally ambiguous #150; have been going like this in recent months: Anyone seen David Proctor from Al-Khaliji? He#146;s gone to China. Really?

What happened? Not sure. Perfect Narrative Essay. Another round? The Chinese nightmare endured by Proctor is one of many similar dramas facing foreign bankers and businessmen in Doha, Dubai and elsewhere in the Gulf in the aftermath of the speech global financial crisis. He is score essay just the latest in a lengthening list of foreigners who have somehow found themselves on on speech the wrong side of a powerful Qatari in a tradition-bound and secretive monarchy where important sheikhs can never be wrong. Qatar Airways executive Ian Heywood spent much of 2008 in China after he was headhunted to a job at British airline BMI after a year in Doha. On May 1 2008, during his notice period, he was detained by Qatari police as he was boarding a return flight for a business trip to Bahrain. Then he disappeared, without any contact with his distraught family. It was eight days before Qatari authorities told the doj application essay British embassy he had been detained and speech, another three weeks before he was released from solitary confinement. There were hints of industrial espionage #150; Heywood#146;s family insisted he#146;d done nothing wrong but the British government said it couldn#146;t intervene.

Eventually a case of breach of contract was brought against him by Qatar Airways, but six months later it was thrown out after a brief hearing. Heywood left Qatar in December 2008, his BMI job filled months earlier, his career in tatters. Then there was the paper series case of the Belgian Philippe Bogaert, a broadcast media specialist. Speech On Speech. He was denied an exit visa by his Qatari sponsor when a business deal with a government agency went sour in 2008. Bogaert publicly claimed he was held hostage for 13 months, even though what he says was a confected criminal case against him was thrown out in November 2008. Essay. Near-penniless, Bogaert had moved to the Belgian Embassy in Doha, becoming a curiosity around town by speech busking in malls to earn money, and on score 8th grade narrative essay the internet with his hostageinqatar.com blog. His departure in September last year is the stuff of on speech, derring-do. A support group hired a yacht to give the perfect appearance they were on a recreational sail around the Gulf. They moored in Doha, Bogaert was smuggled on board and the boat sailed on its festive way. It was only when it was outside the Gulf, in the genuinely international waters of the on speech Arabian Sea five days#146; sail from Doha, that Bogaert first felt comfortable to appear above deck.

He made it to India and now, reunited with his family in Belgium, is writing a book about his drama. The Qataris are unembarrassable, says Bogaert. They have more than $100 million coming out of the score narrative ground every day which means they think they can do what they want. Tracy Edwards is another who fell foul of the Al-Thanis. The world champion British yachtswoman was bankrupted after a $15 million deal with the Al-Thanis to speech on speech, promote Qatar as an international yachting centre went sour. Cover Letter Content. She wasn#146;t able to leave the emirate for a month. Her take on speech Qatar?

Get a flight to Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Oman, Bahrain, Lebanon, Jordan, Saudi or in fact anywhere else except Qatar. If you still feel compelled to term paper, make your life significantly more complicated and experience the wonderful and as yet unexplored world of ulcers and drinking Gaviscon direct from the bottle, then by all means head to Doha. Proctor#146;s plight is known among Doha#146;s tight-knit banking community. On Speech. In October, as Euromoney did the rounds of english term, bankers and speech on speech, regulators at the Qatar Financial Centre #150; one of whom suffered a similar drama in Dubai #150; his dilemma was clearly an open secret: after all, he was one of them only a few months earlier. But his are circumstances bankers only discuss off the record and even then very gingerly lest walls have ears. One Australian banker said what was happening to Proctor was a fucking disgrace; the British long-time CEO of a local bank echoed his sentiments in slightly less colourful language.

That Proctor#146;s plight is not well-known outside the Gulf seems to book, suit the Qatari authorities, who care deeply about speech, how the country is perceived in the outside world as it tries to cover letter, broaden its economy for a post-resources future. In recent years, Qatar has emerged as a pivotal player in on speech, Middle East politics, which pleases its Western patrons if not always its Arab neighbours. Cover. It has brokered the Doha Agreement between warring Lebanese factions, and has sought to mediate an end to Sudan#146;s Darfur crisis and an emerging civil war in speech, Yemen. Since 2003, it has been the headquarters of the US military assault on Iraq, waged from the Pentagon#146;s massive Al-Udeid military base. Tiny Qatar has ambitions to be big in world sport too. It hosted the 2006 Asian Games, which was dogged by dramas and maladministration. It bid unsuccessfully for the 2016 Olympics and has lured several foreign athletes with massive deals to change nationalities and ksg faculty research working, compete for on speech, Qatar (although that strategy has brought little Olympic success, yielding just two bronze medals in seven Olympics).

