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Movie review essay format

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19 Reasons Why This Is An Excellent Resume. Recruiters spend an average of six seconds reviewing a resume before they make the initial decision on candidates, according to research conducted by TheLadders, an online job-matching service for professionals. Essay Format! That means you have to win them over fast. To get a better idea of what makes a resume great, we reached out to Amanda Augustine, career expert at TheLadders. She created an essay on money example of an excellent resume and allowed us to share it. While resumes should be tailored to the industry you're in, the one below offers a helpful guide for entry- and movie essay format mid-level professionals with three to five years of relevant work experience. Essay On Money! What makes this resume so great? Augustine outlines the following reasons: 1. It includes a URL to the jobseeker's professional online profile.

If you don't include URLs to essay format your professional online profiles, hiring managers will look you up regardless. Augustine tells Business Insider that 86% of recruiters admit to writing a strong cover reviewing candidates' online profiles, so why not include your URL along with your contact information? This will prevent recruiters from having to guess or mistaking you for someone else. If you have a common name, consider including your middle initial on your resume and online professional profiles to differentiate yourself from the competition, says Augustine. For example, decide if you're Mike Johnson, Michael Johnson, or Mike E. Johnson. Then use this name consistently, be it on LinkedIn, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook. Essay Format! 3. It includes a single phone number and writing letter email address. Choose one phone number for your resume where you control the voicemail message and movie format who picks up the education argument, phone, she advises.

The same rule applies to an email address. 4. It does not include an objective statement. There's no point in including a generic objective about a professional looking for opportunities that will allow me to leverage my skills, says Augustine. Movie! It's not helpful and distracting. Ditch it. 5. Instead, it includes an executive summary.

Replace your fluffy statement with an executive summary, which should be like a 30-second elevator pitch where you explain who you are and what you're looking for . In approximately three to five sentences, explain what you're great at, most interested in, and how you can provide value to Four abuse a prospective employer, Augustine says. 6. It uses reverse chronological order. This is the most helpful for recruiters because they're able to see what you've been doing in recent years immediately, says Augustine. The only movie essay format time you shouldn't do this is if you're trying to transition to another career altogether, but then again, in this situation, you'll probably be relying more on networks, than your resume, she says. 7. Education Argument Essay! It uses keywords like forecasting and strategic planning. Many companies use some kind of screening process to identify the right candidates. You should include the keywords mentioned in the job posting throughout your resume.

Identify the common keywords, terminology, and format key phrases that routinely pop up in the job descriptions of your target role and incorporate them into business plan for established business, your resume (assuming you have those skills), advises Augustine. Review! This will help you make it past the explanatory study, initial screenings and on to the recruiter or hiring manager. 8. It provides company descriptions. Movie Essay! It's helpful for recruiters to know the size of the education argument topics, company you used to work for, advises Augustine. Being a director of a huge company means something very different than a director at movie essay, a small company, she says. You can go to the company's About Us section and rewrite one or two lines of the description. This should be included right underneath the name of the company. While the essay on money, company size is helpful information, including the company description will also let the hiring manager know what industries you've worked in. For example, being an accountant in tech may be very different than being an accountant in the hospitality industry.

As with most things on a resume, the movie review format, company description should be tailored based on writing a strong cover the professional's goals. If you're looking to switch industries, your focus may be on the company size - assuming it's similar to your goals - and less on discussing the movie review, various products your company sells. 9. It does not list achievements in dense blocks of text. Recruiters receive so many resumes to scan through at explanatory case, a time, so make it as easy as possible for them to understand why you're perfect for the job. Dense blocks of movie review essay, text are too difficult to read, says Augustine. 10. Instead, achievements are listed in two to case study five bullet points per job.

Under each job or experience you've had, explain how you contributed to or supported your team's projects and initiatives. As you build up your experience, save the bullets for your bragging points, says Augustine. Quantify your major accomplishments and contributions for each role, Augustine tells us. Review Essay Format! This can include the money you saved or brought in for business for established business your employer, deals closed, and projects delivered on movie format time or under budget. Do not use any more than three to five bullet points. 12. Accomplishments are formatted as result-and-then-cause.

A good rule is to use the result BY action sentence structure whenever possible. For example: Generated approximately $452,000 in business plan for established business, annual savings by employing a new procedure which streamlined the business's vendor relationships. 13. White space draws the reader's eyes to important points. Recruiters do not spend a lot of movie format, time scanning resumes, so avoid dense blocks of text. The key is to format the information in a way that makes it easy to scan and recognize your job goals and relevant qualifications, Augustine tells us. 14. Explanatory Case! It doesn't use crazy fonts or colors.

Stick to black and movie essay white color, says Augustine. As for font, it's best to stick with the basics, such as Arial, Tahoma, or Calibri. Augustine says you should never write your resume in third person because everyone knows you're the explanatory case, one writing it (unless you go through a professional resume writing service). Instead, you should write it in first person, and do not include pronouns. Movie Essay! It's weird [to include pronouns], and it's an extra word you don't need, she says. You need to streamline your resume because you have limited real estate. Avoid adding any embedded tables, pictures, or other images in your resume, as this can confuse the applicant-tracking software and jumble your resume in the system, says Augustine. 17. It doesn't use headers or footers. It may look neat and essay on money concise to display your contact information in movie, the header, but for t he same reason with embedded tables and charts, it often gets scrambled in an applicant tracking system, says Augustine.

18. Education is listed at the bottom. Statement Worksheet! Unless you're a recent graduate, you should highlight your work experience and move your education information to the bottom of movie, your resume, says Augustine. Never include anything about your high-school years. 19. It doesn't say references upon request. Every recruiter knows you're going to provide references if they request it so there's no reason for you to essay on money include this line.

Again, remember that space on your resume is format crucial so don't waste it on essay on money a meaningless line, Augustine tells us.

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My Dream Pc Essays and Research Papers. Essay: Dreams From My Father Barack Obama’s Dreams From My Father is exactly what it claims to be . by title, a story of review essay format, race and essay on money identity. Barack Obama comes from a diverse background, which he explores throughout the movie format book. Having a white American mother and black Kenyan father, he has a different experience than the majority of people in society when it comes to race and identity, however still it seems similar to types abuse the experience of many blacks as described in essay format William E. Cross’s Black Psychological. African American , Barack Obama , Black people 1303 Words | 3 Pages. Dreams from My Father (Barack Obama) What is My Identity? Dreams from My Father archives Barack Obama’s journey, and struggles, to find his . identity. Obama quickly admits that race is an important part of himself, and it is essay on money, that quest of movie review essay, race and identity that pushes him to question his own uniqueness. Ultimately spanning both worlds of the vastly different cultures of his life in America and his roots in Kenya causes Obama confusion and self-doubt.

It is through the argument topics steady love of his family that allows Obama to truly find acceptance. African American , Ann Dunham , Barack Obama 841 Words | 3 Pages. Obama: Individual in the Community(Dreams of My Father) Alyna Torres QU 101 Professor Matt Tortora September 29, 2010 Dreams from My Father There are many barriers one must . overcome, and to accomplish this, one must find their distinctiveness and take a key role in the community. Throughout the novel, Dreams from my Father by our current president Barrack Obama, Barrack demonstrates the true meaning of being an individual. He is highly active in his community, despite the fact that he is part of the movie essay format black community. The economic, social, and. A Great Way to Four types abuse Care , Barack Obama , Dreams from My Father 1916 Words | 5 Pages. Presentation: Barack Obama Dreams from My Father Barack Obama – “ Dreams From My Father-A Story of Race and Heritance” Today I want to introduce you United States President . Barack Obama’s first memoir, dreams from my father.

It was first published in July 1995 as he was preparing to launch his political career and republished in August 2004. Movie Review Essay? Author: Since my book is an uc santa barbara personal, autobiography I won’t tell you everything about the author, I just will give some personal facts about him. Review Essay Format? Barack Obama was born in 1961 in Honolulu, Hawaii to Barack Obama Senior. Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Barack Obama, Sr. 1586 Words | 6 Pages. and brain power. One specific example of why Obama is who he is today was because of the way his mother, Stanley Ann Dunham nurtured him. Dunham was a . woman who had empathy, and worked hard every day to explanatory achieve her goals and live the all American dream . Review Format? She was a tough on Obama because she knew the potential he had. Dunham was hard on him during his high school years.

She often reprimanded him for not putting in a lot of explanatory study, effort in movie review essay his studies. She taught him that you can’t just sit around waiting. Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Barack Obama, Sr. 1774 Words | 4 Pages. migration. To add on, I will inform you about he migration that occurred through out my relatives lives. Business Business? And finally, I will speak upon the . migration that occurred through out the movie Scarface that starred Al Pacino that played Tony Montana's role. My parents weren't born in movie essay the United States, but they were looking for better lives and education argument opportunities, so they migrated from Haiti to the United States. My parents growing up in review essay such a poor country that didn't provide much opportunity for barbara, them.

Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 1984 Words | 5 Pages. A Journey of Self-Discovery and Self-Initiation. impossible because no one has just one thing that makes them who they are. Creating one’s identity is a continuous labyrinth of movie format, ideas, likes, dislikes, and . other factors that somehow end at education argument, one person and affect their whole character. Having read Dreams From My Father: A Story of Race and essay format Inheritance by of child Barack Obama over the summer, I found out how he formed his true identity through the knowledge he gained of the movie essay different events and episodes of his life. Some people find out who they are at a very. African American , Barack Obama , Black people 2809 Words | 7 Pages. Prepared Remarks of President Barack Obama: Back to School Event. the whole speech, and pathos when he tells about his own experience and expresses how he feels on this matter in the speech, which in essay on money general, makes it . Review Essay? easier to earn people's attention. Education? “I know the feeling.

When I was young my family lived in format Indonesia for a few years, and my mother didn't have the money to send me where all the essay on money American kids went to school. Review Essay Format? So she decided to essay teach me extra lessons herself, Monday through Friday – at 4:30 in movie review the morning.” Feelings are important to use, especially. 2008 Democratic National Convention , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 1117 Words | 3 Pages. Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance Summer . Reading Assignment 1. Explain the author’s purpose for writing this book? The author of this book is Barack Obama, and the reason I believe he wrote this book is to share his experience growing up and for people be able to understand his personal background. Four? He shared experiences from being raised by his mother and grandmother while his father was living in Kenya. 2008 Democratic National Convention , Ann Dunham , Barack Obama 530 Words | 2 Pages. why did Barack wrote a book for his father?

Dreams for my father Barack Hussein Obama was born in review format 1961, in writing Honolulu, . Hawaii. His mother was a white American girl from review essay Kansas and his father a black man from Luo, a Kenyan tribe. At that time their union was unusual, so Barack had to live with that combination of races. He grew up with his mothers family far from his father and thus to his black origins. Barack had a hard time understanding his situation during his childhood.

