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Essay advice for Bucknell applicants. A college doesn#39;t necessarily need to require a novel#39;s worth of essays to evaluate and dissertation gratuite philosophie libert, better understand their applicants.#0160; Take Bucknell University , for isang essay, example.#0160; Bucknell applicants will likely be pleasantly surprised to find that Bucknell’s Common Application supplement contains just one additional required essay and a second that#39;s optional.#0160; But if you make the dissertation most of essays death, those two requirements, you can really help a Bucknell admissions officer learn more about you in ways that your application alone would not reveal.#0160; Here are a few tips on how to dissertation gratuite, approach the Bucknell essays.#0160; Before you do anything, read the ang minahan isang essay directions. You can learn a lot about what a college is dissertation gratuite philosophie libert looking for by just reading the directions. Loyalty Papers! Here are the dissertation gratuite philosophie libert directions for Bucknell#39;s supplemental essays: The following questions are your opportunity to demonstrate, within the context of the Common Application, what makes you uncommon and chartered, uniquely you. Dissertation Philosophie Libert! In your responses, be bold and have some fun – really! Tell us about your talents and on ophelia's death, interests so that we can know the “you” behind the transcripts. A lot of dissertation gratuite philosophie, students will totally ignore those directions and write about things that are common, that are not unique to loyalty research, them, and they will do so in a way that is anything but bold or fun.#0160; They’ll hide behind safe stories about libert being diligent and doj application, determined, or how they learned valuable life lessons through student government, or how community service taught them that it’s important to help people.#0160; Responses like that make you sound like every other applicant.#0160; That#39;s not good.#0160; Here are some prompt-specific tips. What are the three most important things Bucknell’s faculty and philosophie, students should know about for interior you? (up to 200 words each) First, assume that the aforementioned faculty and students have read your application.#0160; They haven#39;t necessarily, but the admissions officer who#39;s reading your essay has.#0160; So don#39;t make one of dissertation philosophie, your items, I have volunteered for ang minahan ko sa isang pinuno, over 100 hours with National Charity League.#0160; The person reading your essay knows that already because you listed it on the application.#0160;#0160; If you believe that the role community service has played in your life is gratuite one of the most important things the a balanced chartered bank's faculty and students should know, say so!#0160; But don#39;t write it like a resume.#0160; Put some emotion behind your answer that wasn#39;t apparent when you listed it on your application.#0160; That sounds like this:
I never feel better about myself than I do when I spend time at the local convalescent hospital.#0160; I didn#39;t know this about myself until recently, but I enjoy being needed.#0160; I like how I feel when patients whose families don#39;t even visit them light up when they see me.#0160; I keep going back every Saturday because of how it makes me feel.#0160; That#39;s why I know I won#39;t stop finding places where people need me once I get to college. That#39;s a kid I believe. Second, don#39;t pass up the opportunity to share something about yourself that they never would have known from the dissertation philosophie libert application, even if it#39;s not serious.#0160; One of our former female Collegewise students wrote a number of essays on ophelia's death, responses to application questions like this one about how she could out-eat most of the boys on the football team (she was a swimmer and apparently had a metabolism resembling that of gratuite philosophie, a cheetah).#0160; They would challenge her to eating contests, like, to doj application essay, see who could eat the most slices of pizza.#0160; And she would beat them.#0160; Every time. A number of dissertation, her acceptance letters had personal notes from designer, admissions officers that referenced this. Those stories were something that all her friends, but none of the colleges, knew about her.#0160; So she shared them, and gratuite philosophie, they made her more memorable and likeable.#0160; I#39;m not suggesting that you should be flippant and share trivial things about devising scorecard to determine standard yourself.#0160; But remember, the question invited you to be playful.#0160; So don#39;t be afraid to give a playful answer, especially if it#39;s something about which the people who know you well would say, Oh yesthat#39;s totally you.#0160; Finally, don#39;t be afraid to address the libert audience directly.#0160; When you have an on ophelia's emotional point you want to drive home, one effective way to philosophie libert, do that is to speak directly to the readers.#0160; Tell them that you want them to know it.#0160; That sounds like this:#0160; I wrote my essay on cover for interior, this application about my experience with an dissertation libert eating disorder I had in my sophomore year of cover letter, high school.#0160; I was scared to share that because I#39;m afraid the admissions committee will think I#39;m damaged goods.#0160; But I wrote that essay anyway because I#39;m proud of the work I#39;ve done to dissertation gratuite philosophie libert, recover and get healthy.#0160; And I#39;d like the doj application essay students and faculty at Bucknell to know that you don#39;t have to be afraid to admit me.#0160;#0160; I am happy, healthy, and dissertation, excited for college.#0160;#0160;#0160;#0160; #0160; The reference to essays death, “you” in the second to gratuite, last sentence personalizes this response and actually makes it a more powerful.#0160;#0160; A lot of people say that optional essays on college applications shouldn#39;t be considered optional, that you should always do them because you#39;ll look lazy if you don#39;t.#0160; I don#39;t agree with that.#0160; I think you should do them if you have something you want to say.#0160; A lot of students find they’re able to share everything they want to share on a college application.#0160; They’ve got nothing left they feel strongly about discussing, and to critical essay, try and dissertation libert, come up with something (or to submit an essay you wrote for another school) just weakens the application. You should always thoughtfully consider optional essays.#0160; Think about your life and your stories and brand loyalty research, what you could share that you#39;d be excited about.#0160; But if the choice you’re left with is to submit a mediocre optional essay or to submit no essay at dissertation philosophie all, submit no essay at all.#0160;#0160; Here#39;s the optional essay prompt: At Bucknell, students are free to take creative and doj application, thoughtful risks. In fact, we encourage them to do so, and we support them along the way. As students realize their own potential through risk, so, too, do they better understand how valuable risk can be in understanding – and dissertation gratuite libert, making a difference in – this interconnected world.
We’re interested in the kind of positive risk-taking energy you would bring to our University. Please describe a time when you found the courage to doj application essay, step outside of dissertation gratuite philosophie libert, your comfort zone to do something unexpected and completely unlike you. Why did you take this risk? What have you learned from the experience? (up to critical essay, 500 words) First, consider why a college would ask this question.#0160; The most engaged, successful students in college take risks.#0160; The math major who enrolls in libert, a philosophy class because it looks interesting, the student who#39;s never traveled but studies abroad, the shy student who puts her hand up in class and essays death, then visits the professor during office hours, the high school soccer player who decided to philosophie, try club rugby, these students are not only going to get more out of their college experience, but they#39;re also going to make a bigger impact while they#39;re in college.#0160; Think about where you#39;ve taken a risk like that in high school that was absolutely not typical for you.#0160; Remember, it doesn#39;t necessarily have to end in critical on walden, success to be valuable.#0160; That math major described above might have failed the gratuite libert philosophy course, but a college would still like a math kid who had the on ophelia's death guts to dissertation philosophie libert, mix it up with Plato.#0160; As is the case with pretty much every essay in the college admissions universe, honest, thoughtful responses are far more effective and interesting than are responses that are contrived to impress.#0160; Don#39;t tell them that you were nervous before your state debate competition but were very pleased and surprised to win.#0160; C#39;mon. That sounds like a kid who’s just trying to wedge in devising scorecard standard chartered, the fact that he was a state debate champion.#0160; If you were good enough to make it to state, how were you stepping outside your comfort zone to do something unexpected and completely unlike you?#0160; And if you really don#39;t have an experience like that to share, then opt-out of the optional essay.#0160; Just make sure your other supplemental essays show that you were willing to put effort into the application.#0160; Note:#0160; Before you follow our tips, we recommend you read our How to dissertation gratuite philosophie libert, guide here: Download HowToUse30Guides. And if you have other questions about essays, applications, interviews or financial aid, visit our online store.#0160; We’ve got books, videos and downloadable guides to help you.#0160; Or you could speak with one of our online college counselors. We help students find and get accepted to the colleges that are right for them.
If the U Fits: Expert Advice on ang minahan isang essay, Finding the Right College and Getting Accepted. Story Finders: How Counselors and Teachers Can Help Students Write Better College Essays (Without Helping Too Much) Kevin McMullin is the founder and president of libert, Collegewise and the author of If the U Fits: Expert Advice on Finding the Right College and Getting Accepted. This is his blog. He also speaks at high schools and conferences to a balanced scorecard standard chartered, spread the word about dissertation philosophie libert saner, smarter college planning. To receive these posts by email, enter your email address below.
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Mars Rover Curiosity: Mars Science Lab Coverage. Atlas 5 Rocket launches MSL mission from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla., on dissertation philosophie Nov. 26, 2011. Mars Science Laboratory named a Best of What's New innovation by Popular Science Magazine. Curiosity rover begins monitoring space radiation environment en route to Mars. Mars Science Laboratory cruise craft fires thrusters in a 2-hour, 40-minute maneuver to refine Mars-bound trajectory. Curiosity rover's Radiation Assessment Detector detects radiation from Jan. 22 solar storm, NASA announces. NASA announces that engineers have found the devising a balanced to determine standard chartered, cause of philosophie, a computer reset on Curiosity taht occured in December. Mars Science Lab fires thrusters for 9 minutes to refine path toward Mars. Science instrument health confirmed.
Curiosity hits halfway mark of trip to Mars (duration). Curiosity is now 100 days to Mars, 119 million miles (191 million kilometers) to go. NASA narrows landing ellipse target for doj application essay Mars Science Laboratory. Curiosity on track for Gale crater. Course Correction for libert Final Mars Approach. Curiosity rover fires thrusters in letter for interior designer course correction. Mars atmosphere entry changed by 125 miles, moved up by 70 seconds. Curiosity rover mission managers to hold 4-day Mars entry, descent and landing simulation ahead of landing at JPL. Thruster maneuver possible to fine-tune final Mars approach (not yet final).
Curiosity rover expected to philosophie, land at Gale crater on Mars on between 11 p.m. and 11:30 p.m. A Balanced Scorecard Standard Chartered? PDT (Aug. Dissertation Gratuite Philosophie Libert? 6 at 1-1:30 a.m. EDT). Curiosity Back in Action Again After Glitch. NASA's Mars rover Curiosity transferred powdered rock sample from brand loyalty papers its robotic arm to gratuite philosophie libert, an analytical instrument on its body on March 11, and then drove about 33 feet (10 meters) toward the southwest on doj application essay March 12. Curiosity had been stationary since Feb. 27, when it experienced a short circuit while attempting to transfer the sample, which the rover had collected from a rock dubbed Telegraph Peak.
Curiosity Rolling on Toward Mount Sharp. NASA's Mars rover Curiosity has passed up a potential drilling target and instead resumed the long trek to the huge Mount Sharp, which has long been its ultimate destination. Mission team members had been considering drilling a Mars rock dubbed Bonanza King but scrapped the idea after pre-drilling activities suggested that the stone is libert, not stable enough, NASA officials said. Curiosity Finds Its 1st Meteorites! Curiosity has found three iron meteorites, the first space rocks on the Martian surface of its mission, NASA images reveal.
Two of the meteorites, called Lebanon and Lebanon B, are close together, with the ang minahan, larger one (Lebanon) spanning nearly 7 feet (2 meters) in width. The third rock, also 7 feet wide, is located a short distance away from the other two. NASA's Mars rover Curiosity has hit the open road on its own for the first time. See the details here: Celebrate Curiosity#039;s Birthday on Mars with NASA Today! Today (Aug. 6) NASA marks the one-year anniversary of the Mars rover Curiosity's dramatic landing, and dissertation libert you can watch the celebrations online. From 10:45 a.m. to noon EDT (1445 to 1600 GMT) today, Curiosity team members will reminisce about the rover's harrowing Red Planet arrival on doj application the night of Aug. 5, 2012, which saw the 1-ton robot lowered to dissertation libert, the Martian surface on essays death cables by gratuite philosophie, a rocket-powered sky crane. Curiosity is celebrating one year on essay on walden Mars from the surface of the Red Planet today. The 1-ton robot has achieved a great deal in its 12 months on Mars, discovering an gratuite, ancient streambed and gathering enough evidence for death mission scientists to philosophie libert, declare that the devising a balanced to determine, planet could have supported microbial life billions of gratuite, years ago.
Curiosity Takes Longest Drive Yet. NASA's Mars rover Curiosity is cover for interior, really starting to stretch its legs on the Red Planet. The 1-ton rover made by far the philosophie, longest drive of its nearly year-long surface mission on July 21, traversing 329 feet (100.3 meters) of Martian terrain. The robot's one-day distance record prior to the big drive had been 161 feet (49 m), NASA officials said. NASA's Mars rover Curiosity has notched a mileage milestone, reaching 1 kilometer (0.6 miles) of total driving distance as it heads toward a huge and mysterious Red Planet mountain. Curiosity caught sight of Phobos, one of Mars' two small moons in a new video beamed back to a balanced scorecard standard bank's, Earth. Curiosity Delivers Billion-Pixel Mars Image. A new 1.3-billion-pixel image stitched together from nearly 900 photos taken by Curiosity allows viewers to zoom in libert and investigate parts of the Martian surface in incredible detail. Curiosity is currently wrapping up activities near its landing site and getting set to begin the roughly year-long drive to its main science destination, the foothills of Mount Sharp. Curiosity Drills into 2nd Mars Rock. Curiosity is at it again.
The rover drilled 2.6 inches (6.6 centimeters) into a rock dubbed Cumberland on Sunday (May 19), pulling samples from deep within a Red Planet outcrop for the second time ever. It's a big week for two rovers on Mars. The Mars Curiosity Rover has set its sights on a new rock called Cumberland to drill into. The Mars Rover Opportunity also broke the US record for cover letter for interior off-planet driving earlier this week. BREAKING NEWS: Ancient Mars Could Support Life. A sample of Mars drilled from a rock by NASA's Curiosity rover and dissertation gratuite philosophie then studied by onboard instruments shows ancient Mars could have supported living microbes, NASA officials announced today (March 12) in a statement and press conference. The Curiosity rover has made its first drill test on ko sa isang pinuno Mars.
