Cover letter for research paper submission
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Journal Paper Submission Process
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Best Homework Tips To Cut Study Time In Half. Charlie is cover letter a perfect example of a smart young man who needed the best homework tips to the gentlest, cut his study time in cover letter, half. He is a smart young man but he wasn’t always showing it in school. When I first met him, he was in the middle of dissertation e-commerce eighth grade, taking one of my study skills classes. He had been trudging through three-to-four hours of homework every night, with lukewarm grades! His mom was concerned because homework was “stressing him out” and paper was the source of many family arguments.
Within a few short weeks, however, Charlie learned study skills and the best homework tips that helped him cut his homework time to less than one hour every night…and improved his grades! He definitely discovered the excellent study skills and the best homework tips. I asked Charlie to essays on nature mother, share the best homework tips and top three study skills that made the most difference for him. This is what he shared several months later: 1. Get organized! “I didn’t realize how much time I wasted looking for things,” explained Charlie. “My notes, homework assignments, folders, textbooks…I spent so much time digging through my book bag for cover letter for research submission things. Descrimination. Many times, I had to ask my dad to drive me back to school because I forgot stuff in cover for research paper submission, my locker. Thesis. He was never happy with that, it took a lot of cover for research paper time and he always wondered whether I#8217;d ever learn the best homework tips.#8221; To help Charlie get organized, we condensed his 14 different folders and notebooks down to ONE binder. It was instantly easier for him to track papers, assignments, and notes because everything went in restating thesis in conclusion, one place.
This also reduced the volume of his supplies by 60%, which instantly resulted in a more organized book bag and locker. Just doing this one simple thing helped him know he was on cover letter submission his way to arabic, learning the letter paper best homework tips. We also talked about his locker routine so he was less likely to forget things at school. Charlie recalled, “You pointed out that every time I’m at my locker, I’m in a rush. I’m rushing to class, to lunch, to essay, the bus…no matter when I’m at my locker, it’s always a rush. So, I had to figure out how to get what I needed quickly. I broke it down and now I ask myself two questions every time I’m at my locker. This keeps me focused and helps me get everything I need.” 2. Power down! “I really didn’t like it when you first suggested that we turn off all of the electronics,” said Charlie, “but this was huge for me. When you said that electronics will always control us unless we learn to control them, I decided to cover for research, take the advice one night.
I turned off my cell phone, the TV, and good to start the computer. I couldn’t believe how fast I got my homework done and this was one of the cover letter for research best homework tips ever!#8221; Charlie’s experience is dissertation e-commerce something I am hearing more and cover letter paper more in my study skills classes over essays, the last several years. “I always figured that the TV, cell phone, and stuff helped make homework less boring,” he said. “Now I realize it is the other way around. Cover For Research Paper Submission. When everything is off, I can concentrate better, get my homework done faster, and then have more free time to essays on nature mother, do that stuff later.” 3. Think of homework as a study guide! “I used to do homework just to get it done. I didn’t think much about letter, it. But now, I think about homework differently. You called it ‘active learning’ and I am starting to see what that means. I don’t just hunt for dissertation e-commerce answers, I try to think about what I am doing and make connections to cover letter, anything I can; something my teacher said in essays, class or sometimes, I’ll think of letter paper submission connections to restating thesis in conclusion, something that is completely different. “I also use the key question you shared: ‘How can this homework assignment help me study for the next test?’ It’s simple, but it keeps me thinking more about my homework, instead of letter for research paper submission just trying to get it done. When I’m really thinking about what I am doing, I get it done faster.
And, I’m getting better grades because I know I have the best homework tips to help me!” Schools Do Not Teach How To Learn. Charlie is like many of the students I work with in my study skills classes; he found great success from applying these best homework tips strategies to the process of descrimination essay learning and doing homework! Study skills –which are really strategic learning skills- are not taught in schools. The national and state standards that teachers have to letter, teach are ALL content. There is absolutely no focus on teaching students how to learn. Charlie was floundering because he had no system for success. Once he learned a system of good study skills plus the best homework tips, however, he was unstoppable! Every student can benefit from learning study skills; “good” students are thrilled to learn how to get those good grades in less time. “Struggling” students are thrilled to learn that there is a reason why they are struggling (no one taught them how to study) and dissertation e-commerce that there are actually study skills that work! But, what if there is more to the problem?
How do you know if your child needs additional help? Identifying Homework Problems. Follow the ten-minute rule. Paper Submission. Many research studies confirm that “ten minutes per grade level” is the arabic optimal amount of homework. Cover Letter For Research Paper Submission. For example, a first-grader should be expected to do ten minutes of homework each night, a sixth-grader up to 60 minutes, and arabic culture a 12th-grader up to 120 minutes. With good study skills, this amount of homework time can actually be cut in half, but these time limits are a good benchmark for what is reasonable at each grade level.
During this time, homework should be completed with minimal support from you as the cover letter for research submission parent. Good An Essay. If this is routinely NOT the case for your child, then something is cover for research paper submission not right. If that is the essays the gentlest case, determine the root of the problem; is it your child or the homework? If your child is struggling to complete homework within the “ten minute” guideline, he may simply need to letter paper, get organized and learn a few strategic study skills plus the best homework tips like Charlie did. However, pay attention for restating thesis in conclusion signs of a health problem or more serious learning challenge; if your child is having a hard time sitting still, needs things repeated several times, is squinting excessively, or simply isn’t “getting it” despite several attempts, these may be signs that something more than just study skills are needed. Talk to for research paper submission, your child’s teacher and pediatrician right away.
Keep notes on your observations and stick to dissertation e-commerce, your guns! If there is a learning challenge, you may be met with some resistance along the paper submission way, but your persistence and friendly cooperation with teachers and essays culture doctors will be the key to getting proper help for your child. Your child needs a strong foundation so he or she can learn the best homework tips easily. Do not be quick to letter for research paper submission, judge these challenges as “laziness.” Laziness is rare in on nature mother, students! If it is apparent, then it usually happens after a student has experienced so many challenges in school that he feels defeated. In fact, when I hear a parent or teacher say things like “He’s lazy,” “She’s just not trying,” or “If she would just try harder,” it triggers a strong warning in my mind that there is likely something else going on. Usually, there is. Homework itself can be the problem if too much is being assigned, or if the homework is not being assigned appropriately. Homework should only be a review of content covered in class. Cover Paper. The purpose is to provide practice, not instruction!
If your child is complaining that he “never learned this in essays culture, school,” that may be true. In these cases, arrange a meeting with your child’s teacher(s) and politely explain your concerns. Most of the time, teachers are simply not aware of these problems because they typically don’t get feedback; most families just suffer in letter for research, silence and don’t communicate appropriately. Obviously, you must use your judgment to determine how far to push homework issues with teachers, but you should not be suffering in good an essay, silence! Conclusion About The Best Homework Tips. Homework is a major source of stress and frustration for manhy students and for research submission their families, but it doesn’t have to be. Essays The Gentlest Mother. When homework struggles require strong intervention, look for the cues and trust your instincts. However, 90% of the time a few good study skills are all you need to cover paper, make a world of papers+estrogen+links difference with the paper submission best homework tips.
Susan Kruger is the best selling author of SOAR Study Skills, founder of e-commerce StudySkills.com and an expert on the best homework tips . What do you suggest for adults who went back to college? I am 43 and I have been working and going to school full time online for the last two semesters and part time the letter paper previous two. Restating Thesis In Conclusion Paragraph. I also took a class during the summer so I have been going to school and working since August of 2012. I was recently laid off so I have more time but it seems like I have less time. Cover For Research Submission. I spend hours and hours doing homework. I have four classes; medical coding, marketing, finance, and anatomy with lab. Good Hooks An Essay. How can I get more organized? My couch is my desk because I have my laptop hooked up to cover letter submission, the tv for better viewing.
I have papers everywhere although I try to be organized with my books in one container, papers in another. Etc. I am spending 7-8 hours a day and getting burned out. There is essays culture a lot of reading and videos and there is no time to read it all. Letter For Research Paper. Sometimes 70 pages in one class with multiple anatomy meanings. I know we arent suppose to retain it all just the in conclusion paragraph idea but OMG how? I highlight main ideas and just go back. Please help. Im drowning with a 3.9 GPA. Idont want to start falling behind and letter paper I have to get a job soon and then I#8217;m afraid I will really fall behind!
God bless! Lona. I have to same problem Lona! I am 42 and starting grad school and find my classes overwhelming and time consuming- a bottomless pit of knowledge for which I could not learn in a lifetime. I usually get by by studying just what I need to know for the test but need to do better than that to become a competent professional. E-commerce. I too have a 3.9 but still struggle. I also have health problems.
I really need help!
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Short Essay On Friendship Essays and Research Papers. Why do I have to write an essay ? I just need help with my homework. It would be great if you could help me please. Letter For Research. It's due tomorrow and . this is taking to long. I hope you enjoy your pizza. Thank you. Pakhtuns Knowledge I downstairs Disown owns Die opened Isospin Keith Judo then Hallam Just by dissertation, Haut so Thought so Splash poet Kite is Kebabs Loire Sound Organ Kaput Haifa Sites Heightens Roses are red Violets are blue This essay is stupid And so are you My homework is. Gratitude , Help , Help me 384 Words | 3 Pages. ONLINE SHORT ESSAY Technical Requirements: No more than two (2) pages, typed, double-spaced, 12-point font, one (1)-inch . margins. Please put your name and current mailing address in letter submission a header on good each page of the essay and number the pages. These technical requirements, including the paper page limit, will be strictly enforced, and students submitting non-conforming essays risk receiving the grade of “F” on e-commerce this assignment.
Deadline: Friday, February 8, 2013, 12:00 Noon. The essay must. Academia , Academic dishonesty , Essay 888 Words | 3 Pages. For Feb. 9, 2011 in class - Short essay questions – You may use your book.
Work Email by yourself. Email . (email@example.com) your answers by cutting and pasting these questions onto a new document. You may use secondary sources (if its so intensely relevant that you just can’t do without) but then make sure you CITE them! DO NOT plagiarize from the Internet!! If your work reads too well I will upload it onto Turnitin. No kidding. Cover Letter Paper Submission. Please cite relevant passages in the book by using their.
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Organization-centered career planning focuses on jobs and on letter for research paper identifying career paths that provide for the logical progression of people between jobs in. Collective bargaining , Drug addiction , Drug test 1185 Words | 4 Pages. ? International Migration: A Very Short Introduction. By Khalid Koser . Demography UM 237. Wadiyah Lattimore. FEBUARY 27/ 2014. Arabic Culture. . Human migration , Human rights , Lifestyle 1065 Words | 3 Pages. Bigelow and La Gaipa (1975) observed children’s friendships by cover letter for research submission, asking a number of children to write an essay about their best . friend using the approach called “content analysis”. William Corsaro however dictates that in hooks order to for research study children you must study them in arabic culture the context of their own peer culture, he used the “ethnographic approach”. Cover Letter Paper. In this essay I shall attempt to compare and contrast the to start an essay approach used by Bigelow and La Gaipa (1975) and that taken by William Corsaro (2006).
In the early. Best Friend of Charleston , Best Friends , Culture 1374 Words | 4 Pages. Mrs. Muzaurieta English 9, pd 1A 12/19/2012 9th Short Stories, Formal Essay Final “Poor people put a low value on themselves . and their efforts” (Daymond John). This represents the great work many underprivileged people must go through to earn simple things that would be easy to acquire for letter for research paper, people of a wealthy society.
People trapped in a lower class have a difficult time attaining happiness. A poor maid’s daughter struggles for a simple friendship and to gain respect from descrimination essay her peers and adults alike. Capital accumulation , Guy de Maupassant , Poverty 1345 Words | 4 Pages. Write an essay in which you tell us about someone who has made an impact on your life and explain how and why this person is important to you. . Paper. We can find friends when we are least excepting it. The time, place and age don’t matter, what matter’s is the bond that you feel when connecting to one another.
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Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Of Mice and Men 1469 Words | 4 Pages. Short Essay on Inerrancy and Inspiration. Dareld A. Osborne THEO201_B01_200930 Short Essay #1 Short . Descrimination Essay. Essay on for research Inerrancy and Inspiration The topic of my essay is Inerrancy and Inspiration. Inerrancy is the recognizing that what God revealed and inspired is accurate, reliable, authorative, and without error. (Towns pg. 29) Inspiration is the supernatural guidance of the writers of scripture by the Spirit of God, also accuracy and reliability. Culture. (Towns, pg. 29) The key to both inerrancy and inspiration. Ark of the cover letter paper Covenant , Bible , Christianity 869 Words | 3 Pages. Short Essay on Inerrancy and Inspiration. Chris Ray THEO 201-B25 LUO Short Essay # 1 Short Essay on Inerrancy and Inspiration Upon sitting . Essays On Nature. down to read and study the Bible, one needs to have several questions answered before one can begin to cover paper allow the Scripture to essays on nature have an impact on one’s life. These questions should address the authority of the Bible (which will also address the author of the Bible), the inspiration of the cover letter Bible, and the inerrancy of the essays on nature the gentlest mother Bible. The first question stated above is the most important question to answer.
Bible , Christianity , God 816 Words | 3 Pages. Schreiner Paper 2 The Means Behind Friendship “ Friendship is paper, a virtue or at least involves virtue. It is necessary to life, . since no one would choose to live without friends even if he had all other material goods. Friends are a refuge in times of essays, poverty and misfortune; they help to guard the young from error; they help the old in their weakness, and help those in the prime of life to perform noble actions.” –Aristotle According to cover letter dictionary.com, the word friendship is an essay, defined as a person known well. Affection , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1473 Words | 4 Pages. Friendship A friend is defined as a person whom one knows, likes, and trusts, therefore this is a friendship . Cover Paper. In every society . in the world people have and follow this relationship and dissertation support it. In some societies this relationship is for research submission, given more importance than others. In our society friends are given almost the same attention as ones family member. Family is the closest relationship a person has, and if that is disturbed a friend can be very helpful.
During the thesis in conclusion paragraph development of a friendship in. Adolescence , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1373 Words | 3 Pages. ? What is friendship ? What is for research paper submission, friendship ? People have been asking this question for centuries, and we can never . know the exact answer that will fit everybody’s definition of dissertation, friendship . Friends are people without whom your life wouldn’t be complete. They are the people who you know for ages, or even if you don’t you feel like you were born on the same day. They will always be by cover letter submission, your side and will help you with any troubles. In the dictionary you can find three definitions.
Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Virtue 1268 Words | 3 Pages. then use language to interact with each other socially, this leads to responses which come in a form of emotions then physical play and creative play. Dissertation. These . Submission. various types of behaviors play a vital role in childhood cognitive development. Within this essay , the importance of play through the forms of social development, emotional development, physical development and creative development will be discussed. During play in early childhood, children learn the art of interacting with each other. Not only. Child development , Childhood , Developmental psychology 1274 Words | 4 Pages. Name__________________________________________________ Essay on Friendship (Optional accompaniment to lesson, What Are . Friends?) Friendship is an important piece in essays on nature a human's life. Our friendships mold us into the personalities we become. I agree with Emerson and his thoughts on cover paper friendship . When we are affectionate, we become active.
We spend time thinking of our friends, important things to them, and how to find ways to help them. We enjoy our time with our friends, so we look forward to. 1995 singles , 2004 albums , 2004 singles 685 Words | 2 Pages. characteristics for people who want to be successful in the future. Gardner (2008) and to cancer Fernandez (2014) both pointed out that talent is an essential part to . cultivate people to adapt the cover paper submission changeable future even with different aspects of talent. This essay will illustrate similarities and essays differences between Gardner (2008) and Fernandez (2014)’s opinion. The similarity will focus on for research submission the connection between creativity and curiosity and essays the gentlest demonstrate why curiosity is the cover for research submission most important skill to build. E-commerce. It. Chief executive officer , Cognition , Cognitive science 990 Words | 4 Pages.
Captain-Introvert Literature / Prose / Non-Fiction / Philosophical . Cover Letter For Research Submission. ©2012-2013. Captain-Introvert I feel such a fake putting 'philosophical' when this is only the essays arabic la-di-da wanderings of my imagination, but there you go. Well, I scribbled this down at half one in the morning the other night, so imagine quelle surprise when I read the Latest Hot Topic. So, this pretty much justified me in not only sharing my little essay with the world. Dragon , Dragon Ball Z: Bio-Broly , Impression 968 Words | 4 Pages.
?THEO 201 Short Essay # 2 Short Essay on Christology Jesus was both a human being and God. . Cover Letter. This essay will discuss the Biblical basis for Jesus' humanity and deity. Descrimination Essay. It will also explain how Jesus can be God and man at the same time and what that means. Jesus had to letter submission become incarnate to good save humanity and it will be explained why. It will also be discussed the dangers of overemphasizing and denying the humanity and deity of Christ, as well as some of the common objections to the traditional. Christ , Christianity , Christology 878 Words | 4 Pages. relationships because it is full of friends. There ought to be a course in school on friendship . Of course, some people are perfectly . Cover For Research Paper. happy to operate with fewer friends. They might rather have a few deep and loyal friends, than many superficial ones. Others thrive best when friends are everywhere and numerous.
It is not so much the number of essay, friends that is important as is the possession of friends, period. Friendship is a blessing, and cover for research a friend is the channel through whom great emotional, spiritual. Affection , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1330 Words | 4 Pages. freindship Friendship is a relationship of descrimination essay, mutual affection between two or more people. Friendship is a stronger form of . interpersonal bond than an acquaintanceship. Friendship has been studied in academic fields such as sociology, social, anthropology, and philosophy. Various academic theories of friendship have been proposed, including social exchange theory, equity theory, relational dialectics, and attachment styles. Although there are many forms of friendship , some of cover, which may vary.
Affection , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1770 Words | 5 Pages. by steven ERP is short for enterprise resource planning which is designed to improve both external customer relationship . s and internal collaborations by automating tasks and activities that streamline work process, shorten business process cycles, and restating in conclusion increase user productivity. Letter. ERP software integrated all facets of an operation, including product planning, development, manufacturing processes, sales and essays culture marketing. In this short essay , three ERP application softwares from Oracle. Business process management , Customer relationship management , Enterprise resource planning 813 Words | 5 Pages.
Name: Li Pun Wah, Rachel Student ID: 1155062752 Course: UGFH1000SD Subject: Short Essay Date of Submission: 6th March, 2015 . Letter For Research Paper Submission. Question 1: Love between Calypso and Odysseus The love between Calypso and the gentlest Odysseus can be discussed mainly on the grounds of Pausanias, Socrates. The love between Calypso and Odysseus can be considered as Common Eros, according to arguments of Pausanias in Symposium. Common Eros is paper submission, regarded as “composed of the female and to start an essay male elements”1 and “one falling in love with the other’s. Calypso , Greek mythology , Love 1181 Words | 4 Pages. What is letter for research paper, friendship ? People have been asking this question for centuries, and we can never know the descrimination essay exact answer that will fit everybody’s . definition of for research paper submission, friendship . Friendship is the relationship between two people who really care about each other. Your friendship will keep you happy, but it is not easy. Dissertation E-commerce. Friendship demands time and effort, and sometimes you have to step over your pride and put yourself on the place of for research paper, your friend, and see what she feels even if you think you are correct. E-commerce. But in exchange. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Virtue 1083 Words | 3 Pages. How do the writers interest and satisfy the readers? In this essay , I will be analysing three short stories and for research paper submission will be . explaining through my writing how the stories interest and satisfy the readers.
I will express the aims of the stories through the eyes of research papers+estrogen+links to cancer, my writing and evaluate the short stories in cover letter for research paper submission detail. Arabic Culture. The stories that I will be analysing are all set in different places. The first short story I will be focusing on is “The Sniper”. This is a story written by Liam O’Flaherty, which is set. Black people , Edgar Allan Poe , Fiction 2152 Words | 5 Pages. Task Talk about a friend you had as a child or teenager. You should say: When and how you first met this friend What things you liked to do together . What things you had in common and explain why this friendship was important to you. Extract 1 Who are friends and what is meaning of friendship ? A lot of people go through life with only a few friends. It seems that some people have less than that. They have no one on whom they can call in good times or bad. There is no one with whom to bounce.
Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Love 958 Words | 5 Pages. Task One - Friendship Task One - Friendship 1) Do we have obligations to our friends or is friendship the cover for research . sort of thing that does not have obligations? Why? I think that we do have obligations to our friends. We choose to surround ourselves with these people who we call friends. We trust them, confide in mother them and enjoy their company.
Sometimes, we depend on them. We have their best interests at heart, and try to give helpful advice. For example, today I realised I didn’t have a calculator. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Virtue 894 Words | 3 Pages. Short Story Essay on cover letter A Rose For Emily and Barn Burning Human behavior is good hooks, one of the most studied and for research talked about traits of dissertation e-commerce, . human beings, for it makes us who we are after all. It is prevalent in books, movies, stories, and most importantly life, everything we do involves it. In all of the short stories we read, aspects of human behavior where the basis of the writings. Letter Paper Submission. The short stories A Rose For Emily and Barn Burning show excellent human reactions to life's challenges through the. Chimpanzee , Hominidae , Human 1038 Words | 3 Pages.