Today, Doha#146;s broad avenues are festooned with bunting touting Qatar#146;s ambition to host the 2022 football World Cup. Qatar widely advertises a. world#146;s best practices mantra. but that is increasingly questioned as once-soaring. Arab ambitions dissolve in a desert storm of letter, bad debt and speech on speech, finger-pointing. It#146;s still early days at the QFC, but most of the new arrivals seem to be modest representative-secretary-and-the-tea-lady affairs, ostensibly rep offices to enable more convenient dealmaking in the region.

The QFC lists 10 reasons to choose its system, citing Qatar#146;s fast-growing economy and world-record GDP per capita, the gas reserves and the $130 billion investment plan for the country. In point nine, the QFC specifically boasts that it has its own immigration and employment laws #150; which in book, theory means that a foreign banker should be able to work in Qatar and not end up in China if things go awry. But that#146;s cold comfort for David Proctor, hired outside the QFC environment. Proctor had been headhunted from StanChart in speech, Dubai to create the bank in early 2007, lured by on scorpia the then chairman Tariq Al Malki, an adviser to Qatar#146;s prime minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al-Thani. The prime minister is on speech a cousin of Qatar#146;s long-ruling emir and is one of the country#146;s richest men. He controls the flag-carrying Qatar Airways, and paper, is also executive chairman of the Qatar Investment Authority, the sovereign fund set up in 2005 to secure an speech, economic foundation for Qatar for the still far-off day when its massive natural gas reserves #150; tiny Qatar controls the world#146;s third-biggest reserves after Russia and Iran #150; are exhausted. That fund invests the $180 million-a-day earned from doj application, those gas fields and now controls about on speech, $60 billion in assets, including big stakes in UK retailer Sainsbury#146;s, German carmaker Porsche and London#146;s Songbird Estates, which owns much of Canary Wharf. The prime minister is seen by diplomats as a business and political rival to essay, finance minister Kamal, a banker and gasman, and speech on speech, another of the country#146;s richest men.

In what could seem a conflict of interest in the west, Kamal is book on scorpia also the long-standing chairman of Qatar#146;s dominant commercial bank, state-owned Qatar National Bank (QNB), which controls about 50-60% of the Qatari banking market and often acts as a de facto central bank for the emirate. The law of conflicts in Qatar are more uncertain. Says a foreign banker in Doha familiar with Al-Khaliji: The finance minister absolutely hated that Al-Khaliji was established, because the prime minister was delving into his patch. Mr Kamal did not respond to Euromoney #146;s questions about speech, Al-Khaliji. The chance of a lifetime. For Proctor, going stale at StanChart in Dubai, Al-Khaliji had presented as an exciting proposition when he was asked to come on board: a multi-million dollar salary and $2 billion in ksg faculty research series, capital to build the speech bank with. There would be shareholders from all the economies of the Gulf Cooperation Council except Saudi Arabia, not just the financial backwater of Qatar, where the banking sector is massively overshadowed by the hydrocarbons behemoth and QNB. However much cooperation is notionally stressed among the six members of the Gulf Cooperation Council, the old tribal rivalries of the region are hard to erase and banking can be parochial. English Term Format. But here, as Proctor saw it, was a chance to re-draw the Qatari financial map in line with the modernizing message the emirate seems keen to portray internationally, and create a bank built to international standards, world#146;s best this and that, adhering to the various international protocols #150; a new generation bank as Al-Khaliji continues to claim. It was that vision that lured Proctor. His associates say that had it been a pure domestic bank, it would have been much less interesting for this experienced banker.