If all goes well, the dissertation philosophie libert, first full drilling action will come in doj application essay days. NASA's Curiosity rover has snapped its first photos of Mars at dissertation philosophie libert, night. Read the full story here: See all of brand loyalty papers research, Curiosity's latest Mars images here: Curiosity to philosophie libert, Take Part in ang minahan ko sa isang pinuno essay Obama#039;s Inaugural Parade. A full-scale model of the car-sized Curiosity rover will be on display during the Presidential Inaugural Parade in Washington D.C. on Monday (Jan. 21). Read the gratuite philosophie, story here: See NASA's schedule of ko sa pinuno, events for Obama's Inaugural Weekend here: The odd Mars flower Curiosity photographed last month continues to perplex researchers, who nonetheless stress that its origins are not biological.
Read the story here: Curiosity Preparing to Drill Its First Rock. Curiosity is preparing to use its rock-boring drill for the first time over the next few weeks. Philosophie Libert? Mission scientists will choose a rock at critical, an outcrop called John Klein, which was exposed to liquid water long ago. Read about dissertation gratuite philosophie libert, it here: The Mars rover Curiosity has snapped a spectacular new self-portait to pose with its Mount Sharp destination like a robotic tourist on the Red Planet.
You can see the amazing photo here and see how it was made: Curiosity worked through the holiday season on Mars by taking a close look at an intriguing bit of Martian terrain. Read more about essays on ophelia's, it here: And see the video here: NASA to Announce Curiosity Findings Today. NASA plans to announce the latest findings from Curiosity today during a press conference at 12 p.m. Dissertation Gratuite Philosophie Libert? EST (1500 GMT) at the annual Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco. Read our preview story here: And watch the press conference live here: NASA's Mars rover Curiosity is spending the Thanksgiving holiday weekend working on doj application the Red Planet. Find out more here:
Meanwhile, a dust storm on Mars is making its presence known to dissertation gratuite, Curiosity: Curiosity Makes Mysterious Discovery. Curiosity has apparently made a big discovery, though the news won't come out until the American Geophysical Union's fall meeting in San Francisco, which runs from Dec. 3-7. Read the story here: Listen Live: Mars Rover Science Update Today. NASA will provide a live update on the latest discoveries by ang minahan pinuno essay, the Mars rover Curiosity today, Nov. 15, at gratuite philosophie libert, 2 p.m. EST (1900 GMT). You can follow along here:
Mars Rover Updates: Methane and More. NASA's Mars rover Curiosity may have what it takes to brand loyalty, help solve the methane mystery on the Red Planet. More details here: You can listen live to NASA's latest Mars rover Curiosity mission science update here: The rover has spotted some odd bright new material: NASA's Mars rover Curiosity has discovered what appears to be an ancient streambed where water once washed across the philosophie libert, Martian surface, possibly reaching hip-deep depths. Curiosity Rover News Briefing Today. NASA will hold a news conference today to unveil the latest science discoveries on Mars by the Curiosity rover. Critical Essay? The briefing begins at 2 p.m.
ET and you can follow along on SPACE.com at the link below: NASA's Mars rover Curiosity has captured rare views of the gratuite philosophie libert, Martian moons Phobos and Deimos as they crossed the essay, sun. Gratuite? The solar eclipse views from Mars will help astronomers studying the moons themselves, and can aid in studies about the internal composition of Mars, too, scientists say. NASA's Curiosity rover has officially logged its first month on death Mars! Take a look back at all the incredible photos from Curiosity's first 30 days on the Red Planet: Curiosity is on its way to its first major science destination, but first the rover will test some of the instruments on its robotic arm. Read more about what's coming up for Curiosity here: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive.
Curiosity Rover Beams Back a Song. NASA's Curiosity rover broadcast the first song ever played on Mars yesterday (Aug. Dissertation Gratuite? 28). The new song, called Reach for brand the Stars, was penned by rapper and songwriter will.i.am, and made its cosmic debut from the Red Planet. Curiosity used radio signals to transmit the tune from Mars, and will.i.am, rocket scientists and students were onhand for the live event. Read more about the first song played on Mars: Earlier this week, Curiosity set another record by philosophie libert, beaming back the first human voice from Mars -- a greeting from NASA chief Charles Bolden. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive.
Relive Curiosity#039;s Mars Landing Drama. Two new videos from NASA capture the drama and daring of the Curiosity rover's amazing landing on Mars. One video gives you an rover's-eye view of landing with HD quality, as the Red Planet's surface zooms ever closer. The other video captures the reactions of people across the country as the rover touched down. See the scorecard bank's, videos here: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Test Drive Day for Curiosity Rover. It's driving day for the Curiosity Mars rover! NASA will drive Curiosity forward one car length, make a right turn and then back up for today's planned test drive.
Go behind the scenes of the Mars drive here: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA will hold the first of two Curiosity rover mission updates this week at 1 p.m. EDT (1700 GMT) today. Dissertation Libert? It will be a teleconference with reporters, but the public can listen in devising a balanced online. You can listen online here:
Visuals will be available at the start of the teleconference here: Meanwhile, Curiosity has flexed its robotic arm for the first time. See the full story here: Mars Rover Curiosity Flexes Robotic Arm for 1st Time. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Curiosity Fires Laser, Ready to Drive.
It sounds like science fiction, but the Curiosity rover has fired the gratuite libert, first laser on Mars. It was really just target practice, but real science may come from it. See our full story here: Meanwhile, NASA is gearing up to send the rover on its first drive: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA Telecon on Rover Status Today. NASA will hold a telephone press briefing today at 1:30 p.m. Ang Minahan Ko Sa Essay? EDT (1730 GMT) to give a status update on the Mars rover Curiosity.
Curiosity is dissertation philosophie libert, preparing for its first drive early next week. Letter? Here's how to listen in and follow today's reporter teleconference: You can also hear straight from the Mars rove Mohawk Guy himself in our new interview with rover flight controller Bobak Ferdowsi: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Curiosity Rover Prepares for dissertation philosophie libert 1st Drive. After successfully upgrading Curiosity's software, engineers at a balanced standard chartered bank's, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. are gearing up for the rover's first drive. This test drive will likely occur within about a week, agency officials said. NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, which is circling the Red Planet, also snapped this color photo of Curiosity at Gale Crater: You can see the gratuite libert, Latest Photos from the Rover's 2nd Week on cover Mars here: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Press Conference at 1 p.m.
ET Today. NASA will hold a press teleconference today at dissertation philosophie, 1 p.m. EDT (1700 GMT) to doj application essay, update the media and public about the health of the Mars rover Curiosity. Audio of the event will be streamed live online at: http://www.nasa.gov/newsaudio. You can see the Latest Photos from the Rover's 2nd Week on Mars here: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA Rover Completes 1st Week on Mars. NASA's Curiosity rover has logged its first full week on Mars, and it has certainly been a busy seven days! Curiosity has already sent back spectacular black-and-white and color photos of the Martian landscape, as engineers test the rover's onboard systems and instruments.
Look back at the past week on Mars with our latest story: Don't forget to philosophie, check out the most recent photos from for interior Curiosity to gratuite, our image gallery: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Mars Rover Set to Receive Software Upgrade. NASA is preparing to send new software to Curiosity that will prepare the rover to begin operating on loyalty papers the surface of Mars. The software update is scheduled to occur on philosophie libert Saturday (Aug.
11), and is expected to last roughly four days. More information can be found in our latest story: We've also added the critical, most recent photos from Curiosity to dissertation gratuite, our image gallery: NASA is hosting a mission status briefing today at 1 p.m. ET (1700 GMT) live on NASA TV, which you can watch by clicking the link at the upper left of this page. Direct NASA TV link is here. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Color Panoramic Photos Expected Soon. Mission planners are continuing their test of the Curiosity rover's systems and instruments. Doj Application Essay? Curiosity has already beamed back spectacular images of Mars, including black-and-white views that reveal astonishingly Earthlike surroundings.
Here are our latest stories about Curiosity's mission: Don't forget to take a look at the rest of the dissertation gratuite, photos sent back to Earth so far: NASA is devising scorecard to determine chartered bank's, hosting a mission status briefing today at 1 p.m. ET (1700 GMT) live on dissertation philosophie libert NASA TV, which you can watch by clicking the link at the upper left of this page. Direct NASA TV link is here. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. The Curiosity rover has snapped its first 3-D images on Mars using stereo cameras mounted to its front and ko sa rear. You can see the new photos here: And get a recap of all the rover's early Mars photos here:
NASA will hold a mission status briefing at 1 p.m. ET (1700 GMT) live on NASA TV, which you can watch by clicking the dissertation gratuite philosophie libert, link at the upper left of this page. Direct NASA TV link is here. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. The Curiosity rover will go through more health checks today to critical essay, make sure its systems are in perfect working order.
If all goes well, it could snap a 360-degree panorama view of its surroundings using a navigation camera on its mast. Curiosity is healthy as it continues to familiarize itself with its new home in Gale Crater and check out gratuite libert its systems, NASA officials said in essays an update. Here's our latest look at Curiosity and its mission: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Curiosity to Raise Camera Mast Today. With Curiosity safely on Mars, its mission team has busy days ahead to check all of the rover's systems. The rover was cleared to raise its high-gain antenna and will soon deploy its camera-tipped mast, which will take high-res images of the dissertation philosophie, Martian surface.
The mission's characterization activity phase is design to learn how all Curiosity's subsystems and essays death instruments are functioning after landing and within the environment and gravitational field of Mars, NASA says. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Spectacular Video and Photos Cap Landing Success. It's been an amazing day on Mars for NASA's Curiosity rover. Not only did the dissertation gratuite philosophie, rover land in spectacular sky crane fashion late Sunday PDT, but it captured amazing color photos of its descent, beamed back stunning views of doj application, a nearby mountain and surpassed all expectations with such a flawless landing. Here's a taste of the rover's latest stunning views: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Mars Rover Curiosity Safely on dissertation philosophie libert the Red Planet. NASA's Mars rover Curiosity is safe and sound on ang minahan ko sa isang essay the surface of the Red Planet. For a replay of the dissertation philosophie libert, excitement, be sure to check out our video: We also have two new photo galleries from tonight's exciting events:
Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. 1st Images of Mars Beamed Back to Earth. The Curiosity rover has beamed back its first images from doj application Mars! Photos from the rover's Hazard Avoidance cameras, or Hazcams, were sent back to Earth via NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter. The images show Curiosity's shadow on Mars, plus dust particles that were kicked up as the rover descended to the surface of the Red Planet.
Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA's Mars rover Curiosity has landed on the surface of the Red Planet! As confirmation of the successful landing came in, mission controllers at gratuite, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory erupted in cheers and applause. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. The Curiosity rover's heat shield has separated. Mission controllers confirmed that the spacecraft is doj application essay, now in powered flight. A rocket-powered sky crane will now lower the rover to the surface of Mars.
Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Mars Rover Enters Red Planet Atmosphere. NASA's Curiosity rover has entered the atmosphere of Mars, agency officials confirmed. The spacecraft is beginning to feel the effects of the Martian atmosphere at a point known as entry interface. Mission controllers also reported that a connection has been established with the Mars Odyssey orbiter. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Mars Rover Curiosity#039;s Cruise Stage Separates. The Curiosity rover's cruise stage has separated, and the spacecraft is gratuite philosophie libert, preparing to enter the cover letter for interior designer, atmosphere of Mars, NASA officials said. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive.
Mars Orbiter Moves Into Position for Rover Landing. NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter has successfully moved into position to watch the landing of the dissertation gratuite philosophie, Curiosity rover on the Red Planet, NASA officials announced. With the orbiter in for interior designer place, Odyssey will now be able to relay signals from Curiosity to mission controllers at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Way to go, Odyssey! The Mars orbiter is in position to relay my communications during landing in dissertation libert real-time back to essay, Earth, mission controllers tweeted as the Curiosity rover. The Curiosity rover is about 20 minutes away from landing on dissertation gratuite philosophie libert Mars.
You can watch the webcast on brand loyalty SPACE.com by clicking here. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Peanuts are being passed around Mission Control at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, Calif. Peanuts have been a tradition at JPL since the 1960s, when Ranger 7 became the dissertation libert, first U.S. spacecraft to critical essay, successfully send close images of the moon's surface back to gratuite philosophie, Earth. Read more about JPL's peanuts tradition here: The Curiosity rover is less than 30 minutes away from landing on Mars. Essay? You can watch the webcast on SPACE.com by clicking here. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Mars Rover Prepares For Its Mars Arrival. NASA's Mars rover Curiosity is gratuite libert, now in its so-called EDL mode, which means the spacecraft is doj application, preparing for its entry, descent and landing.
The rover's landing is scheduled to occur in just approximately 35 minutes. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. The Mars rover Curiosity is dissertation philosophie, now within the orbit of Deimos, the Red Planet's small outer moon, according to critical essay, NASA officials. Mission controllers at dissertation gratuite, the agency's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in letter for interior Pasadena, Calif. switched off its transmitter between Curiosity and dissertation gratuite the Deep Space Network to prepare for landing. I'm inside the orbit of Deimos and completely on my own. Wish me luck! mission managers said from the Curiosity rover's Twitter account. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Less Than 2 Hours to Mars Rover Landing! NASA's Mars rover Curiosity is essay on walden, roughly 1.5 hours away from landing on the Red Planet. You can tune in to the historic event with our webcast on SPACE.com here.
Mission controllers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in gratuite philosophie Pasadena, Calif. switched off the transmitter between Curiosity and the agency's Deep Space Network in preparation for research landing. Dissertation Gratuite Philosophie? The spacecraft is brand, now flying completely on its own, NASA officials said. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA has begun its live broadcast covering the Curiosity rover's landing. You can watch the webcast on SPACE.com by clicking here. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive.
The Mars rover Curiosity is streaking toward the Red Planet and remains on track for its landing tonight. Anticipation is high for the first images of dissertation philosophie libert, Mars, though NASA has made it clear the first views will be low-res black and white shots: Meanwhile, one scientists says that the scorecard standard, rover is capable of adding to the ongoing search for life on Mars: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Mars Rover Lands Today: Event Schedule. With NASA's Mars rover Curiosity bearing down on the the Red Planet, there are several TV events set to lead up to the main event. Don't miss our latest stories for the mission: Here's a look at today's schedule on NASA TV: NOTE: All Times in philosophie libert PDT (+3 for cover for interior EDT, +7 for GMT) -- 9:30 a.m.: Final Prelanding Update News Briefing.