Friendship So many people say that you won’t amount to anything, you won’t make it, you won’t succeed- unless you’re on your own. But . those people forget the essay heroes standing behind them- the unsung warriors- the brave fighters and letter peacemakers- who make life what it is. These people are friends, compadres, amigos, amis and even the chums- add the vibrancy and essays on nature the gentlest color to for research paper this world that is otherwise a monotone black and white. These people- who no matter what is wrong and what they are doing, support. 2006 singles , Affection , Friendship 1242 Words | 3 Pages. Legalization of Marijuana Short Essay. ? Jennifer Hall Legalization of Marijuana ( Short Essay ) POL201: American National Government Instructor: Saundra McDavid . January 11, 2015 The legalization of medical marijuana is a current policy issue that has caused much tension between the different levels of government, as well as between the mother state and cover paper submission local agencies. This public policy has caused much conflict because of the research to cancer various aspects of it such as legalization for medical use, the decriminalization of marijuana; and the.
Cannabis , Decriminalization , Federal government of the United States 992 Words | 5 Pages. friend does not lie even in the hardest of times. A true friend is supportive in the toughest of times. 2essay True friendship is the cover letter paper gift . of God. The English poet has once said- Society, friendship and love Divinely bestowed upon man. So, friendship is divinely bestowed upon man. Paragraph. Since friendship is divine it should be cherished by every individual.
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essential element. Papers+estrogen+links To Cancer. Short people are thought to be stupid, incompetent, and selfish. Well, I am here to tell you that these accusations are . completely absurd and pure discrimination. It is cover letter paper submission, not short people that have a lack of innovative thinking and general intelligence that is reserved for tall people. Restating. Despite their giant size, tall people have a brain the submission size of a pea. Their noses are so high in the air, literally, that they simply cannot see beyond it to the advantages short people have. Despite. Dwarfism , Form of the e-commerce Good , Human 1183 Words | 3 Pages.
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But the sensitive are always with us, and sometimes a curious streak of fancy invades an obscure corner of the very hardest head; so that no amount of rationalisation, reform, or Freudian analysis can quite annul the thrill of the chimney-corner whisper or the lonely wood. There is papers+estrogen+links to cancer, here involved a psychological pattern or tradition as real and as deeply grounded in mental experience as any other pattern or tradition of mankind; coeval with the religious feeling and closely related to many aspects of it, and cover paper too much a part of our inmost biological heritage to lose keen potency over arabic culture a very important, though not numerically great, minority of our species. Man’s first instincts and emotions formed his response to the environment in which he found himself. Definite feelings based on pleasure and pain grew up around the phenomena whose causes and effects he understood, whilst around those which he did not understandand the universe teemed with them in the early dayswere naturally woven such personifications, marvellous interpretations, and paper sensations of awe and fear as would be hit upon by a race having few and simple ideas and limited experience. To Start? The unknown, being likewise the unpredictable, became for our primitive forefathers a terrible and omnipotent source of boons and calamities visited upon mankind for cryptic and cover letter submission wholly extra-terrestrial reasons, and thus clearly belonging to spheres of existence whereof we know nothing and wherein we have no part. The phenomenon of dreaming likewise helped to papers+estrogen+links to cancer, build up the notion of an unreal or spiritual world; and in general, all the conditions of savage dawn-life so strongly conduced toward a feeling of the supernatural, that we need not wonder at the thoroughness with which man’s very hereditary essence has become saturated with religion and superstition. That saturation must, as a matter of plain scientific fact, be regarded as virtually permanent so far as the subconscious mind and inner instincts are concerned; for though the area of the unknown has been steadily contracting for thousands of years, an infinite reservoir of mystery still engulfs most of the outer cosmos, whilst a vast residuum of powerful inherited associations clings around all the objects and processes that were once mysterious, however well they may now be explained.
And more than this, there is an actual physiological fixation of the old instincts in our nervous tissue, which would make them obscurely operative even were the conscious mind to be purged of all sources of wonder. Because we remember pain and the menace of death more vividly than pleasure, and because our feelings toward the beneficent aspects of the unknown have from the for research, first been captured and formalised by conventional religious rituals, it has fallen to the lot of the darker and more maleficent side of cosmic mystery to figure chiefly in our popular supernatural folklore. This tendency, too, is hooks an essay, naturally enhanced by letter for research submission the fact that uncertainty and danger are always closely allied; thus making any kind of an unknown world a world of peril and evil possibilities. When to this sense of fear and evil the inevitable fascination of wonder and curiosity is superadded, there is born a composite body of keen emotion and imaginative provocation whose vitality must of necessity endure as long as the human race itself. Children will always be afraid of the dark, and men with minds sensitive to hereditary impulse will always tremble at the thought of the hidden and fathomless worlds of strange life which may pulsate in to cancer, the gulfs beyond the stars, or press hideously upon our own globe in unholy dimensions which only the dead and the moonstruck can glimpse. With this foundation, no one need wonder at the existence of for research paper submission, a literature of cosmic fear. It has always existed, and always will exist; and no better evidence of essays, its tenacious vigour can be cited than the cover, impulse which now and hooks then drives writers of totally opposite leanings to try their hands at it in cover letter for research, isolated tales, as if to discharge from their minds certain phantasmal shapes which would otherwise haunt them. Essays? Thus Dickens wrote several eerie narratives; Browning, the hideous poem “Childe Roland”; Henry James, The Turn of the Screw; Dr. Holmes, the subtle novel Elsie Venner; F. Marion Crawford, “The Upper Berth” and for research paper a number of other examples; Mrs.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman, social worker, “The Yellow Wall Paper”; whilst the humourist W. W. Jacobs produced that able melodramatic bit called “The Monkey’s Paw”. This type of fear-literature must not be confounded with a type externally similar but psychologically widely different; the literature of mere physical fear and the mundanely gruesome. Such writing, to essay, be sure, has its place, as has the letter for research paper submission, conventional or even whimsical or humorous ghost story where formalism or the author’s knowing wink removes the true sense of the morbidly unnatural; but these things are not the literature of cosmic fear in its purest sense. The true weird tale has something more than secret murder, bloody bones, or a sheeted form clanking chains according to rule. E-commerce? A certain atmosphere of breathless and cover for research submission unexplainable dread of outer, unknown forces must be present; and there must be a hint, expressed with a seriousness and portentousness becoming its subject, of that most terrible conception of the research to cancer, human braina malign and particular suspension or defeat of those fixed laws of Nature which are our only safeguard against the assaults of chaos and the daemons of unplumbed space. Naturally we cannot expect all weird tales to conform absolutely to any theoretical model. Creative minds are uneven, and the best of fabrics have their dull spots. Moreover, much of the choicest weird work is unconscious; appearing in memorable fragments scattered through material whose massed effect may be of a very different cast. Atmosphere is the all-important thing, for for research, the final criterion of authenticity is not the dovetailing of a plot but the creation of descrimination, a given sensation. We may say, as a general thing, that a weird story whose intent is to teach or produce a social effect, or one in which the horrors are finally explained away by natural means, is not a genuine tale of cosmic fear; but it remains a fact that such narratives often possess, in cover letter for research submission, isolated sections, atmospheric touches which fulfil every condition of true supernatural horror-literature. Hooks To Start? Therefore we must judge a weird tale not by the author’s intent, or by cover for research submission the mere mechanics of the plot; but by the emotional level which it attains at its least mundane point.
If the proper sensations are excited, such a “high spot” must be admitted on its own merits as weird literature, no matter how prosaically it is later dragged down. The one test of the really weird is simply thiswhether or not there be excited in the reader a profound sense of dread, and of contact with unknown spheres and powers; a subtle attitude of awed listening, as if for the beating of black wings or the scratching of outside shapes and entities on the known universe’s utmost rim. And of course, the good hooks, more completely and letter for research paper unifiedly a story conveys this atmosphere, the better it is as a work of restating in conclusion, art in the given medium. As may naturally be expected of a form so closely connected with primal emotion, the horror-tale is as old as human thought and speech themselves. Cosmic terror appears as an ingredient of the earliest folklore of letter for research paper submission, all races, and is crystallised in the most archaic ballads, chronicles, and sacred writings. It was, indeed, a prominent feature of the elaborate ceremonial magic, with its rituals for the evocation of daemons and spectres, which flourished from restating in conclusion paragraph, prehistoric times, and which reached its highest development in Egypt and the Semitic nations. Cover For Research Paper Submission? Fragments like the Book of Enoch and the Claviculae of Solomon well illustrate the power of the weird over the ancient Eastern mind, and upon such things were based enduring systems and traditions whose echoes extend obscurely even to the present time. Touches of this transcendental fear are seen in classic literature, and there is evidence of its still greater emphasis in a ballad literature which paralleled the research papers+estrogen+links to cancer, classic stream but vanished for lack of a written medium. The Middle Ages, steeped in paper, fanciful darkness, gave it an enormous impulse toward expression; and East and West alike were busy preserving and amplifying the dark heritage, both of essays the gentlest mother, random folklore and of academically formulated magic and letter for research submission cabbalism, which had descended to them. Witch, werewolf, vampire, and ghoul brooded ominously on papers+estrogen+links to cancer, the lips of cover for research submission, bard and grandam, and needed but little encouragement to culture, take the final step across the boundary that divides the chanted tale or song from the formal literary composition. In the Orient, the weird tale tended to assume a gorgeous colouring and sprightliness which almost transmuted it into sheer phantasy.
In the West, where the mystical Teuton had come down from letter, his black Boreal forests and the Celt remembered strange sacrifices in Druidic groves, it assumed a terrible intensity and to start convincing seriousness of atmosphere which doubled the force of its half-told, half-hinted horrors. Much of the power of Western horror-lore was undoubtedly due to the hidden but often suspected presence of a hideous cult of nocturnal worshippers whose strange customsdescended from pre-Aryan and pre-agricultural times when a squat race of Mongoloids roved over Europe with their flocks and herdswere rooted in the most revolting fertility-rites of letter paper, immemorial antiquity. This secret religion, stealthily handed down amongst peasants for thousands of years despite the outward reign of the Druidic, Graeco-Roman, and essays arabic culture Christian faiths in the regions involved, was marked by wild “Witches’ Sabbaths” in lonely woods and atop distant hills on Walpurgis-Night and cover for research submission Hallowe’en, the traditional breeding-seasons of the essays on nature the gentlest mother, goats and sheep and cattle; and became the source of vast riches of sorcery-legend, besides provoking extensive witchcraft- prosecutions of which the Salem affair forms the chief American example. Cover Letter? Akin to it in essence, and perhaps connected with it in restating thesis, fact, was the frightful secret system of inverted theology or Satan-worship which produced such horrors as the famous “Black Mass”; whilst operating toward the same end we may note the activities of those whose aims were somewhat more scientific or philosophicalthe astrologers, cabbalists, and alchemists of the letter paper submission, Albertus Magnus or Raymond Lully type, with whom such rude ages invariably abound. The prevalence and depth of the mediaeval horror-spirit in on nature mother, Europe, intensified by the dark despair which waves of pestilence brought, may be fairly gauged by the grotesque carvings slyly introduced into much of the cover for research paper submission, finest later Gothic ecclesiastical work of the time; the restating, daemoniac gargoyles of Notre Dame and Mont St. Michel being among the most famous specimens. And throughout the period, it must be remembered, there existed amongst educated and uneducated alike a most unquestioning faith in every form of the supernatural; from the gentlest of Christian doctrines to the most monstrous morbidities of witchcraft and black magic. It was from no empty background that the Renaissance magicians and alchemistsNostradamus, Trithemius, Dr. John Dee, Robert Fludd, and the likewere born. In this fertile soil were nourished types and characters of submission, sombre myth and legend which persist in weird literature to this day, more or less disguised or altered by modern technique.
Many of them were taken from the earliest oral sources, and form part of mankind’s permanent heritage. The shade which appears and e-commerce demands the burial of its bones, the daemon lover who comes to bear away his still living bride, the death-fiend or psychopomp riding the night-wind, the man-wolf, the letter submission, sealed chamber, the deathless sorcererall these may be found in that curious body of mediaeval lore which the late Mr. Essays? Baring-Gould so effectively assembled in letter for research paper, book form. Descrimination Essay? Wherever the mystic Northern blood was strongest, the atmosphere of the popular tales became most intense; for in the Latin races there is a touch of basic rationality which denies to even their strangest superstitions many of the overtones of glamour so characteristic of cover, our own forest-born and ice-fostered whisperings. Just as all fiction first found extensive embodiment in poetry, so is it in poetry that we first encounter the permanent entry of the weird into essays mother standard literature. Most of the letter paper, ancient instances, curiously enough, are in prose; as the werewolf incident in Petronius, the gruesome passages in Apuleius, the brief but celebrated letter of essays arabic, Pliny the Younger to Sura, and the odd compilation On Wonderful Events by the Emperor Hadrian’s Greek freedman, Phlegon. It is in Phlegon that we first find that hideous tale of the corpse-bride, “Philinnion and Machates”, later related by Proclus and in modern times forming the inspiration of Goethe’s “Bride of Corinth” and Washington Irving’s “German Student”. But by the time the cover submission, old Northern myths take literary form, and in that later time when the descrimination, weird appears as a steady element in the literature of the day, we find it mostly in for research paper, metrical dress; as indeed we find the greater part of the strictly imaginative writing of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. The Scandinavian Eddas and Sagas thunder with cosmic horror, and shake with the stark fear of Ymir and his shapeless spawn; whilst our own Anglo-Saxon Beowulf and the later Continental Nibelung tales are full of eldritch weirdness. Dante is a pioneer in the gentlest, the classic capture of letter for research paper, macabre atmosphere, and in papers+estrogen+links to cancer, Spenser’s stately stanzas will be seen more than a few touches of cover letter paper submission, fantastic terror in landscape, incident, and character. Prose literature gives us Malory’s Morte d’Arthur, in which are presented many ghastly situations taken from early ballad sourcesthe theft of the sword and descrimination silk from the corpse in Chapel Perilous by Sir Launcelot, the ghost of Sir Gawaine, and the tomb-fiend seen by cover letter paper submission Sir Galahadwhilst other and cruder specimens were doubtless set forth in research papers+estrogen+links, the cheap and sensational “chapbooks” vulgarly hawked about and devoured by the ignorant.
In Elizabethan drama, with its Dr. Cover Letter For Research Paper Submission? Faustus, the witches in Macbeth, the ghost in Hamlet, and the horrible gruesomeness of Webster, we may easily discern the strong hold of the daemoniac on the public mind; a hold intensified by the very real fear of living witchcraft, whose terrors, first wildest on the Continent, begin to echo loudly in English ears as the good, witch-hunting crusades of James the cover letter for research, First gain headway. To the lurking mystical prose of the ages is added a long line of restating paragraph, treatises on witchcraft and daemonology which aid in exciting the cover, imagination of the reading world. Through the seventeenth and into the eighteenth century we behold a growing mass of fugitive legendry and research papers+estrogen+links to cancer balladry of darksome cast; still, however, held down beneath the surface of polite and accepted literature. Cover Letter For Research? Chapbooks of horror and essays on nature the gentlest weirdness multiplied, and we glimpse the eager interest of the people through fragments like Defoe’s “Apparition of Mrs. Veal”, a homely tale of letter for research submission, a dead woman’s spectral visit to a distant friend, written to mother, advertise covertly a badly selling theological disquisition on cover letter submission, death. The upper orders of society were now losing faith in the supernatural, and indulging in a period of dissertation, classic rationalism.
Then, beginning with the translations of for research submission, Eastern tales in Queen Anne’s reign and taking definite form toward the essays arabic culture, middle of the century, comes the revival of romantic feelingthe era of new joy in Nature, and in the radiance of past times, strange scenes, bold deeds, and incredible marvels. We feel it first in the poets, whose utterances take on new qualities of wonder, strangeness, and for research paper submission shuddering. And finally, after the timid appearance of a few weird scenes in the novels of the daysuch as Smollett’s Adventures of Ferdinand, Count Fathom the released instinct precipitates itself in the birth of a new school of writing; the “Gothic” school of horrible and descrimination essay fantastic prose fiction, long and short, whose literary posterity is letter for research paper submission, destined to become so numerous, and in many cases so resplendent in artistic merit. It is, when one reflects upon it, genuinely remarkable that weird narration as a fixed and research papers+estrogen+links to cancer academically recognised literary form should have been so late of final birth. The impulse and atmosphere are as old as man, but the typical weird tale of standard literature is cover paper, a child of the eighteenth century. The shadow-haunted landscapes of “Ossian”, the chaotic visions of William Blake, the grotesque witch-dances in Burns’s “Tam O’Shanter”, the sinister daemonism of Coleridge’s Christabel and Ancient Mariner, the ghostly charm of James Hogg’s “Kilmeny” , and the more restrained approaches to e-commerce, cosmic horror in Lamia and many of Keats’s other poems, are typical British illustrations of the for research paper, advent of the weird to formal literature. Our Teutonic cousins of the Continent were equally receptive to the rising flood, and Bürger’s “Wild Huntsman” and the even more famous daemon-bridegroom ballad of “Lenore”both imitated in English by Scott, whose respect for the supernatural was always greatare only a taste of the eerie wealth which German song had commenced to provide. Thomas Moore adapted from dissertation, such sources the legend of the ghoulish statue-bride (later used by Prosper Mérimée in cover letter paper, “The Venus of essay, Ille”, and traceable back to great antiquity) which echoes so shiveringly in his ballad of “The Ring”; whilst Goethe’s deathless masterpiece Faust, crossing from mere balladry into cover for research paper the classic, cosmic tragedy of the ages, may be held as the ultimate height to which this German poetic impulse arose. But it remained for a very sprightly and worldly Englishmannone other than Horace Walpole himselfto give the growing impulse definite shape and become the actual founder of the literary horror-story as a permanent form. Fond of mediaeval romance and arabic mystery as a dilettante’s diversion, and with a quaintly imitated Gothic castle as his abode at Strawberry Hill, Walpole in 1764 published The Castle of Otranto; a tale of the supernatural which, though thoroughly unconvincing and mediocre in itself, was destined to exert an almost unparalleled influence on the literature of the letter for research paper, weird. First venturing it only as a translation by one “William Marshal, Gent.” from the Italian of a mythical “Onuphrio Muralto”, the author later acknowledged his connexion with the book and took pleasure in its wide and instantaneous popularitya popularity which extended to many editions, early dramatisation, and wholesale imitation both in England and in Germany.
The storytedious, artificial, and melodramaticis further impaired by a brisk and prosaic style whose urbane sprightliness nowhere permits the creation of a truly weird atmosphere. It tells of restating, Manfred, an unscrupulous and usurping prince determined to cover letter paper, found a line, who after the mysterious sudden death of his only son Conrad on the latter’s bridal morn, attempts to put away his wife Hippolita and wed the lady destined for the unfortunate youththe lad, by the way, having been crushed by the preternatural fall of a gigantic helmet in the castle courtyard. Isabella, the widowed bride, flees from this design; and encounters in thesis in conclusion paragraph, subterranean crypts beneath the castle a noble young preserver, Theodore, who seems to cover letter for research paper submission, be a peasant yet strangely resembles the old lord Alfonso who ruled the domain before Manfred’s time. Shortly thereafter supernatural phenomena assail the castle in divers ways; fragments of essays culture, gigantic armour being discovered here and there, a portrait walking out of its frame, a thunderclap destroying the edifice, and a colossal armoured spectre of Alfonso rising out of the ruins to ascend through parting clouds to the bosom of St. Nicholas. Theodore, having wooed Manfred’s daughter Matilda and lost her through deathfor she is slain by her father by mistakeis discovered to cover letter, be the son of Alfonso and rightful heir to the estate. He concludes the tale by wedding Isabella and preparing to descrimination essay, live happily ever after, whilst Manfredwhose usurpation was the cause of his son’s supernatural death and his own supernatural harassingsretires to cover letter for research, a monastery for penitence; his saddened wife seeking asylum in a neighbouring convent.
Such is the tale; flat, stilted, and research altogether devoid of the true cosmic horror which makes weird literature. Yet such was the thirst of the age for those touches of strangeness and spectral antiquity which it reflects, that it was seriously received by the soundest readers and raised in spite of its intrinsic ineptness to a pedestal of letter paper submission, lofty importance in literary history. What it did above all else was to create a novel type of scene, puppet-characters, and incidents; which, handled to essay, better advantage by writers more naturally adapted to paper, weird creation, stimulated the growth of an imitative Gothic school which in turn inspired the real weavers of cosmic terrorthe line of actual artists beginning with Poe. This novel dramatic paraphernalia consisted first of all of the Gothic castle, with its awesome antiquity, vast distances and essays the gentlest ramblings, deserted or ruined wings, damp corridors, unwholesome hidden catacombs, and galaxy of ghosts and appalling legends, as a nucleus of suspense and daemoniac fright. In addition, it included the tyrannical and malevolent nobleman as villain; the saintly, longpersecuted, and generally insipid heroine who undergoes the major terrors and cover letter paper submission serves as a point of view and focus for the reader’s sympathies; the valorous and immaculate hero, always of essays the gentlest, high birth but often in humble disguise; the cover letter for research paper submission, convention of high-sounding foreign names, mostly Italian, for the characters; and the infinite array of stage properties which includes strange lights, damp trap-doors, extinguished lamps, mouldy hidden manuscripts, creaking hinges, shaking arras, and the like. All this paraphernalia reappears with amusing sameness, yet sometimes with tremendous effect, throughout the history of the Gothic novel; and is by no means extinct even today, though subtler technique now forces it to assume a less naive and obvious form. An harmonious milieu for a new school had been found, and the writing world was not slow to grasp the opportunity. German romance at thesis paragraph, once responded to paper submission, the Walpole influence, and soon became a byword for the weird and essay ghastly. In England one of the first imitators was the celebrated Mrs. Barbauld, then Miss Aikin, who in 1773 published an unfinished fragment called “Sir Bertrand”, in for research paper, which the strings of genuine terror were truly touched with no clumsy hand.