There was a third rationale behind Al-Khaliji. Some 80% of the Qatari economy is resource-based, and nearly 100% of that is export-oriented. Project financing is pretty much the only reason why foreign banks have been present in Qatar and there was rumoured to on speech, be increasing resentment among the tiny domestic banking community that the doj application best deals went to overseas banks. That Proctor was experienced in project finance and leasing from his time at on speech Standard Chartered speaks to that theory: he was no retail banker. In his mind Sheikh Hamad Bin Faisal Bin Thani Al-Thani (left) is term paper a straight-shooter, protecting the rights of Qatar from all these foreigners who are trying to speech, rip the country off A supporter of David Proctor. Through 2007-08, Proctor assembled a team of essays kill a mockingbird, 30 foreign executives from 20 nations, and set about speech, meeting the vision for the new bank. He had a brief to make Al-Khaliji #150; the name is the Arabic term for the Gulf #150; Qatar#146;s first genuine regional bank. Directors and shareholders signed on from Dubai, Oman, Bahrain, Lebanon and Kuwait, and by paper series mid-2007 Al-Khaliji had gone public on on speech the Doha Stock Exchange in an IPO. Life seemed pretty good for Proctor.

Socially, Doha and its 50-plus degree climate can be dire but Proctor was well-paid and, after a horror period in the very basic company lodge, moved to a new home with his wife Trinh. And there was a new Porsche, the Ritz-Carlton gym, the yacht club and the dinner party circuit to embrace, where the essays for to kill a mockingbird unfathomable intrigues of the emirate were often discussed. Al-Khaliji launched its corporate operation in speech, August 2007, an book report, Islamic business, at end of that year, as per speech, banking#146;s trend of the day, and a retail business in June 2008. The retail side was slower than Proctor had hoped but there was a struggle to find locations for working paper, branches, with the bank bumping up against Qatar#146;s then massive building boom. Branch sites were also too expensive, and for speech, contractors and fitters there were richer pickings elsewhere. According to an insider, the bank also had big trouble with its IT systems #150; ATM, online banking, connecting branches #150; and book on scorpia, went through a succession of consultants #150; and $100 million #150; before getting it close to right after US bank IT expert Steve Shipley was signed on as troubleshooter.

Bank insiders say Sheikh Hamad is speech now going through the procurement contracts with a fine-tooth comb to unearth any possible wrong-doing. The deal that Proctor hoped would take his tenure at Al-Khaliji to a new level came about only ksg faculty research 18 months ago. In 2005, the Qatar government acquired control of the speech on speech small Paris-based Banque Libanaise pour le Commerce for perfect score narrative, $236 million from the Lebanese central bank, which had bailed it out in speech, 2002. On Scorpia. Founded in the 1950s, BLC catered to France#146;s Lebanese community and speech, had reach into ksg faculty working series, the Gulf via branches in on speech, four key UAE emirates, where it also catered to Lebanon#146;s far-flung diaspora. The UAE is the six-country Gulf Cooperation Council#146;s biggest market outside Saudi Arabia and Proctor was keen to cement his new bank there, as befitted Al-Khaliji#146;s Gulf-wide brief and name. But GCC member economies issue only one banking licence per country and, for Qatar, Doha Bank had that licence, not the dominant Qatar National Bank as might have been expected. Proctor moved to buy BLC from the Qatari sovereign fund. On Scorpia. In November 2008, Al-Khaliji secured BLC from the QIA for $250 million, enabling Proctor to get set in speech, the UAE by the back door. The deal was also a coup for Tariq Al Malki, Al-Khaliji#146;s then chairman and an adviser to the prime minister. Essays Kill A Mockingbird. Al Malki was then on the board of the QIA. With BLC, Proctor had the base to build the full regional bank that was his remit.

Then the global financial crisis changed everything. As the full impact began to bite in late 2008, Qatar and its banking sector was confronted, as in most countries, by cashflow issues as liquidity dried up. New banks need cash to speech on speech, grow, and the fast-expanding Al-Khaliji didn#146;t have as much of it as before. With asset values plummeting, Qatar#146;s anxious emir entrusted the emirate#146;s external business affairs and sovereign fund to his prime minister, who is also Qatar#146;s foreign minister. The domestic economy was left to cover letter content, finance minister Kamal, and there ensued a $5 billion-plus series of stabilization moves by speech the central bank. In February, Al Malki was removed as Al-Khaliji chair and replaced by Kamal#146;s old underling at finance, Sheikh Hamad. Proctor appears to be caught.

in a power struggle within. Qatar#146;s ruling elite over. control of the emirate#146;s. emerging financial sector. Friends of Proctor say he had decided it was time to move on. It wasn#146;t done in a confrontational way, the insider says. It was simply a matter of fact. The game had changed, and this was the best way to move forward. But Al-Thani was apparently blindsided, reacting that he knew little about Al-Khaliji and he needed Proctor to stay around.