He was lost. African American , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 823 Words | 2 Pages. Barack Obama: 'Dreams from My Father' Personal Response Number One Title: Dreams from My Father ‘A Story of Race and Inheritance’ Author: Barack Obama Genre: . Autobiography, Life Memoir Before Barack Obama was a Politician he was an author. ‘ Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and argument Inheritance’ is an Auto-Biography written by Barack Obama. The book describes Obama’s life in movie review format three parts, from his birth in Honolulu, Hawaii up to types abuse the final part of the book which includes his emotional and revealing trip back to his father’s homeland;. African American , Ann Dunham , Barack Obama 765 Words | 2 Pages. MY VACATION AT THE CITY I can still remember the time I went to review format the city with my family just to have a bit of relaxation since . we are over and done with our periodical examinations. Hoping that we can spend some precious time together, I felt so excited while we are on our way.

I expected a lot of essay on money, jokes and laughter, and essay format full of satisfaction when we get there. After a long journey on a muddy and terribly devastated nautical highway, we reach the city, the only city and barbara the capital of our province. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Dreams from My Father 773 Words | 2 Pages. ? In The Life You Imagined and Dreams From My Farther, Derek Jeter and movie review Barack Obama use a . variety of writing strategies to convey their goals. Education Argument Topics? Both texts describe their childhood dreams and movie format goals, however each author uses different writing styles such as academic vocabulary, cause and effect, colloquial vocabulary and figurative language. Derek Jeter and Barack Obama both used Figurative language and cause and. Barack Obama , Dreams from My Father , High school 385 Words | 2 Pages. Life without Television When my family’s only television set went to the repair shop the other day, my parents, . Business For Established Business? my sister, and I thought we would have a terrible week. How could we get though the long evenings in such a quiet house?

What would it be like without all the movie review shows to keep us company? We soon realized, though, that living without television for a while was a stroke of good fortune. Business Plan For Established Business? It became easy for each of us to enjoy some activities alone, to complete some postponed chores. Anxiety , Barack Obama , Dreams from movie essay format My Father 606 Words | 2 Pages. people say I cannot achieve something in life my resilience and determination carry me through to the end. In the face of uc santa, failure I am not a . Review? person who will crumble and give up as that is the easy way but instead fight as hard as I can to achieve my goal in life. When people in my life do the wrong thing it is easy to follow in order to be accepted but instead I act against it and my morals say it is wrong and no matter how much they try to make me do it my answer is always no. 4. I am a person.

Barack Obama , Bill Clinton , Dreams from essay topics My Father 446 Words | 2 Pages. It is my opinion that Barack Obama is a role model communicator. President Obama has found a way to communicate his thoughts and ideas in a way . that many people find acceptable. Prior to movie being a presidential nominee, Barack Obama was a senator for the state of study, Illinois. As senator he was known to be charismatic and movie review essay an influential speaker. Politics aside, I think his style of explanatory case, communication to be ethical, effective, and honest. President Obama was able to become a modern day celebrity through. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Dreams from format My Father 500 Words | 2 Pages. every scenario would be analyzed and examined.

If combat was unavoidable it would be with a reluctant heart. Essay On Money? Barack Obama's strengths and weaknesses as the . Democratic candidate for movie, the president Barack Obama would receive my vote if I was eligible to vote! He would receive my vote because his strengths stand out to me more than his weaknesses do and essay on money he's an overall better candidate for president then John McCain. His strengths are: 1. He pulls the movie format republicans and democrats closer together! Although.

Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Dreams from uc santa personal statement worksheet My Father 5095 Words | 14 Pages. Edward Sinigayan 06/26/12 My Life The sun rays from my balcony window of my 2 story mansion . hit my face as the movie review essay format sun arose over the oceans horizon. I slowly opened my eyes to education argument essay the beautiful creation God has bestowed upon me also know as my wife. When my mind came to movie review a still, I came to realize that from uc santa barbara worksheet all of the long hard hours of studying and working at a time was a small step in my long and relaxing life that I am now continuing. Movie? It feels great to be the owner of the multi-million. Business , Business plan , Entrepreneur 900 Words | 3 Pages. India of My Dreams Introduction William Dement said, “Dreaming permits each and argument essay topics everyone of us to review format be quietly and explanatory case study . safely insane every night of ourMy India My Pride lives.” He says that sometimes this insanity can be fruitful and movie sometimes very infectious and sometimes very delectable and essay on money delicious. It is in many ways necessary for a country like India to movie format be insane and dream as it is a bigger crime not to dream than to dare to dream . India of my dreams is a topic, which is as wide and. Drinking water , Government of India , Human Development Index 2255 Words | 7 Pages.

worker until I got my CNA certification, then I worked in various nursing homes. It’s easy to get burnt out when working with elderly, dementia . and Alzheimer’s patients; however, I loved my job. Four Types Of Child Abuse? Taking care of movie, others is what I wanted to do. The first nursing home I ever worked at was a small 50 bed facility, where I met my best friend. Case Study? I have many fond memories from all the places I have worked, but nothing ever felt quite right to me. In July of 2011 I got the essay format opportunity of my life! I was job searching.

Full-time , Home care , Nursing 1223 Words | 3 Pages. DREAM COMPANY My Dream company is Hewlett – Packard Co. I would like to see myself in top position as a General . Manager of HP company in near future. HP company is known for its best quality products and case study great services. This prestigious organization gives me more opportunities like exploring my innovative thoughts in building this organization in perfect manner. Review Essay? Because of letter, its large scale productivity services all over the world makes any person or customer comfortable. HP company is founded. Compaq , David Packard , Hewlett-Packard 979 Words | 3 Pages. My experience in PC Assembly/Disassembly dates back since 2000 when I first studied Information Technology. From that time till . now I have built many computers from scratch and disassembled many as well for hardware upgrading purposes.

The hardware needed in review format order to make up a PC are and not limited to: - Computer case and components - Power supply - Motherboard - CPU - RAM - Hard Disk Drive - Optical Drive - Floppy Drive - Adapter Cards Most importantly when beginning the assembly. BIOS , Floppy disk , Hard disk drive 587 Words | 3 Pages. My Dream House House is a place where we can shelter and essay on money it gives us a protection from movie rain, heat, storm etc. Everyone has . their own choice on business for established business what type of house they feel comfortable to live in, so do I. Essay? I enjoy living in a calm and a strong letter open environment, so house built on small land (I'm not sure what you mean by 'small land' here) won't be my choice. Movie Review? I want a large open space surrounded by compound, where I can stroll, especially when I feel bored on at my job. I want a garden in front of my house. Apartment , English-language films , Feeling 2454 Words | 7 Pages. ?February 7th, 2014 My American Dream “The American Dream is still alive out there, and essay on money hard work will . Movie Review Format? get you there.

You don’t necessarily need to uc santa barbara personal statement have an Ivy League education or to have millions of dollars startup money. It can be done with an idea, hard work and review format determination.” Bill Rancic We do not live in a perfect world, not even a perfect country. Four Types Of Child? Yet, we still live in a place that gives us opportunity. We live in a place that may not always be equally fair but gives us the movie essay format . 2006 singles , American Dream , James Truslow Adams 1031 Words | 3 Pages. My dream is to go on writing a strong cover letter a cruise ship.

It would be the review essay format sickest thing ever. Cruises just seem so extravagant and uc santa barbara worksheet beyond this world. . the review essay fact that a whole community, per explanatory case, say, can exist in the midst of the sea is just mind boggling. Essay? Of course the business plan for established fear of format, it sinking still lies within my thoughts, but regardless of essay on money, my fears i think it would be the trip of a lifetime. I would participate in movie essay all the activities, dancing, swiming and games. i would meet some wonderful people and i would share amazing memMy. 2009 singles , Cognition , Cognitive science 1979 Words | 5 Pages. MY DREAM HOUSE I have a dream , you have a dream , she . has a dream , he has a dream , they have a dream , and we have a dream because everyone on this planet has their own dreams . But we have one dream in common.

We insist to achieve that one dream yet we know we cannot. It is because we know only the selected people can have or those who tries their best to achieve their dreams . Plan For Established Business? We are a dreamer, we dream big. Movie Review Essay Format? We have been dreaming to be rich for years. Floor , Floors , Need 1231 Words | 3 Pages. soldiers. My ideal India is modernised. Business For Established Business? It embodies the movie review format best in the cultures of the East and the West. Education is wide - spread, and there . is education essay, practically no illiteracy. While India is militarily strong, it believes in non - violence, and spreads the message of peace and brotherhood of man. In this situation, it is natural for movie, the youth of the country to turn to the India of its dreams . A dream often inspires the dreamer to work and strive so that it may come true.

In the India of argument essay, my dreams , everybody. Asia , Developed country , Dream 901 Words | 3 Pages. ___ My Dream Life Essay Due Date: Typed final drafts are due on _______________________ at the beginning of the period. Your . graded final draft will be placed in your portfolio. Organization of Paper: Title: Come up with a creative title Paragraph #1: Introduction. Use one of the “hooks” from the review essay six choices on case study side 2. Don’t forget to let your reader know what your essay will be about (career, family, friends, relationships, house, and review vehicle). Paragraph #2: Write about your dream job. Automobile , Dream , Henry David Thoreau 647 Words | 2 Pages. about my Dream about my Country INDIA. The “I” in India is ‘Me’. ‘I’ am ‘India’ and ‘India’ is in Four of child abuse ‘me’.

Thus, if . India, my Country, is movie essay, not doing well in some spheres and is still amongst the Developing Countries of the World is spite of its man power then we need to ask ourselves as to who is responsible for it? Dr. Abdul kalam had once asked a little Girl, what was her dream for India? She replied “I dream of a developed India”.this impressed him and to be honest this is also ‘ My Dream ’. I dream. A. Writing A Strong Cover Letter? P. J. Review Format? Abdul Kalam , History of India , India 878 Words | 3 Pages. Nursing: My Dream Profession Nursing as I know is an important component of the health care delivery system that requires a . Essay On Money? whole lot of energy and time to put in patient welfare. Although, nursing is a profession that is rewarding and challenging, I have always admired becoming a nurse someday in the future. Movie Format? As a child, I had my father as a role model. My father was a nurse in Cameroon, central Africa. When he retired, he settled back in the rural area where I and the rest of my family lived with. Certified Nursing Assistant , Health care , Healthcare 981 Words | 3 Pages.

My dream is to live in a big detached house surrounded by a big garden full of flowers and trees. I wouldn't like to live in an . apartment with blocks of flats and rude neighbour’s making noise in the middle of the abuse night. Review Essay? My dream house should be located outside the city, on the outskirts of town where I can find true peace and happiness. Therefore, my dream house should have the characteristics that represent my spiritual world and writing a strong letter personality with its location as well as its inner and outer design. British Columbia Interior , English-language films , Feeling 905 Words | 3 Pages.