-- 3 p.m.: NASA Science News Briefing. -- 8:30 p.m. to about 11 p.m.: LANDING at 10:31 p.m. PDT! -- No earlier than 11:15 p.m. Post-landing News Briefing. -- 12:30 to 1:30 a.m.: Landing Commentary No. Gratuite? 2. -- 9 a.m.: Landing Recap News Briefing.
-- 4 p.m.:Possible New Images News Briefing. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA's Mars rover Curiosity is closing in on doj application essay the Red Planet with less than 24 hours before it touches down on the Martian surface. The rover is on philosophie track for its planned Aug. 5 landing at 10:31 p.m. PDT (1:31 a.m. EDT on Aug. Doj Application? 6). According to dissertation gratuite libert, NASA: As of 2:25 p.m.
PDT (5:25 p.m. Critical? EDT) on Saturday, Curiosity was approximately 261,000 miles (420,039 kilometers) from Mars, closing in at a little more than 8,000 mph (about 3,600 meters per second). NASA Television will broadcast live coverage of Curiosity's landing on Aug. 5 beginning at 8 p.m. EDT (11 p.m.
EDT; 0300 GMT Aug. 6). You can watch NASA's live webcast on SPACE.com by clicking here. Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA's huge Mars rover Curiosity is just over one day from landing on the Red Planet and right on target, NASA says.
Landing set for Sunday, Aug. 5 at 10:31 p.m. PDT (that's 1:31 a.m. EDT, 0531 GMT on Monday, Aug. 6). In fact, Curiosity is so on target, that NASA has cancelled maneuver to refine its course. As of 12:35 p.m. today PDT (3:35 p.m. EDT), the philosophie, Mars Science Laboratory spacecraft was approximately 468,000 miles (753,200 kilometers) from Mars, or a little less than twice the distance from Earth to scorecard standard chartered, the moon. Gratuite Philosophie Libert? It is loyalty, traveling at about 8,000 mph (3,576 meters per dissertation philosophie second), NASA says. Our latest stories:
Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Spotlight: Curiosity Rover#039;s Nerve-Racking Landing. With the Curiosity rover only two days away from touching down on Mars, we're taking a closer look at the spacecraft's risky entry, descent and landing. Check out our latest stories: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Mars Rover Days Away From Landing.
The Curiosity rover is ang minahan ko sa essay, only three days away from gratuite philosophie landing on Mars! In anticipation of Curiosity's arrival, we look back at essay, some of the boldest missions to set their sights on the Red Planet: With Curiosity's landing just around the dissertation gratuite philosophie libert, corner, we also caught up with the mission's chief scientist: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Only four days to critical essay, go!
Here's our latest story: Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. NASA's Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity is just five days away from landing on dissertation gratuite philosophie libert the Red Planet. See how the Curiosity rover will tackle some of letter designer, Mars' biggest mysteries in our latest story: Don't miss our amazing new look at the rover itself:
Mars Rover Curiosity Story Archive. Curiosity Fine-Tunes Approach to Mars. On Saturday night (July 28), the spacecraft carrying NASA's Curiosity rover fine-tuned its course, zeroing in on its entry point into gratuite, the Martian atmosphere for landing on the night of Aug. 5. The spacecraft performed two brief thruster firings, altering its velocity by about 0.025 mph (1 centimeter per second) and adjusting the essay, point at which Curiosity will enter the atmosphere by about 13 miles (21 kilometers). The spacecraft will have two further opportunities for course corrections, if needed, during the final 48 hours before touchdown, NASA officials said. Curiosity's highly anticipated landing on gratuite libert the Red Planet is now tantalizingly close:
9 Days to Mars: Curiosity On Track for Red Planet Landing. NASA's Mars Science Laboratory, or Curiosity rover, remains on track for its landing on Mars in 9 days. Members of the Curiosity team gave a nod to the 2012 Summer Olympic Games, which officially kick off today in ang minahan ko sa London. As the Olympic flame is lit in London, I'm preparing to fire thrusters for final course adjustments. Countdown to dissertation gratuite philosophie libert, Mars: 9 days, Mars Science Laboratory mission planners wrote via Twitter. With Curiosity's Mars landing quickly approaching, here's a look at devising a balanced to determine bank's, why the Red Planet remains such an intriguing place for philosophie libert exploration: Read up on some of the letter designer, exciting science Curiosity will conduct on Mars: Curiosity Ready for Final Approach to Mars. Curiosity's flight team took a breather today (July 26) to dissertation philosophie libert, prepare for next week's final approach to the Red Planet, NASA officials said. The team has completed nearly all the work required to configure Curiosity's spacecraft for entry, descent and landing, which will take place the night of Aug. 5. NASA's Deep Space Network continues to track the spacecraft and monitor its telemetry.
The heart of Curiosity's science gear is essays death, its Sample Analysis at Mars instrument, or SAM. Dissertation Gratuite? Check out how it will work, and what it might find: NASA Tracking Mars Rover Ahead of on ophelia's death, Red Planet Landing. NASA is dissertation philosophie libert, continuing to track the Mars Science Laboratory, or Curiosity rover, as it nears the doj application, Red Planet. These activities are designed to philosophie, more closely track the spacecraft's trajectory and position as it draws nearer to the Red Planet and Mars' gravitational influence on the spacecraft increases, NASA officials said in a statement. The rover will use an unprecedented sky crane landing system to touch down on Mars on the night of essays death, Aug. 5. Also, check out our newest infographic about dissertation philosophie libert, where the Curiosity rover will set its wheels down: Mars Rover Gets Programming Upgrade. NASA is updating the flight sequence program aboard the Mars Science Laboratory to better prepare the on walden, spacecraft to dissertation libert, land the Curiosity rover on Mars on Aug.
5. The Mars rover's primary and backup computers are both receiveing the upgrade, NASA said in a statement. See how the rover stacks up against past missions here: NASA Unveils Mars Rover Xbox Game. NASA officials today (July 16) have unveiled a host of new public outreach effort, including a partnership with Microsoft to release Mars Rover Landing - an Xbox Live game that allows Xbox players with the Kinect system to peform their own Mars landings using body movements. See a gallery of loyalty research, screenshots for Mars Rover Landing here: Full story to follow soon.
NASA will discuss the philosophie libert, latest details of its ambitious Mars rover Curiosity today at 1 p.m. ET live on NASA TV. Doj Application Essay? You can find out how to watch the briefing online here: In the gratuite libert, meantime, get the latest news on the Mars Science Lab mission for Curiosity and it may mean for future Mars rovers here: and check out loyalty research our latest amazing infographic showing every mission sent to Mars. ever: Mars Science Laboratory Adjusts Course.
On July 11, NASA's Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity fired its thrusters to gratuite, tweak its approach to the Red Planet, NASA says. The maneuver actually turned the spacecraft slightly to devising chartered, adjust its orientation in order to keep the probe's antenna pointed at Earth. It is the third to last maneuver expected before Curiosity lands on Mars on Aug. 5 PDT. Curiosity is now less than a month away from landing.
See our overview here: New Gallery! Curiosity#039;s Landing Explained. NASA's Curiosity rover has a daredevil ride ahead when it plunges toward the Red Planet for an Aug. 5 PDT landing. See how the landing will work in our newest gallery below:
The Curiosity rover is still a little over three weeks from its scheduled landing on Mars. As the spacecraft approaches its destination, here's a look back at all the previous missions that have attempted to land on the Red Planet: Stay on Target! NASA's newest Mars rover Curiosity is one month from landing on the Red Planet. Weighing in at 1 ton, Curiosity is the largest rover ever sent to Mars and is due to land late at night on Aug. 5 PDT (early Aug.
6 EDT). SPACE.com will offer complete coverage of Curiosity's Mars landing and 2-year mission on philosophie libert the Red Planet here. To start, check out our latest mission video: Nobel Prize for Physics: Einstein Would Be #039;Flabbergasted#039; by Gravitational Wave Win. Image of the Day. New Kids#039; Book Puts the Mind-Bogglingly Numbers of the Universe into Perspective. #039;What Happens Next#039; to Cosmic Rocker Joe Satriani? An All-Star Lineup!
Gravitational Waves: The Big Bang#039;s Smoking Gun.
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Pens Versus Pencils: Which One is philosophie libert Better for Writing Workshop? In my line of work as a staff developer, I often get the question, “Which do you think is better? Pens or pencils?” I have to start by for interior designer, saying that I don’t think that pens versus pencils is a make-it-or-break-it issue. If you feel strongly one way or the other—go for it. Dissertation? It’s probably not the pen or the pencil that will turn this year’s group of death, students into lovers of writing, creators of libert, poems, stories, reviews, essays, and critical essay on walden, information books. Rather, it’s you, their teacher who makes the dissertation philosophie libert, difference! But, choosing your tools for writing wisely is indeed helpful. Imagine a world where kids do not spend their time erasing, but instead simply draw a line through it and just keep going. Critical On Walden? Imagine never having to sharpen pencils. Imagine your kids writing twice as much as usual—simply because they have a new pen to write with.
Here are a few issues to consider. During writing workshop, do you really want kids to be erasing much? Or even at all? How will you assess all of the work your students have done if they erase half of it? How much time are they spending erasing? In general, the less experienced the writer, the longer it takes them to erase, even something small. Dissertation Gratuite Philosophie Libert? Not only that, but once those letters and words are erased, you’ll never know what changes the child made.
You’ll also never know if she was spending all her time writing and then erasing the same words over and over. We’ve all encountered kids who will draw and cover for interior designer, then erase, and then re-draw the same little stick man over dissertation gratuite philosophie and over again for critical essay the entire writing workshop. Dissertation? It’s disheartening to think how much more writing, how much more practice these writers would get if they weren’t spending all their time erasing. Essay? With a pen, erasing is libert not an option. While some kids will balk at first, demanding they get their pencil and eraser back, after a few days, the pen becomes the new normal, and erasing during writing workshop is a thing of the past. Let’s face it. Keeping pencils sharp is devising standard chartered bank's darn near impossible. Yes, there are systems that, in theory, could work. For example, many teachers tell me they keep a can of sharpened pencils at the writing center (or sometimes at each table) so that kids will never be without a sharpened pencil. However, in over a decade of visiting schools all around the libert, country I have met only on walden one teacher who can successfully keep the can of sharpened pencils sharpened, all day, every day (and she is super-human).
For the rest of us, halfway through the day there is a shortage of dissertation gratuite philosophie, sharp pencils and kids are back to sharpening during work time. And if you are one of those super-human teachers who keeps the pencil can full, well, just imagine all the other things that could be done with the on walden, time spent keeping the pencil can sharpened. Sharpening, as we all know, takes time and it’s noisy. Trust me, once you’ve lived in dissertation philosophie a sharpener-free classroom, you’ll never want to go back! Kids love pens. To Determine Standard Chartered? I’ve seen the volume of writing in classrooms double or even triple simply by switching from pencils to pens. Dissertation Libert? And then I’ve seen a bump in letter for interior the volume again mid-year just by philosophie libert, switching the color of the pens. Scorecard To Determine Bank's? New writing tools are interesting and engaging to kids.
Who doesn’t love a new notebook, fresh paper, or a new pen? Some teachers even do a little “graduation” from pencils to dissertation pens. They have kids sit in a circle, holding their old beat up pencils, and then one by one the teacher goes around the circle, humming “Pomp and Circumstance” as kids plunk their junky old pencils in a can in exchange for a nice new ball point or flair pen. So, what kind of pens work best? Any kind, really. Simple blue or black ball-point pens can be found in office supply and school supply catalogs—they’re cheap and if you buy a case of them they last all year. Letter For Interior Designer? Try out a few samples before you order in bulk, though. Certain companies, which will remain nameless, are somewhat notorious for pens that fall apart easily—you don’t want those. If you have a bigger budget, you might consider flair pens instead of ball-point. These are my favorites because they leave a nice, beautiful dark mark on the page.
They are like a felt tip marker, but with a harder point so little hands can press hard or hold lightly and still make a nice easy-to-read mark. You probably do not want to choose pens that click (for the obvious reasons—the sound is dissertation philosophie libert so annoying!), and you probably do not want to choose a color that is difficult to read, like pink or orange. You may want to choose something that is the same for the whole class, so that your kids won’t be tempted to squabble over who gets which color. Divide up the pens in cups for each table of critical on walden, kids to share, and you’re ready to dissertation gratuite philosophie go. Essay On Walden? I prefer having a group of philosophie libert, kids share a supply of pens, rather than each individual student having his or her own.
This way all I have to do is keep 5-6 cups of pens replenished, rather than attempting to have my 20-something (or sometimes 30-something) students keep track of their individual pens. It’s worth mentioning that very young writers might benefit from using color when they draw. Thin colored markers allow them to draw with detail, while thicker markers or crayons provide other advantages. Loyalty Papers Research? If you teach emergent writers (who mostly draw during writing workshop) then you might want to gratuite philosophie stick with something in color while they are in the scribbling stage, until they can draw representationally. Sometimes the only thing that helps kids remember what they drew is the color (as in, the blue reminds them that it was a story about swimming in a balanced standard bank's the water, the red reminds them of the dissertation, pool toy they were playing with). However, once children are drawing representationally and no longer rely on scorecard chartered bank's, the color to philosophie libert decipher the meaning of their pictures, you will probably find that they produce much more writing when they are not coloring everything in ko sa pinuno anymore. Dissertation Gratuite Philosophie Libert? Many teachers put away the colored markers and crayons once kids are drawing representationally, and save the doj application essay, color for publishing at the end of gratuite, a unit of study.
Another thing to consider is that older, more experienced writers are likely to be more fluent writers in general, and cover letter, may not have any problems with erasing a quick letter or word here and there. If kids are using pencils, you might simply teach them not to spend too much time erasing—just draw a line through it if it’s more than a word or two. If erasing is an gratuite philosophie libert, issue, some teachers snip the erasers off and essays death, provide separate erasers at the times of the day when kids might need them (math, for example). Some teachers use pens during writing workshop, but pencils at other parts of the day. Ultimately, the decision is libert yours. To wrap things up, for fun, I hope you’ll participate in this quick little poll!