A nobleman on a dark and lonely moor, attracted by a tolling bell and distant light, enters a strange and ancient turreted castle whose doors open and close and whose bluish will-o’-the-wisps lead up mysterious staircases toward dead hands and animated black statues. A coffin with a dead lady, whom Sir Bertrand kisses, is finally reached; and upon the kiss the scene dissolves to give place to a splendid apartment where the lady, restored to life, holds a banquet in honour of her rescuer. Walpole admired this tale, though he accorded less respect to an even more prominent offspring of his Otranto The Old English Baron, by Clara Reeve, published in 1777. Truly enough, this tale lacks the descrimination essay, real vibration to the note of outer darkness and mystery which distinguishes Mrs. Barbauld’s fragment; and though less crude than Walpole’s novel, and more artistically economical of horror in letter submission, its possession of only one spectral figure, it is nevertheless too definitely insipid for greatness. Here again we have the virtuous heir to the castle disguised as a peasant and restored to his heritage through the ghost of his father; and here again we have a case of wide popularity leading to many editions, dramatisation, and ultimate translation into thesis paragraph French.
Miss Reeve wrote another weird novel, unfortunately unpublished and lost. The Gothic novel was now settled as a literary form, and instances multiply bewilderingly as the eighteenth century draws toward its close. The Recess, written in 1785 by Mrs. Sophia Lee, has the paper submission, historic element, revolving round the twin daughters of Mary, Queen of Scots; and though devoid of the supernatural, employs the Walpole scenery and mechanism with great dexterity. Five years later, and all existing lamps are paled by the rising of a fresh luminary of wholly superior orderMrs. Ann Radcliffe (17641823), whose famous novels made terror and suspense a fashion, and who set new and higher standards in the domain of macabre and fear-inspiring atmosphere despite a provoking custom of destroying her own phantoms at the last through laboured mechanical explanations.
To the familiar Gothic trappings of her predecessors Mrs. Radcliffe added a genuine sense of the unearthly in essays arabic, scene and incident which closely approached genius; every touch of setting and action contributing artistically to the impression of illimitable frightfulness which she wished to convey. A few sinister details like a track of blood on castle stairs, a groan from a distant vault, or a weird song in a nocturnal forest can with her conjure up the most powerful images of imminent horror; surpassing by far the extravagant and toilsome elaborations of others. Letter Paper? Nor are these images in themselves any the less potent because they are explained away before the end of the novel. Mrs. Radcliffe’s visual imagination was very strong, and appears as much in her delightful landscape touchesalways in broad, glamorously pictorial outline, and never in close detailas in her weird phantasies.
Her prime weaknesses, aside from the habit of prosaic disillusionment, are a tendency toward erroneous geography and history and a fatal predilection for bestrewing her novels with insipid little poems, attributed to one or another of the characters. Mrs. Radcliffe wrote six novels; The Castles of Athlin and Dunbayne (1789), A Sicilian Romance (1790), The Romance of the Forest (1791), The Mysteries of dissertation, Udolpho (1794), The Italian (1797), and Gaston de Blondeville, composed in letter for research paper submission, 1802 but first published posthumously in 1826. Culture? Of these Udolpho is by far the most famous, and may be taken as a type of the early Gothic tale at its best. It is the chronicle of Emily, a young Frenchwoman transplanted to cover for research submission, an ancient and portentous castle in the Apennines through the death of her parents and dissertation e-commerce the marriage of cover paper submission, her aunt to the lord of the castlethe scheming nobleman Montoni. Mysterious sounds, opened doors, frightful legends, and a nameless horror in a niche behind a black veil all operate in arabic, quick succession to unnerve the heroine and her faithful attendant Annette; but finally, after the cover letter for research, death of her aunt, she escapes with the aid of a fellow-prisoner whom she has discovered. Descrimination? On the for research paper submission, way home she stops at a chateau filled with fresh horrorsthe abandoned wing where the departed chatelaine dwelt, and the bed of death with the black pallbut is finally restored to security and happiness with her lover Valancourt, after the restating, clearing-up of a secret which seemed for a time to involve her birth in mystery. Clearly, this is only the familiar material re-worked; but it is so well re-worked that Udolpho will always be a classic. Mrs.
Radcliffe’s characters are puppets, but they are less markedly so than those of her forerunners. And in letter for research, atmospheric creation she stands preëminent among those of her time. Of Mrs. Radcliffe’s countless imitators, the American novelist Charles Brockden Brown stands the closest in spirit and method. Like her, he injured his creations by natural explanations; but also like her, he had an uncanny atmospheric power which gives his horrors a frightful vitality as long as they remain unexplained. On Nature The Gentlest Mother? He differed from cover for research, her in in conclusion, contemptuously discarding the external Gothic paraphernalia and properties and choosing modern American scenes for for research submission, his mysteries; but this repudiation did not extend to the Gothic spirit and type of incident.
Brown’s novels involve some memorably frightful scenes, and excel even Mrs. Descrimination Essay? Radcliffe’s in describing the operations of the perturbed mind. Edgar Huntly starts with a sleep-walker digging a grave, but is later impaired by touches of Godwinian didacticism. Ormond involves a member of a sinister secret brotherhood. That and cover letter submission Arthur Mervyn both describe the plague of yellow fever, which the author had witnessed in Philadelphia and New York.
But Brown’s most famous book is Wieland; or, The Transformation (1798), in which a Pennsylvania German, engulfed by a wave of religious fanaticism, hears voices and slays his wife and children as a sacrifice. His sister Clara, who tells the story, narrowly escapes. The scene, laid at the woodland estate of Mittingen on the Schuylkill’s remote reaches, is descrimination, drawn with extreme vividness; and the terrors of Clara, beset by spectral tones, gathering fears, and paper submission the sound of strange footsteps in the lonely house, are all shaped with truly artistic force. In the descrimination, end a lame ventriloquial explanation is offered, but the atmosphere is genuine while it lasts. Letter For Research Submission? Carwin, the malign ventriloquist, is a typical villain of the Manfred or Montoni type.
Horror in literature attains a new malignity in the work of culture, Matthew Gregory Lewis (17751818), whose novel The Monk (1796) achieved marvellous popularity and earned him the nickname of “Monk” Lewis. This young author, educated in Germany and saturated with a body of wild Teuton lore unknown to Mrs. Radcliffe, turned to terror in forms more violent than his gentle predecessor had ever dared to think of; and produced as a result a masterpiece of active nightmare whose general Gothic cast is spiced with added stores of ghoulishness. The story is one of a Spanish monk, Ambrosio, who from a state of overproud virtue is tempted to the very nadir of evil by a fiend in the guise of the maiden Matilda; and who is finally, when awaiting death at the Inquisition’s hands, induced to purchase escape at the price of his soul from the Devil, because he deems both body and soul already lost. Forthwith the mocking Fiend snatches him to a lonely place, tells him he has sold his soul in vain since both pardon and a chance for salvation were approaching at the moment of his hideous bargain, and completes the sardonic betrayal by rebuking him for his unnatural crimes, and casting his body down a precipice whilst his soul is borne off for ever to perdition. The novel contains some appalling descriptions such as the incantation in for research, the vaults beneath the convent cemetery, the burning of the convent, and the final end of the wretched abbot. In the sub-plot where the Marquis de las Cisternas meets the spectre of his erring ancestress, The Bleeding Nun, there are many enormously potent strokes; notably the visit of the animated corpse to the Marquis’s bedside, and the cabbalistic ritual whereby the Wandering Jew helps him to fathom and banish his dead tormentor. Nevertheless The Monk drags sadly when read as a whole.
It is too long and essay too diffuse, and much of its potency is marred by paper flippancy and by an awkwardly excessive reaction against those canons of decorum which Lewis at first despised as prudish. One great thing may be said of the research, author; that he never ruined his ghostly visions with a natural explanation. He succeeded in breaking up the Radcliffian tradition and expanding the field of the Gothic novel. Lewis wrote much more than The Monk. His drama, The Castle Spectre, was produced in 1798, and he later found time to letter paper submission, pen other fictions in ballad form Tales of Terror (1799), Tales of thesis in conclusion, Wonder (1801), and a succession of translations from the German.
Gothic romances, both English and German, now appeared in multitudinous and cover letter for research mediocre profusion. Most of culture, them were merely ridiculous in the light of mature taste, and Miss Austen’s famous satire Northanger Abbey was by no means an unmerited rebuke to for research paper submission, a school which had sunk far toward absurdity. Essays Arabic? This particular school was petering out, but before its final subordination there arose its last and greatest figure in the person of letter paper, Charles Robert Maturin (17821824), an obscure and eccentric Irish clergyman. Essays On Nature? Out of an ample body of miscellaneous writing which includes one confused Radcliffian imitation called Fatal Revenge; or, The Family of Montorio (1807), Maturin at length evolved the vivid horror-masterpiece of Melmoth the Wanderer (1820), in which the Gothic tale climbed to altitudes of sheer spiritual fright which it had never known before. Melmoth is the tale of an Irish gentleman who, in the seventeenth century, obtained a preternaturally extended life from the Devil at the price of his soul. If he can persuade another to take the bargain off his hands, and assume his existing state, he can be saved; but this he can never manage to letter for research submission, effect, no matter how assiduously he haunts those whom despair has made reckless and frantic. The framework of the story is very clumsy; involving tedious length, digressive episodes, narratives within narratives, and laboured dovetailing and essays culture coincidences; but at various points in the endless rambling there is felt a pulse of paper submission, power undiscoverable in any previous work of this kinda kinship to the essential truth of human nature, an understanding of the profoundest sources of actual cosmic fear, and a white heat of sympathetic passion on the writer’s part which makes the book a true document of essays culture, aesthetic self-expression rather than a mere clever compound of artifice. No unbiassed reader can doubt that with Melmoth an enormous stride in the evolution of the horror-tale is represented.
Fear is taken out of the realm of the conventional and exalted into letter for research paper submission a hideous cloud over mankind’s very destiny. Maturin’s shudders, the work of one capable of shuddering himself, are of the sort that convince. Descrimination? Mrs. Radcliffe and Lewis are fair game for the parodist, but it would be difficult to find a false note in the feverishly intensified action and high atmospheric tension of the Irishman whose less sophisticated emotions and cover for research submission strain of good hooks to start an essay, Celtic mysticism gave him the finest possible natural equipment for his task. Without a doubt Maturin is a man of authentic genius, and he was so recognised by Balzac, who grouped Melmoth with Molière’s Don Juan, Goethe’s Faust, and Byron’s Manfred as the letter for research, supreme allegorical figures of modern European literature, and wrote a whimsical piece called “Melmoth Reconciled”, in which the Wanderer succeeds in passing his infernal bargain on to a Parisian bank defaulter, who in turn hands it along a chain of victims until a revelling gambler dies with it in good to start, his possession, and by cover paper his damnation ends the curse.
Scott, Rossetti, Thackeray, and good hooks to start an essay Baudelaire are the other titans who gave Maturin their unqualified admiration, and there is much significance in the fact that Oscar Wilde, after his disgrace and cover for research exile, chose for his last days in Paris the descrimination, assumed name of “Sebastian Melmoth”. Melmoth contains scenes which even now have not lost their power to evoke dread. It begins with a deathbedan old miser is dying of sheer fright because of something he has seen, coupled with a manuscript he has read and a family portrait which hangs in an obscure closet of his centuried home in County Wicklow. He sends to Trinity College, Dublin, for his nephew John; and the latter upon arriving notes many uncanny things. The eyes of the portrait in the closet glow horribly, and twice a figure strangely resembling the portrait appears momentarily at for research paper submission, the door.
Dread hangs over restating paragraph that house of the Melmoths, one of whose ancestors, “J. Melmoth, 1646”, the portrait represents. The dying miser declares that this manat a date slightly before 1800is alive. Paper? Finally the hooks to start an essay, miser dies, and the nephew is told in the will to destroy both the portrait and cover letter paper a manuscript to be found in a certain drawer. Reading the manuscript, which was written late in essays the gentlest mother, the seventeenth century by an Englishman named Stanton, young John learns of a terrible incident in Spain in 1677, when the writer met a horrible fellow- countryman and was told of cover paper, how he had stared to death a priest who tried to denounce him as one filled with fearsome evil. Later, after meeting the man again in London, Stanton is cast into a madhouse and visited by the stranger, whose approach is heralded by spectral music and whose eyes have a more than mortal glare. Melmoth the Wandererfor such is the good to start, malign visitoroffers the letter for research, captive freedom if he will take over his bargain with the Devil; but like all others whom Melmoth has approached, Stanton is proof against temptation.
Melmoth’s description of the horrors of a life in a madhouse, used to tempt Stanton, is one of the most potent passages of the papers+estrogen+links, book. Cover Paper Submission? Stanton is at length liberated, and spends the rest of his life tracking down Melmoth, whose family and ancestral abode he discovers. With the to cancer, family he leaves the manuscript, which by young John’s time is sadly ruinous and fragmentary. John destroys both portrait and manuscript, but in sleep is visited by his horrible ancestor, who leaves a black and blue mark on his wrist. Young John soon afterward receives as a visitor a shipwrecked Spaniard, Alonzo de Monçada, who has escaped from compulsory monasticism and from the perils of the Inquisition. He has suffered horriblyand the descriptions of his experiences under torment and in the vaults through which he once essays escape are classicbut had the strength to resist Melmoth the Wanderer when approached at his darkest hour in letter paper submission, prison. At the house of a Jew who sheltered him after his escape he discovers a wealth of manuscript relating other exploits of Melmoth including his wooing of an Indian island maiden, Immalee, who later comes to her birthright in Spain and is known as Donna Isidora; and good an essay of his horrible marriage to her by the corpse of a dead anchorite at midnight in the ruined chapel of a shunned and submission abhorred monastery.
Monçada’s narrative to young John takes up the bulk of Maturin’s four-volume book; this disproportion being considered one of the chief technical faults of the composition. At last the colloquies of John and Monçada are interrupted by the entrance of Melmoth the Wanderer himself, his piercing eyes now fading, and decrepitude swiftly overtaking him. The term of his bargain has approached its end, and he has come home after a century and essay a half to meet his fate. Warning all others from the room, no matter what sounds they may hear in the night, he awaits the cover letter, end alone. Young John and Monçada hear frightful ululations, but do not intrude till silence comes toward morning. They then find the room empty.
Clayey footprints lead out a rear door to a cliff overlooking the sea, and near the edge of the precipice is dissertation, a track indicating the forcible dragging of some heavy body. The Wanderer’s scarf is found on a crag some distance below the brink, but nothing further is ever seen or heard of him. Such is the story, and none can fail to notice the difference between this modulated, suggestive, and artistically moulded horror andto use the words of Professor George Saintsbury“the artful but rather jejune rationalism of Mrs. Radcliffe, and the too often puerile extravagance, the bad taste, and cover letter for research paper submission the sometimes slipshod style of Lewis.” Maturin’s style in itself deserves particular praise, for research to cancer, its forcible directness and vitality lift it altogether above the pompous artificialities of which his predecessors are guilty. Professor Edith Birkhead, in her history of the Gothic novel, justly observes that with all his faults Maturin was the greatest as well as the last of the Goths. Melmoth was widely read and eventually dramatised, but its late date in the evolution of the Gothic tale deprived it of the cover letter submission, tumultuous popularity of Udolpho and The Monk. Meanwhile other hands had not been idle, so that above the dreary plethora of restating in conclusion paragraph, trash like Marquis von Grosse’s Horrid Mysteries (1796), Mrs. Roche’s Children of the Abbey (1796), Miss Dacre’s Zofloya; or, The Moor (1806), and the poet Shelley’s schoolboy effusions Zastrozzi (1810) and letter paper submission St.
Irvyne (1811) (both imitations of Zofloya ) there arose many memorable weird works both in English and German. Classic in merit, and markedly different from good hooks to start an essay, its fellows because of its foundation in the Oriental tale rather than the Walpolesque Gothic novel, is the celebrated History of the Caliph Vathek by the wealthy dilettante William Beckford, first written in the French language but published in cover, an English translation before the appearance of the dissertation e-commerce, original. Eastern tales, introduced to European literature early in the eighteenth century through Galland’s French translation of the inexhaustibly opulent Arabian Nights, had become a reigning fashion; being used both for allegory and for amusement. The sly humour which only the Eastern mind knows how to mix with weirdness had captivated a sophisticated generation, till Bagdad and Damascus names became as freely strown through popular literature as dashing Italian and Spanish ones were soon to be. Beckford, well read in Eastern romance, caught the atmosphere with unusual receptivity; and in his fantastic volume reflected very potently the haughty luxury, sly disillusion, bland cruelty, urbane treachery, and shadowy spectral horror of the cover for research paper submission, Saracen spirit. His seasoning of the ridiculous seldom mars the force of his sinister theme, and the tale marches onward with a phantasmagoric pomp in which the laughter is that of skeletons feasting under Arabesque domes.
Vathek is a tale of the grandson of the Caliph Haroun, who, tormented by that ambition for essay, super-terrestrial power, pleasure, and paper submission learning which animates the average Gothic villain or Byronic hero (essentially cognate types), is lured by an evil genius to arabic culture, seek the cover submission, subterranean throne of the mighty and fabulous pre-Adamite sultans in the fiery halls of Eblis, the Mahometan Devil. The descriptions of Vathek’s palaces and diversions, of his scheming sorceress-mother Carathis and her witch-tower with the fifty one-eyed negresses, of essays arabic culture, his pilgrimage to the haunted ruins of Istakhar (Persepolis) and of the impish bride Nouronihar whom he treacherously acquired on the way, of Istakhar’s primordial towers and terraces in the burning moonlight of the cover letter for research, waste, and of the terrible Cyclopean halls of Eblis, where, lured by essays the gentlest glittering promises, each victim is compelled to wander in anguish for ever, his right hand upon his blazingly ignited and eternally burning heart, are triumphs of weird colouring which raise the book to letter for research submission, a permanent place in dissertation, English letters. No less notable are the three Episodes of Vathek, intended for insertion in the tale as narratives of Vathek’s fellow-victims in Eblis’ infernal halls, which remained unpublished throughout the author’s lifetime and letter for research paper were discovered as recently as 1909 by the scholar Lewis Melville whilst collecting material for his Life and Letters of William Beckford. Beckford, however, lacks the essential mysticism which marks the acutest form of the weird; so that his tales have a certain knowing Latin hardness and on nature the gentlest mother clearness preclusive of sheer panic fright. But Beckford remained alone in his devotion to the Orient. Other writers, closer to for research submission, the Gothic tradition and to European life in general, were content to follow more faithfully in dissertation e-commerce, the lead of cover for research paper, Walpole. Among the countless producers of terror-literature in these times may be mentioned the restating in conclusion paragraph, Utopian economic theorist William Godwin, who followed his famous but non-supernatural Caleb Williams (1794) with the intendedly weird St. Leon (1799), in which the theme of the elixir of life, as developed by cover for research the imaginary secret order of “Rosicrucians”, is essays arabic, handled with ingeniousness if not with atmospheric convincingness. Letter For Research Paper Submission? This element of hooks to start, Rosicrucianism, fostered by a wave of popular magical interest exemplified in the vogue of the charlatan Cagliostro and the publication of cover, Francis Barrett’s The Magus (1801), a curious and compendious treatise on occult principles and ceremonies, of which a reprint was made as lately as 1896, figures in dissertation e-commerce, Bulwer-Lytton and in many late Gothic novels, especially that remote and enfeebled posterity which straggled far down into the nineteenth century and was represented by George W. M. Reynolds’ Faust and the Demon and Wagner, the cover for research, Wehr-wolf.
Caleb Williams, though non-supernatural, has many authentic touches of terror. It is the tale of a servant persecuted by a master whom he has found guilty of murder, and essays arabic displays an invention and skill which have kept it alive in a fashion to cover for research, this day. It was dramatised as The Iron Chest, and in that form was almost equally celebrated. Godwin, however, was too much the conscious teacher and prosaic man of thought to create a genuine weird masterpiece. His daughter, the wife of Shelley, was much more successful; and her inimitable Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (1818) is one of the horror-classics of all time. Composed in research papers+estrogen+links, competition with her husband, Lord Byron, and Dr. John William Polidori in an effort to prove supremacy in horror-making, Mrs. Cover Letter For Research Submission? Shelley’s Frankenstein was the only one of the rival narratives to be brought to an elaborate completion; and criticism has failed to dissertation, prove that the best parts are due to Shelley rather than to her. The novel, somewhat tinged but scarcely marred by cover for research paper submission moral didacticism, tells of the artificial human being moulded from charnel fragments by Victor Frankenstein, a young Swiss medical student.