Proctor decided to bide his time with the new arrangements but it soon became clear his tenure was doomed so he moved to negotiate a termination of his services in cover, February 2009. As Proctor negotiated exit terms, he closed his affairs and spent much of speech, February and March on essays for to kill a mockingbird gardening leave in Doha awaiting Al-Khaliji#146;s paperwork and severance before moving on speech on speech to the arms of a headhunter. Paper. And waited, and waited some more. Relations with the sheikh outwardly seemed cordial and Proctor was wished well, with a hope of speech on speech, working with him again in the future. There was nothing to suggest anything was irregular or untoward, but the paperwork simply didn#146;t arrive as promised. Far from paying him a severance and bidding him farewell, Al-Khaliji#146;s new chairman Sheikh Hamad has refused not only to content, pay what was agreed to Proctor, he has also refused him permission to leave. In the difficult months that have followed, Sheikh Hamad simply refuses to speech on speech, engage with Proctor. Sources close to Proctor say that he is concerned that Al-Thani#146;s root and branch review of supply and procurement contracts may in part be designed to unearth a reason not to honour the standard terms agreed with Proctor.

His camp say the terms concerned an book, amount of on speech, money but not enough to retire on. The sheikh made life hard for others in essay, Proctor#146;s team: the head of IT, Steve Shipley, had to pay back his $500,000 signing-on fee before his passport was stamped with an exit visa. In a previous job in the Qatari civil service, Al-Thani was the head of the speech on speech customs service, part of the cover letter content finance ministry, where it is believed he cemented links with finance minister Kamal. A Proctor supporter says: In his mind he#146;s a straight-shooter, protecting the rights of Qatar from all these foreigners who are trying to rip the country off. In their increasing desperation, and in view of the lack of response from Al-Thani, Proctor#146;s camp have searched for reasons why the exit visa wasn#146;t issued and why he has effectively been held hostage in Qatar. On Speech. They liken his detention to doj application, a cat playing with a stricken bird. Bank staff were unhappy at not being paid bonuses after working hard during a difficult 2008, money being the point of on speech, being in Doha for the expatriates. Australian banker Michael Priestley in corporate at Al-Khaliji had taken a staff loan to courage essays for to, buy a Porsche, but when the bonuses weren#146;t paid he made for the airport, left the speech car in the car park, left on letter content a plane and sent the keys back to on speech, the office in lieu of the loan. This incensed Al-Thani when he learnt about letter, it and he immediately cancelled all exit visas for speech, the foreign staff, which made up 80% of the bank. Thereafter any staff member wanting to doj application, go abroad needed to get personal approval from the sheikh.

On one occasion during this February waiting period, however, an unwitting Proctor made a social visit to Dubai, a 45-minute shuttle away, returning without incident a few days later to Doha. His supporters say that if he had had any inkling of what was to come, he would have flown on. His party believes the only possible way of fixing this is the time-honoured regional way #150; money and possibly a darker version. On Speech. Except, as an experienced global banker, a former CEO with a reputation to uphold and paper format, a career to speech, resume, any action which does not comply to international standards is working paper not an option for Proctor. A supporter says: You do it once, you can never be on speech that other side again. Term Format. Proctor has offered to speech, pay back various fees and bonuses but the letter content offers have been ignored.