I prefer a pen myself and I don’t let them erase anyway so why not let them give pens a try? You persuaded me. Thanks! Beth, I too love this post. Just today while conferencing with second graders, I noticed several drafts scarred with eraser marks. Scorecard To Determine Bank's? All that hard work whisked away. I too am going pen shopping! Thank you for the thought-provoking post.
Pencils all the way for me as a writer! But, Like Anna, I think that we are working towards fostering independence, so… Another teacher helps out in my Writers’ Workshop so she knew I had the students use pens. Gratuite Libert? Last week, she was in the class when we were writing a response to reading (not part of on ophelia's death, our normal workshop work) and libert, she came over to me to letter for interior designer ask if the student she was helping was allowed to use a pen. “Sure,” I replied “whichever tool seems best. Dissertation Gratuite Philosophie? I’m glad he chose pen since he usually erases a lot. I usually push him to doj application essay a pen.” “Oh, he told me he could but I didn’t believe him.” I find it funny that so many teachers are anti-pen (and anti-choice). Dissertation Gratuite Libert? Even this woman who I consider an amazing teacher who is always pushing herself to try new things. What is it about pens vs pencils? I love this post. It SO GOES against loyalty research, our “past practice” and makes me rethink what I do and why I do it! I know that empowering kids is very important and I have advocated for meaningful and purposeful writing tasks for a long time.
I have advocated for choices of dissertation libert, paper and choices in notebooks and letter for interior designer, even technology for gratuite philosophie drafting! I must admit that I have never gone down the loyalty papers research, pen path even though I let my beginners do their handwriting on dry erase boards. Dissertation Gratuite Libert? I feel like I have been challenged and I am going to give it a try – tomorrow in fact! I love this post. As a building administrator, I will share this post and have a conversation with my teachers and see what they think. I use black flair pens and ko sa pinuno, they draw one line through their mistake. They use a green pen for editing. Another reason for philosophie libert using the pens is that it photocopies so much more clearly so that I always have a readable copy for my files. Great post…I will share with my colleagues. I love this because I obsess about this as do my students.
So many students I have to convince to use pens. They are so worried about making mistakes they want to erase. Essays? Then there are the ones who want to white out dissertation gratuite, a mistake which is worse than erasing. I do a lot of letter designer, modeling where I scratch out dissertation philosophie libert, my mistakes and mis-starts. To encourage pen usage,we wrapped pens in essay colorful duck tape and philosophie, decorated some with flowers at the tip during lunch recess. Critical Essay? Now I don’t loose 20 pens a day and student are more likely to use them. My next challenge is converting students to write on dissertation gratuite, iPads or computers. Critical Essay On Walden? I know I took time to be able to think on a keyboard, but once I did my writing life got so much better. I’d love to see this happen for students. Thank you for your thoughts! I just started using pens this year, and I am loving it.
I agree that pens/pencils do not make or break the workshop. However, I actually have a few students who were reluctant to use pens because they didn’t want to gratuite philosophie see their mistakes–it wouldn’t allow them to make everything *perfect*. This was such a wonderful teaching moment! So many students are so worried about making mistakes or not having everything perfect. Critical On Walden? My mantra all year is that one of the gratuite, best ways to learn is by making mistakes. Mistakes ARE proof that you’re trying. It has been wonderful to see those students begin to adapt to that way of thinking, especially in writing workshop. I use pencils for loyalty papers writing and colored pens for gratuite philosophie revising.
Never really thought about using pens or giving them the choice? Those of you who already use pens, do you use something different for essay revising? I like using colored pens so they can visually see the changes. I think I will try switching and see what happens. My 2nd graders use blue or black pens to draft and red pens (because they are easy to find in bulk) for editing and revising.
I think one thing I’ll change is to separate colors for editing and dissertation gratuite, revising so that my kids keep those ideas separate. Pen users of the world unite! My heart is made happy by this post. I let my students choose pen or pencil and almost every last one chose pen and yes, a lot of kids wrote more than ever before! Interestingly enough I find myself writing with pencil now. The CHOICE is what is so important. Colleen! I did not know this about you! Thanks for ang minahan ko sa essay all these important extra reasons to consider pens! Do you know about dissertation gratuite libert my obsession with pens vs. On Walden? pencils, Beth? Besides all the dissertation libert, reasons you give, OTs recommend pens for death many, many reasons.
Not the least of which is dissertation gratuite that felt tip pens help kids regulate their grips so that they don’t press down so hard = more stamina! There’s some research about how pens can actually help students with their letter formation and spelling. I could go on and on. But I do think every writing workshop should offer pens to doj application all kids. Such a simple thing to gratuite get such big pay-offs. Betsy, you will never go back! There are so many things I like about this post, not even sure where to begin. I have heard of teachers using pens and at one point was going to try this idea…well, I forgot all about it until today! Thanks for reminding me I want to try this and giving so many ideas as far as benefits go when using pens.
My favorite line, “…so little hands can press hard or hold lightly and still make a nice easy-to-read mark.” YES YES YES! I have used felt tip markers at the beginning of kindergarten with students who struggle to have enough pressure with a pencil for their drawings. This reminds me to say and think, “Why not everyone?” Thanks for a great post Beth. Pen shopping is in my future. Diane Davis, I want to be a student in death your class! That’s sounds like so much fun–AND you can really see their process come to life with the different colors!
Thanks of gratuite philosophie, your comment! I found notebooks with black pages in a dollar store. A bunch of gel pens and my kids were motivated for doing math and writing. These were smaller so great for short poems like haiku. Essay? I’m asking them now not to erase, one line so we can talk about philosophie libert where they changed their mind or spelling, even in pencil. Letter Designer? A second colour pen for editing shows what changes were made at that stage. I love this post Beth. It’s amazing that something as seemingly small as choice of writing utensil is actually quite huge.
I’ve seen the libert, switch to essay pens from pencils revolutionize writing workshop. Putting pens in cups is dissertation philosophie a great idea. I think it’s important for critical teachers to not be too protective of the dissertation gratuite libert, pens – doling them out too sparingly, for example, because of course kids need to be able to access tools with independence and with a chance to take responsibility.
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4 CIO Resume Builders to Get Ahead. One of the dissertation gratuite, most important things that you can do is devising scorecard to determine bank's highlight work or projects that have been done in conjunction with other non-technical/information related business units, explained Paul Peterson, National Talent Resource Manager, Human Resources at Grant Thornton. For example, write 'in conjunction with marketing developed strategy that #133;' or 'co-led finance project to #133;' The goal is to showcase your understanding of the business outside of your traditional role. The win is the difference between mastering a single brush stroke and being able to make an entire picture out of the gratuite, paint of your experience. But how do you show command of the big picture when you've been busy mastering details? Connect the detail dots to paint a broader view for the powers-that-be to consider. Take, for essays death, example, a data governance program: If a CIO can articulate the business problems and stakeholders who were served by the program, then the CIO is demonstrating three C-Suite skills: 1) the ability to dissertation philosophie libert, deliver value from data assets, 2) balancing the needs of business units against the overall health of the enterprise, 3) resisting the allure of technology-based partial fixes in cover letter for interior, favor of a sustainable, systemic solution, said Gwen Thomas, president and founder of The Data Governance Institute.
Look at your accomplishments with a fresh perspective. Where have you worked with other business units? What was the outcome? How did your technology choices move the company ahead (as opposed to dissertation, just keeping the lights on)? Find the business result of brand every decision you made and speak to that on your resume. Gratuite Philosophie? But don't leave your career advancement strictly to the strength of devising to determine your resume. Spend time with various business unit heads and libert, learn what their obstacles are.
Offer suggestions. Be helpful. In short, make sure they remember you in a fond light and as a true profit-driven leader rather than as head of a drag-along cost center. These are the research, people you'll one day need as references and allies. Further, one of them may move up to a position where they can help you advance too. Libert? Board members and scorecard to determine chartered bank's, recruiters alike know that there are essentially two-types of dissertation gratuite philosophie libert CIOs: the techie and the visionary.
The techie knows technology inside-out whereas the visionary knows business outside-in. The techie can connect anything by wire or wireless. The visionary connects business units and goals by way of technology. Brand Papers? Business-driven CIOs are rare and hard to find as most CIOs are individuals who entered the technology field because they are passionate about technology, not business, said Richard Meuris, partner at Nick Pierce Associates in Atlanta. A top-notch CIO will be passionate about reaching revenue, profit and other overall business goals through the use of technology, which is why he looks at resumes with an gratuite philosophie libert eye-peeled for a laundry list of business skills and pretty much ignores any CIO resume chock full of technology terms. Another rare talent boards of directors and recruiters look for a balanced scorecard standard chartered, in a potentially promotable CIO is a well-honed ability to communicate. Too many CIOs are comfortable only dissertation gratuite philosophie libert speaking geek but it's the CIO that can speak confidently to a non-techie group, make persuasive presentations, blog and write well that wins the higher seat. Cover? Your resume is your pitch for why you deserve a promotion.
Great attention should be paid to how your resume reads and looks if you want to be a serious contender for that coveted position. It's more than just skills that are crucial to include when a CIO is dissertation gratuite vying for the C-Suite; it's how those skills are presented, said Adriana Llames, veteran career coach and essay, author of Career Sudoku: 9 Ways to Win the Job Search Game . Dissertation Gratuite Libert? First, it's important to consider your resume in all its many forms: as a paper and digital file, a LinkedIn account, descriptors on social media accounts, and the bio on your blog postings. Make sure each contains top keywords and shiny details of business acumen. Remember always that the critical, powers-that-be in gratuite philosophie libert, your own company are reading what you post. If done right, your credentials may earn you an internal promotion or a lateral move that can aid you on your path to the C-suite. While it's not impossible to move from a CIO role into a non-IT role within another organization, it is much easier strategically to essays on ophelia's death, gain additional experience by moving into new functions internally, within one's current company, said Howard Seidel, partner at Essex Partners, a career advisory firm specializing in senior executive and C-level career management. Philosophie Libert? The traditional resume is brand loyalty papers still the most important consideration in the final promotion or hiring decision so make sure yours is philosophie up-to-date in terms of content and a balanced scorecard standard, form. Professional recruiters and career coaches say as many as four pages are acceptable but it is the one-pager that gets the most attention.
Decision-makers for C-suite new hires don't like a lot of detail but they want to know what the gratuite libert, person has accomplished -- actual results in past positions, which gives them a very good idea as to what the person can accomplish in the new promotion, said Richard Deems, career coach and author of designer thirteen books on key management issues. Deems said the perfect one-pager resume begins with a brief (three to five lines) summary of past results, each beginning with an action word such as increased, reduced, negotiated, developed, reorganized, etc. This is followed by short descriptions of past results either by category: leadership, profit growth and dissertation philosophie, reduced costs; or, categorized by past employment. That is followed by brand a brief blurb on your education. Lastly is a segment Deems calls the What Others Say section. This is three or five -- always an philosophie libert uneven number -- statements that others have said about the brand, person, usually with attribution. Libert? Keep all resume forms up-to-date and become as visible as possible both online and off.
But be careful how you go about it, because there is one more thing experts say is absolutely in demand from a C-suite candidate: they want a person who won't rock the boat, said Deems.
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Cisco IOS Terminal Services Command Reference, Release 12.2. Cisco IOS Terminal Services Command Reference, Release 12.2. Commands LI through SH. View with Adobe Reader on a variety of devices. To identify a specific line for configuration and enter line configuration collection mode, use the line command in libert global configuration mode. (Optional) Auxiliary EIA/TIA-232 DTE port. Devising A Balanced To Determine Standard Chartered! Must be addressed as relative line 0. The auxiliary port can be used for modem support and asynchronous connections. (Optional) Console terminal line. Philosophie Libert! The console port is devising to determine bank's DCE. (Optional) Standard asynchronous line.
(Optional) Virtual terminal line for remote console access. Relative number of the terminal line (or the first line in a contiguous group) that you want to dissertation configure when the line type is specified. Numbering begins with zero. (Optional) Relative number of the last line in a contiguous group that you want to essays configure. If you omit any keyword, then line-number and ending-line-number are absolute rather than relative line numbers. There is no default line.
This command was introduced. You can address a single line or a consecutive range of lines with the line command. A line number is necessary, though, and you will receive an error message if you forget to include it. Entering the gratuite philosophie libert line command with the optional line type ( aux , console , tty , or vty ) designates the letter for interior line number as a relative line number. For example, to configure line parameters for line 7 (a TTY line), you could enter the following: You also can use the line command without specifying a line type. In this case, the line number is treated as an absolute line number. For example, to configure line parameters for line 5, which can be of any type, you could enter the following: Absolute line numbers increment consecutively and dissertation gratuite libert can be difficult to manage on large systems. Relative line numbers are a shorthand notation used in configuration.
Internally, the Cisco IOS software uses absolute line numbers. You cannot use relative line numbers everywhere, but you can use absolute line numbers everywhere. The absolute line number of the auxiliary port is 1. The relative line number of the auxiliary port is 0. See the modem line configuration command to brand loyalty set up modem support on the auxiliary port. The software keeps a table of dissertation philosophie absolute and relative line numbers that you can display with the loyalty show users all EXEC command. A sample display follows: The absolute line numbers are listed at the far left, followed by the line type, and then the relative line number. Relative line numbers always begin numbering at zero and define the type of line. Addressing the second virtual terminal line as line VTY 1, for example, is libert easier than remembering it as line 143—its absolute line number. The line types are ranked as follows in the line table: 2. Standard asynchronous line (TTY) 3. Auxiliary port (aux)
4. Virtual terminal line (VTY) The terminal from which you locally configure the router is devising a balanced bank's attached to the console port. Dissertation Gratuite Libert! To configure line parameters for the console port, enter the essay following: The console relative line number must be 0. Virtual terminal lines are used to allow remote access to the router. A virtual terminal line is not associated with either the auxiliary or console port. The router has five virtual terminal lines by default. However, you can create additional virtual terminal lines as described in the chapter Configuring Protocol Translation and gratuite philosophie Virtual Asynchronous Devices in the Cisco IOS Terminal Services Configuration Guide . Configuring the console port or virtual terminal lines allows you to perform such tasks as setting communication parameters, specifying autobaud connections, and configuring terminal operating parameters for death the terminal you are using. The following example starts configuration for virtual terminal lines 0 to 4:
In the following example, the user creates and configures the maximum 100 virtual terminal lines with the no login command: In the following example, the user eliminates virtual terminal line number 5 and all higher-numbered virtual terminal lines. Only virtual terminal lines 0 to 4 will remain. In the following example, the user configures console line 0, auxiliary line 0, and virtual terminal lines 0 to 4: Displays the parameters of a terminal line. Displays information about the dissertation gratuite libert active lines on the router. To change a login username, use the login command in EXEC mode.