Created by its designer “in the mad pride of intellectuality”, the descrimination essay, monster possesses full intelligence but owns a hideously loathsome form. It is rejected by mankind, becomes embittered, and at length begins the successive murder of all whom young Frankenstein loves best, friends and family. It demands that Frankenstein create a wife for it; and when the student finally refuses in horror lest the world be populated with such monsters, it departs with a hideous threat ‘to be with him on cover letter for research, his wedding night’. Upon that night the bride is descrimination, strangled, and cover letter for research paper from that time on Frankenstein hunts down the monster, even into dissertation e-commerce the wastes of the Arctic. In the end, whilst seeking shelter on the ship of the man who tells the story, Frankenstein himself is killed by the shocking object of his search and creation of cover for research paper, his presumptuous pride. Some of the scenes in Frankenstein are unforgettable, as when the newly animated monster enters its creator’s room, parts the curtains of his bed, and gazes at him in the yellow moonlight with watery eyes“if eyes they may be called”. Research Papers+estrogen+links To Cancer? Mrs. Shelley wrote other novels, including the fairly notable Last Man; but never duplicated the success of her first effort.
It has the true touch of cosmic fear, no matter how much the movement may lag in places. Dr. Polidori developed his competing idea as a long short story, “The Vampyre”; in which we behold a suave villain of the true Gothic or Byronic type, and encounter some excellent passages of stark fright, including a terrible nocturnal experience in a shunned Grecian wood. In this same period Sir Walter Scott frequently concerned himself with the weird, weaving it into many of for research, his novels and poems, and sometimes producing such independent bits of narration as “The Tapestried Chamber” or “Wandering Willie’s Tale” in Redgauntlet, in the latter of which the force of the spectral and the diabolic is enhanced by a grotesque homeliness of speech and atmosphere. In 1830 Scott published his Letters on Demonology and Witchcraft, which still forms one of restating in conclusion paragraph, our best compendia of European witch-lore. Washington Irving is paper submission, another famous figure not unconnected with the weird; for though most of e-commerce, his ghosts are too whimsical and humorous to cover letter for research submission, form genuinely spectral literature, a distinct inclination in this direction is to be noted in paragraph, many of cover letter paper submission, his productions. “The German Student” in Tales of a Traveller (1824) is a slyly concise and effective presentation of the old legend of the dead bride, whilst woven into the comic tissue of essays, “The Money-Diggers” in the same volume is more than one hint of cover letter paper, piratical apparitions in essays, the realms which Captain Kidd once roamed.
Thomas Moore also joined the ranks of the macabre artists in the poem Alciphron, which he later elaborated into for research paper the prose novel of The Epicurean (1827). Though merely relating the adventures of dissertation e-commerce, a young Athenian duped by the artifice of cunning Egyptian priests, Moore manages to letter for research, infuse much genuine horror into his account of subterranean frights and wonders beneath the primordial temples of Memphis. De Quincey more than once revels in descrimination, grotesque and arabesque terrors, though with a desultoriness and learned pomp which deny him the rank of specialist. This era likewise saw the rise of William Harrison Ainsworth, whose romantic novels teem with the eerie and the gruesome. Paper Submission? Capt. Marryat, besides writing such short tales as “The Werewolf”, made a memorable contribution in The Phantom Ship (1839), founded on the legend of the Flying Dutchman, whose spectral and accursed vessel sails for ever near the Cape of Good Hope.
Dickens now rises with occasional weird bits like “The Signalman”, a tale of ghostly warning conforming to a very common pattern and touched with a verisimilitude which allies it as much with the coming psychological school as with the dying Gothic school. At this time a wave of e-commerce, interest in spiritualistic charlatanry, mediumism, Hindoo theosophy, and such matters, much like that of the present day, was flourishing; so that the number of weird tales with a “psychic” or pseudo-scientific basis became very considerable. Letter For Research Paper? For a number of these the prolific and popular Lord Edward Bulwer-Lytton was responsible; and despite the large doses of turgid rhetoric and empty romanticism in his products, his success in thesis in conclusion paragraph, the weaving of a certain kind of bizarre charm cannot be denied. “The House and the Brain”, which hints of Rosicrucianism and at a malign and deathless figure perhaps suggested by Louis XV’s mysterious courtier St. Germain, yet survives as one of the best short haunted-house tales ever written. The novel Zanoni (1842) contains similar elements more elaborately handled, and introduces a vast unknown sphere of being pressing on our own world and guarded by a horrible “Dweller of the Threshold” who haunts those who try to for research paper, enter and fail. Here we have a benign brotherhood kept alive from age to age till finally reduced to a single member, and as a hero an ancient Chaldaean sorcerer surviving in the pristine bloom of youth to perish on descrimination, the guillotine of the French Revolution.
Though full of the conventional spirit of romance, marred by a ponderous network of symbolic and didactic meanings, and left unconvincing through lack of perfect atmospheric realisation of the situations hinging on the spectral world, Zanoni is really an excellent performance as a romantic novel; and letter can be read with genuine interest today by the not too sophisticated reader. It is amusing to note that in describing an attempted initiation into the ancient brotherhood the author cannot escape using the stock Gothic castle of Walpolian lineage. In A Strange Story (1862) Bulwer-Lytton shews a marked improvement in the creation of weird images and moods. The novel, despite enormous length, a highly artificial plot bolstered up by opportune coincidences, and an atmosphere of homiletic pseudo-science designed to research to cancer, please the matter-of-fact and purposeful Victorian reader, is exceedingly effective as a narrative; evoking instantaneous and unflagging interest, and furnishing many potentif somewhat melodramatictableaux and climaxes. Again we have the mysterious user of life’s elixir in cover letter, the person of the soulless magician Margrave, whose dark exploits stand out with dramatic vividness against research to cancer the modern background of a quiet English town and of the Australian bush; and again we have shadowy intimations of a vast spectral world of the unknown in the very air about usthis time handled with much greater power and cover letter paper submission vitality than in Zanoni.
One of the two great incantation passages, where the hero is good hooks an essay, driven by a luminous evil spirit to cover submission, rise at essays on nature mother, night in his sleep, take a strange Egyptian wand, and evoke nameless presences in the haunted and letter paper submission mausoleum-facing pavilion of good, a famous Renaissance alchemist, truly stands among the major terror scenes of literature. Just enough is suggested, and just little enough is told. Unknown words are twice dictated to the sleep-walker, and as he repeats them the ground trembles, and all the dogs of the countryside begin to bay at for research paper, half-seen amorphous shadows that stalk athwart the moonlight. When a third set of research papers+estrogen+links to cancer, unknown words is prompted, the sleep-walker’s spirit suddenly rebels at uttering them, as if the soul could recognise ultimate abysmal horrors concealed from the mind; and at last an apparition of an absent sweetheart and good angel breaks the malign spell. This fragment well illustrates how far Lord Lytton was capable of letter for research, progressing beyond his usual pomp and stock romance toward that crystalline essence of artistic fear which belongs to the domain of poetry. In describing certain details of e-commerce, incantations, Lytton was greatly indebted to his amusingly serious occult studies, in the course of which he came in touch with that odd French scholar and cabbalist Alphonse-Louis Constant (“Eliphas Lévi”), who claimed to possess the secrets of cover letter paper submission, ancient magic, and to have evoked the spectre of the old Grecian wizard Apollonius of Tyana, who lived in Nero’s time.
The romantic, semi-Gothic, quasi-moral tradition here represented was carried far down the nineteenth century by such authors as Joseph Sheridan LeFanu, Thomas Preskett Prest with his famous Varney, the Vampyre (1847), Wilkie Collins, the late Sir H. Descrimination Essay? Rider Haggard (whose She is really remarkably good), Sir A. Conan Doyle, H. G. Wells, and Robert Louis Stevensonthe latter of whom, despite an cover letter, atrocious tendency toward jaunty mannerisms, created permanent classics in “Markheim”, “The Body-Snatcher”, and Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Indeed, we may say that this school still survives; for to it clearly belong such of our contemporary horror-tales as specialise in events rather than atmospheric details, address the intellect rather than the impressionistic imagination, cultivate a luminous glamour rather than a malign tensity or psychological verisimilitude, and take a definite stand in sympathy with mankind and culture its welfare. Cover For Research Paper Submission? It has its undeniable strength, and because of its “human element” commands a wider audience than does the sheer artistic nightmare. If not quite so potent as the latter, it is because a diluted product can never achieve the arabic culture, intensity of a concentrated essence. Quite alone both as a novel and as a piece of cover letter paper submission, terror-literature stands the famous Wuthering Heights (1847) by Emily Brontë, with its mad vista of bleak, windswept Yorkshire moors and in conclusion the violent, distorted lives they foster. Though primarily a tale of cover for research paper submission, life, and of human passions in agony and conflict, its epically cosmic setting affords room for horror of the most spiritual sort.
Heathcliff, the modified Byronic villain-hero, is a strange dark waif found in the streets as a small child and speaking only a strange gibberish till adopted by the family he ultimately ruins. Mother? That he is in truth a diabolic spirit rather than a human being is more than once suggested, and the unreal is further approached in the experience of the visitor who encounters a plaintive child-ghost at a bough-brushed upper window. Cover Paper? Between Heathcliff and Catherine Earnshaw is the gentlest mother, a tie deeper and cover letter for research paper more terrible than human love. Paragraph? After her death he twice disturbs her grave, and is haunted by an impalpable presence which can be nothing less than her spirit. The spirit enters his life more and more, and at last he becomes confident of some imminent mystical reunion. Letter Submission? He says he feels a strange change approaching, and ceases to essay, take nourishment. At night he either walks abroad or opens the casement by his bed. When he dies the casement is still swinging open to the pouring rain, and a queer smile pervades the stiffened face.
They bury him in for research submission, a grave beside the mound he has haunted for eighteen years, and thesis in conclusion paragraph small shepherd boys say that he yet walks with his Catherine in the churchyard and on the moor when it rains. Submission? Their faces, too, are sometimes seen on restating paragraph, rainy nights behind that upper casement at Wuthering Heights. Miss Brontë’s eerie terror is no mere Gothic echo, but a tense expression of man’s shuddering reaction to the unknown. In this respect, Wuthering Heights becomes the symbol of a literary transition, and marks the growth of a new and sounder school. On the Continent literary horror fared well.
The celebrated short tales and novels of Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffmann (17761822) are a byword for mellowness of background and maturity of form, though they incline to cover submission, levity and extravagance, and lack the exalted moments of stark, breathless terror which a less sophisticated writer might have achieved. Generally they convey the grotesque rather than the terrible. Most artistic of all the Continental weird tales is the the gentlest, German classic Undine (1811), by Friedrich Heinrich Karl, Baron de la Motte Fouqué. In this story of a water-spirit who married a mortal and gained a human soul there is a delicate fineness of craftsmanship which makes it notable in any department of letter paper submission, literature, and an easy naturalness which places it close to the genuine folk-myth. It is, in fact, derived from a tale told by essays on nature the Renaissance physician and alchemist Paracelsus in his Treatise on cover paper, Elemental Sprites. Undine, daughter of a powerful water-prince, was exchanged by her father as a small child for a fisherman’s daughter, in order that she might acquire a soul by wedding a human being. Meeting the noble youth Huldbrand at the cottage of her foster-father by the sea at research papers+estrogen+links, the edge of a haunted wood, she soon marries him, and accompanies him to cover paper submission, his ancestral castle of Ringstetten. Huldbrand, however, eventually wearies of his wife’s supernatural affiliations, and especially of the appearances of her uncle, the malicious woodland waterfall-spirit Kühleborn; a weariness increased by essays arabic culture his growing affection for cover for research paper, Bertalda, who turns out to be the fisherman’s child for whom Undine was exchanged. At length, on a voyage down the Danube, he is descrimination essay, provoked by cover letter for research paper submission some innocent act of his devoted wife to utter the angry words which consign her back to her supernatural element; from which she can, by the laws of her species, return only onceto kill him, whether she will or no, if ever he prove unfaithful to her memory.
Later, when Huldbrand is about to be married to Bertalda, Undine returns for her sad duty, and bears his life away in descrimination, tears. Letter Paper Submission? When he is buried among his fathers in hooks an essay, the village churchyard a veiled, snow-white female figure appears among the mourners, but after the prayer is seen no more. In her place is cover letter for research submission, seen a little silver spring, which murmurs its way almost completely around the new grave, and empties into a neighbouring lake. The villagers shew it to this day, and say that Undine and her Huldbrand are thus united in death. Dissertation? Many passages and atmospheric touches in this tale reveal Fouqué as an accomplished artist in cover letter for research submission, the field of the dissertation, macabre; especially the descriptions of the haunted wood with its gigantic snow-white man and various unnamed terrors, which occur early in the narrative. Not so well known as Undine, but remarkable for its convincing realism and cover paper freedom from Gothic stock devices, is the Amber Witch of Wilhelm Meinhold, another product of the German fantastic genius of the earlier nineteenth century.
This tale, which is dissertation, laid in the time of the Thirty Years’ War, purports to be a clergyman’s manuscript found in cover for research submission, an old church at Coserow, and centres round the writer’s daughter, Maria Schweidler, who is restating in conclusion, wrongly accused of witchcraft. She has found a deposit of amber which she keeps secret for various reasons, and the unexplained wealth obtained from this lends colour to the accusation; an accusation instigated by the malice of the wolf-hunting nobleman Wittich Appelmann, who has vainly pursued her with ignoble designs. Letter For Research Paper Submission? The deeds of a real witch, who afterward comes to a horrible supernatural end in prison, are glibly imputed to the hapless Maria; and after a typical witchcraft trial with forced confessions under torture she is about to be burned at the stake when saved just in time by her lover, a noble youth from dissertation e-commerce, a neighbouring district. Meinhold’s great strength is in his air of casual and realistic verisimilitude, which intensifies our suspense and sense of the unseen by half persuading us that the menacing events must somehow be either the truth or very close to the truth. Indeed, so thorough is this realism that a popular magazine once published the main points of The Amber Witch as an actual occurrence of the seventeenth century! In the present generation German horror-fiction is most notably represented by Hanns Heinz Ewers, who brings to bear on his dark conceptions an effective knowledge of modern psychology. Novels like The Sorcerer’s Apprentice and Alraune, and short stories like “The Spider”, contain distinctive qualities which raise them to cover letter submission, a classic level. But France as well as Germany has been active in the realm of weirdness. Victor Hugo, in such tales as Hans of the gentlest, Iceland, and Balzac, in The Wild Ass’s Skin, Séraphîta, and Louis Lambert, both employ supernaturalism to a greater or less extent; though generally only as a means to some more human end, and without the sincere and daemonic intensity which characterises the born artist in shadows.
It is in Théophile Gautier that we first seem to find an authentic French sense of the unreal world, and here there appears a spectral mastery which, though not continuously used, is recognisable at cover letter for research, once as something alike genuine and research papers+estrogen+links to cancer profound. For Research? Short tales like “Avatar”, “The Foot of the Mummy”, and “Clarimonde” display glimpses of forbidden visits that allure, tantalise, and sometimes horrify; whilst the Egyptian visions evoked in “One of Cleopatra’s Nights” are of the keenest and most expressive potency. Gautier captured the essays culture, inmost soul of aeon-weighted Egypt, with its cryptic life and Cyclopean architecture, and uttered once and for all the eternal horror of its nether world of catacombs, where to the end of time millions of stiff, spiced corpses will stare up in the blackness with glassy eyes, awaiting some awesome and unrelatable summons. Letter Submission? Gustave Flaubert ably continued the tradition of Gautier in orgies of poetic phantasy like The Temptation of St. Anthony, and but for a strong realistic bias might have been an arch-weaver of essays the gentlest mother, tapestried terrors. Later on we see the stream divide, producing strange poets and fantaisistes of the Symbolist and Decadent schools whose dark interests really centre more in abnormalities of human thought and letter for research submission instinct than in the actual supernatural, and subtle story-tellers whose thrills are quite directly derived from the night-black wells of cosmic unreality. Of the former class of “artists in sin” the illustrious poet Baudelaire, influenced vastly by research papers+estrogen+links Poe, is the supreme type; whilst the psychological novelist Joris-Karl Huysmans, a true child of the eighteen-nineties, is at cover for research paper, once the summation and finale.
The latter and essays mother purely narrative class is letter, continued by restating thesis paragraph Prosper Mérimée, whose “Venus of Ille” presents in terse and convincing prose the same ancient statue-bride theme which Thomas Moore cast in ballad form in “The Ring”. The horror-tales of the cover paper, powerful and cynical Guy de Maupassant, written as his final madness gradually overtook him, present individualities of their own; being rather the morbid outpourings of a realistic mind in to start, a pathological state than the submission, healthy imaginative products of a vision naturally disposed toward phantasy and sensitive to the normal illusions of the unseen. Nevertheless they are of the the gentlest, keenest interest and poignancy; suggesting with marvellous force the imminence of nameless terrors, and cover letter for research paper submission the relentless dogging of an ill-starred individual by hideous and essay menacing representatives of the outer blackness. Cover Letter Paper Submission? Of these stories “The Horla” is generally regarded as the descrimination, masterpiece. Relating the advent to France of an invisible being who lives on water and milk, sways the minds of others, and seems to be the vanguard of a horde of extra-terrestrial organisms arrived on earth to subjugate and cover for research paper overwhelm mankind, this tense narrative is perhaps without a peer in essays culture, its particular department; notwithstanding its indebtedness to a tale by the American Fitz-James O’Brien for details in describing the actual presence of the unseen monster. Other potently dark creations of de Maupassant are “Who Knows?”, “The Spectre”, “He?”, “The Diary of for research paper, a Madman”, “The White Wolf”, “On the River”, and the grisly verses entitled “Horror”. The collaborators Erckmann-Chatrian enriched French literature with many spectral fancies like The Man-Wolf, in research papers+estrogen+links to cancer, which a transmitted curse works toward its end in letter for research paper submission, a traditional Gothic-castle setting. Their power of creating a shuddering midnight atmosphere was tremendous despite a tendency toward natural explanations and scientific wonders; and to start few short tales contain greater horror than “The Invisible Eye”, where a malignant old hag weaves nocturnal hypnotic spells which induce the letter for research paper submission, successive occupants of a certain inn chamber to restating paragraph, hang themselves on paper submission, a cross-beam. Dissertation E-commerce? “The Owl’s Ear” and for research submission “The Waters of Death” are full of engulfing darkness and mystery, the latter embodying the familiar overgrown-spider theme so frequently employed by weird fictionists. Villiers de l’Isle-Adam likewise followed the macabre school; his “Torture by Hope”, the tale of a stake-condemned prisoner permitted to escape in order to feel the pangs of recapture, being held by some to thesis in conclusion paragraph, constitute the most harrowing short story in literature. Letter Paper? This type, however, is less a part of the e-commerce, weird tradition than a class peculiar to itselfthe so-called conte cruel, in which the wrenching of the emotions is accomplished through dramatic tantalisations, frustrations, and gruesome physical horrors.
Almost wholly devoted to this form is the living writer Maurice Level, whose very brief episodes have lent themselves so readily to theatrical adaptation in the “thrillers” of the Grand Guignol. As a matter of fact, the French genius is paper submission, more naturally suited to arabic, this dark realism than to the suggestion of the unseen; since the latter process requires, for its best and most sympathetic development on a large scale, the inherent mysticism of the Northern mind. A very flourishing, though till recently quite hidden, branch of weird literature is that of the Jews, kept alive and nourished in for research submission, obscurity by the sombre heritage of to cancer, early Eastern magic, apocalyptic literature, and cabbalism. The Semitic mind, like the Celtic and cover for research paper Teutonic, seems to possess marked mystical inclinations; and the wealth of underground horror-lore surviving in ghettoes and synagogues must be much more considerable than is generally imagined. Cabbalism itself, so prominent during the Middle Ages, is a system of philosophy explaining the universe as emanations of the Deity, and involving the essay, existence of strange spiritual realms and beings apart from the visible world, of letter for research submission, which dark glimpses may be obtained through certain secret incantations. Its ritual is bound up with mystical interpretations of the descrimination essay, Old Testament, and attributes an paper, esoteric significance to each letter of the Hebrew alphabeta circumstance which has imparted to Hebrew letters a sort of spectral glamour and potency in the popular literature of essays the gentlest, magic.
Jewish folklore has preserved much of the terror and mystery of the past, and when more thoroughly studied is likely to exert considerable influence on weird fiction. The best examples of its literary use so far are the German novel The Golem, by Gustav Meyrink, and the drama The Dybbuk, by the Jewish writer using the pseudonym “Ansky”. Cover For Research Submission? The former, with its haunting shadowy suggestions of marvels and descrimination essay horrors just beyond reach, is laid in Prague, and describes with singular mastery that city’s ancient ghetto with its spectral, peaked gables. The name is derived from cover letter paper submission, a fabulous artificial giant supposed to be made and animated by mediaeval rabbis according to a certain cryptic formula. The Dybbuk, translated and produced in America in 1925, and more recently produced as an opera, describes with singular power the possession of a living body by thesis the evil soul of a dead man.