It is not clear what role if any Kamal or others played in the due process problems Proctor has experienced. All attempts by Euromoney to reach Kamal, Sheikh Hamad, the prime minister and the emir#146;s office have been ignored. The only on speech remark from any Qatari entity directly addressing the Proctor matter comes in an email from the courage kill bank#146;s investor relations officer, Charbel Cordahi: With external investigations pending, we are not authorized to respond to your questions, neither by the board of directors, nor the speech on speech governmental bodies involved in the matter. Further, please take note that, under our applicable legal and regulatory regime, we are not required to research, disclose any of the purely internal and confidential information requested by you to any third party. Speech. David Proctor#146;s supporters categorically refute there is any outstanding legal matter before him concerning his tenure at the bank. A bailout by doj application any other name. After the unexpected cataclysm that has been the speech on speech global financial crisis, it is a very good question for us all #150; what are normal market conditions? Al-Khaliji#146;s quarterly reports for the first three quarters of 2009 make for doj application, fascinating reading. The Q1 report, prepared by Deloitte#146;s local audit partner Muhammad Bahemia and the first one signed under the new chairmanship of Sheikh Hamad and Proctor#146;s successor, the South African acting CEO Robin McCall, shows Al-Khaliji having posted a net profit of QR51.7 million ($14.2 million). On Speech. That#146;s more than seven times the $1.93 million posted for the same period a year earlier, when Proctor was running the bank.

Outwardly it looks as if the Sheikh#146;s new regime has not just weathered the financial storms of the day, but managed the essays a mockingbird start-up bank into rude health against the most difficult operating conditions in global banking since the Great Depression. But again, in Qatar, things are not always as they seem. Speech On Speech. Some QR34.4 million is booked as other income. What other income? Note six of the statement reveals that Al-Khaliji received QR78.93 million within the book government plan to support national banks. That means it got a handout. Some QR34.4 million of it was applied directly to the profit and loss account, allowing Al-Khaliji to pump up the numbers. Speech. The infusion amounted to english paper format, 66% of the speech bank#146;s Q1 profit. The rest was deferred, to be posted to the PL for the next quarter ending June 30, only this time with a bigger impact on the bottom line #150; some 85% of net profit. Al-Khaliji justified the handling of the handouts with a remarkable statement, describing the ksg faculty research series government assistance [as] representing the difference between the on speech actually achieved margins during stressed market conditions and ksg faculty research paper, the margins that would have been achieved under normal market conditions. Speech. It seems Al-Khaliji was in cover letter content, denial that the world had changed, and on speech, had a central bank willing to imagine that there hadn#146;t been any sub-prime impact in doj application essay, global banking at all.

In Q3, the third period under the stewardship of Sheikh Hamad and McCall, the state#146;s helping hand proved to be the difference between a modest profit and an embarrassing loss. Although now more than a year from the low-water mark of the global financial crisis, Al-Khaliji still seems to on speech, be struggling with what constitutes normal market conditions. Is it the actual business environment a year on, or what it wants it to be, the conditions before the financial crisis? In Q3, another government dollop, this time of paper, QR96.95 million, went straight to the bottom line, enabling Sheikh Hamad#146;s Al-Khaliji to declare a profit of speech on speech, QR27.93 million for the three months, and QR136.34 million for the nine months, compared with the QR21.21 million on Proctor#146;s unassisted watch a year earlier. The Qatar government had made available a handy QR179.6 million to keep Al-Khaliji#146;s books blooming. On August 9 last year, Al-Khaliji#146;s acting CEO McCall and his fellow South African chief financial officer Christiaan de Beer presided over a press conference in Doha and proudly unveiled the Q2 numbers, noting that half-year results reflect . the english term paper continuous expansion in consumer and speech on speech, Islamic banking activities, to gains from corporate lending and trade finance activities, while trumpeting a 750% increase in profits. Report On Scorpia. The only hint there were government handouts in the PL mix was McCall#146;s note of the proactive approach and support given by the Qatari government and Qatar Central Bank in on speech, supporting the stability of the banking sector during difficult times. Al-Khaliji justified the handling of the english term format handouts with a remarkable statement, describing the government assistance [as] representing the speech on speech difference between the actually achieved margins during stressed market conditions and the margins that would have been achieved under normal market conditions Flanked by bank spokesman Cordahi, McCall claimed: David Proctor was moved out to adviser to the chairman and I was asked to come into an acting position. The new chairman has a tremendous amount of ksg faculty series, gravitas.

We work very well together. He said Proctor#146;s removal was because a different skill set was now required at the start-up bank. It#146;s natural in speech, the evolution of the english paper format company. We are starting to get some air beneath the speech on speech wings and we are taking off now, and our Q3 results reflect that. He said Al-Khaliji was making money from 8th grade narrative essay, day one, describing it as a wholesale-led bank, a quasi-corporate and investment bank.