This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. You can change a login username if you must match outgoing access list requirements or other login prompt requirements. When you enter this command, the Cisco IOS software prompts you for a username and password. Enter the new username and on ophelia's death the original password. If the username does not match, but the password does, the Cisco IOS software updates the session to the new username with which the login command attempt was made. If no username and password prompts appear when you enter this command, the network administrator did not specify that a username and password be required at login time. If both the username and password are entered correctly, the session becomes associated with the specified username. When you access a system using TACACS security with this command, enter your login name and specify a TACACS server using the user @ tacacs-server syntax when the Username: prompt appears. The TACACS server must be one of those defined in a Cisco IOS software configuration file.
For more information, refer to the sections about specifying a TACACS host in the Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide, Release 12.2, or refer to dissertation gratuite the tacacs-server host command in the Cisco IOS Security Command Reference, Release 12.2 . If you do not specify a host, the essays on ophelia's death Cisco IOS software tries each of the dissertation gratuite philosophie TACACS servers in the list until it receives a response. If you do specify a host that does not respond, no other TACACS server is queried. Essays On Ophelia's! The Cisco IOS software will deny access or function according to the action specified by philosophie, the tacacs-server last-resort command, if one is configured. If you specified a TACACS server host with the user @ tacacs-server command, the TACACS server specified will be used for all subsequent authentication or notification queries, with the loyalty papers possible exception of Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP) address queries. The following example shows how login usernames and dissertation philosophie libert passwords can be changed. In this example, a user currently logged in under the username user1 attempts to change that login name to user2. After entering the login command, the cover user enters the new username, but enters an incorrect password.
Because the password does not match the original password, the dissertation libert system rejects the attempt to chartered change the username. Next, the gratuite user attempts the login change again, with the username user2, but enters the correct (original) password. Doj Application Essay! This time the password matches the current login information, the dissertation philosophie libert login username is changed to user2, and papers the user is allowed access to the EXEC at the user level. Sets up a temporary password on a line. Enables the lock EXEC command. Note This command cannot be used with AAA/TACACS+. Cisco recommends that you use the login authentication command instead of the login line configuration command.
Refer to the Cisco IOS Security Command Reference for philosophie libert a description of the designer login authentication command. To enable password checking at login, use the login command in line configuration mode. To disable password checking and allow connections without a password, use the no form of this command. (Optional) Selects local password checking. Authentication is philosophie based on scorecard chartered bank's the username specified with the username global configuration command. (Optional) Selects the TACACS-style user ID and dissertation gratuite libert password-checking mechanism.
Virtual terminals require a password. If you do not set a password for a virtual terminal, it responds to attempted connections by essays death, displaying an error message and dissertation gratuite philosophie libert closing the scorecard standard bank's connection. This command was introduced. If you specify the login command without the local or tacacs option, authentication is dissertation gratuite philosophie based on the password specified with the essay on walden password line configuration command. The following example sets the dissertation gratuite password letmein on ang minahan pinuno essay vty 4: The following example enables the TACACS-style user ID and dissertation gratuite philosophie libert password-checking mechanism: Sets a local password to control access to various privilege levels. peer default ip address.
Specifies an IP address, an address from a specific IP address pool, or an address from the DHCP mechanism to be returned to a remote peer connecting to this interface. Enables virtual profiles by AAA configuration. To define a string of brand papers research characters that is sent to a host after a successful Telnet connection, use the dissertation libert login-string command in brand papers research global configuration mode. To remove the login string, use the gratuite no form of this command. Specifies the name of the devising scorecard to determine chartered host. Sets a delimiting character of your choice—a pound sign (#), for example. You cannot use the delimiting character in the busy message.
Specifies the login string. (Optional) Sets a pause in seconds. Philosophie! To insert pauses into the login string, embed a percent sign (%) followed by the number of seconds to pause and devising scorecard to determine chartered the letter p. (Optional) Prevents users from dissertation gratuite philosophie libert issuing commands or keystrokes during a pause. (Optional) Sends a Break character. (Optional) Supports TN3270 terminals. A Balanced To Determine Standard Chartered Bank's! Sends only dissertation CR and no LINE FEED. No login strings are defined. This command was introduced. Follow this command with one or more blank spaces and a delimiting character of your choice. Then enter one or more lines of text, terminating the message with the second occurrence of the delimiting character.
To use a percent sign in the login string, precede it with another percent sign; that is, type the brand loyalty research characters %%. The options can be used anywhere within the message string. This command applies only to rlogin and Telnet sessions. In the following example, the philosophie value % 5p causes a 5-second pause: To log in to a packet assembler/disassembler (PAD), use the pad command in EXEC mode. Specifies the X.121 address of the X.25 host. Specifies the X.25 host name if the host-to-address mapping has been set with the essays X.25 host command.
(Optional) Includes the specified text in dissertation philosophie libert the Call User Data (CUD) field of the outgoing Call Request Packet. (Optional) Displays the informational level of logging messages whenever the remote host changes an X.3 parameter setting or sends any other X.29 control packet. (Optional) Sets X.3 PAD parameters for the name script. Using this keyword and profile name argument is the essays same as issuing the x29 profile global configuration command when translating X.25. Philosophie! If the X.29 profile is set to default , the a balanced scorecard to determine standard chartered bank's profile is dissertation applied to designer all incoming X.25 PAD calls, including the calls used for protocol translation. (Optional) Suppresses information messages. Replace the message argument with the actual message that you want to dissertation libert suppress. (Optional) Causes reverse-charge calls to be accepted on a per-call (rather than a per-interface) basis. (Optional) Applies x25 map pad command entry options (such as CUD and idle) and facilities (such as packet in, packet out, win in, and win out) to the outgoing PAD call. This function occurs only brand papers research if a matching X.121 destination address exists in an x25 map pad command entry. This command was introduced.
The pad command supports one-word connections. You need not enter the dissertation gratuite libert pad command; entering the address is enough to start the connection. A PAD can also be accessed and X.3 parameters configured with the on ophelia's x28 EXEC command, which uses the standard X.28 user interface. You can have several PAD connections open at the same time and switch between them. You also can exit a connection and return to the user EXEC prompt at any point. To open a new connection, first exit the current connection by entering the gratuite libert escape sequence ( Ctrl-Shift-6 then x [ Ctrl^x ] by essays on ophelia's death, default) to gratuite libert return to the EXEC prompt, then open the chartered new connection. If the /use-map option is selected on the outgoing pad command, the dissertation philosophie libert x25 map pad command entries are searched for a matching X.121 destination address. If a match is found, the x25 map pad command entry options (such as CUD and idle) and facilities (such as packet in, packet out, win in, and critical on walden win out) are applied to the outgoing PAD call. To display information about packet transmission and dissertation philosophie libert X.3 PAD parameter settings, use the show x25 pad command.
To exit a session, simply log out of the remote system. For Interior Designer! Then, terminate the active session by dissertation gratuite, entering the critical on walden exit command. Use the ? command to display pad command options, as shown in dissertation gratuite philosophie the following example: The following example starts a PAD session: You can also access a PAD using standard X.28 commands. Essay On Walden! The following example enters X.28 mode with the x28 EXEC command and configures a PAD with the set X.3 parameter command. Dissertation Gratuite! The set command sets the idle time delay to 40 seconds. The following example uses the /use-map option to configure a larger window and packet size than the default specified on the interface, and it sets the devising scorecard standard bank's virtual circuit idle time to 2 seconds. Notice that the map values are used rather than the interface default values.
Automatically translates the request to another outgoing protocol connection type when an dissertation gratuite philosophie libert, X.25 connection request to a particular destination address is received. To set X.3 parameters, use the resume command in EXEC mode. (Optional) The name or number of the a balanced scorecard standard connection; the dissertation philosophie default is the most recent connection. (Optional) Sets the X.3 connection options and doj application packet assember/disassembler (PAD) parameters for the Cisco IOS software. See Table 9 in the Usage Guidelines for the PAD parameter numbers.
Refer to the chapter Configuring the Cisco PAD Facility for X.25 Connections of the Cisco IOS Terminal Services Configuration Guide, Release 12.2 , for a list of these connection options. For outgoing connections, the X.3 parameters default to the following: All other parameters default to zero, but can be changed using the /set switch option with either the resume command or the x3 command. For incoming PAD connections, the gratuite software sends an X.29 SET PARAMETER packet to isang set only the dissertation gratuite philosophie libert following parameters: This command was introduced. Table 9 summarizes the X.3 PAD Parameters supported on essay Cisco devices. Reefer to the X.3 PAD Parameters appendix in the Cisco IOS Terminal Services Configuration Guide, Release 12.2 for more complete information about dissertation gratuite philosophie these parameters. See Table 36 in this publication for ko sa isang pinuno a list of ASCII characters. Table 9 Supported X.3 PAD Parameters.
PAD recall using a character. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 126; X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 1. Note Not supported by PAD EXEC user interface. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 1; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 1. Selection of data forwarding character. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 255; PAD EXEC mode default: 2 (CR); X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 126 ( Selection of idle timer delay. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 255; PAD EXEC mode default: 1; X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0.
Ancillary device control. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 2; PAD EXEC mode default: 0; X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 1. Control of libert PAD service signals. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 255; PAD EXEC mode default: 0; X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 2. Note Not supported by PAD EXEC user interface.
Action upon cover letter for interior receipt of a BREAK signal. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 31; PAD EXEC mode default: 4; X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 2. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 1; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0. Padding after Return. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 255; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0. DTE speed (binary speed of dissertation philosophie start-stop mode DTE) Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 18; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 14.
Flow control of the PAD by the start-stop DTE. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 1; PAD EXEC mode default: 0; X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 1. Line feed insertion (after a Return) Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 7; PAD EXEC mode and essay X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0. Line feed padding.
Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 255; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 1; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 127; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 127 (DEL). Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 127; PAD EXEC mode default: 21 (NAK or Ctrl-U); X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 24 (CAN or Ctrl-X). Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 127; PAD EXEC mode and philosophie X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 18 (DC2 or Ctrl-R).
Editing PAD service signals. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 126; PAD EXEC mode default: 0; X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 2. Note Not supported by PAD EXEC user interface. Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 255; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0. Note Not supported by PAD EXEC user interface.
Minimum value: 0; maximum value: 4; PAD EXEC mode and X.28 PAD user emulation mode default: 0. Note For additional values that can be selected for parameter 21, including parity treatment to conform to the French Transpac public switched data network and a balanced to determine standard bank's its technical specification and utilization of libert networks standards (STUR), see Appendix A, X.3 PAD Parameters, in brand papers the Cisco IOS Terminal Services Configuration Guide, Release 12.2. The /set switch sets the X.3 parameters defined by parameter number and value, separated by a colon. You set one or more X.3 PAD parameters, as follows: Step 1 Escape out gratuite libert, of the current session by pressing the escape sequence ( Ctrl-Shift-6 then x [ Ctrl^x ] by default) and return to the EXEC prompt. Step 2 Issue the where command, to list the open sessions. All open sessions associated with the current terminal line are displayed. Step 3 Enter the resume command, followed by the parameter, a colon, and then the cover letter value to be set. The following example specifies that local echo mode be turned on for a connection to the device named Swift (which is session number 3).
As shown in Table 7, local echo on uses the parameter 2 and dissertation libert the value 1 (represented as 2:1 in this example): To switch to another open Telnet, rlogin, local-area transport (LAT), or packet assembler/disassembler (PAD) session, use the resume command in EXEC mode. (Optional) The name or number of the connection; the default is the most recent connection. (Optional) One of the options listed in Table 8. (Optional) Sets PAD parameters for the Cisco IOS software (see Table 7). This command was introduced. Table 10 lists Telnet and brand rlogin resume options.
Table 10 Telnet and rlogin resume Options. Displays parameter changes and messages. In the Cisco IOS software, this option displays informational messages whenever the remote host changes an X.3 parameter, or sends an X.29 control packet. Performs local echo. Enables line-mode editing. Cancels printing of parameter changes and libert messages. Disables local echo. Disables line mode and enables character-at-a-time mode, which is the default. Disables stream processing.
Sets X.3 connection options. Refer to the chapter Configuring the Cisco PAD Facility for X.25 Connections of the Cisco IOS Terminal Services Configuration Guide, Release 12.2 , f or a list of these connection options. Enables stream processing. 1 /noline is the default keyword. You can have several concurrent sessions open and switch between them. The number of sessions that can be open is papers research defined by libert, the session-limit command . You can switch between sessions by escaping one session and resuming a previously opened session, as follows: Step 1 Escape out of the current session by pressing the escape sequence ( Ctrl-Shift-6 then x [ Ctrl^x ] by a balanced scorecard to determine chartered bank's, default) and return to the EXEC prompt. Step 2 Enter the where command, to dissertation gratuite philosophie libert list the essays death open sessions. All open sessions associated with the philosophie libert current terminal line are displayed.
Step 3 Enter the doj application resume command and the session number to dissertation gratuite philosophie make the connection. You also can resume the previous session by pressing the Return key. The Ctrl^x , where , and a balanced to determine standard resume commands are available with all supported connection protocols. The following example shows how to escape out of a connection and to resume connection 2: You can omit the command name and simply enter the connection number to resume that connection.
The following example illustrates how to resume connection 3: show tn3270 ascii-hexval. Displays ASCII-hexadecimal character mappings. Lists open sessions associated with the current terminal line. To log in to a UNIX host using rlogin, use the rlogin command in EXEC mode. Specifies the host name or IP address. (Optional) The Berkeley Standard Distribution (BSD) UNIX syntax that specifies a username for the remote login. If you do not use this option, the remote username is dissertation your local username. (Optional) The EXEC command syntax that specifies a remote username in designer the initial exchange with the remote host. The rlogin protocol will not present you with the gratuite libert login prompt. (Optional) Prevents onscreen display of all messages from the Cisco IOS software. (Optional) Enables debugging output from the devising a balanced standard chartered rlogin protocol.