My life I was raised in a small town called Joao Pessoa by my grandmother .The town was very small that everyone knew . their neighbors and the town. At this time as was single and living in movie review Brazil. We had a very nice house, which I had my own room and for established I loved it. I had everything in movie review format my room. But was a especial place that I like about my room, It was where I keep all of Four abuse, my favorite things, my craft supplies, favorite CD’s, books, magazines, cameras, photos, and my diary. A place to escape. Dream , Family , High school 1460 Words | 4 Pages. India of format, my Dream The radioactivity of an barbara statement, exploded bomb may linger for years and centuries,But it can never ever equal . radioactivity that my nation India has emitted and emits my life.Radioactivity that does not destroy but builds. Review Essay Format? Such is my nation, my pride, my India- the abode of mighty Himalayas,land of saints,seers and business for established business sadhus, birth place of shri mad bhagvad geetaji and other purana and upnishads,crade of religion of movie, Hinduism,Jainism and Buddhism. India had many great personalities like mahatma.

Akbar the Great , Ashoka the Great , Chandragupta Maurya 730 Words | 3 Pages. My dream school Monday, April 22, 2013 A Dream School in My Mind Have you ever thought about why . you are going to school? Or have you ever talked to yourself: “Oh my God, it’s school time again.” The environment keeps changing all the time. We change houses, jobs, friends and schools. We might often ask ourselves a question: Is there any dream places where we would like to stay? If you have a chance to essay on money create a dream school, what is your dream school going to be? In my mind, a dream school is.

College , Education , High school 754 Words | 3 Pages. My Dream I feel like I have a different opinion of college than everyone else. For the most part, I am not excited to go away . to college at all. I wish I could stay in high school forever because I enjoy it so much. My friends are the greatest and I don’t want to make new ones because some of essay, my best friends I’ve known since first grade, and statement worksheet some others I’ve made throughout my four years at Andrean.

But most importantly, I want to stay near my family (besides every teenager’s dream of getting away. 2006 singles , College , Family 1023 Words | 3 Pages. ?THE HOUSE OF MY DREAMS Rosalia’s house If I had money I’d buy the flat above mine and I’d build a duplex with a staircase . in the living room. Upstairs there would be three bedrooms, two bathrooms, a living-room and a balcony. Downstairs there would be the kitchen, another living-room, another bedroom a bathroom and a study. I wouldn’t move from my neighbourhood because of my mom. She likes it and my friends live nearby. I’d live in a kind of terraced house and all the rooms must be very coloured. Apartment , Bedroom , City 1086 Words | 4 Pages.

action-- Into that heaven of movie format, freedom, my Father, let my country awake. Goes a poem written by rabindranath tagore, renowned . Topics? writer, author nd poet, and more importantly, an indian who dreamt of a better india in movie the future. Well, talking of dreams , a dream is a sub-conscious psychic vision of the 'Ideal';coloured by personal affections and framed by explanatory case the human yearning to reach what one wants.But for all the myriad personal fantasies and dreams ,the only common dream born out of the heart of patriotic. Agriculture , Dream , Economy of India 1010 Words | 3 Pages. Climbing to My Professional Dream. Climbing to My Professional Dream “Strength does not come from winning. Your struggles develop your strengths.” (Arnold . Schwarzenegger). Movie Review Format? Most people in the world have goals in their life. However, many of them also think that their goals are too difficult because of numerous obstacles. In the barbara statement article “A Vision of Stars, Grounded in the Dust of movie review essay, Rural India,” Somini Sengupta writes a breathtaking story about Anupam, a 17-year old Indian boy from business a very poor Indian family and movie review his way to his big dream . He.

Accountancy , Accountant , Accountants 982 Words | 3 Pages. My dream world I slowly drift in writing a strong cover and out of sleep as obfuscated images dance in and out of focus. I find myself falling farther . and movie essay farther into the darkness of explanatory case, oblivion where nothing is limited. How long will it last? I never know. Time appears to extend beyond all dimensions.

The interstice between reality and fabrication widens, and out of the darkness a dim light forms. Movie Review? Objects begin materializing from beyond the ghostly shadows, and a vast new world is explanatory, created.Looming in the infinite mist. World 1632 Words | 4 Pages. Ananda Adhikari Mr. Movie Format? Meixner English 4A, Period 4th 26 December 2012 My Dream to Be a Navy Every teenage has something . common things that their parent has asked them about types of child abuse what they want to be when they grew up.

Like all these people my friend’s, teachers and relatives have also asked me this questions several times. And the answers for review format, this question is just simple for me because I have no idea about what I want to be in a future so I just end of plan for established, saying I want to be computer specialist, historian. Coronado, California , Joint Chiefs of Staff , Navy 963 Words | 3 Pages. introduction my dream is to essay see all schools become green literate across the cover world.all the students and movie review format teachers are green . concious and environment lovers.and spread the slogan go greenand practically initiate the green mission for safety of mankind and types sustenance of the movie review essay format environment for the future generation 29 Apr, 2009 a green literate school my dream school 29 Apr, 2009 why should all shcools be green literate? Our environment teaches us to lead and healthy and cheerful life which. Ecology , Environmentalism , Natural environment 661 Words | 4 Pages. My dream house would have at least six bedrooms, 4 bathrooms, walk-in closets, a mixture of carpet and hardwood floors, a huge . kitchen, living roon, family room, and fireplace. There will be a bathroom balcony in the master and guest bedrooms. Uc Santa Barbara Personal Statement? My house would have an indoor swimming pool, with a hot tub. A bowling alley is movie review essay format, a must. I think that the family would have soooooooo much fun with that!

Also, I would have a theater because I LOVE to watch movies, especially with company. I would also have. Apartment , Bedroom , House 1069 Words | 3 Pages. MDM SUPARNA [pic] My Dream Job Child’s Dream . Everyone has a dream . I too dream of a strong cover letter, a job that will make me child’s dream comes true. Movie Essay Format? My grandfather and father both traditional Chinese physician. They have excellent medical skill and essay topics lofty medical ethic. In China, The doctor is called ‘angles in white’, People respect them. Essay? I used to get sick in my childhood. My father always can cure my disease by traditional Chinese medical. Essay On Money? I think. Acupuncture , Chinese herbology , Health 838 Words | 4 Pages.

Me, My Dream and Nursing They say that life is review format, not a matter of business plan for established, destiny. It is movie essay format, a matter of choices that we make. . And how we take responsibility for each decision and step that we take. Taking up Bachelor of of child, Science in Nursing is not an easy thing for me. It’s like getting through the eye of a needle. But no matter how hard, I can’t just let myself give up because of the impact that it will make in my life and in the lives of those people who motivates me to keep going on. . Nursing , West Visayas State University 1216 Words | 4 Pages.

My Dream Job My first day in high school was so overwhelming. My heart was racing and . Review Format? my legs were shaking. I was excited and nervous at a strong, the same time. I was so happy to essay see all my friends after what seem to be a very long, summer break. Though I was glad to see all my friends, I could not help but think about what classes I was going to for established attend. Usually, most freshmen girls think about fashion and all the cute senior boys. Format? On one hand, I was thinking about all the fun, exciting, and new activities.

College , Computer , Computer programming 934 Words | 3 Pages. ? My Dream Home My dream home is very lovely. It is nestled in a strong cover the United Kingdom. It is an . English style cottage in review format the country side. It is uc santa barbara personal statement worksheet, completely made of gray stone. Review Essay? All of the stones were carefully hand selected. Letter? The roof is the most beautiful thatched roof you've ever seen.

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Australia is a part of the review essay format continent, Oceania. It is a big country with many attractions. I am going to share with you, in business plan this essay, what attracts me such that I want to go to Australia, There are many physical factors in essay format Australia. One of them is deserts. I would like to go to essay on money a desert in Australia as there are many plants and animals at the.

Australia , Coral reef , Great Barrier Reef 787 Words | 3 Pages. MY DREAM ORGANIZATION We all have a dream to work for an organization which has influenced us in movie essay format some or the explanatory . other way, when it comes to me I have always dreamt of working for a great and globally acclaimed financial institution, a great institution and whenever I think of such an institution, only one name flashes in essay format my conscious mind and that is ICICI Group (Industrial credit and investment corporation of india limited). As an institution the ICICI has made a very strong impact on business plan business my decision. Bank , Companies based in Mumbai , Financial services 1627 Words | 6 Pages.

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A Brief Essay on Anatomical Drawing. Review Essay Format? Traditional portrait-bust of Hippocrates Lint, p. 19. #8220;Anatomy is the foundation of medicine,#8221; the classical Greek physician Hippocrates declared, #8220;and should be based on the form of the human body.#8221;(Persaud, p. 33) Certainly no faculty member of a modern medical school would contradict the Four types abuse, ancient master on this point, yet for many centuries – indeed for movie essay format millennia – anatomical study had a distinctly uneasy relationship with medical education and practice. Aristotle, the uc santa statement, famous natural philosopher two generations younger than Hippocrates, also considered anatomical study critical to medical knowledge and movie essay format practice, but he developed theories of human anatomy based only on exterior physical examination and the dissection of animals. In this important work lay the foundations for comparative anatomy, still it proved inadequate to explain the particularities of the human body. Among Aristotle#8217;s many students was the young Alexander, son of Philip of Macedon, and when Alexander earned the epithet #8220;the Great#8221; by a strong cover letter, conquering a vast territory in the third century B.C. he made Greek intellectual achievements a dominant force in the civilized world. The Greek project found perhaps its greatest expression in the Library of Alexandria, in the city Alexander established on the Nile delta. Scholars and review essay students of many disciplines congregated there and examined both Aristotle#8217;s comparative anatomical studies and uc santa personal the works of Hippocrates. The Hippocratic Corpus catalogued in Alexandria#8217;s renowned library was a collection of works by Hippocrates himself and successor physicians practicing at his school on movie essay format, the eastern Aegean island of Kos.

Galen dissecting a pig. In the fifteenth and case sixteenth centuries a revival of interest in Galen#8217;s work resulted in Latin translations illustrated by review essay, imaginary scenes. Shown here is the dissection of a swine with more animals being bundled in on the right. Lint, p. 22. Hellenistic Greece and Human Dissection.

The availability of the Corpus in the stimulating intellectual environment of essay on money Hellenistic Alexandria likely inspired medical scholars finally to review format take up the knife and undertake systematic human anatomical studies for the first time in classical history. One of these physician-scholars was Herophilus, who produced the treatise On Anatomy , synthesizing the results of many hundred human dissections. Four Of Child? It seems probable that such thorough examinations must have been accompanied by drawings, though none have survived, and none of the classical works existing in transcription mention Hellenistic anatomical drawings. With the conquest of Alexandria by review essay format, Rome, a significant detriment to the advance of medicine occurred in the reversal of the cultural climate favorable to human dissections . Although the business plan for established business, great Roman physician Celsus, of the first century AD, and movie review essay Galen, of the second, both refer to Alexandrian scholarship, the resurgent taboo on human dissection coupled with the loss of the text On Anatomy allowed descriptions of human anatomy presented as fact to slip back into the untested – and largely incorrect – domain of theory. This anatomical demonstration shows the professor in full robes overseeing a dissection and writing letter an assistant poised to make his incision. Lint, p. 34. The Islamic Golden Age and Anatomy. The West owes a great debt to the Arab civilization which conquered the Byzantine successors of Ancient Rome.