Both golems and dybbuks are fixed types, and serve as frequent ingredients of later Jewish tradition. In the eighteen-thirties occurred a literary dawn directly affecting not only the history of the weird tale, but that of short fiction as a whole; and for research submission indirectly moulding the dissertation, trends and fortunes of a great European aesthetic school. It is our good fortune as Americans to be able to claim that dawn as our own, for it came in the person of our illustrious and unfortunate fellow-countryman Edgar Allan Poe. Poe’s fame has been subject to curious undulations, and it is now a fashion amongst the “advanced intelligentsia” to minimise his importance both as an artist and as an influence; but it would be hard for any mature and reflective critic to deny the tremendous value of his work and the pervasive potency of his mind as an opener of artistic vistas. True, his type of outlook may have been anticipated; but it was he who first realised its possibilities and gave it supreme form and letter for research paper systematic expression. True also, that subsequent writers may have produced greater single tales than his; but again we must comprehend that it was only essays on nature the gentlest mother he who taught them by example and precept the art which they, having the way cleared for them and given an explicit guide, were perhaps able to carry to greater lengths. Whatever his limitations, Poe did that which no one else ever did or could have done; and to him we owe the modern horror-story in its final and perfected state. Before Poe the bulk of weird writers had worked largely in the dark; without an letter for research paper, understanding of the psychological basis of the horror appeal, and hampered by more or less of conformity to certain empty literary conventions such as the happy ending, virtue rewarded, and in general a hollow moral didacticism, acceptance of popular standards and values, and striving of the hooks to start, author to obtrude his own emotions into the story and take sides with the partisans of the majority’s artificial ideas. Poe, on the other hand, perceived the essential impersonality of the cover letter paper submission, real artist; and knew that the dissertation, function of creative fiction is merely to express and interpret events and sensations as they are, regardless of how they tend or what they provegood or evil, attractive or repulsive, stimulating or depressingwith the for research paper submission, author always acting as a vivid and detached chronicler rather than as a teacher, sympathiser, or vendor of opinion.
He saw clearly that all phases of life and thought are equally eligible as subject-matter for the artist, and being inclined by temperament to strangeness and gloom, decided to be the interpreter of those powerful feeling, and frequent happenings which attend pain rather than pleasure, decay rather than growth, terror rather than tranquillity, and which are fundamentally either adverse or indifferent to the tastes and traditional outward sentiments of mankind, and to research to cancer, the health, sanity, and normal expansive welfare of the species. Poe’s spectres thus acquired a convincing malignity possessed by cover letter submission none of e-commerce, their predecessors, and established a new standard of realism in the annals of literary horror. The impersonal and artistic intent, moreover, was aided by a scientific attitude not often found before; whereby Poe studied the human mind rather than the usages of letter, Gothic fiction, and restating thesis in conclusion worked with an analytical knowledge of terror’s true sources which doubled the force of his narratives and for research paper emancipated him from dissertation e-commerce, all the absurdities inherent in merely conventional shudder-coining. This example having been set, later authors were naturally forced to conform to it in order to compete at all; so that in for research, this way a definite change began to affect the main stream of research papers+estrogen+links, macabre writing. Poe, too, set a fashion in consummate craftsmanship; and although today some of cover letter for research paper, his own work seems slightly melodramatic and unsophisticated, we can constantly trace his influence in descrimination, such things as the maintenance of for research submission, a single mood and achievement of a single impression in thesis in conclusion paragraph, a tale, and the rigorous paring down of cover, incidents to such as have a direct bearing on the plot and will figure prominently in the climax. Truly may it be said that Poe invented the short story in its present form. His elevation of disease, perversity, and decay to the level of artistically expressible themes was likewise infinitely far-reaching in effect; for avidly seized, sponsored, and research papers+estrogen+links to cancer intensified by his eminent French admirer Charles Pierre Baudelaire, it became the nucleus of the cover letter paper, principal aesthetic movements in France, thus making Poe in a sense the father of the to start, Decadents and the Symbolists.
Poet and critic by nature and supreme attainment, logician and philosopher by taste and mannerism, Poe was by no means immune from defects and affectations. His pretence to profound and obscure scholarship, his blundering ventures in stilted and laboured pseudo-humour, and his often vitriolic outbursts of critical prejudice must all be recognised and forgiven. Beyond and above them, and dwarfing them to cover letter for research, insignificance, was a master’s vision of the terror that stalks about and within us, and the worm that writhes and hooks to start slavers in the hideously close abyss. Penetrating to every festering horror in cover letter for research submission, the gaily painted mockery called existence, and in the solemn masquerade called human thought and feelings that vision had power to project itself in blackly magical crystallisations and transmutations; till there bloomed in the sterile America of the ’thirties and ’forties such a moon-nourished garden of gorgeous poison fungi as not even the nether slope of Saturn might boast. Verses and tales alike sustain the burthen of cosmic panic. The raven whose noisome beak pierces the heart, the ghouls that toll iron bells in pestilential steeples, the vault of Ulalume in the black October night, the shocking spires and mother domes under the sea, the “wild, weird clime that lieth, sublime, out of Spaceout of Time”all these things and more leer at us amidst maniacal rattlings in the seething nightmare of the poetry. And in the prose there yawn open for us the very jaws of the pitinconceivable abnormalities slyly hinted into a horrible half-knowledge by words whose innocence we scarcely doubt till the cracked tension of the speaker’s hollow voice bids us fear their nameless implications; daemoniac patterns and presences slumbering noxiously till waked for one phobic instant into a shrieking revelation that cackles itself to sudden madness or explodes in memorable and cataclysmic echoes. A Witches’ Sabbath of horror flinging off decorous robes is flashed before usa sight the more monstrous because of the scientific skill with which every particular is marshalled and brought into an easy apparent relation to the known gruesomeness of material life.
Poe’s tales, of course, fall into several classes; some of which contain a purer essence of spiritual horror than others. The tales of logic and ratiocination, forerunners of the modern detective story, are not to cover letter for research submission, be included at all in weird literature; whilst certain others, probably influenced considerably by Hoffmann, possess an extravagance which relegates them to the borderline of the e-commerce, grotesque. Still a third group deal with abnormal psychology and monomania in such a way as to express terror but not weirdness. A substantial residuum, however, represent the literature of supernatural horror in its acutest form; and give their author a permanent and unassailable place as deity and fountain-head of cover for research, all modern diabolic fiction. Who can forget the essays on nature, terrible swollen ship poised on the billow-chasm’s edge in “MS. Found in a Bottle”the dark intimations of her unhallowed age and cover for research paper monstrous growth, her sinister crew of unseeing greybeards, and her frightful southward rush under full sail through the ice of the Antarctic night, sucked onward by some resistless devil-current toward a vortex of eldritch enlightenment which must end in destruction? Then there is the unutterable “M.
Valdemar”, kept together by hypnotism for seven months after his death, and uttering frantic sounds but a moment before the good to start an essay, breaking of the spell leaves him “a nearly liquid mass of loathsomeof detestable putrescence”. Letter Paper? In the Narrative of A. Gordon Pym the voyagers reach first a strange south polar land of murderous savages where nothing is essays, white and where vast rocky ravines have the form of titanic Egyptian letters spelling terrible primal arcana of earth; and thereafter a still more mysterious realm where everything is white, and where shrouded giants and snowy-plumed birds guard a cryptic cataract of mist which empties from immeasurable celestial heights into a torrid milky sea. “Metzengerstein” horrifies with its malign hints of letter paper submission, a monstrous metempsychosisthe mad nobleman who burns the stable of his hereditary foe; the colossal unknown horse that issues from the blazing building after the owner has perished therein; the vanishing bit of ancient tapestry where was shewn the good, giant horse of the letter paper submission, victim’s ancestor in the Crusades; the madman’s wild and constant riding on the great horse, and his fear and hatred of the steed; the meaningless prophecies that brood obscurely over dissertation e-commerce the warring houses; and letter submission finally, the burning of the madman’s palace and the death therein of the owner, borne helpless into the flames and up the vast staircases astride the beast he has ridden so strangely. Afterward the rising smoke of the ruins takes the form of a gigantic horse. “The Man of the Crowd”, telling of on nature the gentlest, one who roams day and night to letter, mingle with streams of people as if afraid to be alone, has quieter effects, but implies nothing less of good an essay, cosmic fear. Poe’s mind was never far from terror and decay, and we see in cover paper, every tale, poem, and philosophical dialogue a tense eagerness to fathom unplumbed wells of night, to pierce the veil of death, and to reign in essays arabic culture, fancy as lord of the frightful mysteries of time and space. Certain of letter paper submission, Poe’s tales possess an almost absolute perfection of artistic form which makes them veritable beacon-lights in the province of the short story.
Poe could, when he wished, give to his prose a richly poetic cast; employing that archaic and Orientalised style with jewelled phrase, quasi-Biblical repetition, and recurrent burthen so successfully used by later writers like Oscar Wilde and Lord Dunsany; and in the cases where he has done this we have an effect of lyrical phantasy almost narcotic in essencean opium pageant of dream in the language of dream, with every unnatural colour and grotesque image bodied forth in a symphony of corresponding sound. “The Masque of the Red Death”, “SilenceA Fable”, and “ShadowA Parable” are assuredly poems in every sense of the dissertation e-commerce, word save the metrical one, and owe as much of their power to aural cadence as to visual imagery. But it is in two of the less openly poetic tales, “Ligeia” and “The Fall of the House of Usher”especially the cover for research paper, latterthat one finds those very summits of artistry whereby Poe takes his place at the head of fictional miniaturists. Simple and straightforward in plot, both of these tales owe their supreme magic to the cunning development which appears in the selection and collocation of every least incident. “Ligeia” tells of a first wife of lofty and mysterious origin, who after death returns through a preternatural force of will to take possession of the body of a second wife; imposing even her physical appearance on the temporary reanimated corpse of her victim at the last moment. Despite a suspicion of prolixity and topheaviness, the narrative reaches its terrific climax with relentless power. “Usher”, whose superiority in detail and proportion is very marked, hints shudderingly of obscure life in inorganic things, and displays an essays arabic, abnormally linked trinity of cover submission, entities at the end of essays on nature mother, a long and isolated family historya brother, his twin sister, and cover paper submission their incredibly ancient house all sharing a single soul and meeting one common dissolution at the same moment. These bizarre conceptions, so awkward in unskilful hands, become under Poe’s spell living and convincing terrors to on nature the gentlest mother, haunt our nights; and cover letter all because the author understood so perfectly the e-commerce, very mechanics and cover letter for research paper physiology of fear and strangenessthe essential details to emphasise, the precise incongruities and conceits to select as preliminaries or concomitants to horror, the exact incidents and allusions to throw out research innocently in advance as symbols or prefigurings of each major step toward the hideous denouement to come, the nice adjustments of cumulative force and the unerring accuracy in letter, linkage of parts which make for faultless unity throughout and thunderous effectiveness at the climactic moment, the delicate nuances of scenic and descrimination essay landscape value to select in establishing and sustaining the desired mood and vitalising the desired illusionprinciples of this kind, and cover submission dozens of obscurer ones too elusive to be described or even fully comprehended by any ordinary commentator. Melodrama and unsophistication there may bewe are told of one fastidious Frenchman who could not bear to read Poe except in Baudelaire’s urbane and Gallically modulated translationbut all traces of such things are wholly overshadowed by essay a potent and inborn sense of the spectral, the morbid, and the horrible which gushed forth from every cell of the cover letter for research paper, artist’s creative mentality and stamped his macabre work with the ineffaceable mark of supreme genius.
Poe’s weird tales are alive in a manner that few others can ever hope to be. Like most fantaisistes, Poe excels in essays on nature, incidents and broad narrative effects rather than in character drawing. Cover Letter For Research Paper Submission? His typical protagonist is generally a dark, handsome, proud, melancholy, intellectual, highly sensitive, capricious, introspective, isolated, and sometimes slightly mad gentleman of ancient family and opulent circumstances; usually deeply learned in strange lore, and darkly ambitious of penetrating to forbidden secrets of the universe. Research Papers+estrogen+links To Cancer? Aside from a high-sounding name, this character obviously derives little from the early Gothic novel; for he is clearly neither the wooden hero nor the diabolical villain of Radcliffian or Ludovician romance. For Research Paper? Indirectly, however, he does possess a sort of genealogical connexion; since his gloomy, ambitious, and anti-social qualities savour strongly of the typical Byronic hero, who in turn is definitely an offspring of the Gothic Manfreds, Montonis, and Ambrosios. More particular qualities appear to papers+estrogen+links to cancer, be derived from the psychology of cover letter paper, Poe himself, who certainly possessed much of the mother, depression, sensitiveness, mad aspiration, loneliness, and extravagant freakishness which he attributes to his haughty and solitary victims of Fate. The public for whom Poe wrote, though grossly unappreciative of his art, was by no means unaccustomed to the horrors with which he dealt. America, besides inheriting the usual dark folklore of Europe, had an additional fund of weird associations to draw upon; so that spectral legends had already been recognised as fruitful subject-matter for literature. Charles Brockden Brown had achieved phenomenal fame with his Radcliffian romances, and Washington Irving’s lighter treatment of eerie themes had quickly become classic. This additional fund proceeded, as Paul Elmer More has pointed out, from the keen spiritual and theological interests of the first colonists, plus the strange and forbidding nature of the scene into which they were plunged.
The vast and gloomy virgin forests in whose perpetual twilight all terrors might well lurk; the hordes of coppery Indians whose strange, saturnine visages and violent customs hinted strongly at traces of infernal origin; the free rein given under the influence of Puritan theocracy to all manner of notions respecting man’s relation to submission, the stern and essays on nature vengeful God of the Calvinists, and to the sulphureous Adversary of that God, about whom so much was thundered in the pulpits each Sunday; and the morbid introspection developed by an isolated backwoods life devoid of normal amusements and of the recreational mood, harassed by commands for theological self-examination, keyed to unnatural emotional repression, and forming above all a mere grim struggle for survivalall these things conspired to produce an environment in paper, which the black whisperings of dissertation e-commerce, sinister grandams were heard far beyond the chimney corner, and in cover for research paper, which tales of witchcraft and unbelievable secret monstrosities lingered long after the dread days of the Salem nightmare. Poe represents the newer, more disillusioned, and more technically finished of the weird schools that rose out of this propitious milieu. Another schoolthe tradition of moral values, gentle restraint, and mild, leisurely phantasy tinged more or less with the essay, whimsicalwas represented by another famous, misunderstood, and lonely figure in American lettersthe shy and sensitive Nathaniel Hawthorne, scion of antique Salem and great-grandson of one of the paper submission, bloodiest of the old witchcraft judges. Essay? In Hawthorne we have none of the violence, the daring, the high colouring, the letter for research, intense dramatic sense, the cosmic malignity, and essay the undivided and impersonal artistry of Poe. Here, instead, is for research paper, a gentle soul cramped by the Puritanism of early New England; shadowed and wistful, and grieved at an unmoral universe which everywhere transcends the conventional patterns thought by hooks our forefathers to represent divine and immutable law. Evil, a very real force to Hawthorne, appears on every hand as a lurking and conquering adversary; and the visible world becomes in his fancy a theatre of infinite tragedy and woe, with unseen half-existent influences hovering over it and through it, battling for supremacy and cover paper submission moulding the destinies of the hapless mortals who form its vain and self-deluded population. The heritage of American weirdness was his to a most intense degree, and he saw a dismal throng of vague spectres behind the common phenomena of life; but he was not disinterested enough to value impressions, sensations, and beauties of narration for their own sake. He must needs weave his phantasy into some quietly melancholy fabric of didactic or allegorical cast, in e-commerce, which his meekly resigned cynicism may display with naive moral appraisal the for research paper submission, perfidy of a human race which he cannot cease to cherish and mourn despite his insight into its hypocrisy. Supernatural horror, then, is never a primary object with Hawthorne; though its impulses were so deeply woven into his personality that he cannot help suggesting it with the force of genius when he calls upon the unreal world to illustrate the pensive sermon he wishes to preach.
Hawthorne’s intimations of the weird, always gentle, elusive, and restrained, may be traced throughout his work. The mood that produced them found one delightful vent in the Teutonised retelling of classic myths for children contained in A Wonder Book and Tanglewood Tales, and at other times exercised itself in casting a certain strangeness and intangible witchery or malevolence over events not meant to to start an essay, be actually supernatural; as in the macabre posthumous novel Dr. Grimshawe’s Secret, which invests with a peculiar sort of repulsion a house existing to this day in Salem, and abutting on the ancient Charter Street Burying Ground. In The Marble Faun, whose design was sketched out in an Italian villa reputed to be haunted, a tremendous background of genuine phantasy and mystery palpitates just beyond the common reader’s sight; and cover letter for research glimpses of fabulous blood in mortal veins are hinted at during the course of a romance which cannot help being interesting despite the persistent incubus of moral allegory, anti-Popery propaganda, and a Puritan prudery which has caused the late D. H. Essay? Lawrence to express a longing to treat the author in a highly undignified manner. Septimius Felton, a posthumous novel whose idea was to have been elaborated and incorporated into the unfinished Dolliver Romance, touches on the Elixir of Life in a more or less capable fashion; whilst the notes for a never-written tale to be called “The Ancestral Footstep” shew what Hawthorne would have done with an intensive treatment of an cover letter for research paper, old English superstitionthat of an ancient and accursed line whose members left footprints of blood as they walkedwhich appears incidentally in both Septimius Felton and Dr. Grimshawe’s Secret. Many of Hawthorne’s shorter tales exhibit weirdness, either of atmosphere or of incident, to a remarkable degree. “Edward Randolph’s Portrait”, in thesis in conclusion paragraph, Legends of the Province House, has its diabolic moments. “The Minister’s Black Veil” (founded on an actual incident) and “The Ambitious Guest” imply much more than they state, whilst “Ethan Brand”a fragment of a longer work never completedrises to letter, genuine heights of cosmic fear with its vignette of the dissertation, wild hill country and the blazing, desolate lime-kilns, and paper submission its delineation of the Byronic “unpardonable sinner”, whose troubled life ends with a peal of fearful laughter in the night as he seeks rest amidst the flames of the furnace. Dissertation? Some of Hawthorne’s notes tell of weird tales he would have written had he lived longeran especially vivid plot being that concerning a baffling stranger who appeared now and then in cover letter paper submission, public assemblies, and essays arabic who was at last followed and found to come and go from a very ancient grave.
But foremost as a finished, artistic unit among all our author’s weird material is the famous and for research submission exquisitely wrought novel, The House of the Seven Gables, in which the relentless working out of an ancestral curse is developed with astonishing power against the sinister background of a very ancient Salem houseone of those peaked Gothic affairs which formed the first regular building-up of our New England coast towns, but which gave way after the seventeenth century to essay, the more familiar gambrel-roofed or classic Georgian types now known as “Colonial”. Of these old gabled Gothic houses scarcely a dozen are to be seen today in their original condition throughout the United States, but one well known to Hawthorne still stands in Turner Street, Salem, and is pointed out with doubtful authority as the scene and inspiration of the romance. Such an edifice, with its spectral peaks, its clustered chimneys, its overhanging second story, its grotesque corner-brackets, and its diamond-paned lattice windows, is indeed an object well calculated to evoke sombre reflections; typifying as it does the dark Puritan age of concealed horror and witch-whispers which preceded the beauty, rationality, and spaciousness of the eighteenth century. Letter Paper? Hawthorne saw many in to cancer, his youth, and knew the black tales connected with some of them. He heard, too, many rumours of letter for research submission, a curse upon his own line as the good hooks an essay, result of his great-grandfather’s severity as a witchcraft judge in 1692. From this setting came the immortal taleNew England’s greatest contribution to weird literatureand we can feel in an instant the authenticity of the atmosphere presented to us. Stealthy horror and disease lurk within the weather-blackened, moss-crusted, and elm-shadowed walls of the archaic dwelling so vividly displayed, and we grasp the brooding malignity of the place when we read that its builderold Colonel Pyncheonsnatched the cover letter for research submission, land with peculiar ruthlessness from its original settler, Matthew Maule, whom he condemned to the gallows as a wizard in the year of the panic. Maule died cursing old Pyncheon“God will give him blood to drink”and the waters of the old well on the seized land turned bitter. Maule’s carpenter son consented to essays on nature the gentlest mother, build the great gabled house for his father’s triumphant enemy, but the letter paper submission, old Colonel died strangely on to start, the day of its dedication. Cover Letter Submission? Then followed generations of odd vicissitudes, with queer whispers about the dark powers of the Maules, and peculiar and sometimes terrible ends befalling the Pyncheons. The overshadowing malevolence of the on nature the gentlest mother, ancient housealmost as alive as Poe’s House of Usher, though in a subtler waypervades the tale as a recurrent motif pervades an operatic tragedy; and when the main story is cover for research submission, reached, we behold the modern Pyncheons in a pitiable state of decay.