This command was introduced. The /quiet keyword was added. You can have several concurrent rlogin connections open and switch between them. To open a new connection, first suspend the current connection by pressing the escape sequence ( Ctrl-Shift-6 then x [Ctrl^x ] by default) to return to the EXEC prompt. Then open a new connection. A user cannot automatically log in to a UNIX system from the router, but must provide a user ID and a password for each connection. If your preferred transport is set to rlogin , you can use the philosophie libert connect command in place of the rlogin command.
Refer to the chapter Configuring Terminal Operating Characteristics for Dial-In Sessions in the Cisco IOS Terminal Services Configuration Guide, Release 12.2, for more information about configuring a preferred transport type. When your preferred transport is set to none or to another protocol, you must use the rlogin command to connect to a host. To terminate an active rlogin session, enter one of the following commands at the UNIX prompt of the device to which you are connecting: The following example illustrates how a user with the login name jsmith can use the rlogin ? help command and the debug command mode to establish and troubleshoot a remote connection to the host named Alviso: The following example illustrates debug return on doj application the host named zipper by gratuite, the user named staff: The following example makes an rlogin connection to letter a host at address 10.30.21.2 for a user named supervisor and enables the message mode for debugging: The following example makes an rlogin connection to gratuite philosophie a host named headquarters for the user named admin:
The following example suppresses all onscreen messages from the Cisco IOS software during login and logout: Logs in to letter for interior a host that supports Telnet, rlogin, or LAT. Logs in to a host that supports Telnet. To choose an authentication method for determining the local username to send to the remote rlogin server, use the rlogin trusted-localuser-source command in global configuration mode. To restore the default rlogin behavior, use the dissertation philosophie no form of pinuno essay this command. rlogin trusted-localuser-source [ local | radius | tacacs ] no rlogin trusted-localuser-source [ local | radius | tacacs ] (Optional) Uses local username from gratuite philosophie libert any authentication method. (Optional) Uses local username from research RADIUS authentication. (Optional) Uses local username from TACACS authentication. The user must enter a rlogin username and password when connecting to the rlogin server. This command was introduced.
Use this command to define which of the sources for local usernames are valid. The rlogin protocol passes three types of information: the remote username, the local username, and the local host name of the router. The rlogin trusted-localuser-source command allows you to configure one of three behaviors for making connections to the rlogin server, as follows: • The user must enter a login username and password to connect (default). • The Cisco IOS-authenticated username can be passed to the rlogin server so the user need only enter a password to connect. • The user can be automatically connected to the rlogin server without needing to provide a username or password. This configuration is made by using both the rlogin trusted-localuser-source and dissertation rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local commands where both the Cisco IOS authenticated username and the rlogin server username are the same. The following example uses the local username from RADIUS authentication:
Assigns an IP address to the service provided on a TCP port. Logs in to ang minahan ko sa isang a UNIX host using rlogin. rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local. Determines the dissertation gratuite libert remote username to send to isang the remote rlogin server. Temporarily defines the list of services to which you or another user can connect. rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local. To determine the dissertation gratuite philosophie libert remote username to send to the remote rlogin server, use the rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local command in global configuration mode. To restore the default rlogin behavior, which is to prompt the user for cover designer the remote username, use the no form of this command. rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local.
no rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local. This command has no arguments or keywords. The user must enter an rlogin username and password when connecting to the rlogin server. This command was introduced. The current username is used only if the philosophie libert rlogin host /user username command is not enabled. If the current username is critical on walden not known, rlogin falls back to gratuite philosophie providing the login: prompt to for interior designer discover a remote username. After you issue the rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local command, you will not be prompted for dissertation gratuite philosophie libert a username. The first response you see is the password prompt from the remote system. On Ophelia's! For example, when this command is not enabled, you must enter your username twice (once at initial system login and once for the rlogin command).
Caution Configuring the remote host to consider the Cisco router a trusted host should be considered a security hole. The following sample output shows the gratuite philosophie two prompts a user must reply to when the rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local command is not set: The following example shows that after you issue the rlogin trusted-remoteuser-source local command, you no longer need to specify the username after the rlogin command. Brand Papers! The username is automatically copied from the user ID of the router: The following example uses the /user root keyword option as an override: Assigns an gratuite libert, IP address to the service provided on a TCP port. Logs in to a UNIX host using rlogin. Chooses an authentication method for determining the local username to send to the remote rlogin server. Temporarily defines the death list of services to which you or another user can connect.
To set the terminal receive speed (how fast the terminal receives information from the modem), use the libert rxspeed command in brand research line configuration mode. To reset the default value, use the no form of this command. Baud rate in philosophie bits per second (bps). This command was introduced. Set the speed to match the baud rate of whatever device you have connected to the port. Some baud rates available on devices connected to devising a balanced to determine standard the port might not be supported on the system. The system will indicate if the dissertation philosophie libert speed you select is not supported.
Note If the papers line was previously configured for automatic baud rate detection (autobaud), disable autobaud by entering the no autobaud command before entering the rxspeed command to fix the philosophie libert speed of the essay port. The following example sets the line 5 receive rate to 2400 bps: Sets the flow control start character. Sets the terminal receive speed (how fast information is sent to the terminal) for the current line and session. Sets the terminal transmit speed (how fast the terminal sends information to the modem). To enable call back to clients who request a callback from the EXEC level, use the service exec-callback command in libert global configuration mode. This command has no arguments or keywords.
Callback is not enabled. This command was introduced. This command enables the Cisco IOS software to return a call to ko sa pinuno essay a device that dials in, connects to the EXEC, and requests callback. The following example enables EXEC level callback: Enables an ARA client to request a callback from an ARA client.
Displays callback events when the router is using a modem and libert a chat script to doj application call back on a terminal line. Displays information associated with the discovery and gratuite philosophie configuration of the modem attached to the router. ppp callback (PPP client) Enables a dialer interface that is not a DTR interface to ang minahan ko sa function either as a callback client that requests callback or as a callback server that accepts callback requests. Specifies that a chat script start on a line when an ARA client requests a callback. Establishes a username-based authentication system, such as PPP CHAP and PAP. To provide backward compatibility for client software scripts expecting Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP) and gratuite philosophie PPP dialogs to be formatted with Cisco IOS software Release 9.1 or earlier releases, use the service old-slip-prompt s command in global configuration mode.
To disable this function, use the essay no form of this command. no service old-slip-prompts. This command has no arguments or keywords. The prompts and dissertation libert information sent by SLIP and PPP are formatted with the isang essay current release of Cisco IOS software. This command was introduced. This command provides backward compatibility for dissertation gratuite philosophie libert client software scripts expecting SLIP and ang minahan pinuno essay PPP dialogs to be formatted with Cisco IOS software Release 9.1 or earlier releases. The following example shows the output of a SLIP command after the service old-slip-prompts command is enabled: To log the dissertation X.121 calling address, Call User Data (CUD), and doj application IP address assigned to philosophie libert a vty asynchronous connection, use the service pt-vty-logging command in global configuration mode. To disable this function, use the no form of essay this command.
no service pt-vty-logging. This command has no arguments or keywords. This feature is disabled. This command was introduced. This command permits you to log the X.121 calling address, CUD, and IP address assigned to a vty asynchronous connection and dissertation libert direct this information to the console, an ko sa isang pinuno, internal buffer, or a UNIX syslog server, depending on dissertation gratuite philosophie the logging configuration command you use. This authentication information can be used to associate an incoming packet assembler/disassembler (PAD) vty-asynchronous connection with an IP address.
Note By default, the Cisco IOS software displays all messages to the console terminal. The following example enables you to a balanced scorecard standard bank's log the gratuite X.121 calling address, CUD, and IP address assigned to a vty asynchronous connection and save this information to ang minahan ko sa isang a syslog server: The following is sample output from the gratuite libert service pt-vty-logging command: Table 11 describes the fields shown in for interior designer the output. Table 11 service pt-vty-logging Field Descriptions. Active vty line number using the PAD connection. The source or calling address. Incoming call is initiated on Logical Channel 10. The PAD Protocol Identifier is 01000000. CUD xyz. Dissertation Gratuite! If no CUD is available, this field will appear as follows:
Logs messages to a syslog server host. Logs messages to an internal buffer. To set the ko sa isang pinuno maximum number of terminal sessions per line, use the session-limit command in dissertation gratuite philosophie libert line configuration mode. To remove any specified session limit, use the devising a balanced to determine no form of this command. Specifies the maximum number of sessions. The default and dissertation gratuite philosophie set session limits are displayed with the start-character EXEC command. This command was introduced.
The following example limits the number of sessions to eight on a ten-line range: Specifies a virtual terminal for remote console access. To set the essays on ophelia's death interval for closing the connection when there is no input or output traffic, use the session-timeout command in line configuration mode. To remove the timeout definition, use the no form of this command. Specifies the timeout interval in minutes. (Optional) Specifies that when traffic is sent to an asynchronous line from the router (within the specified interval), the connection is retained. The default interval is zero, indicating that the router maintains the connection indefinitely. This command was introduced. This command sets the interval that the Cisco IOS software waits for traffic before closing the connection to dissertation gratuite philosophie a remote computer and returning the terminal to an idle state.
If only the session timeout command is specified, the session timeout interval is based solely on loyalty detected input from the user. If the session timeout command is specified with the output keyword, the interval is based on both input and output traffic. Philosophie Libert! You can specify a session timeout on each port. The session-timeout command behaves slightly differently on scorecard standard virtual (vty) terminals than on physical console, auxiliary (aux), and libert terminal (tty) lines. When a timeout occurs on a vty, the user session returns to the EXEC prompt. When a timeout occurs on physical lines, the user session is logged out and the line returned to the idle state. You can use a combination of the exec-timeout and session-timeout line configuration commands, set to approximately the brand loyalty papers same values, to get the same behavior from virtual lines that the session-timeout command causes on physical lines. The following example sets an interval of 20 minutes and specifies that the timeout is dissertation gratuite libert subject to traffic detected from the user (input only): The following example sets an interval of 10 minutes, subject to cover for interior traffic on dissertation philosophie the line in either direction: Sets the interval for closing the devising a balanced to determine chartered connection on a virtual terminal line.
Sets the interval that the EXEC command interpreter waits until user input is detected. To display information about a running AppleTalk Remote Access Protocol (ARAP) connection, use the dissertation philosophie libert show arap command in EXEC mode. (Optional) Number of the line on critical essay on walden which an ARAP connection is established and active. This command was introduced. Use the show arap command with no arguments to display a summary of the ARAP traffic since the router was last booted. The following is sample output from the show arap command: These fields refer to the sum of all of the ARA connections since the box was last reloaded. The following sample output results in a display of information about ARA activity on a specific line (line 3): Table 12 describes the significant fields shown in the display. Table 12 show arap Field Descriptions.
Active for gratuite integer minutes. Number of essay on walden minutes since ARAP started on the line. Unlimited time left or integer minutes left. Remaining time limit on the line, if applicable on the line. Doing smartbuffering or Smartbuffering disabled.
Obsolete. Always says Doing smartbuffering. Appletalk packets output: Number of AppleTalk packets that have been received from the Apple Macintosh and out to the network during this connection. Appletalk packets input: Number of AppleTalk packets that have been received from the network and sent to dissertation libert the Apple Macintosh during this connection. Appletalk packets overflowed:
Number of packets from the to determine standard chartered bank's network that have been dropped because the link to the Apple Macintosh was congested. Appletalk packets dropped: Number of packets from the network that have been dropped because it was unnecessary to pass them (frequently RTMP). V42bis compression efficiency (incoming/outgoing): Performance of the v42 bis protocol underneath ARA, expressed as a percentage of gratuite incoming/percentage outgoing. If the efficiency is low, a network user is ang minahan ko sa isang pinuno essay probably copying already compressed files across the link. Generally, low efficiency means slow performance.
MNP4 packets received: Number of link-level packets that have been received from the Apple Macintosh. MNP4 packets sent: Number of link-level packets have been sent to the Apple Macintosh. MNP4 garbled packets received: Number of garbled packets that have been received from the Apple Macintosh. MNP4 out of order packets received: Number of out-of-order packets that have been received from the gratuite Apple Macintosh. MNP4 packets resent: Number of times packets have been re-sent. 1.
Number of cover for interior designer times MNP4 has run out of buffers. This field should be zero. 1 Each of these fields indicates line noise. The higher the value, the higher the noise. To display the list of queued host-initiated connections to a router, use the show entry command in EXEC mode. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. You can also use this command to determine which local-area transport (LAT) hosts have queue entries for printers on routers. The following is sample output from the show entry command. The display shows that two LAT connections are waiting for access to dissertation libert port 5. The list is ordered so that the lower-numbered entry has been waiting longer, and will use the line next. Table 13 describes the fields in the first line of output shown in the display.
Table 13 show entry Field Descriptions. Number assigned to devising standard bank's the queued connection attempt. Interval (hours:minutes:seconds) during which the connection attempt has been waiting. Port for dissertation gratuite libert which the connection attempt is waiting. from LAT node BLUE.
Name of the a balanced standard bank's user (BLUE) attempting to make the connection. To test for the availability of dissertation libert a keymap after a connection on loyalty research a router takes place, use the show keymap command in EXEC mode. (Optional) Name of the keymap. (Optional) Lists the dissertation gratuite names of all defined keymaps. The name of the default keymap is not listed. This command was introduced. The Cisco IOS software searches for the specified keymap in its active configuration image and ang minahan ko sa isang pinuno essay lists the complete entry if found. If the keymap is not found, an appropriate not found message appears. If you do not use any arguments with the show keymap command, then the keymap currently used for the terminal is displayed.
The following is gratuite philosophie libert sample output from the show keymap command: To display the local-area transport (LAT) services a router offers to other systems running LAT on the network, use the show lat advertised command in EXEC mode. show lat advertised. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. Advertised services are created with the lat service commands. The display includes the service rating, rotary group if present, and essays on ophelia's whether the dissertation libert service is enabled for essays on ophelia's death incoming connections. The following is philosophie libert sample output from the show lat advertised command: The display shows output from a router named sloth that has three services defined: BEAR-CAT, MODEMS, and RECLUSE.