While much of the review, western world lost touch with the classical past, Islamic scholars collected and translated the works of Hippocrates and Galen – among many others – and absorbed and synthesized the ancient theories with new discoveries of their own. Despite advances in case study, medical scholarship, Quranic injunctions against human dissection and human representation in movie review, drawing placed severe limitations on the critical and case accurate analysis of human anatomy. Later in review essay format, the Medieval period, the resurgence of Europe led to business for established business the establishment of universities and the retranslation of classical works into Greek and Latin. In the fourteenth century, some rare human dissections were carried out at European medical schools, ordinarily with the anatomist seated on a dais at the head of a large room, reading from a manuscript of Galen, while a demonstrator opened the body, surrounded by students and other scholars. Modern Anatomy in the Renaissance. It is with the Renaissance, however, that the review essay format, era of explanatory modern anatomical studies begins. A number of movie review essay developments united at this time to form a genuinely new cultural system that produced revolutions in many disciplines. The invention of the printing press in the mid-fifteenth century supplanted the laborious process of hand copying and illumination, and made possible the comparatively rapid and widespread dissemination of knowledge in the form of identical books with wood-cut prints. The development of perspective in art led to much greater accuracy in the depiction of individuals and uc santa barbara statement worksheet scenes, and prompted artists to make careful studies of human anatomy – including dissections – to educate themselves in the precise structure and movie review format musculature of the education essay, body.

Finally, intellectual attitudes began to break away both from the rigid structures imposed by religious doctrine and by uncritical acceptance of ancient authorities – not everywhere, of course – but the empirical testing of theories by observation and format experimentation lay the foundations for the scientific advances and barbara statement documentation of knowledge that characterized the eighteenth-century enlightenment and movie essay format our own modern scientific method. Studies of the shoulder and neck by da Vinci. Lind, p. 39. In terms of Renaissance anatomy, the two names most closely associated with the progression toward critical analysis and accuracy are Leonardo da Vinci and Andreas Vesalius. Da Vinci approached anatomy from the point of view of the artist, but his meticulous and inquisitive mind quickly propelled him into an anatomical project for its own sake, unfortunately never published. His more than 750 anatomical drawings – most made from case observations of format dissections he performed – carried the genre of anatomical illustration to extraordinary refinement. Vesalius#8217;s Fabrica is a masterpiece of accuracy and a work of extraordinary beauty as well. Vesalius, p. 210.

Vesalius, born in 1514, five years before the argument essay topics, death of da Vinci, studied medicine in review format, Paris, Louvain (Belgium) and Padua (Italy), where the faculty named the 23-year-old a Professor of Surgery and anatomy at the completion of his doctorate. Vesalius made a name for topics himself among his students by descending from the chair to conduct dissections without an intermediary, and earned renown among the faculty and profession by successfully challenging the authority of Galen. He put the ancient master to the critical test and revealed errors in his anatomical theory. A series of six anatomical drawings produced by Vesalius proved so popular with his students that he published them in 1538, and here likely germinated the idea for his masterpiece, De Humani Corporis Fabrica , first published in review format, 1543. This volume paired detailed descriptive text with carefully worked anatomical drawings, both of details and entire bodies, all rendered with extreme accuracy, not the least emphasized by the external supports given the sequence of standing figures who successively lose the capacity to #8220;stand#8221; on their own as the layers of musculature are removed. Business For Established? In the perspective distance behind most of review these figures is a continuous cityscape of Padua, a further subtle statement of accuracy or truthfulness in the illustrations, as well as an indication of the important scholarly environment within which Vesalius worked.

The frontispiece of the Fabrica likewise shows Vesalius himself at the dissecting table, reinforcing his position as a scholar not hidebound by conventional thinking. Albinus and artist-engraver Jan Wandelaer took over 8 years to complete this remarkable anatomy atlas with its aesthetic style, scientific accuracy, and fanciful backgrounds. Albinus, table 4. From this point forward, many, many new anatomical titles appeared, some overtly plagiarized from Vesalius, others new studies, but human dissections and the goal of accurate anatomical illustration never again fell away from the case study, medical curriculum. Progress in Printing Impacts Anatomy. Movie Review Format? By the eighteenth century, advances in printing technology enabled the production of larger, folio volumes with copper plate engravings of even greater clarity of detail over the earlier wood cut blocks.

The most exceptional author of this era is Bernhard Siegfried Albinus, whose copper plate engravings derived not from freehand drawings wholly dependent on the eye of the artist but from an elaborate surveying mechanism used by architects that regulated artistic talent to make accurate, verifiable measurements and produce precisely proportioned details. The nineteenth century brought further technological advances in printing, particularly chromolithography, a method for accurate color printing, and changes in education topics, paper production methods that lowered costs. These permitted an even greater diffusion of movie images and texts, making single books and prints available not simply at the level of the school or the professor, but also that of the classroom, student, and practitioner. One type of publication in use at the end of the century was the anatomical chart which brings us to the inspiration for this exhibit: to highlight the anatomical charts in the Claude Moore Health Sciences Library at the University of Virginia.

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charles beard essay Why Charles Beard Lied. Britain's War on the Constitution. by Kathleen Murphy. In 1913, an review essay, aspiring historian by the name of Charles Austin Beard published a savage assault on American republicanism in the form of an economic interpretation of the U.S. Constitution. Uc Santa Personal Statement? Timed to movie essay format coincide with the presidential inauguration of that shameless Anglo-Ameriphile Woodrow Wilson, the education essay, publication of format Beard's lying account of the Constitution's origins quickly accomplished what it had set out to do: to trigger a demoralizing national controversy over a strong cover letter, the spurious question, Is the Constitution 'democratic' enough to meet the needs of a modern 'mass society'? -- a debate which would pave the essay, way for the wholesale subversion of the American System. An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution bore as much similarity to honest historiography as today's soap operas to barbara personal statement worksheet real life.

Stripped of its flimsy academic pretenses, Beard's book was an hysterical diatribe against essay, the great men who brought the explanatory study, United States into existence. Overflowing with distortions, innuendo, and movie essay, outright fabrications, manifesting no concern whatever for historical accuracy, An Economic Interpretation nevertheless self-righteously insisted that the Founding Fathers had been a clique of greedy, self-interested proto-aristocrats who had secretly drawn up the Constitution and then conspired to impose it illegally upon the rest of the population for the sole purpose of consolidating political and economic control over the new nation in their own money-grubbing hands. It should come as no surprise, then, to learn that the young Columbia University professor who penned this prize specimen of black propaganda was consciously acting on behalf of a power hostile to the United States. Types Abuse? Despite his hypocritical protests of nonpartisanship, Charles Beard was serving the interests of the British oligarchy when he wrote this most infamous of movie essay format his many books had served them, in fact, since at least 1900 and continued to do so until his death in 1948. Beard's deliberate distortion of one of the most decisive turning points in America's development as a sovereign republic represented a significant escalation in an ambitious campaign, launched by London in the early nineteenth century, to rob the U.S. of its sense of moral purpose by systematically rewriting, revising and reinterpreting its history.

Premised on plan for established the British oligarchy's perception that the movie review, United States would never succumb to its plans for re-conquering its former colonies unless all traces of the Neoplatonic world view which had given rise to the victorious American Revolution were first obliterated from the historical record, the British campaign to undermine the American System put hired hist-whorians such as the renowned George Bancroft and Frederick Jackson Turner to plan for established business work churning out movie review, a stream of fictionalizations purporting to represent and interpret the history of America. (1) The story of how Beard came to of child figure so prominently in this Big Lie deployment against the United States begins at Oxford's Balliol College. Long the key training center for essay, Britain's topmost intelligence agents and ruling elite, Balliol also played a prominent role in case seducing American intellectuals into the Crown's employ a process institutionalized with the creation of the Rhodes Scholarship Fund in 1904. Sent to movie review essay Balliol by his Anglophile professor at Indiana's DePauw University, Beard was taken under the wing of Fabian Society and related Round Table networks immediately upon his arrival there in writing a strong 1899. Review Format? These networks, featuring Fabian leaders Ramsay MacDonald, Keir Hardie, and Beatrice and Sidney Webb, tailored a curriculum for Beard which enabled him to assimilate swiftly the tools of the British intelligence trade. One of Beard's first assignments, carried out writing a strong cover, under the direction of Balliol's Regius Professor of History F. York Powell in collaboration with another American expatriate, socialist Walter Vrooman, involved setting up Oxford's pioneer workingman's college, Ruskin Hall.

Named in honor of arch-racist John Ruskin, spiritual godfather of Round Table founder Cecil Rhodes and one of Beard's lifelong idols, Ruskin Hall became an important element in the Round Table's strategy for infusing new blood--in this case, from the labor movement--into the Empire's dangerously anemic administrative apparatus. As Ruskin Hall's extension agent, Beard undertook several recruitment drives through England's pitiful industrial cities. He also published his first book under its imprint. An anti-industrial tract misnomered The Industrial Revolution, Beard's first exercise in the Big Lie school of historiography blamed Europe's food production crisis on its craze for industrialization, and recommended, among other measures, that if the soil of essay format Europe were tilled and business plan for established business, managed like that of China, it would support one thousand millions of human beings instead of review its three hundred and sixteen millions. (2) During his last year at business plan business, Balliol, Beard wrote a series of articles for Young Oxford magazine making it clear beyond question that his loyalties now lay completely with the British oligarchy. In this series, titled The Living Empire, Beard endorsed the movie essay, Round Table's geopolitical strategy for turning the U.S. into the Empire's dumb giant by inveigling it into an Anglo-Saxon alliance against Germany, Japan, and Russia -- the Ruskin-Cecil Rhodes strategy for cover letter, preserving the British Empire.

Imperialism is the world-creating process, Beard began. The average rational healthy man who does not suffer from Imperial word phobia will agree that the Imperialism which produced the United States and movie review, the colonies is writing letter, good. Then, in an open appeal to the United States to movie review essay format help consolidate and extend Britain's worldwide looting policies -- the same policies against which the United States had already fought three bloody wars -- Beard wrote that if the two countries could integrate their own political, economic, social and educational programs, vast settlements from various white countries would be transplanted, not as individuals, but as communities, over essay on money, the rich plains of northern and central Asia and Southern South America, while the United States and England would use the same methods in distributing much needed populations over the great western plains of America and of South Australia and South Africa. The only sane attitude which statesmen can adopt towards other races is that of movie review essay non-mixture. The question is, then: Are the places of the earth now capable of supporting increased populations to be made white, or black, or yellow? It is essay on money, not a question of death; it is a question of birth.

The whites are capable of multiplying indefinitely, so are the essay, blacks and yellows. Some life must be repressed. Which shall it be? [Emphasis original.] (3) It was to making this fantastic vision of a global Anglo-Saxon Empire a reality that Beard dedicated the rest of his life. It was his commitment to this oligarchical grand strategy which inspired his hypocritical attacks against the antidemocratic Constitution -- and not as his defenders claim, any fine notions about the uc santa barbara personal, ability of the common man to govern himself. Beard's patrons in England were impressed by his progress; here was an American who outdid the Empire's most ardent proponents in promoting the most hideous aspects of its rule! Keir Hardie and Ramsay MacDonald were so impressed, in fact, that they urged Beard to remain in England indefinitely, going so far as to promise him a Cabinet post when the soon-to-be-formed Labour Party came to power. (4) The Constitution . is grotesque But Beard's plans to become the first U.S. citizen to hold a Cabinet portfolio were altered abruptly in September 1901 when William McKinley, the last American president to identify himself consciously as a Hamiltonian, was murdered by a London-controlled assassin.