Poor old Hepzibah, the eccentric reduced gentlewoman; child-like, unfortunate Clifford, just released from undeserved imprisonment; sly and treacherous Judge Pyncheon, who is the old Colonel all over againall these figures are tremendous symbols, and are well matched by the stunted vegetation and anaemic fowls in descrimination, the garden. It was almost a pity to supply a fairly happy ending, with a union of cover letter for research paper, sprightly Phoebe, cousin and last scion of the Pyncheons, to dissertation e-commerce, the prepossessing young man who turns out to be the for research paper submission, last of the Maules. In Conclusion Paragraph? This union, presumably, ends the curse. Hawthorne avoids all violence of diction or movement, and keeps his implications of terror well in the background; but occasional glimpses amply serve to sustain the mood and redeem the work from pure allegorical aridity. Incidents like the bewitching of Alice Pyncheon in the early eighteenth century, and the spectral music of her harpsichord which precedes a death in the familythe latter a variant of an for research paper submission, immemorial type of Aryan mythlink the action directly with the dissertation, supernatural; whilst the letter paper submission, dead nocturnal vigil of old Judge Pyncheon in the ancient parlour, with his frightfully ticking watch, is stark horror of the most poignant and genuine sort. The way in which the Judge’s death is first adumbrated by the motions and sniffing of descrimination essay, a strange cat outside the window, long before the fact is suspected either by the reader or by any of the characters, is a stroke of genius which Poe could not have surpassed. Later the strange cat watches intently outside that same window in the night and on the next day, forsomething.
It is clearly the psychopomp of cover letter for research submission, primeval myth, fitted and adapted with infinite deftness to its latter-day setting. But Hawthorne left no well-defined literary posterity. His mood and attitude belonged to the age which closed with him, and it is the spirit of Poewho so clearly and realistically understood the natural basis of the in conclusion paragraph, horror-appeal and the correct mechanics of its achievementwhich survived and blossomed. Among the earliest of Poe’s disciples may be reckoned the brilliant young Irishman Fitz-James O’Brien (18281862), who became naturalised as an American and perished honourably in the Civil War. It is he who gave us “What Was It?”, the first well-shaped short story of a tangible but invisible being, and the prototype of de Maupassant’s “Horla”; he also who created the inimitable “Diamond Lens”, in which a young microscopist falls in cover letter for research paper, love with a maiden of an infinitesimal world which he has discovered in a drop of water. O’Brien’s early death undoubtedly deprived us of some masterful tales of strangeness and terror, though his genius was not, properly speaking, of the same titan quality which characterised Poe and Hawthorne. Closer to real greatness was the eccentric and saturnine journalist Ambrose Bierce, born in 1842; who likewise entered the Civil War, but survived to write some immortal tales and to disappear in 1913 in as great a cloud of mystery as any he ever evoked from on nature the gentlest mother, his nightmare fancy. Bierce was a satirist and pamphleteer of cover letter paper, note, but the bulk of his artistic reputation must rest upon his grim and savage short stories; a large number of which deal with the Civil War and form the most vivid and realistic expression which that conflict has yet received in fiction. Virtually all of Bierce’s tales are tales of horror; and whilst many of them treat only of the physical and psychological horrors within Nature, a substantial proportion admit the malignly supernatural and form a leading element in America’s fund of weird literature. Mr.
Samuel Loveman, a living poet and critic who was personally acquainted with Bierce, thus sums up the genius of the great shadow-maker in the preface to some of his letters: “In ‘The Death of Halpin Frayser’, flowers, verdure, and the boughs and leaves of trees are magnificently placed as an opposing foil to unnatural malignity. Research To Cancer? Not the accustomed golden world, but a world pervaded with the mystery of blue and the breathless recalcitrance of dreams, is Bierce’s. Yet, curiously, inhumanity is cover letter for research submission, not altogether absent.” The “inhumanity” mentioned by Mr. Loveman finds vent in a rare strain of sardonic comedy and graveyard humour, and a kind of delight in images of cruelty and tantalising disappointment. The former quality is well illustrated by some of the subtitles in the darker narratives; such as “One does not always eat what is on the table”, describing a body laid out for a coroner’s inquest, and “A man though naked may be in rags”, referring to essay, a frightfully mangled corpse. Bierce’s work is in general somewhat uneven. Many of the stories are obviously mechanical, and marred by a jaunty and letter for research paper submission commonplacely artificial style derived from journalistic models; but the paragraph, grim malevolence stalking through all of them is unmistakable, and letter for research paper several stand out as permanent mountain-peaks of American weird writing. E-commerce? “The Death of Halpin Frayser”, called by Frederic Taber Cooper the most fiendishly ghastly tale in the literature of the Anglo-Saxon race, tells of cover paper submission, a body skulking by night without a soul in essay, a weird and cover for research horribly ensanguined wood, and of a man beset by research ancestral memories who met death at the claws of paper, that which had been his fervently loved mother. “The Damned Thing”, frequently copied in popular anthologies, chronicles the hideous devastations of an to start, invisible entity that waddles and letter paper flounders on the hills and in the wheatfields by night and day. “The Suitable Surroundings” evokes with singular subtlety yet apparent simplicity a piercing sense of the e-commerce, terror which may reside in cover for research submission, the written word. In the story the weird author Colston says to his friend Marsh, “You are brave enough to read me in a street-car, butin a deserted housealonein the forestat night!
Bah! I have a manuscript in my pocket that would kill you!” Marsh reads the manuscript in “the suitable surroundings”and it does kill him. “The Middle Toe of the Right Foot” is clumsily developed, but has a powerful climax. A man named Manton has horribly killed his two children and his wife, the essays on nature mother, latter of whom lacked the middle toe of the right foot. Ten years later he returns much altered to the neighbourhood; and, being secretly recognised, is letter for research paper submission, provoked into a bowie-knife duel in the dark, to be held in the now abandoned house where his crime was committed. When the moment of the duel arrives a trick is played upon him; and he is left without an antagonist, shut in a night-black ground floor room of the reputedly haunted edifice, with the thick dust of a decade on e-commerce, every hand. No knife is drawn against him, for only a thorough scare is intended; but on the next day he is found crouched in a corner with distorted face, dead of sheer fright at something he has seen. The only clue visible to letter submission, the discoverers is dissertation e-commerce, one having terrible implications: “In the dust of years that lay thick upon the floorleading from the door by letter for research paper which they had entered, straight across the essays, room to within a yard of Manton’s crouching corpsewere three parallel lines of footprintslight but definite impressions of bare feet, the outer ones those of letter for research submission, small children, the inner a woman’s. From the point at which they ended they did not return; they pointed all one way.” And, of course, the essays, woman’s prints shewed a lack of the middle toe of the right foot. “The Spook House”, told with a severely homely air of journalistic verisimilitude, conveys terrible hints of letter for research paper, shocking mystery. In 1858 an entire family of seven persons disappears suddenly and unaccountably from a plantation house in eastern Kentucky, leaving all its possessions untouchedfurniture, clothing, food supplies, horses, cattle, and slaves. Thesis In Conclusion Paragraph? About a year later two men of high standing are forced by cover for research paper a storm to arabic culture, take shelter in the deserted dwelling, and in so doing stumble into a strange subterranean room lit by an unaccountable greenish light and having an iron door which cannot be opened from within.
In this room lie the decayed corpses of all the missing family; and as one of the discoverers rushes forward to letter for research paper submission, embrace a body he seems to recognise, the e-commerce, other is so overpowered by a strange foetor that he accidentally shuts his companion in the vault and loses consciousness. Recovering his senses six weeks later, the survivor is unable to cover for research submission, find the descrimination, hidden room; and letter paper the house is burned during the Civil War. The imprisoned discoverer is never seen or heard of again. Bierce seldom realises the atmospheric possibilities of his themes as vividly as Poe; and much of his work contains a certain touch of naiveté, prosaic angularity, or early-American provincialism which contrasts somewhat with the efforts of later horror-masters. Nevertheless the genuineness and artistry of his dark intimations are always unmistakable, so that his greatness is in no danger of culture, eclipse. As arranged in his definitively collected works, Bierce’s weird tales occur mainly in two volumes, Can Such Things Be? and In the Midst of Life. The former, indeed, is letter submission, almost wholly given over to papers+estrogen+links, the supernatural. Much of the best in American horror-literature has come from pens not mainly devoted to that medium.
Oliver Wendell Holmes’s historic Elsie Venner suggests with admirable restraint an unnatural ophidian element in a young woman pre-natally influenced, and sustains the atmosphere with finely discriminating landscape touches. In The Turn of the Screw Henry James triumphs over his inevitable pomposity and prolixity sufficiently well to cover for research submission, create a truly potent air of sinister menace; depicting the hideous influence of two dead and evil servants, Peter Quint and the governess Miss Jessel, over a small boy and girl who had been under their care. James is perhaps too diffuse, too unctuously urbane, and too much addicted to subtleties of speech to realise fully all the wild and devastating horror in his situations; but for all that there is a rare and mounting tide of fright, culminating in essay, the death of the letter submission, little boy, which gives the novelette a permanent place in its special class. F. Marion Crawford produced several weird tales of varying quality, now collected in a volume entitled Wandering Ghosts. “For the Blood Is the Life” touches powerfully on a case of dissertation, moon-cursed vampirism near an paper submission, ancient tower on hooks, the rocks of the lonely South Italian sea-coast. “The Dead Smile” treats of for research paper submission, family horrors in an old house and an ancestral vault in Ireland, and introduces the banshee with considerable force. “The Upper Berth”, however, is Crawford’s weird masterpiece; and is one of the thesis, most tremendous horror-stories in all literature. In this tale of a suicide-haunted stateroom such things as the spectral salt-water dampness, the strangely open porthole, and the nightmare struggle with the nameless object are handled with incomparable dexterity. Very genuine, though not without the typical mannered extravagance of the eighteen-nineties, is the strain of horror in the early work of Robert W. Chambers, since renowned for cover letter for research submission, products of thesis, a very different quality. The King in Yellow, a series of vaguely connected short stories having as a background a monstrous and paper suppressed book whose perusal brings fright, madness, and spectral tragedy, really achieves notable heights of cosmic fear in spite of essay, uneven interest and a somewhat trivial and affected cultivation of the Gallic studio atmosphere made popular by cover for research submission Du Maurier’s Trilby. The most powerful of good an essay, its tales, perhaps, is “The Yellow Sign”, in which is introduced a silent and terrible churchyard watchman with a face like a puffy grave-worm’s. A boy, describing a tussle he has had with this creature, shivers and cover letter sickens as he relates a certain detail. To Start? “Well, sir, it’s Gawd’s truth that when I ’it ’im ’e grabbed me wrists, sir, and when I twisted ’is soft, mushy fist one of ’is fingers come off in me ’and.” An artist, who after seeing him has shared with another a strange dream of a nocturnal hearse, is shocked by the voice with which the watchman accosts him. The fellow emits a muttering sound that fills the head like thick oily smoke from for research submission, a fat-rendering vat or an odour of noisome decay.
What he mumbles is merely this: “Have you found the Yellow Sign?” A weirdly hieroglyphed onyx talisman, picked up in the street by the sharer of dissertation, his dream, is shortly given the artist; and after stumbling queerly upon the hellish and letter paper submission forbidden book of horrors the two learn, among other hideous things which no sane mortal should know, that this talisman is indeed the restating thesis in conclusion, nameless Yellow Sign handed down from the accursed cult of Hasturfrom primordial Carcosa, whereof the volume treats, and some nightmare memory of which seems to lurk latent and ominous at submission, the back of all men’s minds. Soon they hear the rumbling of the black-plumed hearse driven by the flabby and corpse-faced watchman. He enters the night-shrouded house in quest of the Yellow Sign, all bolts and descrimination essay bars rotting at his touch. And when the people rush in, drawn by a scream that no human throat could utter, they find three forms on the floortwo dead and one dying. One of the dead shapes is cover, far gone in decay. Descrimination? It is the churchyard watchman, and the doctor exclaims, “That man must have been dead for letter for research, months.” It is worth observing that the author derives most of the names and allusions connected with his eldritch land of primal memory from the tales of Ambrose Bierce. Other early works of Mr. Chambers displaying the outré and macabre element are The Maker of Moons and In Search of the Unknown. One cannot help regretting that he did not further develop a vein in which he could so easily have become a recognised master.
Horror material of authentic force may be found in the work of the New England realist Mary E. In Conclusion Paragraph? Wilkins; whose volume of short tales, The Wind in the Rose-Bush, contains a number of noteworthy achievements. In “The Shadows on the Wall” we are shewn with consummate skill the response of cover paper submission, a staid New England household to uncanny tragedy; and the sourceless shadow of the poisoned brother well prepares us for the climactic moment when the shadow of the secret murderer, who has killed himself in a neighbouring city, suddenly appears beside it. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, in “The Yellow Wall Paper”, rises to a classic level in papers+estrogen+links, subtly delineating the madness which crawls over a woman dwelling in the hideously papered room where a madwoman was once confined. In “The Dead Valley” the eminent architect and letter paper submission mediaevalist Ralph Adams Cram achieves a memorably potent degree of descrimination essay, vague regional horror through subtleties of atmosphere and description. Still further carrying on our spectral tradition is the gifted and versatile humourist Irvin S. Cobb, whose work both early and recent contains some finely weird specimens. “Fishhead”, an early achievement, is banefully effective in cover paper submission, its portrayal of unnatural affinities between a hybrid idiot and the strange fish of an research papers+estrogen+links to cancer, isolated lake, which at the last avenge their biped kinsman’s murder. Cover For Research Submission? Later work of restating paragraph, Mr. Letter Paper Submission? Cobb introduces an element of possible science, as in the tale of hereditary memory where a modern man with a negroid strain utters words in African jungle speech when run down by a train under visual and aural circumstances recalling the maiming of his black ancestor by a rhinoceros a century before. Extremely high in artistic stature is the dissertation, novel The Dark Chamber (1927), by the late Leonard Cline.
This is the tale of a man whowith the characteristic ambition of the Gothic or Byronic hero-villainseeks to defy Nature and recapture every moment of his past life through the abnormal stimulation of cover letter for research paper submission, memory. To this end he employs endless notes, records, mnemonic objects, and picturesand finally odours, music, and exotic drugs. At last his ambition goes beyond his personal life and reaches toward the black abysses of hereditary memoryeven back to pre-human days amidst the steaming swamps of the Carboniferous age, and to still more unimaginable deeps of primal time and entity. He calls for madder music and takes stronger drugs, and finally his great dog grows oddly afraid of him. Papers+estrogen+links? A noxious animal stench encompasses him, and he grows vacant-faced and letter for research paper submission sub-human. In the end he takes to the woods, howling at night beneath windows. He is finally found in a thicket, mangled to death. Beside him is the restating, mangled corpse of his dog.
They have killed each other. The atmosphere of this novel is malevolently potent, much attention being paid to cover, the central figure’s sinister home and household. A less subtle and well-balanced but nevertheless highly effective creation is papers+estrogen+links to cancer, Herbert S. Gorman’s novel, The Place Called Dagon, which relates the dark history of a western Massachusetts backwater where the cover submission, descendants of refugees from the Salem witchcraft still keep alive the morbid and degenerate horrors of the Black Sabbat. Sinister House, by restating in conclusion paragraph Leland Hall, has touches of magnificent atmosphere but is marred by a somewhat mediocre romanticism. Very notable in their way are some of the cover letter submission, weird conceptions of the novelist and short-story writer Edward Lucas White, most of whose themes arise from actual dreams. “The Song of the Sirens” has a very pervasive strangeness, while such things as “Lukundoo” and “The Snout” rouse darker apprehensions. Mr. Culture? White imparts a very peculiar quality to his talesan oblique sort of glamour which has its own distinctive type of cover letter for research paper submission, convincingness. Of younger Americans, none strikes the note of cosmic terror so well as the California poet, artist, and fictionist Clark Ashton Smith, whose bizarre writings, drawings, paintings, and stories are the delight of a sensitive few.
Mr. Smith has for his background a universe of remote and paralysing frightjungles of on nature, poisonous and iridescent blossoms on the moons of Saturn, evil and grotesque temples in Atlantis, Lemuria, and forgotten elder worlds, and dank morasses of spotted death-fungi in spectral countries beyond earth’s rim. His longest and most ambitious poem, The Hashish-Eater, is in pentameter blank verse; and opens up chaotic and incredible vistas of kaleidoscopic nightmare in the spaces between the cover letter paper submission, stars. In sheer daemonic strangeness and fertility of conception, Mr. Smith is descrimination, perhaps unexcelled by any other writer dead or living. Who else has seen such gorgeous, luxuriant, and feverishly distorted visions of infinite spheres and cover letter for research paper multiple dimensions and lived to tell the tale? His short stories deal powerfully with other galaxies, worlds, and dimensions, as well as with strange regions and aeons on the earth. He tells of primal Hyperborea and its black amorphous god Tsathoggua; of the lost continent Zothique, and research papers+estrogen+links to cancer of the fabulous, vampire-curst land of Averoigne in mediaeval France. Some of Mr. Smith’s best work can be found in the brochure entitled The Double Shadow and Other Fantasies (1933). Recent British literature, besides including the three or four greatest fantaisistes of the present age, has been gratifyingly fertile in the element of the weird.
Rudyard Kipling has often approached it; and has, despite the cover submission, omnipresent mannerisms, handled it with indubitable mastery in such tales as “The Phantom ’Rickshaw”, “ ‘The Finest Story in the World’ ”, “The Recrudescence of Imray”, and “The Mark of the Beast”. This latter is of particular poignancy; the pictures of the naked leper-priest who mewed like an otter, of the spots which appeared on the chest of the man that priest cursed, of the growing carnivorousness of the victim and of the fear which horses began to display toward him, and of the eventually half-accomplished transformation of that victim into a leopard, being things which no reader is ever likely to forget. The final defeat of the malignant sorcery does not impair the force of the tale or the validity of its mystery. Lafcadio Hearn, strange, wandering, and exotic, departs still farther from the realm of the real; and with the supreme artistry of a sensitive poet weaves phantasies impossible to an author of the solid roast-beef type. His Fantastics, written in America, contains some of the most impressive ghoulishness in all literature; whilst his Kwaidan, written in Japan, crystallises with matchless skill and delicacy the restating thesis in conclusion paragraph, eerie lore and whispered legends of submission, that richly colourful nation. Still more of Hearn’s weird wizardry of language is shewn in some of his translations from the French, especially from Gautier and Flaubert. Descrimination? His version of the latter’s Temptation of cover for research submission, St. Anthony is arabic culture, a classic of fevered and letter for research submission riotous imagery clad in the magic of singing words.
Oscar Wilde may likewise be given a place amongst weird writers, both for certain of his exquisite fairy tales, and for his vivid Picture of Dorian Gray, in which a marvellous portrait for years assumes the duty of ageing and coarsening instead of its original, who meanwhile plunges into every excess of vice and crime without the outward loss of youth, beauty, and freshness. There is a sudden and research papers+estrogen+links to cancer potent climax when Dorian Gray, at last become a murderer, seeks to destroy the cover paper submission, painting whose changes testify to his moral degeneracy. He stabs it with a knife, and a hideous cry and crash are heard; but when the servants enter they find it in all its pristine loveliness. “Lying on an essay, the floor was a dead man, in evening dress, with a knife in cover letter submission, his heart. He was withered, wrinkled, and loathsome of visage. It was not till they had examined the rings that they recognised who it was.” Matthew Phipps Shiel, author of hooks to start an essay, many weird, grotesque, and adventurous novels and tales, occasionally attains a high level of cover letter submission, horrific magic. “Xélucha” is a noxiously hideous fragment, but is to cancer, excelled by Mr. Shiel’s undoubted masterpiece, “The House of cover letter paper submission, Sounds”, floridly written in the “yellow ’nineties”, and essays re-cast with more artistic restraint in the early twentieth century. This story, in final form, deserves a place among the foremost things of its kind. It tells of a creeping horror and menace trickling down the centuries on a sub-arctic island off the coast of Norway; where, amidst the sweep of daemon winds and the ceaseless din of hellish waves and cataracts, a vengeful dead man built a brazen tower of terror.
It is vaguely like, yet infinitely unlike, Poe’s “Fall of the paper, House of Usher”. In the novel The Purple Cloud Mr. Shiel describes with tremendous power a curse which came out culture of the arctic to destroy mankind, and which for a time appears to have left but a single inhabitant on our planet. The sensations of this lone survivor as he realises his position, and roams through the for research submission, corpse-littered and treasure-strown cities of the world as their absolute master, are delivered with a skill and artistry falling little short of actual majesty. Unfortunately the second half of the descrimination, book, with its conventionally romantic element, involves a distinct “letdown”.
Better known than Shiel is the letter paper submission, ingenious Bram Stoker, who created many starkly horrific conceptions in a series of novels whose poor technique sadly impairs their net effect. The Lair of the White Worm, dealing with a gigantic primitive entity that lurks in a vault beneath an ancient castle, utterly ruins a magnificent idea by a development almost infantile. The Jewel of Seven Stars, touching on a strange Egyptian resurrection, is less crudely written. But best of hooks to start, all is the famous Dracula, which has become almost the standard modern exploitation of the frightful vampire myth. Count Dracula, a vampire, dwells in a horrible castle in the Carpathians; but finally migrates to England with the design of populating the country with fellow vampires.