Table 14 describes the significant fields shown in the display. Table 14 show lat advertised Field Descriptions. Lists the essay LAT service name. Lists the static service rating set, if any. Lists the associated rotary service. Lists whether a service is philosophie libert enabled. Defines the autocommand associated with the service. Lists the advertised identification for the service. To display the groups that were defined in the Cisco IOS software with the lat group-list command, use the show lat groups command in cover letter for interior designer EXEC mode.
show lat groups. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. The following is sample output from the show lat groups command: Table 15 describes only the significant fields shown in the display. Table 15 show lat groups Field Descriptions. Assigned group name. Size of internal data structure used to dissertation gratuite philosophie contain the group code map. Group codes associated with the critical essay on walden learned group. Allows a name to be assigned to philosophie the group list, which is any combination of doj application essay group names, numbers, or ranges.
To display information about all known local-area network (LAT) nodes, use the show lat nodes command in EXEC mode. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. The following is sample output from the show lat nodes command: Table 16 describes the dissertation libert significant fields shown in the display. Table 16 show lat nodes Field Descriptions. The node name as reported by the host computer. The number of virtual circuits currently active to this node. Node interface type and number. The MAC address of the Ethernet interface for the node. The number of seconds remaining until the service advertisement message for this node will time out; this value is set to essays on ophelia's death three times the nodes multicast timer value whenever a new service advertisement message is received.
The sequence number received in the last service advertisement message received. Nodes increment their sequence number when the contents of the service advertisement change. The internal representation of what changed in the multicast message the last time the libert sequence number changed. The internal representation of various state information about the node. The LAT protocol version used by the node.
The remote facility number. The remote product code. The remote product version. The number of messages, slots, and bytes received or sent to the node. The number of messages is the number of LAT virtual circuit messages.
Each virtual circuit message contains some number of slots, which contain actual terminal data or control information. Bytes is the number of data bytes (input or output characters) exchanged. The number of on walden duplicate virtual circuit messages received. The number of gratuite virtual circuit messages resent. The number of essays on ophelia's death bad messages received.
The number of bad slots received. The number of solicit-information requests accepted. The number of dissertation gratuite philosophie libert solicit-information requests rejected. The total of multiple nodes seen. The list of group codes advertised by the service-advertisement message of the critical node. The number of service classes. To display information about learned local-area transport (LAT) services in dissertation gratuite philosophie libert the Cisco IOS software, use the show lat services command in EXEC mode. show lat services [ service-name ] (Optional) Name of a specific LAT service. This command was introduced.
The following is sample output from the letter for interior designer show lat services command: Table 17 describes the significant fields shown in the display. Table 17 show lat services Field Descriptions. LAT service name. Rating of the service. If a single service is provided by more than one host, the Cisco IOS software connects to the one with the highest rating.
Advertised identification for the service. show lat sessions. Displays active LAT sessions. show resource-pool call. Displays specific LAT learned services. To display active local-area transport (LAT) sessions, use the show lat sessions command in gratuite EXEC mode. show lat sessions [ line-number ] (Optional) Displays an ang minahan ko sa isang pinuno, active LAT session on a specific line. This command was introduced.
The following is sample output from the gratuite philosophie libert show lat sessions command. In this example, information about all active LAT sessions is displayed. The output is divided into doj application essay, three sections for each session (in this case two sessions): TTY data, session data, and remote node data. The following sample output displays information about active LAT sessions on one line (line 10). The output is divided into three sections: TTY data, session data, and remote node data. Table 18 describes the screen output for the preceding two examples. Table 18 show lat sessions Field Descriptions. Summary of the LAT-oriented terminal-line-specific data.
Name used for this port as a port identification string. The name is dissertation gratuite libert reported to remote systems, which can display it in some operating-system dependent manner. This value is also used for targets of host-initiated connections. Currently, this value is hard-wired to be the line number of the critical essay associated terminal line. Current status of the terminal. The number is reported as current/maximum, where current is the current number of sessions of a given type, and maximum is the maximum number of sessions allowed (or zero if there is gratuite philosophie no maximum). If a terminal is being used for a balanced standard chartered outgoing sessions, the local usage is dissertation gratuite philosophie libert equal to the number of current LAT sessions. If the terminal is a balanced to determine standard chartered bank's being used for incoming sessions, local usage is dissertation libert disabled, and the remote count and maximum is one. Current state of the line, and whether there are any queued host-initiated connections. Report flags not used in the current software release.
Current port state as reflected by devising scorecard to determine standard chartered, the most recent configuration message exchange. Lists set flow control characters. Group code list currently in dissertation gratuite use for doj application the line. Reports various parameters about the connection. For the outbound connection, the name of the remote service to which it is connected. For inbound connections, this field is currently unused. Slot IDs being used to uniquely identify the dissertation session multiplexed over the underlying LAT virtual circuit. Number of flow control credits that the Cisco IOS software will be sending to the host as soon as possible. Designer! The advertised credits are the number of dissertation philosophie credits that have already been sent. Transient conditions in the LAT-state machine dealing with the current connection status. Maximum number of characters that can be sent in a single data slot.
Maximum amount of data that can be sent in an attention message. Current LAT implementations only on ophelia's death send 1-byte attention messages (attention messages are used to dissertation gratuite libert flush buffered output). Brand Loyalty Papers! A nonzero value means that remote data flushing can be used; a zero value means that it cannot. Reason the session was stopped, if it was stopped but not deleted. This value is dissertation gratuite usually zero, indicating that the session has not yet been stopped. If a session persists for cover for interior a long time with a nonzero stop reason, there is probably a problem in the local LAT software. Remote Node data. Reports information about the remote node. Gratuite Libert! The data includes the same fields as those from the show lat nodes output. Node name as reported by the host computer. MAC address of the Ethernet interface for the node.
Number of virtual circuits currently active to the node. Number of designer seconds remaining until the service advertisement message for the node will time out; this value is set to three times greater than the node multicast timer value whenever a new service-advertisement message is received. Sequence number received in the last service-advertisement message. Philosophie Libert! Nodes increment their sequence number when the contents of the service-advertisement change. Internal representation of what changed in the multicast message the ang minahan isang pinuno last time the sequence number changed. Internal representation of various state information about the node. LAT protocol version used by gratuite philosophie libert, the node. Number of messages, slots, and bytes received or sent to the node. The number of messages is the number of LAT virtual circuit messages. Each virtual circuit message contains some number of slots, which contain actual terminal data or control information. Number of duplicate virtual circuit messages received.
Number of brand loyalty papers virtual circuit messages resent. Group codes advertised by the service-advertisement message of the node. show lat services. Displays information about learned LAT services in the Cisco IOS software. show resource-pool call. Displays specific LAT learned services. To display information about traffic and dissertation philosophie libert resource utilization statistics on essay all active lines, use the dissertation show lat traffic command in loyalty papers EXEC mode.
show lat traffic. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. The following is sample output from the show lat traffic command: Table 19 describes the significant fields shown in the display. Table 19 show lat traffic Field Descriptions. Local host statistics.
Information about the router. Current number and maximum support number of virtual circuits. Current and maximum number of sessions. Current number of known remote services, and the maximum supported. Number of philosophie libert sessions per virtual circuit supported by brand, the software. Value of the virtual circuit timer parameter defined by the lat vc-timer global configuration command. Value defined by philosophie, the lat ka-timer global configuration command.
Statistics about local node receive totals. Total count of virtual circuit messages received. Number of duplicate virtual circuit messages received. Number of slots received. Number of data bytes received. bad circuit messages. Count of doj application invalid messages received.
Number of service advertisement multicast messages received. Number of multicast messages that caused the local node information to be updated. Various transmission totals. Total number of virtual circuit messages sent. Number of dissertation gratuite philosophie virtual circuit messages resent due to on ophelia's the lack of an acknowledgment. Number of data and control slots sent. Count of user data bytes sent. Count of times that a virtual circuit timed out because the remote node stopped responding (due to a node failure or communications failure). Count of virtual circuits and sessions that have existed since the gratuite libert router booted or rebooted. To display parameters of a terminal line, use the show line command in cover letter for interior EXEC mode.
show line [ line-number | aux | console | summary ] (Optional) Absolute line number of the line for which you want to list parameters. (Optional) Auxiliary line. (Optional) Primary terminal line. (Optional) Line status summary. This command was introduced. The summary keyword added. Output from philosophie this command was modified to brand papers show the transport method configured. The show line command used with the summary keyword will provide line status summary details such as whether there were modem calls or character mode calls. The following sample output from the gratuite libert show line vty 4 command shows that virtual terminal line 4 has a send and receive rate of 9600 bits per second (bps). Also shown are the essays on ophelia's terminal screen width and length, modem state, preferred transport method, and other characteristics. Table 20 describes the significant fields shown in the display.
Table 20 show line Field Descriptions. Type of line. In this case, a virtual terminal line, which is active, in asynchronous mode denoted by the preceding A. All possible values follow: • VTY—virtual terminal line. • TTY—asynchronous terminal port. Transmit rate/receive rate of the gratuite line. Indicates whether autobaud has been configured for the line. Essays! A value of F indicates that autobaud has been configured; a hyphen indicates that it has not been configured. Types of gratuite modem signals that have been configured for on ophelia's death the line.
Possible values follow: Rotary group configured for gratuite libert the line, if set. Output or input access list number configured for the line. Number of connections established to or from the scorecard to determine standard chartered line since the dissertation gratuite philosophie system was restarted. Number of brand loyalty research times noise has been detected on the line since the system restarted. Hardware Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter (UART) overruns or software buffer overflows, both defined as the number of overruns or overflows that have occurred on dissertation gratuite philosophie libert the specified line since the system was restarted. Chartered! Hardware overruns are buffer overruns; the UART chip has received bits from the software faster than it can process them. A software overflow occurs when the software has received bits from the hardware faster than it can process them. An A at the upper left of the display indicates that the gratuite user is running an asynchronous interface; an I indicates that the line has an asynchronous interface available; an standard, asterisk (*) indicates that the line is otherwise active (in character mode). Definition of the specified protocol and address of the line.
Location of the current line. Type of line, as specified by dissertation gratuite, the line global configuration command. Length of the terminal or screen display, in devising scorecard bank's rows. Width of the terminal or screen display, in columns. Transmit rate/receive rate of the line, in bps. State of the line: ready or not, connected or disconnected, active or inactive, exit banner or no exit banner, asynchronous interface active or inactive. Current terminal capabilities. Modem control state. Although this ample output shows the gratuite philosophie libert modem state Idle, this field should always say READY.
Current settings of special characters that were input by the user (or taken by letter for interior designer, default) from the following global configuration commands: Current settings that were input by the user (or taken by default) from the following global configuration commands: • timeout login response. Maximum number of sessions. Time since activation. Last time start_process was run.
Whether command-line editing is enabled. Current history list size, set by the user (or taken by default) from the gratuite libert history configuration command. DNS resolution in ko sa isang pinuno show commands is. Whether Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) is configured to dissertation look up Domain Name System (DNS) names for death use in dissertation show EXEC command displays. Whether full user help has been set by the user with the terminal full-help EXEC command or by ang minahan ko sa pinuno essay, the administrator with the full-help line configuration command. Allowed input transports are. Current set transport method, set by the user (or taken by default) from the transport input line configuration command.
Allowed output transports are. Current set transport method, set by the user (or taken by default) from the transport output line configuration command. Preferred transport is. Current set transport method, set by the user (or taken by gratuite libert, default) from the transport preferred line configuration command. . Doj Application! characters are padded. Current set padding, set by the user (or taken by default) from the padding line configuration command. . data dispatching characters. Current dispatch character set by the user (or taken by default) from the dispatch-character line configuration command. The following sample output from the show line summary command shows line summary status for lines 1/3/36 through 1/3/102. Each row of output represents 36 lines, and the line status characters in groups of dissertation libert four for readability.
For example, the first row represents information on rows 1/3/36 through 1/3/71, and the first line status character U corresponds to line 1/3/36. Table 21 describes the possible line status characters that can be shown in ko sa isang pinuno output from the show line summary command. Table 21 Line Status Character Descriptions. Line has never been used. Lines has been used but is currently idle. Line does not exist. Line in dissertation philosophie libert use by a packet mode user such as asynchronous PPP, Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP), ARAP or ASTUN. Line in use by a digit mode user such as V.110 or V.120. Line in use by a TCP fast-stream user.
Line in critical essay use by dissertation gratuite philosophie, modem management. Line in on ophelia's death use by character mode user, such as an EXEC user making an outbound packet connection using Telnet, rlogin, local-area transport (LAT), packet assembler/disassembler (PAD), or normal (nonfast-stream) TCP clear. Line in use by dissertation philosophie, a voice mode user. To display information about local-area transport (LAT) nodes, use the show node command in EXEC mode. (Optional) Specifies all nodes.
(Optional) Indicates the name of the node for which status is required. (Optional) Specifies the essays various node counters. (Optional) Specifies detailed node status. This is the default if a node name is specified. (Optional) Specifies a status summary for the node. This is the dissertation default if no node name is essays on ophelia's death specified. This command was introduced. Entering the show node command with no arguments is the same as entering the show node all summary command and shows a one-line summary of gratuite all known nodes. You can enter the on walden show node command with either a specific node name or the libert all keyword, but not both. The show node command displays three different sets of information about a node: the node counters, the doj application node status, or a one-line summary of the node status. You can enter the show node command with only one of the counters , status , or summary keywords.
If you enter show node and two of these keywords without specifying a node name, the first keyword is dissertation gratuite treated as a node name, causing an on ophelia's, error. If you enter the show node node-name command and two of these keywords, the second keyword will be treated as ambiguous. The show node command with a node-name argument but no counters , status , or summary keyword defaults to show node node-name status. The following is sample output from the show node command with no further keywords (the same as the show node all summary command): Table 22 describes the significant fields shown in the display. Table 22 show node Field Descriptions.
Lists the names of the nodes. Indicates whether the node is reachable or not. Identification string for the node. The following is sample output from the show node output that defaults to show node chaos status . It results in dissertation libert a display of the detailed status of node chaos. Table 23 describes the significant fields shown in the display. Table 23 show node status Field Descriptions.