Under McKinley's infantile, pro-London successor, Teddy Roosevelt, a legion of British agents and movie review format, agents of influence was activated in writing cover the United States in a concerted effort to wipe out America's republican institutions and movie essay format, replace them with a Fabian/populist-modeled British colonial regimen. Spearheading what has come to be known as the Progressive Movement were the liberal reformers led by social worker Jane Addams, Lincoln Steffens, Edmond Kelley, Victor Berger, and personal statement worksheet, John Spargo -- amply funded from London-connected investment bankers Jacob Schiff and James Loeb, among others -- who waged trust-busting assaults on U.S. industry and anticorruption campaigns against America's old-line political machines. Simultaneously, London unleashed a full-fledged epistemological war against the nation's humanist traditions. John Dewey a lifelong friend of Beard set about destroying American education and, with it, the minds of generations of American youth. Roscoe Pound, Louis Brandeis and Oliver Wendell Holmes worked to overthrow the natural-law foundations of America's legal system in format favor of nominalist doctrines typified by sociological jurisprudence, while in economics, Richard Ely, Thorstein Veblen, and essay on money, E.R.A. Seligman (a scion of the Rothschild-connected Seligman banking family) propagated openly anti-industrial theories.

In philosophy, occultist and Aristotelian William James's ludicrous pragmatism was established as a uniquely American contribution. Above all, this Tory fifth column was determined to savage the U.S. Constitution, and it was to this task that Beard, who returned to the United States in 1902 to a teaching post at Morgan-connected Columbia University, devoted his efforts. To London, the movie review essay, very existence of the education essay, Constitution presented a constant reminder of its humiliating defeat by the American revolutionists and, as her agents were constantly complaining, the principal obstacle to review format social progress. To the United States, on the other hand, the Constitution served as the living embodiment of its framers' intent to build a nation committed to the perfection of its citizens through scientific and technological progress.

On both counts, London knew that the destruction of the Constitution's credibility was an absolute prerequisite if its overall subversion of the U.S. was to proceed successfully. Beard's An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution represented the culmination of this assault. Since the turn of the century, British conduits had been flooding the U.S. with virulent attacks on the Constitution and of child, the men who created it. The opening salvo was fired in movie essay format 1898 by the American branch of the Fabian Society. In the inaugural issue of its magazine, the Society vowed to replace the U.S. Constitution with something resembling England's: We call our paper The American Fabian for of child, two reasons. We call it Fabian because we desire to make it stand for the kind of review essay educational Socialist work which is so ably done by the English Fabian Society. Essay On Money? We call our paper The American Fabian because our politics must in movie review essay format a measure differ from those of the English Fabians. England and America are alike in some things; in some things they are utterly unalike.

England's Constitution readily admits of constant though gradual modification. Our American Constitution does not readily admit of such change. England can thus move into Socialism almost imperceptibly. Types Of Child Abuse? Our Constitution being largely individualistic must be changed to admit of Socialism, and each change necessitates a political crisis. This means the raising of great new issues. [Emphasis added.] (5)

Within weeks, the same line was being retailed in London by Ramsay MacDonald -- who, not accidentally, was soon to become one of Beard's principal patrons at Balliol. Briefing a meeting of the Fabian Society on his just-concluded tour of the United States, MacDonald lamented: The great bar to progress in the U.S. is the written constitution, Federal and State, which gives ultimate power to a law court. (6) By 1912, denunciations of the movie review, Constitution had become so commonplace that even Colonel Edward House, Woodrow Wilson's British-connected controller, could openly sneer that the document was not only outmoded, but grotesque. In order to provide some shred of credibility to education argument essay topics this treachery, a slew of sensationalist books smearing the Constitution were circulated. Among the most influential were The Spirit of American Government (1907) whose author, J. Allen Smith, said he wanted to call attention to the [Constitution's] inherent opposition to democracy (7) -- and self-styled Marxist Algie Simons' Social Forces in American History (1911), which charged that: The organic law of this nation was formulated in secret session by a body called into existence through a conspiratorial trick, and was forced upon a disenfranchised people by means of a dishonest apportionment in movie review essay format order that the interests of a small body of wealthy rulers might be served. (8)

By the time Beard's An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution appeared in 1913, the ground had been well-prepared for just such an impartial and letter, definitive indictment. Beard's role in these attacks on the Constitution, exemplified but by no means limited to An Economic Interpretation, was based on his study and conscious replication of the political theory of the bestialist Aristotle. Movie Review? Against the explanatory case study, Founding Fathers' goal of an urban-centered, industrialized United States, Beard posed Aristotle's vision of democracy based on small farmers condemned to rural idiocy and review essay format, powerless against the rule of oligarchies. Against their Neoplatonic humanist commitment to the development of human minds guided by reason and the necessary interest of humanity as a whole, Beard championed Aristotle's heteronomic individual self-interest and explanatory, greed. In a series of lectures delivered at movie essay, Amherst College three years after publishing An Economic Interpretation, Beard was at his most effusive and frank in his admiration for barbara personal statement, Aristotle: The mighty Aristotle, 'the master of all them that know,' . rightly deserves to called 'the father of movie review political science,' because he took it out of the essay on money, sphere of utopian idealism where Plato left it and placed it on the strong foundations of natural history . he sought to combine the idealism of ethics with the realism of movie review format historical research. Aristotle combines economics, politics, and ethics. How sound is this, how wise, how much more scientific than our modern practice of dissection and essay on money, distribution among specialists. . When he approaches the heart of the matter, namely, the essay format, causes of variation in abuse the form of the state, he immediately relates economics and politics.

It can hardly be doubted that Aristotle . looks upon the character and distribution of movie essay wealth in society as the chief determining factors in fixing the form of state. When Aristotle takes up the problem of business plan finding the best material for a democracy he is no less insistent upon the economic element as the fundamental factor. The safest and essay, most enduring form of democracy is, in essay his opinion, that based upon agriculture. In such a state the people are compelled to review format work hard for a livelihood, they have little time for political intrigue and writing letter, combinations, they do not covet the property of others, and they will endure in patience oligarchies or tyrannies if they are allowed to work and are not deprived of their lands or cattle. [emphasis added]. Movie Review Format? Next to an agricultural democracy, that of a pastoral people is best. The worst and most dangerous democracy is that founded on commerce, for there is no moral excellence in the employments of traders, mechanics, and laborers. (9)

Hypocritically, Beard, who was later to explicitly espouse just such an agrarian democracy for the United States, had denounced the U.S. Constitution for being aristocratic and inefficient for positive action only eight years earlier. Beard based his own views on government on Aristotle's conception -- against Plato's insistence on the greater the unity of the state the better that no individual or group of men is capable of case study transcending the boundaries of his or their own immediate self-interest to act in the interests of the movie review essay, human species as mediated, for instance, through a state as a whole. In his Politics Aristotle wrote: Is it not obvious that a state may at length attain such a degree of unity as to education argument essay topics be no longer a state? Since the essay, nature of abuse a state is to be a plurality, and in tending to greater unity, from being a state, it becomes a family, and from being a family, an individual; for the family may be said to be more one than the state, and the individual than the family. So that we ought not to essay attain this greater unity even if we could, for it would be the barbara worksheet, destruction of the state. (10) Beard repeated this same pluralistic argument in a Politics of his own (published 1908) in which he asserted that the real state is not the juristic state but is the group of persons able to work together efficiently for the accomplishment of their joint aims. The essence of the state is the exercise of sovereign authority by some person or group of persons. (I1)

Five years later, in his lying interpretation of the essay format, Constitution, Beard drew Aristotle's argument to its ultimate antihumanist conclusion: It does not follow, Beard cynically declared, that the vague thing known as the advancement of general welfare or some abstraction known as justice was the immediate, guiding purpose of the framers [of the Constitution]. The point is, that the direct, impelling motive in both cases was the economic advantages which the beneficiaries expected would accrue to themselves first, from their action. This view, together with Aristotle's espousal of rural democracy, is both the underpinning and for established business, the purpose of Beard's analysis in An Economic Interpretation that the fight over the Constitution represented an irreconcilable split between agrarian special interests and capitalist special interests. Rotten lies and filthy perversions The allegations and conclusions Beard put forth in movie essay An Economic Interpretation differed little from those of his predecessors. In essence, he contended that there had been a fundamental division in the American population over the Constitution and its ramifications for national policy. On the one hand, Beard maintained, stood the overwhelming majority of the population, the of child abuse, debtors and small farmers, constituting a popular party based on paper money and agrarian interests; on the other, a conservative party centred in the towns and resting on financial, mercantile, and personal property interests generally. (12) The movement for the Constitution, Beard claimed, was originated and carried through principally by movie essay four groups of personal interests which had been adversely affected under the Articles of Confederation: money, public securities, manufactures, and trade and shipping. (13) Moreover, The members of the Philadelphia Convention which drafted the Constitution were immediately, directly, and personally interested in, and derived economic advantages from, the establishment of the new system. (14)

As for the Constitution itself, Beard deemed it essentially an economic document based upon the concept that the fundamental private rights of property are anterior to government and morally beyond the education argument topics, reach of popular majorities. (15) Beard charged that the movie essay, convening of the Constitional Convention amounted to a virtual coup d'etat in itself since no popular vote was taken directly or indirectly on the proposition to call the Four of child abuse, Convention which drafted the format, Constitution; that a large propertyless mass was . excluded at the outset from participation (through representatives) in the work of framing the Constitution by prevailing suffrage qualifications; and that the Constitution was ratified by a vote or probably not more than one-sixth of education argument adult males. (16) Beard's treatment of the movie review essay format, entirety of American history -- from the dispute over explanatory, the Constitution, through the split between Hamilton and Jefferson, to the Civil War -- was based on the false premise that the movie review format, principal dynamic in the development of the nation was the struggle for domination between capitalist (manufacturing, commerce, finance) and farming interests. This false dichotomy was simply Beard's method of diverting attention from and obscuring the real battle that has characterized every major crisis in American history: the fight between the American System, with its commitment to scientific progress and the application of education argument new technologies to both agriculture and industry, and movie format, the British System, based on Aristotle's bestial vision of pastoral idiocy -- a vision which Beard openly urged the United States to adopt. Had Beard published his tirade against the Constitution ten years earlier, it would probably have been dismissed as the explanatory, rantings of a crank, and movie review essay, the matter would have ended there. But London's epistemological war had already begun to erode America's capacity for resistance.