How an cover letter for research, Englishman fares within Dracula’s stronghold of terrors, and how the dead fiend’s plot for domination is at last defeated, are elements which unite to form a tale now justly assigned a permanent place in English letters. Dracula evoked many similar novels of supernatural horror, among which the best are perhaps The Beetle, by Richard Marsh, Brood of the Witch-Queen, by “Sax Rohmer” (Arthur Sarsfield Ward), and The Door of the arabic, Unreal, by Gerald Biss. The latter handles quite dexterously the standard werewolf superstition. Much subtler and more artistic, and told with singular skill through the for research paper submission, juxtaposed narratives of the several characters, is the novel Cold Harbour, by Francis Brett Young, in dissertation e-commerce, which an ancient house of strange malignancy is powerfully delineated. Letter Submission? The mocking and the gentlest mother well-nigh omnipotent fiend Humphrey Furnival holds echoes of the Manfred- Montoni type of for research paper submission, early Gothic “villain”, but is redeemed from triteness by many clever individualities. Only the slight diffuseness of explanation at the gentlest mother, the close, and letter for research paper submission the somewhat too free use of divination as a plot factor, keep this tale from arabic culture, approaching absolute perfection. In the letter, novel Witch Wood John Buchan depicts with tremendous force a survival of the evil Sabbat in a lonely district of Scotland.
The description of the black forest with the evil stone, and essays culture of the terrible cosmic adumbrations when the horror is finally extirpated, will repay one for wading through the cover letter for research, very gradual action and plethora of Scottish dialect. Some of Mr. Buchan’s short stories are also extremely vivid in essays, their spectral intimations; “The Green Wildebeest”, a tale of letter for research paper, African witchcraft, “The Wind in the Portico”, with its awakening of dead Britanno-Roman horrors, and “Skule Skerry”, with its touches of sub-arctic fright, being especially remarkable. Clemence Housman, in the brief novelette “The Were-wolf”, attains a high degree of gruesome tension and achieves to some extent the essays, atmosphere of authentic folklore. In The Elixir of Life Arthur Ransome attains some darkly excellent effects despite a general naiveté of plot, while H. B. Drake’s The Shadowy Thing summons up strange and terrible vistas. George Macdonald’s Lilith has a compelling bizarrerie all its own; the first and simpler of the two versions being perhaps the more effective.
Deserving of cover paper submission, distinguished notice as a forceful craftsman to research, whom an unseen mystic world is ever a close and vital reality is the poet Walter de la Mare, whose haunting verse and for research submission exquisite prose alike bear consistent traces of a strange vision reaching deeply into veiled spheres of beauty and terrible and forbidden dimensions of being. In the novel The Return we see the on nature the gentlest, soul of a dead man reach out of letter for research submission, its grave of two centuries and fasten itself upon the flesh of the living, so that even the arabic culture, face of the victim becomes that which had long ago returned to dust. Of the shorter tales, of which several volumes exist, many are unforgettable for their command of fear’s and sorcery’s darkest ramifications; notably “Seaton’s Aunt”, in which there lowers a noxious background of malignant vampirism; “The Tree”, which tells of a frightful vegetable growth in the yard of a starving artist; “Out of the Deep”, wherein we are given leave to imagine what thing answered the summons of a dying wastrel in a dark lonely house when he pulled a long-feared bell-cord in the attic chamber of his dread-haunted boyhood; “A Recluse”, which hints at what sent a chance guest flying from a house in the night; “Mr. Kempe”, which shews us a mad clerical hermit in letter paper, quest of the human soul, dwelling in a frightful sea-cliff region beside an archaic abandoned chapel; and “All-Hallows”, a glimpse of daemoniac forces besieging a lonely mediaeval church and miraculously restoring the rotting masonry. De la Mare does not make fear the sole or even the dominant element of most of his tales, being apparently more interested in the subtleties of essays arabic, character involved.
Occasionally he sinks to sheer whimsical phantasy of the Barrie order. Still, he is among the very few to whom unreality is a vivid, living presence; and as such he is able to cover for research submission, put into his occasional fear-studies a keen potency which only a rare master can achieve. His poem “The Listeners” restores the arabic culture, Gothic shudder to modern verse. The weird short story has fared well of late, an important contributor being the versatile E. F. Benson, whose “The Man Who Went Too Far” breathes whisperingly of a house at the edge of a dark wood, and cover for research paper of Pan’s hoof-mark on the breast of to cancer, a dead man. For Research? Mr. Benson’s volume, Visible and Invisible, contains several stories of thesis, singular power; notably “Negotium Perambulans”, whose unfolding reveals an abnormal monster from an ancient ecclesiastical panel which performs an act of miraculous vengeance in a lonely village on the Cornish coast, and “The Horror-Horn”, through which lopes a terrible half-human survival dwelling on for research, unvisited Alpine peaks. “The Face”, in in conclusion, another collection, is cover for research paper, lethally potent in its relentless aura of doom. Essay? H. R. Cover Letter For Research? Wakefield, in dissertation e-commerce, his collections They Return at Evening and Others Who Return, manages now and then to achieve great heights of horror despite a vitiating air of for research submission, sophistication. The most notable stories are “The Red Lodge” with its slimy aqueous evil, “‘He Cometh and dissertation e-commerce He Passeth By’”, “‘And He Shall Sing . . .’”, “The Cairn”, “‘Look Up There!’”, “Blind Man’s Buff”, and that bit of lurking millennial horror, “The Seventeenth Hole at Duncaster”. For Research? Mention has been made of the the gentlest, weird work of H. G. Wells and A. Conan Doyle.
The former, in “The Ghost of letter paper, Fear”, reaches a very high level; while all the items in Thirty Strange Stories have strong fantastic implications. Doyle now and then struck a powerfully spectral note, as in “The Captain of the in conclusion paragraph, ‘Pole-Star’ ”, a tale of arctic ghostliness, and “Lot No. 249”, wherein the reanimated mummy theme is used with more than ordinary skill. Hugh Walpole, of the same family as the founder of Gothic fiction, has sometimes approached the submission, bizarre with much success; his short story “Mrs. Lunt” carrying a very poignant shudder. John Metcalfe, in the collection published as The Smoking Leg, attains now and then a rare pitch of potency; the tale entitled “The Bad Lands” containing graduations of e-commerce, horror that strongly savour of genius. More whimsical and inclined toward the amiable and innocuous phantasy of Sir J. M. Barrie are the short tales of E. Cover For Research Paper? M. Forster, grouped under the title of The Celestial Omnibus. Of these only one, dealing with a glimpse of Pan and papers+estrogen+links his aura of fright, may be said to hold the true element of cover letter paper, cosmic horror. Mrs. H. Essays Arabic Culture? D. For Research Paper? Everett, though adhering to very old and conventional models, occasionally reaches singular heights of spiritual terror in her collection of short stories.
L. P. Hartley is notable for his incisive and extremely ghastly tale, “A Visitor from Down Under”. May Sinclair’s Uncanny Stories contain more of traditional occultism than of that creative treatment of fear which marks mastery in this field, and are inclined to lay more stress on human emotions and psychological delving than upon the stark phenomena of a cosmos utterly unreal. It may be well to remark here that occult believers are probably less effective than materialists in delineating the spectral and the fantastic, since to them the phantom world is essays, so commonplace a reality that they tend to letter paper submission, refer to it with less awe, remoteness, and impressiveness than do those who see in it an absolute and essays on nature stupendous violation of the for research paper submission, natural order. Of rather uneven stylistic quality, but vast occasional power in essays the gentlest mother, its suggestion of lurking worlds and beings behind the ordinary surface of life, is the work of William Hope Hodgson, known today far less than it deserves to cover for research paper, be. Despite a tendency toward conventionally sentimental conceptions of the universe, and of man’s relation to it and to his fellows, Mr. Hodgson is perhaps second only to good hooks to start, Algernon Blackwood in for research paper submission, his serious treatment of unreality. Few can equal him in adumbrating the nearness of arabic, nameless forces and monstrous besieging entities through casual hints and insignificant details, or in conveying feelings of the spectral and the abnormal in cover for research paper, connexion with regions or buildings. In The Boats of the “Glen Carrig” (1907) we are shewn a variety of malign marvels and accursed unknown lands as encountered by the survivors of on nature mother, a sunken ship. The brooding menace in the earlier parts of the book is impossible to surpass, though a letdown in the direction of ordinary romance and adventure occurs toward the end.
An inaccurate and pseudo-romantic attempt to reproduce eighteenth-century prose detracts from the general effect, but the really profound nautical erudition everywhere displayed is a compensating factor. The House on the Borderland (1908)perhaps the greatest of all Mr. Hodgson’s workstells of cover letter for research submission, a lonely and evilly regarded house in Ireland which forms a focus for hideous other-world forces and arabic culture sustains a siege by blasphemous hybrid anomalies from a hidden abyss below. The wanderings of the narrator’s spirit through limitless light-years of cosmic space and kalpas of eternity, and its witnessing of the solar system’s final destruction, constitute something almost unique in standard literature. And everywhere there is manifest the author’s power to suggest vague, ambushed horrors in cover for research paper submission, natural scenery. But for essay, a few touches of commonplace sentimentality this book would be a classic of the cover letter paper, first water. The Ghost Pirates (1909), regarded by Mr. Culture? Hodgson as rounding out a trilogy with the two previously mentioned works, is a powerful account of a doomed and haunted ship on its last voyage, and of the cover paper submission, terrible sea-devils (of quasi-human aspect, and perhaps the spirits of bygone buccaneers) that besiege it and dissertation e-commerce finally drag it down to an unknown fate. With its command of maritime knowledge, and its clever selection of hints and incidents suggestive of latent horrors in cover letter paper submission, Nature, this book at research to cancer, times reaches enviable peaks of power. The Night Land (1912) is a long-extended (583 pp.) tale of the earth’s infinitely remote futurebillions of billions of cover letter submission, years ahead, after the death of the hooks to start, sun.
It is told in a rather clumsy fashion, as the dreams of cover submission, a man in the seventeenth century, whose mind merges with its own future incarnation; and is seriously marred by essays painful verboseness, repetitiousness, artificial and nauseously sticky romantic sentimentality, and cover for research paper submission an attempt at archaic language even more grotesque and restating paragraph absurd than that in letter for research paper, “Glen Carrig”. Allowing for all its faults, it is yet one of the most potent pieces of macabre imagination ever written. The picture of hooks to start, a night-black, dead planet, with the remains of the human race concentrated in a stupendously vast metal pyramid and cover submission besieged by monstrous, hybrid, and altogether unknown forces of the darkness, is something that no reader can ever forget. Descrimination? Shapes and entities of an letter, altogether non-human and inconceivable sortthe prowlers of the black, man-forsaken, and unexplored world outside the pyramidare suggested and partly described with ineffable potency; while the night-bound landscape with its chasms and slopes and dying volcanism takes on the gentlest mother, an almost sentient terror beneath the author’s touch. Midway in cover letter for research paper, the book the central figure ventures outside the pyramid on a quest through death-haunted realms untrod by man for millions of restating in conclusion, yearsand in cover submission, his slow, minutely described, day-by-day progress over descrimination essay unthinkable leagues of immemorial blackness there is a sense of cover letter paper, cosmic alienage, breathless mystery, and terrified expectancy unrivalled in the whole range of literature. The last quarter of the book drags woefully, but fails to papers+estrogen+links, spoil the tremendous power of the whole. Mr. Hodgson’s later volume, Carnacki, the Ghost-Finder, consists of several longish short stories published many years before in cover letter for research, magazines.
In quality it falls conspicuously below the level of the other books. Arabic? We here find a more or less conventional stock figure of the “infallible detective” typethe progeny of M. Cover For Research Submission? Dupin and dissertation e-commerce Sherlock Holmes, and the close kin of Algernon Blackwood’s John Silencemoving through scenes and events badly marred by an atmosphere of professional “occultism”. A few of the episodes, however, are of letter for research paper, undeniable power; and good hooks to start afford glimpses of the peculiar genius characteristic of the author. Naturally it is impossible in a brief sketch to cover for research submission, trace out all the classic modern uses of the terror element. The ingredient must of necessity enter into restating thesis paragraph all work both prose and verse treating broadly of cover for research paper submission, life; and we are therefore not surprised to find a share in such writers as the poet Browning, whose “Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came ” is papers+estrogen+links to cancer, instinct with hideous menace, or the novelist Joseph Conrad, who often wrote of the dark secrets within the sea, and of the daemoniac driving power of Fate as influencing the lives of lonely and maniacally resolute men.
Its trail is one of infinite ramifications; but we must here confine ourselves to its appearance in cover letter for research submission, a relatively unmixed state, where it determines and dominates the work of art containing it. Somewhat separate from the main British stream is that current of weirdness in Irish literature which came to the fore in the Celtic Renaissance of the later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Ghost and fairy lore have always been of great prominence in dissertation, Ireland, and for over an hundred years have been recorded by a line of such faithful transcribers and translators as William Carleton, T. Crofton Croker, Lady Wildemother of Oscar WildeDouglas Hyde, and W. B. Yeats. Brought to notice by the modern movement, this body of myth has been carefully collected and studied; and its salient features reproduced in the work of later figures like Yeats, J. M. Synge, “A. E.”, Lady Gregory, Padraic Colum, James Stephens, and their colleagues. Whilst on the whole more whimsically fantastic than terrible, such folklore and its consciously artistic counterparts contain much that falls truly within the domain of cosmic horror. Tales of cover paper, burials in sunken churches beneath haunted lakes, accounts of death-heralding banshees and papers+estrogen+links to cancer sinister changelings, ballads of spectres and “the unholy creatures of the raths”all these have their poignant and cover letter for research paper submission definite shivers, and mark a strong and distinctive element in weird literature. Despite homely grotesqueness and absolute naiveté, there is genuine nightmare in dissertation e-commerce, the class of narrative represented by the yarn of Teig O’Kane, who in punishment for his wild life was ridden all night by a hideous corpse that demanded burial and drove him from churchyard to churchyard as the dead rose up loathsomely in cover for research paper, each one and refused to accommodate the newcomer with a berth. Descrimination? Yeats, undoubtedly the greatest figure of the Irish revival if not the greatest of all living poets, has accomplished notable things both in original work and in the codification of old legends.
The best horror-tales of today, profiting by the long evolution of the type, possess a naturalness, convincingness, artistic smoothness, and skilful intensity of appeal quite beyond comparison with anything in the Gothic work of a century or more ago. Technique, craftsmanship, experience, and psychological knowledge have advanced tremendously with the passing years, so that much of the older work seems naive and artificial; redeemed, when redeemed at all, only by a genius which conquers heavy limitations. The tone of jaunty and inflated romance, full of false motivation and investing every conceivable event with a counterfeit significance and carelessly inclusive glamour, is now confined to cover submission, lighter and more whimsical phases of supernatural writing. Serious weird stories are either made realistically intense by close consistency and essays on nature the gentlest perfect fidelity to Nature except in the one supernatural direction which the author allows himself, or else cast altogether in the realm of phantasy, with atmosphere cunningly adapted to the visualisation of a delicately exotic world of unreality beyond space and time, in which almost anything may happen if it but happen in true accord with certain types of imagination and letter for research paper submission illusion normal to the sensitive human brain. This, at descrimination, least, is the dominant tendency; though of course many great contemporary writers slip occasionally into some of the flashy postures of immature romanticism, or into bits of the equally empty and absurd jargon of pseudo-scientific “occultism”, now at one of its periodic high tides. Mr. Machen, with an impressionable Celtic heritage linked to cover paper, keen youthful memories of the wild domed hills, archaic forests, and cryptical Roman ruins of the Gwent countryside, has developed an imaginative life of rare beauty, intensity, and historic background. He has absorbed the mediaeval mystery of dark woods and ancient customs, and is a champion of the Middle Ages in all thingsincluding the Catholic faith. He has yielded, likewise, to the spell of the Britanno-Roman life which once surged over his native region; and finds strange magic in the fortified camps, tessellated pavements, fragments of statues, and kindred things which tell of the day when classicism reigned and Latin was the language of the country. A young American poet, Frank Belknap Long, Jun., has well summarised this dreamer’s rich endowments and wizardry of expression in the sonnet “On Reading Arthur Machen”: “There is thesis, a glory in the autumn wood;
The ancient lanes of England wind and climb. Past wizard oaks and gorse and tangled thyme. To where a fort of mighty empire stood: There is cover letter for research paper, a glamour in the autumn sky; The reddened clouds are writhing in the glow. Of some great fire, and there are glints below. Of tawny yellow where the essays arabic culture, embers die.
High-rais’d in splendour, sharp against the North, The Roman eagles, and thro’ mists of gold. The marching legions as they issue forth: I wait, for I would share with him again. The ancient wisdom, and the ancient pain.” Of Mr. Machen’s horror-tales the most famous is perhaps “The Great God Pan” (1894), which tells of a singular and terrible experiment and its consequences. A young woman, through surgery of the brain-cells, is made to see the vast and letter paper monstrous deity of Nature, and becomes an idiot in consequence, dying less than a year later. Years afterward a strange, ominous, and foreign-looking child named Helen Vaughan is placed to on nature, board with a family in rural Wales, and haunts the letter submission, woods in unaccountable fashion. A little boy is thrown out of his mind at culture, sight of letter for research, someone or something he spies with her, and a young girl comes to a terrible end in similar fashion.
All this mystery is strangely interwoven with the Roman rural deities of the place, as sculptured in antique fragments. After another lapse of years, a woman of strangely exotic beauty appears in society, drives her husband to horror and death, causes an artist to paint unthinkable paintings of to cancer, Witches’ Sabbaths, creates an epidemic of suicide among the men of submission, her acquaintance, and essays on nature mother is finally discovered to be a frequenter of the lowest dens of vice in London, where even the most callous degenerates are shocked at her enormities. Through the clever comparing of notes on the part of those who have had word of her at various stages of her career, this woman is discovered to be the girl Helen Vaughan; who is the childby no mortal fatherof the young woman on whom the brain experiment was made. She is a daughter of hideous Pan himself, and at the last is put to letter for research paper, death amidst horrible transmutations of form involving changes of sex and a descent to the most primal manifestations of the life-principle. But the charm of the tale is in the telling. No one could begin to describe the cumulative suspense and ultimate horror with which every paragraph abounds without following fully the precise order in which Mr. E-commerce? Machen unfolds his gradual hints and revelations. Melodrama is undeniably present, and coincidence is stretched to a length which appears absurd upon analysis; but in cover paper, the malign witchery of the tale as a whole these trifles are forgotten, and the sensitive reader reaches the end with only an dissertation e-commerce, appreciative shudder and a tendency to repeat the cover for research paper, words of one of the characters: “It is too incredible, too monstrous; such things can never be in essays on nature the gentlest, this quiet world. . . . Why, man, if such a case were possible, our earth would be a nightmare.” Less famous and less complex in plot than “The Great God Pan”, but definitely finer in atmosphere and general artistic value, is the curious and dimly disquieting chronicle called “The White People”, whose central portion purports to for research, be the diary or notes of descrimination essay, a little girl whose nurse has introduced her to cover for research, some of the forbidden magic and soul-blasting traditions of the descrimination essay, noxious witch-cultthe cult whose whispered lore was handed down long lines of for research submission, peasantry throughout Western Europe, and whose members sometimes stole forth at night, one by one, to research, meet in cover for research submission, black woods and lonely places for the revolting orgies of the essays culture, Witches’ Sabbath. Mr. Submission? Machen’s narrative, a triumph of skilful selectiveness and restraint, accumulates enormous power as it flows on in a stream of innocent childish prattle; introducing allusions to restating paragraph, strange “nymphs”, “Dôls”, “voolas”, “White, Green, and Scarlet Ceremonies”, “Aklo letters”, “Chian language”, “Mao games”, and the like.
The rites learned by the nurse from her witch grandmother are taught to the child by the time she is cover letter for research, three years old, and essays mother her artless accounts of the dangerous secret revelations possess a lurking terror generously mixed with pathos. Evil charms well known to anthropologists are described with juvenile naiveté, and finally there comes a winter afternoon journey into the old Welsh hills, performed under an imaginative spell which lends to the wild scenery an paper submission, added weirdness, strangeness, and suggestion of grotesque sentience. Dissertation E-commerce? The details of this journey are given with marvellous vividness, and form to the keen critic a masterpiece of cover for research paper, fantastic writing, with almost unlimited power in the intimation of potent hideousness and dissertation e-commerce cosmic aberration. At length the childwhose age is then thirteencomes upon a cryptic and banefully beautiful thing in letter submission, the midst of a dark and inaccessible wood. She flees in awe, but is permanently altered and repeatedly revisits the wood. In the end horror overtakes her in a manner deftly prefigured by an anecdote in the prologue, but she poisons herself in time. Like the mother of dissertation e-commerce, Helen Vaughan in The Great God Pan, she has seen that frightful deity.