McCall said its large capital base of $1.2 billion gives us capacity to play with the bigger players. Asked how Al-Khaliji was impacted by the global financial crisis, McCall said that because Al-Khaliji was a new bank, its exposure to the overflowing real estate market was limited. He said that because Al-Khaliji was born into the financial crisis . we haven#146;t been exposed to the perils that others have. Indeed, it was with great pleasure that we could walk out of the meeting [with the Qatar Central Bank] and say, #145;We#146;re not affected . On Speech. we don#146;t need your help.#146; Euromoney : You didn#146;t get any infusions or anything like that at for to all? He said that Qatar#146;s banking system is perceived as being secured by an implied government guarantee but denied this fostered an atmosphere of moral hazard among local bankers but that it rather encouraged a sober prudence. On Speech. As per the QFC, McCall noted that an doj application, advantage of the new jurisdiction was that it made the processing of visas a lot easier. We are operating very comfortably here, we#146;ve not had any undue related issues in terms of the legal or regulatory environment, said McCall. I think David Proctor has moved on speech on speech now. Malaysia’s infrastructure finance market: a template for report on scorpia, all.

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How to Negotiate Commercial Leases That Favor Tenants. If a landlord or leasing agent simply tells you the terms, ask for something showing the terms in on speech writing before you submit a counter offer. If they are reluctant to offer a letter, ask for perfect an email or a copy of the listing for on speech the space (which will contain at doj application, least the basic leasing information). Why is it so important to speech have initial terms in writing? A leasing agent acts on behalf of the courage essays kill, interests of the speech, landlord. If an agent either misunderstood, or attempted in any way to alter the landlord’s directions, having terms in writing can show you a landlord that your counter offer was made in good faith based on information from the leasing agent. It is also possible that you could misunderstand lease terms if they are not in writing.

This could lead you to counter too high or too low based on information you misunderstood. Another reason to courage essays kill have the speech on speech, terms in writing is that it allows you time to research more about the lease, to ask an doj application essay, attorney about the terms, or even to compare terms to any other leases you are considering. Asking for terms in speech on speech writing is english term paper format not in any way a legal commitment on your part to move forward. You always have the option of countering the terms or simply turning them down outright. When you buy a house, you negotiate the price. A seller lists the house for the amount of speech, money they would like to get from the ksg faculty research paper series, sale, but almost always expects to get less. A buyer interested in purchasing a home will submit something in writing to the seller with a counter offer. In this case, a counteroffer is an speech, offer to courage kill buy the home at a lower price than what the seller is speech asking. Simply stated, a counter offer is bargaining. While some leases may truly be non-negotiable, for the most part, it works just like buying a home: a landlord or listing agent asks for one rent price (or set of terms) but allows some room for negotiation.

In other words, in commercial real estate, it is almost always expected that the renter (or, lessee) will submit a counter offer, so the landlord inflates the prices and/or terms. Once you have expressed interest in leasing a space, some landlords will simply offer you a form that states the lease’s asking terms. These forms may have a response section or an attachment to complete where you can counter offer. Research Paper? Others may just offer a copy of the listing papers (an ad or flyer) with “asking terms.” In most cases, however, it is in your best interest to speech on speech submit a letter or other written form of communication with a counter offer. English Paper? Why?

Because in a letter you can include selling points as to why you would make an ideal tenant, tell the speech on speech, landlord about your business, and make the deal more personal. For a hot property with multiple interested parties, your letter can serve as a sales ploy to get the perfect score 8th grade narrative, landlord to speech pick you and agree with your terms. Negotiation may go back and forth, so be patient. A listing agent usually has some freedom to doj application make decisions, but most likely will need to confer with the landlord. This can take time. If you have not heard back on on speech an offer in one to two business days, it is fine to follow up. Research Working Series? But try not to appear desperate or overly anxious as this could affect the outcome of your negotiations. Speech On Speech? Remember, most listing agents want to move a property just as fast as s/he can so they usually do not need much “nagging.”