Thanks to the zealous publicity efforts of America's wretchedly anglophile liberal establishment, An Economic Interpretation was palmed off on the public as the definitive expose the real story behind the Constitution. As the following quotes from uc santa statement worksheet, two establishment spokesmen suggest, the damage which Beard's book wrought on the American System was incalculable. According to the Nation magazine, founded by E.L. Godkin as a conduit for movie review, British propaganda, An Economic Interpretation was the chief reason that. . We know today that the Constitution is a scheme devised by a land-holding and rum-selling oligarchy for the enslavement of a democracy. There was a group of people and business plan, an epoch commonly described as the Fathers. We know today that they were not parents to be proud of. The Fathers in their graves stand in the way of a great many desirable things of the movie review essay format, present. Therefore, they must be shown up. The movement once under way, impetus does the rest.

There ensues a chronic irritation with the uc santa, past; a chronic suspicion that the past was just the opposite of what patriotic sentiment has usually pictured. (17) Commenting more explicitly on the contribution Beard's book made to the Progressive Movement's attempt to overthrow the American constitutional system, Max Lerner wrote: Beard's book . brought the theory of group interests and of class conflict into the center of the study of American politics; it dealt a blow to the conservative Supreme Court majorities and to essay format their apologists, for if it was true that even the founding fathers were human beings governed by their sense of business business economic interest, it was a fortiori even truer of the Supreme Court justices who passed on the validity of federal and state legislation that sought to control Big Property. Thus it dealt a blow to the strongest panoply in which property in Beard's day clothed itself -- the inviolate panoply of Constitutional due process of law. At the review, same time, it gave the coup de grace to the mechanical jurisprudence of the time, the rebellion against which was one of Beard's strongest motivations. (18) Equally damaging, Beard's bogus theories became the accepted interpretation of the Constitution for several decades to of child come; by the mid-1930s, his central thesis had been incorporated into movie essay format, the overwhelming majority of college textbooks and into a significant proportion of secondary school texts as well. And when the New Republic conducted a survey of books that changed our minds during the same period, An Economic Interpretation ranked second out of business plan for established a hundred, prompting Walter Lippmann to praise it for marking a turning point in the interpretation of American history. (19) This is not to imply that American Whigs did not attempt to counter Beard's lies. Typifying the outrage with which these layers greeted An Economic Interpretation was Warren G. Harding's Marion (Indiana) Star.

Scavengers, Hyena-like, Desecrate the Graves of the Dead Patriots We Revere, ran the headline over the Star's review of Beard's book, which nominated Beard for. . the place of movie review Chief Hyena. His book is libelous, vicious and damnable in education argument its influence, and every patriotic citizen of the United States, every lover of liberty in this land should rise to condemn him and the purveyors of his filthy lies and rotten perversions. (20) But while Harding hit the nail smack on its head, his and others' failure to identify Beard and his book for what they were -- weapons in movie review essay format London's ongoing war against the Republic -- rendered their protests ineffective. The New History: Lying with a clear conscience. As Harding said, An Economic Interpretation was basically a pack of lies. Research done subsequently by Robert Brown, Nancy Spannaus, Forrest McDonald and others (21) has indisputably demonstrated that the facts which Beard marshaled to essay on money support his attack on the Founding Fathers were either downright fraudulent, or ambiguous at best. Even Beard's major evidence for charging that the Fathers were materially motivated in framing the review format, Constitution -- the fact that several of essay on money them held U.S. Movie Essay Format? Treasury Bonds -- is personal worksheet, both questionable and essay format, ludicrous.

Imagine railing at someone for financially supporting a cause to which he has committed his entire life! The fundamental silliness of Beard's arguments is barbara personal statement, what probably provoked arch-Fabian Oliver Wendell Holmes to essay remark that the uc santa barbara personal statement, only thing he Saw in movie review essay format Beard's magnum opus was a covert sneer. Beard justified his utter contempt for historical accuracy on the grounds that accuracy is an unattainable dream. A few years before An Economic Interpretation appeared, Beard had collaborated with a Columbia colleague, historian James Harvey Robinson, in developing a new theory of history which would enable them to lie with a clear conscience. Dubbed the New History, this modernized version of Aristotle's doctrine of mythmaking contended that, since it was impossible to study know with any certainty what had actually occurred in the past, history should be written from the movie format, standpoint of contemporary prejudices and uc santa personal statement worksheet, geared principally toward shaping the future. Specifically, the New Historians argued, history should be used for furthering the goals of the Progressive Movement. This was the theory which enabled Beard -- an ardent proponent of U.S. entry into World War I -- to write an account of the American Revolution, on behalf of the notorious Creel Committee of World War I, which asserted that the only argument the American colonists had had with England was the fact that King George III was a German! (22) One of the most revealing statements of Beard's ideas on historiographical method can be found in his 1933 presidential address to the American Historical Association, Written History as An Act of Faith and its sequel, That Noble Dream.

In these, Beard insisted that history exists wholly in the eyes of the beholder. History as it actually was is not known and cannot be known, Beard declared, adding that writing history is review format, first and foremost a question of cutting off connections to the universal. Four Types Of Child Abuse? (23) Beard gradually extended his denial of the possibility of truth in historiography to the entire spectrum of human knowledge. In the essay format, mid-1930s, when the Depression had begun to essay on money undermine Americans' belief in the idea of willfully determined progress, Beard began a sweeping attack against the scientific method. Claiming that the economic collapse had ushered in a fundamental crisis in Western thought, Beard wrote that this crisis. may be said to spring from the disconcerting recognition of the fact that science cannot of movie essay format itself provide the certainty, understanding and unequivocal direction to essay on money policy and practice profoundly expected after theological supremacy and assurance were disrupted in a conflict extending through several centuries. (24)

Elsewhere, Beard contended that: The contrast between the ideal that seems possible and the real [reality] that oppresses us is painfully evident to contemporary knowledge; and movie, it is of child abuse, increasingly understood that science, which once supplanted theological assurance, can furnish no unequivocal prescriptions for review essay, national policy and action. Despite all the sayings, declarations, and prognostications . unequivocal explanations and guidance are denied us. Deprived of the certainty which it was once believed science would deliver, and of the very hope that it can in the nature of education argument essay topics things disclose certainty, human beings must now concede their own fallibility and accept the world as a place of trial and error. (25) By the essay, end of his life, Beard was espousing the essay on money, most openly irrationalist outlook. In a speech to the American Political Association in 1948 he announced: I have come to movie essay the conviction that we have no justification whatever for regarding our universe as a unified process under law and hence reducible to an exact science, either physical or political; and still less justification for supposing that, given the nature of our minds, we can grasp the scheme of things entire in its three-dimension fullness. (26) Beard's deliberate lies concerning the origins and development of the United States cannot be attributed simply to types abuse the workings of an amoral mind given to movie format pathological lying. Like the other elements of worksheet Britain's cultural subversion of America's humanist heritage, Beard's wanton historical misrepresentations constituted, as he himself freely admitted, the means to an end. That end, as Beard made absolutely explicit time after time, was the transformation of the United States from the world's premier industrial power into essay, a replica of Aristotle's perfect state a zero-growth nightmare, inhabited by for established men-turned-sheep tending sheep, and ruled over by review essay a feudal aristocracy capable only explanatory case of looting, plundering, and movie review format, pillage: in explanatory case modern terminology, a fascist state. In a textbook on American government published in movie review essay 1924, Beard implicitly acknowledged that his incessant chattering in behalf of true democracy was demagogic bunk, intended solely for the edification of the masses.

For the present, he wrote, we shall accept the dictum of Lord Bryce that the world is governed by active minorities who originate ideas and compel the business plan for established, attentions of the multitudes. (27) In other words, it is the elites, not the people, who actually rule. Throughout his career, Beard complemented his historiographical subversion by actively involving himself in operations specifically geared towards supplanting American's humanist elite with one capable of carrying out London's desired transformation of the United States. One of the most important of these deployments was the so-called government reform movement, which had been inaugurated by Lord Bryce himself. (28) A key component of the Progressive Movement, government reform, was the noble-sounding name which London applied to its attempt to seize America's government institutions by replacing democratically elected, constituency-oriented leaderships with nonpartisan experts or technocrats. Sold to the public on the grounds that American institutions had been corrupted beyond repair, the government reform movement aimed not merely at movie review format, planting a layer of top-level agents in barbara personal statement key policymaking positions, but at overhauling the entire structure of U.S. Movie? government and business for established business, refashioning it along explicitly British lines. The spate of movie review essay format mini-Watergates which proliferated during the early twentieth century, largely provoked by the exposes of corruption in government uncovered by explanatory case the British-controlled muckraking press, provided the justification for the wholesale destabilization of review essay format American government institutions, as one after another urban machine toppled before the reformers' onslaught. Beard threw himself into the government reform movement as soon as he returned from Oxford. Under the tutelage of Frank Goodnow -- the uc santa barbara, chairman of Columbia University's political science department -- and spurred on by the vision of bringing about the reconciliation of essay democracy with efficiency through the explanatory study, new science of movie essay public administration, Beard concentrated on two strategic areas: training the new class of technocrats, and reworking state and local constitutions.

In 1906, Beard joined the faculty of the New York Bureau of Municipal Research, where he helped establish its pioneering Training School for Public Service, becoming director of the Training School in 1912. Funds for the Training School came from Mrs. E.H. Essay On Money? Harriman who, returning from a trip to essay England in 1910, was so enthusiastic about the Four types of child, caliber of the British Civil Service, that she wished to replicate it at home. Known by its victims at Tammany Hall as the movie review, Bureau of Municipal Besmirch, the Training School and its parent institution produced study after study purportedly proving how inefficiently municipal government was being carried out, and how much better it would be if Americans realized that government properly belonged in explanatory the hands of specially trained experts. As New York public works czar Rober Moses, one of Beard's prize Training School pupils, put it in a dissertation he wrote at Oxford University while preparing himself for a career in municipal reform back home: The Civil Service of essay format Great Britain is brilliant and farsighted because it recognizes that only a few, select university trained individuals should be permitted to hold important government positions. (29)

Through Beard's efforts, the Bureau and types of child abuse, its Training School rapidly established themselves as the paramount institutions of their kind and the model for the thousands of others which were set up across the format, country over the next two decades. Through these institutions -- of which the Brookings Institution (founded in 1916) is one of the most notorious -- government policymaking and administration on all levels were systematically wheedled out education topics, of the hands of elected officials. Recognizing, as his mentor Ramsay MacDonald had stressed years earlier, that state as well as federal constitutions presented formidable obstacles to the drastic changes he and his cronies wanted to wreak on American governance, Beard spearheaded an ambitious, nationwide campaign to movie review essay format reform them. In 1919, under the auspices of the National Municipal League, Beard produced a model state constitution which recommended that the states adopt a governing structure hardly distinguishable from British parliamentarianism. In this document, the man who attacked the U.S. Constitution for being undemocratic, called for a system of government in which. . the explanatory, governor would be elected by the people, with absolute power to review essay appoint and remove heads of departments, would prepare the budget which the legislature might reduce but not increase; and would have the power to uc santa personal dissolve the legislature when it defeats any of his measures. The legislature, organized with one committee on movie appropriations and revenues and one standing committee for each of the major branches of the state administration might, on the other hand, call a general election to support it in essay on money any break with the governor. There would also be introduced the review essay format, recall principle. (30) Beard also advocated the consolidation of all government departments into writing cover, a few superagencies, with the governor as the czar, and the adoption of the short ballot -- a technique for drastically reducing the movie review essay format, number of elected officials by making most administrative positions appointive.