Lists the brand loyalty research node name as reported by the host computer. Identifies the philosophie MAC address of the essay node Ethernet interface. Lists the version of the gratuite philosophie LAT protocol used by the node. Data Link Frame Size. Lists the size of the largest packet that can be sent to the LAT host. Lists the identification string for the node.
Lists the essay group code list that is gratuite philosophie advertised by the remote node, which comes from the service advertisement of the remote node. Lists the LAT service name. Indicates whether the cover letter for interior designer node is dissertation currently available on the network. Indicates the rating of the isang pinuno service: an integer from 0 to 255, with the highest number being the preferred service. Used for dissertation libert load balancing. The following sample output displays the counter information for a specific node: In the following sample command and output displays, the on walden status keyword is treated as the node name: In the following example, the second keyword counters is treated as ambiguous: To display specific local-area transport (LAT) learned services, use the show service command in EXEC mode. (Optional) The name of a specific LAT service.
This command was introduced. The show service command without a service name displays a list of known LAT learned services. When entered with the service-name argument, it displays a more-detailed status of the named service. If no LAT learned service by the specified name is known, then a lookup is done for an IP host of that name. The following is libert sample output from the show service command:
The following is sample output of the show service command for devising scorecard to determine a specific service: Table 24 describes the significant fields shown in the two previous displays. Table 24 show service Field Descriptions. Name of the service. Name of the nodes advertising the service. Status of the service: Available or Unknown when a command is gratuite philosophie entered without a service name. Doj Application Essay! Available, Unknown, Initializing, or Unreachable when a command is entered with a service name. Rating of the service: An integer from 0 to 255, with the libert highest number being the preferred service.
Used for load balancing. To obtain information about the brand loyalty papers research terminal configuration parameter settings for the current terminal line, use the show terminal command in EXEC mode. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. The following is sample output from the show terminal command: Table 25 describes the fields in libert the first three lines of the show terminal output. Table 25 show terminal Field Descriptions—First Three Lines of Output. Current terminal line. Location of the current terminal line, as specified using the location line configuration command. Type of the current terminal line, as specified using the line global configuration command.
Length: 24 lines. Length of the terminal display. Width: 80 columns. Width of the devising standard bank's terminal display, in philosophie character columns. Baud rate (TX/RX) is on walden 9600/9600. Transmit rate/receive rate of the line. The following line of output indicates the status of the dissertation philosophie line: Table 26 describes possible values for the Status field. Table 26 show terminal Field Descriptions—Status Field Values. A process is actively using the line. The line is essay running the autobaud process.
Some sense of carrier has been dropped, so the line process should be killed. The line has at least one active connection. A dial-on-demand routing (DDR) asynchronous interface is dialing a remote site on this line. The line is dissertation philosophie not echoing what the user types in letter for interior designer (for example, because a password must be entered). The first character of the escape sequence has been typed. Both characters of the dissertation gratuite escape sequence have been typed.
The line state is hanging up. The line uses a Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter (UART) that supports XON/XOFF flow control in hardware. Devising A Balanced To Determine Standard! (This does not mean that the line is currently using software flow control.) The user typed the gratuite libert hold character (and the line is paused). The line modem state is idle (see modem state diagrams). An idle timeout has occurred. The input has been turned off because of hardware flow control or overflow. The normal exit banner will not be displayed on critical essay on walden this line. The line is dissertation libert paying attention to typed escape characters. A BREAK sequence has been received on the line.
The line has received a special command sequence (for example, ^^B for send break). The last character received was a carriage return. The line state is death ready. A transition has occurred on the RING signal of the line. Send Break Soon. Send a BREAK on the line soon.
Buffers are full and an XOFF should be sent soon. A BREAK sequence is being sent on the line. Buffers were full, so an XOFF was sent. The line is running SLIP or PPP. The following line of philosophie libert output indicates the doj application status of the capabilities of the line. These capabilities correspond closely to configurable parameters that can be set using configuration commands. Table 27 describes possible values for gratuite libert the Capabilities field. Table 27 show terminal Field Descriptions—Capabilities Field Values. Autobaud Full Range.
Corresponds to the autobaud command. At least one pad c x configuration command has been used. The user has enabled successfully. Corresponds to the no exec command. Hangup on Last Close. Corresponds to the autohangup command. Hardware Flowcontrol In. Corresponds to cover letter for interior the flowcontrol hardware in dissertation gratuite philosophie libert command. Hardware Flowcontrol Out.
Corresponds to the flowcontrol hardware out command. Corresponds to the insecure command. Corresponds to on walden the lockable command. Corresponds to the modem callin command. Corresponds to the modem callout command. Corresponds to the modem cts-required command. Corresponds to the modem dtr-active command. Corresponds to the modem ri-is-cd command. No Login Banner.
Corresponds to the no exec-banner command. Corresponds to the notify command. Corresponds to gratuite libert the session-timeout command. Corresponds to the slip-dedicated command. Corresponds to the private command. Corresponds to the telnet refuse command. Receives Logging Output. Corresponds to the monitor command.
Refuse Telnet Echo. Corresponds to the telnet refuse command. Send BREAK on IP. Corresponds to the telnet break-on-ip command. Corresponds to the slip address command. Software Flowcontrol In. Corresponds to the flowcontrol software in command. Software Flowcontrol Out. Corresponds to the flowcontrol software out command.
Telnet Transparent Mode. Corresponds to the telnet transparent command. The following line of output indicates the designer modem state. Values include Autobauding, Carrier Dropped, Hanging Up, Idle, and Ready. The following lines of output indicate the special characters that can be entered to activate various terminal operations. The none or hyphen (-) values imply that no special characters are set. The following lines of gratuite philosophie libert output indicate the a balanced scorecard to determine standard chartered bank's timeout values that have been configured for the line: Table 28 describes the fields in philosophie the preceding lines of output. Table 28 show terminal Field Descriptions—Timeouts. Interval that the EXEC command interpreter waits for user input before resuming the current connection; or if no connections exist, returning the terminal to devising a balanced scorecard the idle state and disconnecting the libert incoming session.
This interval is set using the exec-timeout command. Interval that the letter for interior Cisco IOS software waits for traffic before closing the connection to a remote computer and returning the terminal to an idle state. This interval is set using the session-timeout command. Interval during which the software raises DTR in response to RING and the modem response to CTS. This interval is set using the dissertation gratuite libert modem answer-timeout command. Not implemented in this release. Number of milliseconds the software waits after putting the critical essay on walden first character into dissertation philosophie, a packet buffer before sending the packet. This interval is set using the brand dispatch-timeout command. The following lines of output indicate how various options have been configured:
To determine ASCII-hexadecimal character mappings, use the show tn3270 ascii-hexval command in EXEC mode. show tn3270 ascii-hexval. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. Use the show tn3270 ascii-hexval command to display the hexadecimal value of a character on your keyboard. After you enter the show tn3270 ascii-hexval command, you will be prompted to press a key. The hexadecimal value of the ASCII character is displayed. This command is useful for users who do not know the ASCII codes associated with various keys or do not have manuals for their terminals.
The following is sample output from the show tn3270 ascii-hexval command: show tn3270 character-map. Displays character mappings between ASCII and EBCDIC. Converts incoming EBCDIC characters into ASCII characters for TN3270 connections. To display character mappings between ASCII and EBCDIC, use the dissertation show tn3270 character-map command in EXEC mode. show tn3270 character-map all | ebcdic-in-hex Displays all nonstandard character mappings.
Displays the ASCII mapping for a specific EBCDIC character. This command was introduced. The following is sample output from the show tn3270 character-map command: show tn3270 ascii-hexval. Displays ASCII-hexadecimal character mappings. Converts incoming EBCDIC characters into brand research, ASCII characters for TN3270 connections. To view translation sessions that have been configured, use the show translate privileged command in EXEC mode. This command has no arguments or keywords.
This command was introduced. The display from this command shows each translation session set up on the router. Gratuite Libert! It shows the isang essay incoming device and virtual terminal protocol, and the outgoing device and protocol. The following show translate sample output is gratuite libert based on to determine chartered bank's the following translate command configuration: If the previous translate command is enabled, the philosophie libert following output is created by the show translate command: Table 29 describes the significant fields shown in the display. Table 29 show translate Field Descriptions—X.25 to IP Translation.
Translate From: x25 3131415912345. Protocol (X.25) and address (3131415912345) of the incoming device. The virtual terminal protocol (PPP). Obtain an IP address from a DHCP proxy client or a local pool. Specific local scope name (cardinal) from ang minahan ko sa which to obtain an IP address. Indicates that keepalive updates have been disabled for the current translation session. 1/1 users active.
Number of dissertation libert users active over the total number of cover for interior designer users. Maximum number of libert translate sessions up at any given time. Total number of translation sessions. Number of failed translation attempts resulting from this configuration. The following show translate sample output is based on the following translate command configuration: If the previous translate command is enabled, the following output is created by essay on walden, the show translate command: Table 30 describes the significant fields shown in the display.
Table 30 show translate Field Descriptions—X.25 to philosophie IPX Translation. Translate From: x25 31301234. Protocol (X.25) and address (31301234) of the essays on ophelia's death incoming device. To: PPP 192.168.14.23. The virtual terminal protocol (PPP) and dissertation gratuite libert IP address of the cover letter for interior designer outgoing device. Indicates that loopback interface 0 has been configured in dissertation libert client mode. 1/1 users active. Number of users active over the total number of users.
Maximum number of translate sessions up at critical essay on walden, any given time. Total number of translation sessions. Number of dissertation libert failed translation attempts resulting from this configuration. To test for the availability of a ttycap after a connection on a router takes place, use the show ttycap command in EXEC mode. (Optional) Name of ko sa pinuno a ttycap. (Optional) Lists the names of all defined ttycaps. The name of the default ttycap is not listed. This command was introduced.
The Cisco IOS software searches for dissertation gratuite philosophie the specified ttycap in its active configuration image, and lists the complete entry if found. If it is not found, an appropriate not found message appears. If you do not include any arguments with the show ttycap command, then the current keymap used for the terminal is displayed. The following is doj application essay sample output from the show ttycap command: To display information about the active lines on the router, use the show users command in EXEC mode.
(Optional) Specifies that all lines be displayed, regardless of whether anyone is using them. This command was introduced. This command displays the line number, connection name, idle time, hosts (including virtual access interfaces), and dissertation libert terminal location. Critical Essay! An asterisk (*) indicates the current terminal session. The following is sample output from the show users command: The following is sample output identifying an active virtual access interface: The following is sample output from the show users all command: Table 31 describes the significant fields shown in the displays.
Table 31 show users Field Descriptions. Contains three subfields: • The first subfield (0 in the sample output) is the absolute line number. • The second subfield (vty) indicates the type of line. Possible values follow: tty—asynchronous terminal port. • The third subfield (0 in the * sample output) indicates the relative line number within the type. User using the line. If no user is listed in this field, no one is philosophie using the line. Host to which the essay user is connected (outgoing connection). Philosophie Libert! A value of idle means that there is no outgoing connection to a host. Interval (in minutes) since the essay user has entered something. Either the hard-wired location for the line or, if there is an incoming connection, the libert host from cover letter for interior designer which incoming connection came.
Identifies a specific line for configuration and starts the line configuration command collection mode. Displays the parameters of a terminal line. Configures a username-based authentication system. To display information about current open connections, including packet transmissions, X.3 parameter settings, and the current status of virtual circuits, use the show x25 pad command in EXEC mode. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. The following is sample output from the show x25 pad command: Table 32 describes fields seen in the display from the show x25 pad command.
Table 32 show x25 pad Field Descriptions. Number of packets received or sent for the connection. Number of packets with Qbit set (X.29 control packets). Number of libert bytes in each direction. Number of unread packets waiting for the connection. Waiting to send. Local data packet bit not sent (part of a line).
Flags, State, Last error. Displays data for detecting errors and tracing initialization status. Only useful to your Cisco-certified technical support personnel. Parameters read from the PAD at the start of the essays death connection. Active X.3 parameters. LCI, State, Interface. Status of the X.25 virtual circuit associated with the PAD connection.
This is the same display that the show x25 vc command shows. To display XRemote connections and dissertation gratuite philosophie libert monitor XRemote traffic through the router, use the show xremote command in EXEC mode. This command has no arguments or keywords. This command was introduced. The show xremote command displays XRemote parameters applied to the entire system, and statistics that are pulled for essay all active XRemote connections. The following is sample output from the show xremote command when XRemote is gratuite libert enabled and XRemote sessions are active: Connection 1 - LAT connection from WHEEL. Client state: CS_ACTIVE Byte order: LSBfirst. Unread input: 0 Unwritten output: 0. Input buffer size: 1024 Output buffer size: 1024. Table 33 describes the significant fields shown in the display.
Table 33 show xremote Field Descriptions. XRemote server-wide parameters. This section displays XRemote parameters that apply to the protocol translator. XRemote font buffer size that was specified with the xremote tftp buffersize global configuration command. Number of ko sa isang pinuno essay retries the font loader (host) will attempt before declaring an error condition.
Font memory errors. Number of gratuite philosophie libert font memory error conditions that have been declared for the protocol translator. TFTP font load statistics for host 172.16.1.111. This section displays XRemote statistics for fonts that have been loaded from a TFTP font server at essays death, the IP address shown. Number of bytes the host read in order to load the fonts. Number of files the host read in order to dissertation gratuite philosophie libert load the fonts. XRemote statistics for tty2. This section displays XRemote for the specified line. Number of devising scorecard standard chartered clients using this line for dissertation active XRemote sessions. Includes the number of clients using this line for active XRemote sessions. Number of clients requesting XRemote service.
Number of times that XRemote connection requests were resent. Number assigned to brand research the local UDP port. Amount of time between keepalive messages. To list XRemote connections and monitor XRemote traffic, use the show xremote line command in philosophie libert EXEC mode. show xremote line number. A decimal value representing the number of virtual terminal lines about ko sa isang essay which to display information. This command was introduced. The following is sample output from the libert show xremote line command (line 3 is specified) when XRemote is cover letter for interior designer enabled and dissertation libert XRemote sessions are active. Only information specific to an individual terminal line is provided.
See Table 33 for output field descriptions.