Preparing An Offer or Counter Offer Letter. Your counter offer should be presented from book report on scorpia, your business, not from speech, you personally, even if you own a sole proprietorship. Cover Letter? Your offer letter is a sales pitch. You are asking for different terms that are more in your favor and you want the landlord to see you and your business as a good choice. Your offer letter should always include the following information: Who Is Signing/Responsible for the Lease? Include the name of your business which includes the name you are legally established under, as well as any other names you are doing business under. On Speech? Remember, if you are operating a sole proprietorship, from a legal standpoint you and your business are the same and courage essays kill, even if you list your business on on speech the lease, you might also be held personally liable for english term paper format the entire lease. If you are incorporated, tell where you are incorporated. If you are a tax-exempt organization state this in your letter. It is rare that landlords offer you freebies or perks to nonprofits just to get a tax write-off, but they may be more inclined to negotiate or lease to speech on speech a noble cause than to a biker club.

Additionally, understanding your own personal liability for signing a lease is important and on scorpia, will vary depending upon your business structure. How Long You Have Been in Business. If your business is less than two years old, you may wish to also include a statement about your success, or future growth projections or a business plan. A landlord is not likely to rent to on speech your business, without someone personally cosigning or guaranteeing the lease, if you cannot show that your business is doing well. What do you do? Be brief and to the point. A landlord needs to know what you do in case there are any special considerations.

For example, if you run a business that uses hazardous materials, has walk-in patients to report a health facility, or stores items of excessive value, the landlord needs to know in case there are restrictions on the use of the property. What tenants do, can affect a landlord’s property values and insurance rates; so be honest. Be sure to include a phone number where you can be reached, and speech on speech, if possible, and email address. If you can only be reached on certain days or during set hours, include this as well. If you do not respond to cover letter content a landlord or listing agent in a timely manner, they may think you are not interested. Your Proposed Terms (or, Counter Offer)

Be as complete and on speech, clear as possible (see more information under “Listing Your Leasing Terms”). Listing Your Leasing Terms in an Offer or Counter Offer. The best way to negotiate a deal is to have a clear understanding of what it is you are offering or willing to accept. If it is not in writing, it will be very difficult to prove later on that something was excluded from a lease that you thought was supposed to be included. Putting things in writing may take a little longer but it does offer you some legal protection if things go amuck later on down the line. If you are time pressed and cannot mail a letter - deliver one. If that is not possible, a well-written email may suffice. If you are not certain about doj application essay, a particular lease requirement as for clarification -- and speech, try to get that clarification in writing. If you want to change the length of the lease terms, be clear. For example, is the lease you want is for two years with three, one-year renewal options (totaling five years); or a straight five-year lease with no renewal options?

This makes a very big difference in how long you will be locked into a lease and how a landlord might feel about other terms you are asking for content in a counter offer. Most landlords prefer two-year or longer leases, but never hesitate to ask for a one-year lease. On Speech? One-year leases may cost a little more, or have fewer lease renewal options, but you are locked in for letter less time. Unless you are a multi-million dollar company, it rarely makes good business sense to sign a lease that commits you to the space for on speech more than two years. Keep in mind if your business outgrows the space, you do not want to be stuck with a long lease. Or worse, if your business struggles and book on scorpia, you need to downgrade to a smaller space, you may have a hard time breaking your lease.

Condition of the Property. If you are asking for the space “as is” or if you need the landlord to make repairs or improvements first. If you are planning to on speech renovate the property, briefly describe the proposed renovations. You want this included in perfect 8th grade narrative essay a lease, because often a landlord will offer some sort of incentive or “allowance” if you renovate certain types of properties. If you are unsure what allowances you might be offered for speech any renovations, keep things open. Offer to submit more detailed information about renovations for doj application the landlord’s review to offer you some sort of considerations for speech improvements. Tell the landlord when you want to take physical possession (move in, gain access, or take responsibility for the property).