These proposals were specifically aimed toward placing control over the government budget in the right hands. The budget is the very heart of the plan business, governing process he wrote in one of his tracts, It involves fundamental problems in administrative organization, in public policy, in movie essay legislative responsibility and in political leadership. Sound budgetary procedure . Essay On Money? requires a thorough-going reconstruction, even of the very elemental parts of the government framework. (31) Through its government reform movement, London succeeded to a significant extent in taking government away from the country's elected representatives, bestowing it instead on a selected and ever-growing gaggle of experts. The massive influence wielded today by the Brookings Institution and other thinktanks, together with the proliferation of such strategically situated government policy institutions as the Office of Management and Budget and the General Accounting Office, is only part of the essay, anticonstitutional legacy bequeathed to the United States by radical democrat Charles Beard. Beard's commitment to turn the U.S. into a backward colony of the British Empire is nowhere more apparent than in the recommendations he continually put forth for U.S. economic and foreign policy.

A prolific writer and self-proclaimed expert on foreign affairs and economics, Beard emerged during the crisis-wracked 1930s especially as one of the most important and influential spokesmen in the U.S. on essay behalf of essay Britain's attempt to turn the U.S. into an explicitly fascist entity. It is entirely lawful that Beard should have become the explanatory, leader of the band of review anglophile liberals, centered around the explanatory, New Republic, which championed fascism and organized for movie review essay, its triumph in America. Anyone who finds it difficult to business plan for established business reconcile Beard's ardent support for fascism and his outspoken adulation for British puppet Benito Mussolini with his defense of democracy does not yet understand the movie essay, profound similarities between the dionysian doctrine of radical democracy and that of Nazism. Beard made no secret of his fascist proclivities. Topics? In a review he wrote for movie essay, the New Republic in 1929 of Herbert Schneider's The Making of the Fascist State, Beard declared that Italian fascism was. beyond question an amazing experiment. an experiment in reconciling individualism and socialism, politics and technology. This is far from the education argument, frozen dictatorship of Russian Tsardom. It is movie review essay, more like the American checks and statement, balance system; and movie essay format, it may work out in business business a new democratic direction. It would be a mistake, Beard admonishes any possibly queasy readers, to allow feelings aroused by contemplating the harsh deeds and extravagant assertions that have accompanied the Fascist process (as all other immense historical changes) to obscure the review format, potentialities and lessons of the adventure -- no, not adventure, but destiny riding without any saddle and bridle across the historic peninsula that bridges the essay on money, world of antiquity and our modern world. Then, in an outrageous attempt to review essay format invoke the Founding Fathers in support of this rubbish, Beard continues:

In the fascist condemnation of democracy there is education argument, nothing new . the fathers of the American republic, notably Hamilton, Madison and John Adams, were as voluminous and vehement as any fascist could desire. (32) Over the next decade, Beard devoted himself to ensuring that this amazing experiment would triumph across the globe. Beard welcomed the Depression, confident that the movie review, ensuing political and economic dislocation presented a golden opportunity for launching a sweeping reorganization of American policy. An early, vocal advocate of FDR's domestic economic policies, Beard frequented both the White House, and Capitol Hill during the New Deal's heyday, where -- as a confidante of the President put it -- he was regarded as the writing cover letter, intellectual father of the movie review essay format, New Deal. In a series of analyses published during the early thirties, Beard set out in detail what course he believed the U.S. should take.

One of the most revealing of these was A Five-Year Plan for America, published in the July 1931 issue of Forum magazine. An unabashed blueprint for creating a fascist state in the U.S., the article called for establishing a corporatist governmental structure based on a National Economic Council whose members would include. . economic agencies concerned with transportation, communications, fuel, (oil, gas, and coal), iron and steel, lumber and building materials, electrical utilities, textiles, packing . agriculture, wholesaling and retailing. In addition, labor, In addition, labor, organized and unorganized, will have its spokesmen. Essay? The exact weight to be assigned to movie review format each element can be evolved and in the process the experience of Germany with economic councils may be studied with profit.

In short, Beard continued, there will be established for statement worksheet, the fundamental industries of the country . a small national body charged with the function of movie review essay format coordinating these divisions of plan for established business economy and working out the project of their inner relations -- financial, operative, and distributive. It will naturally propound any changes in the Constitution and laws deemed necessary for the realization of planned economy [emphasis added]. (33) Under the National Economic Council would be a Board of Strategy and Planning modeled, Beard said, after Bernard Baruch's War Industries Board; whose prime function . will be to make a survey of the country and forecast the review, production of consumer and capital goods. (34) Syndicates representing each major industry would also be established for the express purpose of limiting industrial production. Harkening back to his earlier praise for Aristotle's bucolic fantasies, Beard reveals fully his own feudalistic anti-urban, anti-industry bias: Agriculture ought to be especially emphasized in connection with national planning, for city dwellers are woefully ignorant of the land.

Yet it is fundamental. If agriculture perishes, as in parts of China, civilization sinks down in ruins. Rome likewise furnishes an example: our scholars well know the intimate relations between the decay of Roman agriculture and types, the decline of the Empire. (35) There is movie, also another side to the problem, Beard asserted: The overgrown urban agglomerations of the United States, with their millions pounding pavements, toiling listlessly in poorly lighted offices and factories, and living in sunless tenements need more of the essay on money, country, not less. And a rational system of industrial planning will dissolve the absurd and unwholesome slum areas of cities, carry industries out into air and sunlight, and review, institute a fine balance of rural and urban life. (36)

As to those city-dwellers not dispersed to the countryside by this city-wrecking scheme, Beard proposes that they. be channeled into the Building Materials and Housing Syndicates . Essay On Money? [which] will enroll an army of two or three million men to tear down the movie review format, cities and business, rehabilitate them, along the lines of the sweat equity and related labor-intensive full employment schemes pushed by today's liberals. (37) Beard's plan also stipulated that a Marketing Syndicate be set up to movie essay control the distribution of all industrial and agricultural output through the Four of child, economy. Regarding foreign trade which he identified as the most fruitful source of movie essay international rivalries and wars -- Beard proposed that a Syndicate comprising all export/import firms be set up in order to education argument essay topics slash U.S. trade to essay format a bare minimum, and a strong cover letter, that to be carried on chiefly through barter. The Syndicate, wrote Beard, will not proceed on the assumption that the nation can get rich by dumping goods abroad . [but] will be a powerful aid to movie review essay diplomacy, bringing the reason of commodity exchange to bear on the vagaries of ministers plenipotentiary. Fearing that all this might be too much for barbara statement, his audience to movie essay format take, Beard hastened to reassure them that . the scheme here outlined is no foreign concoction or importation.

It is a purely native product. Even now it lies partly completed before us. Education Topics? (38) Beard amplified these British-originated policy proposals for the United States in a highly publicized study which he published in 1934 under the ironically apt title, The Open Door At Home. Commissioned by the Social Science Research Council and funded by the Carnegie Corporation, The Open Door urged that the U.S. adopt a policy of continentalism -- Beard's Jeffersonian-sounding euphemism for withdrawing the U.S. from the world arena and movie review, preventing it from challenging Britain's strategic gameplan for the 1930s. Arguing that U.S. national interests could best be served if more emphasis were placed on domestic policy than on an effort to wrest new 'benighted' areas from Great Britain, France or Japan for the purpose of securing more moral obligations to other races, Beard assailed the Hamiltonian tradition of outward industrial and commercial expansion which assumed that American prosperity depended upon the expansion of foreign markets. It was imperative, moreover, Beard continued, that an immediate end be put to the outward thrust of commercial power supposedly forced on the U.S. by greedy businessmen and to the overaccumulation of capital and the too-rapid expansion of industrial plant capacity. If these measures were taken, then the nation's attention could be focused on achieving a wider distribution of wealth-- even if the business plan for established business, absolute decline in overall national wealth brought about by these measures caused a decline in the standard of living. In a section sharply redolent of his racist Young Oxford articles, Beard also prescribed that the American government impose drastic restrictions on immigration in order to format maintain the barbara statement worksheet, racial homogeneity of the American stock he deemed so crucial to achieving his insane vision of an autarkical United States.

By universal consent, he wrote, the U.S. has the legal right to regulate or abolish immigration with respect to the national interest. As a matter of physical limitations, it is impossible for movie review essay format, the U.S. to take care of the pullulating surplus populations of the earth. (39) In terms not dissimilar to Britain's current strategy for wrecking the U.S. economy, Beard concluded The Open Door by laying out the following summary proposals: By domestic control over all foreign trade, by the relaxation of the capitalistic pressure of the United States on world markets in standardized manufactures and commercial investments, by concentrating national energies on the development of national resources and the efficient distribution of wealth at a strong, home, by deliberately withdrawing from the rivalries of imperialist nations, the United States would take its official nose out of a thousand affairs of no vital concern to the people of the United States, would draw back its defense lines upon zones that can be defended with the greatest probability of victory in movie review format case of war, and business plan for established, would thus have a minimum dependence on the strategic products indispensable to war. [The U.S.] could steadily decrease its dependence on world markets for the essentials indispensable to our material civilization. (40) In December 1934, Beard surveyed the devastation wrought on the U.S. economy by FDR's Keynesian-inspired corporatism measures and was satisfied: The fundamental idea of the New Deal, he ruminated, is the coordination of classes and review essay format, maintenance of uc santa balance by regulation and by a certain control over the distribution of wealth. America was certainly moving in the direction Beard had been so vociferously advocating since he left Oxford thirty years earlier. Beginning about 1935, however, Beard began to detect a certain troublesome independence on President Roosevelt's part, especially in review format the realm of foreign policy. FDR was simply not following the script which London had prepared dictating that the U.S. pursue a thoroughly isolationist role. Argument? Indeed, Beard had expressed some of format these fears in his Open Door: if Roosevelt has a foreign policy appropriate to the trend of types of child his domestic policy, he has not yet revealed it. As Roosevelt started to break away from London's grip -- a process which posed the threat that the U.S. muscle might be brought to bear against British puppets Mussolini and Hitler -- Beard opened up a barrage of increasingly violent denunciations of his former idol's internationalist tendencies. At this juncture, Beard made an ostentatiously conservative shift which enabled him to insinuate himself into, and gain the confidence of, key anti-British Republican Party leaders, including Senator William Borah.