She is discovered dead in the dark wood beside the cryptic thing she found; and that thinga whitely luminous statue of Roman workmanship about which dire mediaeval rumours had clusteredis affrightedly hammered into dust by the searchers. In the episodic novel of The Three Impostors, a work whose merit as a whole is somewhat marred by an imitation of the letter for research, jaunty Stevenson manner, occur certain tales which perhaps represent the high-water mark of on nature the gentlest mother, Machen’s skill as a terror-weaver. Cover Letter For Research Submission? Here we find in its most artistic form a favourite weird conception of the author’s; the notion that beneath the mounds and rocks of the wild Welsh hills dwell subterraneously that squat primitive race whose vestiges gave rise to our common folk legends of fairies, elves, and the “little people”, and whose acts are even now responsible for certain unexplained disappearances, and occasional substitutions of strange dark “changelings” for normal infants. This theme receives its finest treatment in the episode entitled “The Novel of the Black Seal”; where a professor, having discovered a singular identity between certain characters scrawled on Welsh limestone rocks and those existing in a prehistoric black seal from dissertation, Babylon, sets out on a course of discovery which leads him to unknown and terrible things. A queer passage in the ancient geographer Solinus, a series of mysterious disappearances in cover letter paper submission, the lonely reaches of Wales, a strange idiot son born to a rural mother after a fright in which her inmost faculties were shaken; all these things suggest to the professor a hideous connexion and a condition revolting to any friend and respecter of the dissertation, human race. Cover Submission? He hires the idiot boy, who jabbers strangely at times in a repulsive hissing voice, and is subject to odd epileptic seizures. Once, after such a seizure in the professor’s study by night, disquieting odours and evidences of unnatural presences are found; and soon after that the professor leaves a bulky document and goes into the weird hills with feverish expectancy and strange terror in his heart. He never returns, but beside a fantastic stone in the wild country are found his watch, money, and ring, done up with catgut in a parchment bearing the same terrible characters as those on the black Babylonish seal and the rock in the Welsh mountains. The bulky document explains enough to bring up the most hideous vistas.
Professor Gregg, from the massed evidence presented by the Welsh disappearances, the rock inscription, the accounts of ancient geographers, and the black seal, has decided that a frightful race of dark primal beings of immemorial antiquity and wide former diffusion still dwells beneath the hills of unfrequented Wales. Further research has unriddled the message of the dissertation e-commerce, black seal, and proved that the idiot boy, a son of some father more terrible than mankind, is the cover letter for research, heir of monstrous memories and possibilities. That strange night in the study the professor invoked ‘the awful transmutation of the essays, hills’ by the aid of the black seal, and aroused in the hybrid idiot the horrors of his shocking paternity. Letter For Research Paper? He “saw his body swell and become distended as a bladder, while the face blackened. . . .” And then the supreme effects of the invocation appeared, and Professor Gregg knew the descrimination, stark frenzy of cosmic panic in its darkest form. He knew the letter paper submission, abysmal gulfs of abnormality that he had opened, and went forth into the wild hills prepared and resigned. He would meet the unthinkable ‘Little People’and his document ends with a rational observation: “If I unhappily do not return from my journey, there is good, no need to conjure up here a picture of the letter for research paper submission, awfulness of my fate.”
Also in The Three Impostors is the “Novel of the essays arabic culture, White Powder”, which approaches the absolute culmination of loathsome fright. Francis Leicester, a young law student nervously worn out by seclusion and overwork, has a prescription filled by an old apothecary none too careful about the state of his drugs. The substance, it later turns out, is an unusual salt which time and varying temperature have accidentally changed to something very strange and terrible; nothing less, in short, than the mediaeval Vinum Sabbati, whose consumption at the horrible orgies of the Witches’ Sabbath gave rise to shocking transformations andif injudiciously usedto unutterable consequences. Letter Submission? Innocently enough, the youth regularly imbibes the powder in a glass of water after meals; and at first seems substantially benefited. Gradually, however, his improved spirits take the form of dissipation; he is absent from home a great deal, and appears to have undergone a repellent psychological change. One day an odd livid spot appears on his right hand, and he afterward returns to his seclusion; finally keeping himself shut within his room and admitting none of the household. The doctor calls for an interview, and research departs in a palsy of letter for research paper submission, horror, saying that he can do no more in that house. Two weeks later the patient’s sister, walking outside, sees a monstrous thing at the sickroom window; and servants report that food left at the locked door is no longer touched.
Summons at the door bring only a sound of shuffling and arabic culture a demand in a thick gurgling voice to be let alone. At last an awful happening is reported by a shuddering housemaid. Letter Submission? The ceiling of the room below Leicester’s is stained with a hideous black fluid, and a pool of viscid abomination has dripped to the bed beneath. Dr. Haberden, now persuaded to an essay, return to the house, breaks down the young man’s door and strikes again and again with an iron bar at the blasphemous semi-living thing he finds there. It is “a dark and putrid mass, seething with corruption and for research submission hideous rottenness, neither liquid nor solid, but melting and changing”. Burning points like eyes shine out of in conclusion, its midst, and before it is despatched it tries to lift what might have been an arm. Soon afterward the cover letter submission, physician, unable to endure the memory of what he has beheld, dies at sea while bound for a new life in America. Mr.
Machen returns to the daemoniac “Little People” in “The Red Hand” and “The Shining Pyramid”; and in The Terror, a wartime story, he treats with very potent mystery the essays arabic, effect of man’s modern repudiation of paper submission, spirituality on the beasts of the world, which are thus led to question his supremacy and to unite for his extermination. Of utmost delicacy, and passing from mere horror into true mysticism, is arabic culture, The Great Return, a story of the Graal, also a product of the letter for research, war period. Too well known to need description here is the essays, tale of “The Bowmen”; which, taken for authentic narration, gave rise to the widespread legend of the “Angels of Mons”ghosts of the old English archers of Crécy and Agincourt who fought in cover letter, 1914 beside the hard-pressed ranks of England’s glorious “Old Contemptibles”. Mr. Blackwood’s lesser work is marred by several defects such as ethical didacticism, occasional insipid whimsicality, the flatness of benignant supernaturalism, and good an essay a too free use of the trade jargon of modern “occultism”. A fault of cover paper submission, his more serious efforts is that diffuseness and long-windedness which results from an excessively elaborate attempt, under the handicap of a somewhat bald and journalistic style devoid of intrinsic magic, colour, and vitality, to visualise precise sensations and nuances of uncanny suggestion. But in spite of all this, the major products of good hooks, Mr. Blackwood attain a genuinely classic level, and evoke as does nothing else in literature an awed and convinced sense of the immanence of letter submission, strange spiritual spheres or entities. The well-nigh endless array of Mr.
Blackwood’s fiction includes both novels and shorter tales, the latter sometimes independent and sometimes arrayed in series. Foremost of all must be reckoned “The Willows”, in which the nameless presences on a desolate Danube island are horribly felt and restating in conclusion paragraph recognised by a pair of letter, idle voyagers. Here art and restraint in narrative reach their very highest development, and an impression of lasting poignancy is to cancer, produced without a single strained passage or a single false note. Another amazingly potent though less artistically finished tale is “The Wendigo”, where we are confronted by cover letter paper submission horrible evidences of a vast forest daemon about which North Woods lumbermen whisper at evening. The manner in which certain footprints tell certain unbelievable things is papers+estrogen+links to cancer, really a marked triumph in craftsmanship. In “An Episode in a Lodging House” we behold frightful presences summoned out of black space by a sorcerer, and “The Listener” tells of the awful psychic residuum creeping about an old house where a leper died. In the volume titled Incredible Adventures occur some of the finest tales which the author has yet produced, leading the fancy to wild rites on nocturnal hills, to secret and terrible aspects lurking behind stolid scenes, and to for research submission, unimaginable vaults of mystery below the sands and pyramids of Egypt; all with a serious finesse and delicacy that convince where a cruder or lighter treatment would merely amuse.
Some of these accounts are hardly stories at all, but rather studies in elusive impressions and half-remembered snatches of dream. Plot is everywhere negligible, and atmosphere reigns untrammelled. John SilencePhysician Extraordinary is a book of five related tales, through which a single character runs his triumphant course. Marred only by traces of the popular and conventional detective-story atmospherefor Dr. Silence is one of those benevolent geniuses who employ their remarkable powers to arabic culture, aid worthy fellow-men in cover letter paper submission, difficultythese narratives contain some of the author’s best work, and produce an illusion at once emphatic and lasting. The opening tale, “A Psychical Invasion”, relates what befell a sensitive author in a house once the scene of research to cancer, dark deeds, and how a legion of fiends was exorcised. “Ancient Sorceries”, perhaps the finest tale in the book, gives an almost hypnotically vivid account of an old French town where once the cover letter paper submission, unholy Sabbath was kept by all the people in the form of cats. In “The Nemesis of Fire” a hideous elemental is evoked by new-spilt blood, whilst “Secret Worship” tells of a German school where Satanism held sway, and where long afterward an evil aura remained. “The Camp of the Dog” is a werewolf tale, but is weakened by thesis moralisation and professional “occultism”. Too subtle, perhaps, for definite classification as horror-tales, yet possibly more truly artistic in an absolute sense, are such delicate phantasies as Jimbo or The Centaur. Mr.
Blackwood achieves in these novels a close and cover letter paper palpitant approach to the inmost substance of dream, and research papers+estrogen+links works enormous havock with the conventional barriers between reality and imagination. Beauty rather than terror is the keynote of Dunsany’s work. He loves the vivid green of jade and of copper domes, and the delicate flush of sunset on the ivory minarets of cover letter for research paper, impossible dream-cities. Humour and irony, too, are often present to impart a gentle cynicism and modify what might otherwise possess a naive intensity. Nevertheless, as is inevitable in a master of triumphant unreality, there are occasional touches of cosmic fright which come well within the authentic tradition. Dunsany loves to hint slyly and adroitly of monstrous things and thesis in conclusion paragraph incredible dooms, as one hints in a fairy tale. In The Book of Wonder we read of Hlo-hlo, the gigantic spider-idol which does not always stay at home; of what the Sphinx feared in the forest; of Slith, the thief who jumps over the edge of the world after seeing a certain light lit and knowing who lit it; of the anthropophagous Gibbelins, who inhabit an cover submission, evil tower and guard a treasure; of the Gnoles, who live in the forest and from whom it is not well to steal; of the City of dissertation, Never, and the eyes that watch in the Under Pits; and of kindred things of cover letter for research paper submission, darkness. Restating Thesis Paragraph? A Dreamer’s Tales tells of the mystery that sent forth all men from Bethmoora in the desert; of the vast gate of Perdóndaris, that was carved from a single piece of ivory; and cover letter of the voyage of poor old Bill, whose captain cursed the crew and paid calls on hooks to start, nasty-looking isles new-risen from the sea, with low thatched cottages having evil, obscure windows. Many of Dunsany’s short plays are replete with spectral fear. In The Gods of the Mountain seven beggars impersonate the seven green idols on a distant hill, and enjoy ease and honour in a city of worshippers until they hear that the real idols are missing from paper submission, their wonted seats. A very ungainly sight in the dusk is reported to hooks to start, them“rock should not walk in the evening”and at last, as they sit awaiting the arrival of a troop of cover letter for research paper, dancers, they note that the approaching footsteps are heavier than those of good dancers ought to research to cancer, be.
Then things ensue, and in the end the letter for research, presumptuous blasphemers are turned to green jade statues by the very walking statues whose sanctity they outraged. But mere plot is the very least merit of this marvellously effective play. Culture? The incidents and developments are those of a supreme master, so that the letter paper submission, whole forms one of the most important contributions of the present age not only to drama, but to literature in general. Essays Culture? A Night at an Inn tells of four thieves who have stolen the emerald eye of Klesh, a monstrous Hindoo god. They lure to their room and succeed in for research, slaying the three priestly avengers who are on their track, but in the night Klesh comes gropingly for his eye; and having gained it and departed, calls each of the despoilers out into research papers+estrogen+links to cancer the darkness for an unnamed punishment. In The Laughter of the cover letter for research submission, Gods there is a doomed city at the jungle’s edge, and a ghostly lutanist heard only by those about to die (cf. Alice’s spectral harpsichord in Hawthorne’s House of the Seven Gables ); whilst The Queen’s Enemies retells the anecdote of restating thesis in conclusion, Herodotus in which a vengeful princess invites her foes to a subterranean banquet and lets in the Nile to drown them. But no amount of cover letter for research submission, mere description can convey more than a fraction of Lord Dunsany’s pervasive charm. His prismatic cities and unheard-of rites are touched with a sureness which only mastery can engender, and we thrill with a sense of actual participation in essay, his secret mysteries.
To the truly imaginative he is letter submission, a talisman and dissertation a key unlocking rich storehouses of dream and fragmentary memory; so that we may think of him not only as a poet, but as one who makes each reader a poet as well. The art of Dr. James is by for research submission no means haphazard, and in the preface to one of his collections he has formulated three very sound rules for arabic culture, macabre composition. For Research? A ghost story, he believes, should have a familiar setting in the modern period, in order to approach closely the reader’s sphere of experience. Its spectral phenomena, moreover, should be malevolent rather than beneficent; since fear is the emotion primarily to be excited. And finally, the technical patois of “occultism” or pseudo-science ought carefully to be avoided; lest the charm of casual verisimilitude be smothered in unconvincing pedantry. Dr.
James, practicing what he preaches, approaches his themes in a light and often conversational way. Creating the hooks to start an essay, illusion of every-day events, he introduces his abnormal phenomena cautiously and gradually; relieved at every turn by touches of homely and prosaic detail, and sometimes spiced with a snatch or two of antiquarian scholarship. Conscious of the close relation between present weirdness and accumulated tradition, he generally provides remote historical antecedents for his incidents; thus being able to utilise very aptly his exhaustive knowledge of the past, and his ready and convincing command of archaic diction and colouring. A favourite scene for a James tale is letter for research paper, some centuried cathedral, which the author can describe with all the familiar minuteness of a specialist in that field. Sly humorous vignettes and dissertation e-commerce bits of cover letter paper submission, life-like genre portraiture and characterisation are often to be found in Dr.
James’s narratives, and serve in his skilled hands to augment the general effect rather than to spoil it, as the same qualities would tend to do with a lesser craftsman. In inventing a new type of ghost, he has departed considerably from the conventional Gothic tradition; for where the older stock ghosts were pale and stately, and apprehended chiefly through the sense of sight, the the gentlest mother, average James ghost is lean, dwarfish, and cover for research submission hairya sluggish, hellish night-abomination midway betwixt beast and manand usually touched before it is seen. Sometimes the thesis, spectre is of still more eccentric composition; a roll of flannel with spidery eyes, or an invisible entity which moulds itself in bedding and shews a face of crumpled linen. Dr. James has, it is clear, an intelligent and scientific knowledge of human nerves and feelings; and knows just how to cover submission, apportion statement, imagery, and subtle suggestions in order to secure the best results with his readers.
He is an artist in essays the gentlest mother, incident and cover letter paper arrangement rather than in atmosphere, and reaches the emotions more often through the on nature the gentlest, intellect than directly. This method, of course, with its occasional absences of sharp climax, has its drawbacks as well as its advantages; and many will miss the thorough atmospheric tension which writers like Machen are careful to build up with words and cover for research paper submission scenes. But only a few of the tales are open to the charge of tameness. Generally the laconic unfolding of abnormal events in adroit order is amply sufficient to produce the in conclusion, desired effect of cumulative horror. The short stories of cover for research paper submission, Dr. James are contained in hooks, four small collections, entitled respectively Ghost-Stories of an Antiquary, More Ghost Stories of an Antiquary, A Thin Ghost and Others, and letter paper submission A Warning to the Curious. There is also a delightful juvenile phantasy, The Five Jars, which has its spectral adumbrations. Descrimination Essay? Amidst this wealth of material it is cover paper submission, hard to select a favourite or especially typical tale, though each reader will no doubt have such preferences as his temperament may determine. “Count Magnus” is assuredly one of the best, forming as it does a veritable Golconda of suspense and suggestion. Descrimination Essay? Mr.
Wraxall is an English traveller of the middle nineteenth century, sojourning in Sweden to secure material for a book. Becoming interested in the ancient family of De la Gardie, near the village of cover letter paper, Råbäck, he studies its records; and finds particular fascination in the builder of the existing manor-house, one Count Magnus, of whom strange and terrible things are whispered. The Count, who flourished early in the seventeenth century, was a stern landlord, and famous for his severity toward poachers and delinquent tenants. His cruel punishments were bywords, and there were dark rumours of influences which even survived his interment in the great mausoleum he built near the churchas in the case of the two peasants who hunted on his preserves one night a century after his death. There were hideous screams in the woods, and near the tomb of essays culture, Count Magnus an unnatural laugh and the clang of letter for research paper submission, a great door.
Next morning the priest found the two men; one a maniac, and the other dead, with the flesh of his face sucked from the bones. Mr. Wraxall hears all these tales, and on nature the gentlest mother stumbles on more guarded references to a Black Pilgrimage once taken by the Count; a pilgrimage to Chorazin in Palestine, one of the cover submission, cities denounced by Our Lord in the Scriptures, and in which old priests say that Antichrist is to be born. No one dares to culture, hint just what that Black Pilgrimage was, or what strange being or thing the Count brought back as a companion. Meanwhile Mr. Wraxall is increasingly anxious to explore the mausoleum of Count Magnus, and finally secures permission to do so, in the company of a deacon. He finds several monuments and three copper sarcophagi, one of which is the Count’s. Round the edge of this latter are several bands of engraved scenes, including a singular and letter for research hideous delineation of dissertation e-commerce, a pursuitthe pursuit of a frantic man through a forest by a squat muffled figure with a devil-fish’s tentacle, directed by a tall cloaked man on a neighbouring hillock.
The sarcophagus has three massive steel padlocks, one of which is submission, lying open on the floor, reminding the traveller of a metallic clash he heard the day before when passing the mausoleum and wishing idly that he might see Count Magnus. His fascination augmented, and the key being accessible, Mr. Wraxall pays the mausoleum a second and solitary visit and finds another padlock unfastened. Papers+estrogen+links To Cancer? The next day, his last in Råbäck, he again goes alone to cover letter for research, bid the long-dead Count farewell. Once more queerly impelled to utter a whimsical wish for a meeting with the buried nobleman, he now sees to his disquiet that only one of the arabic, padlocks remains on the great sarcophagus. Even as he looks, that last lock drops noisily to the floor, and there comes a sound as of creaking hinges.
Then the monstrous lid appears very slowly to cover letter submission, rise, and the gentlest mother Mr. Wraxall flees in panic fear without refastening the door of the cover for research submission, mausoleum. During his return to England the traveller feels a curious uneasiness about his fellow-passengers on paragraph, the canal-boat which he employs for the earlier stages. Cloaked figures make him nervous, and he has a sense of being watched and followed. Of twenty-eight persons whom he counts, only twenty-six appear at meals; and the missing two are always a tall cloaked man and a shorter muffled figure. Completing his water travel at Harwich, Mr. Wraxall takes frankly to flight in a closed carriage, but sees two cloaked figures at a crossroad. Finally he lodges at a small house in a village and spends the time making frantic notes. On the second morning he is found dead, and during the inquest seven jurors faint at sight of the body. The house where he stayed is cover letter for research, never again inhabited, and upon its demolition half a century later his manuscript is discovered in on nature the gentlest mother, a forgotten cupboard. In “The Treasure of cover letter paper, Abbot Thomas” a British antiquary unriddles a cipher on some Renaissance painted windows, and good hooks to start thereby discovers a centuried hoard of gold in a niche half way down a well in the courtyard of a German abbey.
But the crafty depositor had set a guardian over that treasure, and cover paper something in the black well twines its arms around the culture, searcher’s neck in such a manner that the for research paper, quest is abandoned, and a clergyman sent for. Each night after that the discoverer feels a stealthy presence and detects a horrible odour of mould outside the door of his hotel room, till finally the clergyman makes a daylight replacement of the stone at the mouth of the treasure-vault in the wellout of which something had come in the dark to avenge the disturbing of essays arabic culture, old Abbot Thomas’s gold. As he completes his work the cleric observes a curious toad-like carving on cover for research, the ancient well-head, with the essays, Latin motto “Depositum custodi keep that which is committed to for research paper submission, thee.” Other notable James tales are “The Stalls of Barchester Cathedral”, in which a grotesque carving comes curiously to life to avenge the secret and subtle murder of an old Dean by his ambitious successor; “‘Oh, Whistle, and I’ll Come to You, My Lad’”, which tells of the horror summoned by a strange metal whistle found in a mediaeval church ruin; and “An Episode of Cathedral History”, where the dismantling of a pulpit uncovers an archaic tomb whose lurking daemon spreads panic and pestilence. Dr.
James, for all his light touch, evokes fright and hideousness in their most shocking forms; and will certainly stand as one of the few really creative masters in his darksome province. Startling mutations, however, are not to be looked for in either direction. In any case an approximate balance of tendencies will continue to exist; and while we may justly expect a further subtilisation of technique, we have no reason to descrimination essay, think that the general position of the spectral in literature will be altered. It is a narrow though essential branch of human expression, and will chiefly appeal as always to a limited audience with keen special sensibilities. Whatever universal masterpiece of tomorrow may be wrought from phantasm or terror will owe its acceptance rather to a supreme workmanship than to a sympathetic theme. Yet who shall declare the dark theme a positive handicap?
Radiant with beauty, the Cup of the Ptolemies was carven of onyx.