In some cases, when the date you take physical possession may be different than the date you will begin paying rent. For example, you could ask the landlord for an occupancy date and rent start date of January 1, 20xx, but ask that the content, first month be rent-free. In this case, the speech on speech, lease would begin on January 1, 20xx and perfect score 8th grade narrative, the landlord could write off the on speech, free month’s rent. Book Report? The tenant would occupy the space for 12 months and on speech, the lease would run for 12 months. Another way of getting the same thing (a free month of rent) is to ask for an occupancy date of January 1, 20xx, with a rent state date of February 1, 20xx. This means the lease would actually begin one month from the report, date you move in, or on February 1, 20xx. This type of negotiation only works in a space that is already unoccupied and the landlord is on speech eager to have someone move in because it favors the tenant. In essence, you not only get one free month rent, you get to 13 months of occupancy out of a 12-month lease. How to Write an english paper, Offer or Counter Offer Letter.

The following is speech sample letter that can (and should) be revised to use as either an initial offer or counteroffer to book lease a commercial space for your business. It is not intended to serve as a substitute for legal advice, but simply to show one way you can express interest in speech leasing a particular space. Information in english term format bold should be substituted with your own information and leasing terms. ( INSERT Name of Landlord or Listing Agent) Ms. Happy Landlord. City, State, Zip Code. This letter is to express interest on speech on speech behalf of ( INSERT name of your business), in leasing the property located at: ( INSERT complete address including street address, unit or suite number, city, state, and research paper, zip code).

( INSERT name of your business) is a ( INSERT type of business you own – LLP, partnership, sole proprietorship, etc.) that ( INSERT brief statement about what your business does). ( INSERT name of business) has been in operation since ( INSERT start date or number of years in speech on speech business). Due to exciting growth, we need larger (or, additional, more suitable, etc.) facilities. (Note: even if you work from home do not offer this in your proposal letter. Try to letter avoid offering in on speech this initial contact that you have a home-based business – it may make you sound small and unstable to a landlord.) After carefully evaluating fair-market value I (we) propose the following terms for your consideration: LIST ALL TERMS HERE including length of on scorpia, lease, renewal options, rent, added fees, type of lease, annual increases, etc. Anything you want to include or address in speech the lease detail in cover letter this paragraph.

Be sure to include any renovations or repairs you want or need the speech on speech, landlord to make to the space, or that you would do yourself. Ask for free rent, furniture, extra parking – anything you might need to make the score 8th grade narrative essay, space work best for your business. I am excited at the prospect of leasing the above-mentioned space and feel that ( INSERT Name of Business) would be an asset to you. If you have any questions about this proposal of leasing terms, or out business, please contact me at ( INSERT phone number and best time call), or by email at: ( INSERT your email address). Thank you for taking the time to consider this offer. Speech? I look forward to a prompt and favorable reply. (leave 2-3 blank lines for signing your name in ink) ( INSERT Your Name – initial caps) ( INSERT Your Title – initial caps) Note: If you include any attachments, or copy anyone else, the preferred way to show that in a business letter is after your signature, like this, and in this order:

(leave 2-3 blank lines for ksg faculty research paper signing your name in ink) ( INSERT Your Name – initial caps) ( INSERT Your Title – initial caps) Enclosures: (List more than one on separate lines, indented) cc: Jennifer Barnes, Listing Agent. How to speech Format The Second Page of on scorpia, a Business Letter.

If your letter is longer than one page, the on speech, standard business letter format to report start the second page is like this: Then skip two to three blank lines and speech, pick up where the letter begins for page two. You can mail your offer letter, hand-deliver it, or send an email with an attachment that contains the offer letter. Ksg Faculty Research Working Paper? If you are still struggling with what terms to include, here are more articles with great tips and advice on on speech negotiating the best terms possible! Tips on Writing Your Offer Letter. Remember that this is on scorpia a business letter. Keep it clean, simple, and to the point but do not be afraid to use meaningful “selling points” to help win over a landlord. Avoid using humor, slang, or offering personal feelings about speech, politics, religion, or any other subject that is not related to the purpose of the letter (to make an offer). Doj Application? Do not use scented or “frilly” stationery.

Your paper should be white, letter-sized and speech on speech, without borders, or your usual company letterhead. Mail the letter in a plain white business-sized envelope. Do not ever fold to fit the letter into a smaller envelope. Essays For To A Mockingbird? If your letter contains more than seven pages including attachments, use a flat, 8-1/2 x 11” envelope instead. Make sure to include a return address in the top, left-hand corner of the envelope, and make sure you have put enough postage on speech on speech the envelope!