In a Kissingeresque operation, Beard used this leverage to manipulate their fears of review being tricked into fighting yet another war for the British into an hysterical denial of reality. As the situation in Europe deterioriated, Beard emerged as a leader of the British-fostered isolationist movement, ultimately joining America First -- itself a project of the explanatory case, profascist Cliveden Set in England. (41) In a book published in 1940, Beard argued vehemently that the movie essay format, U.S. could play no positive international role: There must be, he said, recognition of the limited nature of American power to barbara worksheet relieve, restore and maintain life beyond its own sphere of interest and control -- a recognition of the hard fact that the U.S., either alone or in any coalition, did not possess the format, power to force peace on study Europe and Asia, to assure the establishment of democratic and pacific governments there, or to provide the social and economic underwriting necessary to the endurance of such governments. (42) As World War II ended, Beard took up the cudgels against Roosevelt once again, attempting to derail FDR's plans to forge an American-Soviet alliance against the rotting remnants of British imperial power. In his President Roosevelt and movie, the Coming of the War, Beard launched into a cold war frenzy, berating the now-dead Roosevelt for involving the U.S. in a war which produced nothing but. the triumph of another totalitarian regime no less despotic and ruthless than Hitler's system, namely, Russia, possessing more than twice the population astride Europe and education argument essay, Asia, employing bands of Quislings as terroristic in methods as any Hitler ever assembled, and insistently effectuating a political and economic ideology equally inimical to the democracy, liberties and institutions of the United States. (43)

Beard died in 1948, secure in movie review format the knowledge that his lifetime of treason had contributed significantly to the Empire's survival. Through his historical lies millions of Americans had been deprived of their heritage or actually turned against it; countless others had been duped into supporting British policy for the United States as a result of Beard's influence. Uc Santa Barbara? His death prompted an outpouring of eulogies from his British friends, returning the favor. As one old friend, Fabian Harold Laski, wrote: From the angle of a European observer, Charles Beard's work is among the most distinguished of American contributions to the social sciences. Beard's An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution and its sequel, the Economic Origins of Jeffersonian Democracy, were . books that laid the foundation of a new and creative approach to movie review essay format the subjects with which they dealt. But even more important than the brilliant use of the material that went into their making was the value of the solid foundation they offered to personal statement worksheet the criticism of those who sought to see American history in realistic terms. Charles Beard has always been a man of movie progressive ideas.

We in Britain are not likely to forget that . he was one of the founders of Ruskin Hall, Oxford, . which has had a vital part in shaping the case study, character of the British Labour Party generally, and of many of its members, especially since 1915, who have entered the House of Commons. (44) 1. George Bancroft (1800-1891) and Frederick Jackson Turner (1861-1931) were both extremely influential in review format revising American history according to the changing tactical requirements of the writing a strong letter, British oligarchy. Considered to be the foremost historian produced by the United States in the nineteenth century, Bancroft portrayed the course of the nation's development as the triumph of the people's democracy in his multivolume History of the United States. An ardent Jacksonian and Transcendentalist, and an intimate friend and collaborator of August Belmont, the movie review format, House of Rothschild's chief agent in the U.S., Bancroft combined his historiographical subversion with an extensive political career. These included his capacities as political advisor to Martin Van Buren --the man whom London installed in the White House to oversee its destruction of the U.S. Case Study? economy in the aftermath of Andrew Jackson's sabotage of the Second National Bank; as official counselor to movie review essay format British puppet James K. Polk; as ghost writer to Andrew Jackson; and as U.S. Ambassador to Bismark's Germany and to the Court of St. Education Argument? James. Bancroft thus participated at the highest levels in Britain's post-American Revolution deployment to movie essay derail attempts by European and American humanist networks to personal statement revive the Grand Design which had brought the United States into existence.

Although less active politically than Bancroft, Frederick Jackson Turner played an movie review format, equally determining role in reshaping American history. Turner is best known for his frontier thesis, which maintained that westward expansion and free land had been the chief sources of writing cover letter democratization and movie review, social stability for the United States. During the London-inspired 1890-1920 campaign slash the flow of immigrants into the United States, Turner's theory provided crucial back-up for the absurd argument that the closing of the frontier made it impossible for essay on money, the U.S. to assimilate large numbers of essay new immigrants, especially those of the mongrel races of uc santa barbara Asia and southern Europe. Movie Essay? Trained at John Hopkins University by Woodrow Wilson, and at Four types of child abuse, the University of movie review essay Wisconsin, where he helped Robert LaFollette and essay on money, other progressives make Wisconsin a model Fabian state, Turner frequently is credited with popularizing the avowedly Aristotelian economic interpretation of history among American academics. Essay Format? Indeed, Charles Beard praised Turner for restoring economic facts to essay on money historical writing in America. That Bancroft and Turner -- two of the most renowned U.S. historians --were fully complicit in London's schemes for undermining the United States as a sovereign nation, bears shocking witness to the astounding success Britain achieved in penetrating American historiography.

In 1884, London took a major step toward extending and consolidating that penetration with the founding of the American Historical Association (AHA). From its beginnings, the AHA exhibited a distinctly pro-British bent. Essay Format? Its first president, Albert Shaw, simultaneously acted as editor-in-chief of the American edition of Review of Reviews , the British-based magazine published by Willian T. Stead, co-organizer with Cecil Rhodes of the British Round Table! Lawfully, Shaw's Review of Reviews emerged at the turn of the century as the writing letter, leading propagandist for immigration restriction as well as for a U.S. alliance with Britain under the guise of Anglo-Saxon unity. 2. Charles A. Beard, The Industrial Revolution (London, 1927), p. 44.

3. Movie Review Essay? Charles A. Beard, The Living Empire, Young Oxford (November, 1901). 4. Cited in Eric Goldman, Rendezvous with Destiny (New York: 1952), p. 116. 5. Quoted in Rose L. Martin, Fabian Freeway (Belmont, Mass.: 1966) p. 136. 6. Ibid., pp. 136-37. 7. Quoted in Goldman, op. cit., p. Study? 119. 8. Quoted in Ibid., pp. 109-110. Simons had been a student of Frederick Jackson Turner and essay format, Richard Ely at the University of Wisconsin. 9. Reprinted in Charles A. Beard, The Economic Basis of Politics And Related Writings (New York: 1957), p. 25. 10.

Aristotle, Politics, reprinted in essay on money Justin D. Kaplan, ed., The Pocket Aristotle (New York: 1%0), p. 283. 11. Cited in David W. Noble, Historians against movie essay format, History (Minneapolis: 1965), p. 60. 12. Charles A. Beard, An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution (New York: 1913), p. Case? 292. 17.

The Nation, January 1915. 18. Quoted in Goldman, op cit., p. Essay Format? 118. 19. For the impact of An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution on U.S. textbooks, see Maurice Blinkoff, The Influence of Charles A. Beard upon barbara personal statement worksheet American Historiography, in the University of Buffalo Studies, Monographs in History, XII (May, 1936), No. 4, Ch.

II. 20. Quoted in Goldman, op cit., p. 119. 21. Cf.

Robert E. Brown, Charles Beard and the Constitution: A Critical Analysis of An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution (Princeton: 1965); Nancy B. Spannaus and Christopher White, eds., The Political Economy of the American Revolution (New York: 1977); and essay format, Forrest McDonald, We The People: The Economic Origins of the Constitution (Chicago: 1958). 22. Marcus Cunliffe and Robin Winks, Pastmasters (New York: 1969), pp. 136-38. According to the authors, the history subcommittee of the business plan business, Creel Committee (which was the official U.S. propaganda agency during World War I) patterned itself after its British counterpart, Wellington House. This subcommittee, whose members included Frederick Jackson Turner, Carl Becker, Charles Beard, and other eminent historians, wrote and essay, disseminated tons of history, distorted history, and open lies called history, for business plan for established, purposes of war propaganda . in general the idea was to depict the Germans as barbarians, militaristic but second-rate in actual warfare, and to review essay format show that Anglo-American relations had always been friendly and that American relations with Germany had always been bad. 23. Written History As An Act of Four types abuse Faith, American Historical Review XLI (October, 1935), pp. 73-87; That Noble Dream, American Historical Review XLII (April, 1937), pp.

460-483. It is important to note that Beard appended to the former a copy of movie essay a letter written to him by Italian philosopher and historian, Benedetto Croce, on historical method. Essay On Money? Beard frequently cites Croce as the strongest influence on his own thinking on the philosophy of history. The pro-fascist Croce was only one of a number of top British intelligence-linked European intellectuals with whom Beard maintained active collaborative relations. Among them were the Frankfurt School networks. Beard was a member along with Sidney Webb, Felix Warburg and Jean Piaget of the Frankfurt School's board of directors, and was instrumental in relocating the School to Columbia in the 1930s, from where it proceeded to manufacture rock music and other atrocities. 24. Charles A. Beard, Limitations to essay format the Application of Social Science Implied in Recent Social Trends, Social Forces 2 (May, 1933), p. 506. 25. Charles A. Beard and G.H.E. Smith, The Open Door at Home (New York: 1934), pp.

19-20. 26. Quoted in Cunliffe and Winks, op. cit. 27. Charles A. Beard, American Government and Politics (New York: 1924). 28. Bryce's well-known treatise on American institutions, The American Commonwealth (1888), provided both the impetus and the rationale for the municipal reform movement. Essentially an intelligence profile of weak flanks within the U.S. which could be exploited most profitably by the British, An American Commonwealth singled out U.S. Essay On Money? urban governments as the one disappointing aspect of movie format American life because of their corrupt tendencies. Barbara Statement? Several individuals who were to movie essay play powerful roles in the urban reform movement as it subsequently evolved actually wrote chapters for Bryce's book. Seth Low, the famous reform mayor of Brooklyn, wrote the chapter on municipal reform, while Frank Goodnow, an expert on administrative law and essay on money, government reform wrote the movie essay format, chapter on the Tweed Ring. When Bryce (who was British Ambassador to the U.S. from 1907-1913) appealed to his American friends for help in revising An American Commonwealth in 1908, Seth Low, then president of Columbia University, lent him the services of a young Columbia professor, Charles Beard.

29. Robert A. Caro, The Power Broker: Rober Moses and personal statement worksheet, the Fall of New York (New York: 1974), p. 53. 30. Charles A. Beard, The Bolshevik Session of the National Municipal League Annual Conference, National Municipal Review VIII (January, 1919), pp. 26-33. 31. Charles A. Beard, The Budgetary Provisions of the movie format, New York Constitution, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science LXIV (March, 1916), pp. 215- 226.

32. Charles A. Beard, Making the Fascist State, New Republic LVII (January 23, 1929), pp. 277-78. 33. Charles A. Beard, A Five-Year Plan for America, Forum LXXXVI (June, 1934), p. Explanatory Case Study? 5. 39.

Charles A. Beard and movie review, G.H.E. Smith, op. Writing A Strong Letter? cit. 41. Beard's pre-war denunciations of FDR included Giddy Minds and Foreign Quarrels: An Estimate of American Foreign Policy (New York: 1939); The Old Deal and the New (New York: 1940); plus numerous articles. 42. Movie Review? Cited in explanatory case study Cunliffe and Winks, op. cit., p. 434. 43.

Charles A. Movie Essay? Beard, President Roosevelt and The Coming of statement War (New Haven: 1948), p. 577.