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How to Catch Up On Coursework (AND Keep Up In Class)


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oedipus book report Ed Friedlander, M.D. This website collects no information. Coursework. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on to any third party, unless required by cds documentary, law. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements. School Coursework. All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. This page was last modified April 1, 2010. . pluck out the heart of Critical my mystery. -- Hamlet. This page is for high school and school coursework, college students, or anyone else. Everybody brings a different set of experiences to essay a book, a theater, or a classroom. Coursework. Although I've tried to help, ultimately you'll need to decide for yourself about 1 essay scoring Shakespeare and Hamlet.

I hope you have as much fun as I have! Once you get past the minor difficulties posed by the language, you'll probably enjoy Hamlet -- and coursework, not just for its action. Hamlet is the essay prize, first work of literature to look squarely at school, the stupidity, falsity and sham of everyday life , without laughing and without easy answers. In a world where things are not as they seem, Hamlet's genuineness, thoughtfulness, and sincerity make him special. Hamlet is no saint. But unlike most of the other characters (and most people today), Hamlet chooses not to compromise with evil. Dying, Hamlet reaffirms the tragic dignity of a basically decent person in a bad world . Hamlet is the first work of literature to critical questions show an ordinary person looking at the futility and wrongs in life, asking the toughest questions and school, coming up with honest semi-answers like most people do today. Unlike so much of popular culture today, Hamlet leaves us with the message that life is indeed worth living, even by cds documentary prize, imperfect people in school, an imperfect world. Shakespeare's Hamlet is full of talk about death, dead bodies, murder, suicide, disease, graves, and cds documentary essay, so forth. And there is no traditional Christian comfort or promise of school eventual justice or happiness for the good people.

But the message is ultimately one of hope. You can be a hero. Aristotle wrote that in a tragedy, the protagonist by two sports comparison, definition learns something. School Coursework. Whatever you may think of Aristotle's reductionist ideas about serious drama, Shakespeare's heroes all develop philosophically. (You may not agree with everything they decide.) As you read the play, watch how Hamlet -- who starts by wishing he was dead -- comes to english essay questions terms with life, keeps his integrity, and strikes back successfully at what's wrong around him.

So far as I know, it's the first time this theme -- now so common -- appeared in school coursework, world literature. Revenge should know no bounds. -- Claudius. Hamlet, our hero, is the son of the essay, previous king of Denmark, also named Hamlet (Old Hamlet, Hamlet Senior as we'd say), who has died less than two months ago. Hamlet remembers his father as an all-around good guy, and as a tender husband who would even make a special effort to shield his wife's face from the cold Danish wind. The day Hamlet was born, Old Hamlet settled a land dispute by killing the King of Norway in personal combat. How old is Hamlet? We have contradictory information. School. The gravedigger mentions that Hamlet is thirty years old, and that the jester with whom Hamlet played as a child has been dead for twenty-three years. Page. A thirty-year-old man might still be a college student. However, Ophelia is unmarried in an era when girls usually married in their teens, and several characters refer to Hamlet's youth.

So we might prefer to think that Hamlet is in his late teens or early twenties. And many people have seen Hamlet's bitter, sullen outlook at the beginning of the play as typical of youth. You'll need to school coursework decide that one for yourself. (I think thirty might be a mistake for Analysis twenty. Richard Burbage, who played Hamlet first, was older than twenty, and perhaps the editor thought twenty must be wrong. You decide.) Hamlet was a college student at coursework, Wittenberg when his father died. (Of course the historical Hamlet, who lived around 700, could not have attended Wittenberg, founded in 1502). The monarchy went to his father's brother, Claudius. (Shakespeare and the other characters just call him King.) Hamlet's mother, Gertrude, married Claudius within less than a month. Old Hamlet died during his after-lunch nap in his garden. The public was told that Old Hamlet died of snakebite.

The truth is two sports essay that Claudius murdered Old Hamlet by pouring poison in his ear. Coursework. Old Hamlet died fast but gruesomely. The ghost describes the king's seduction of the queen (the garbage passage) just prior to describing the actual murder. This makes the most sense if the queen actually committed adultery before the murder, and that the affair was its actual motive. Even in our modern age, if a twenty-plus-year marriage ends with the sudden death of one partner, and the survivor remarries four weeks later, I'd believe that there had probably been an adulterous affair. And everybody at the Danish court must have thought the same thing. If you don't know this, you're naive. It's not clear that Gertrude actually knew a murder was committed, and we never get proof that anyone else knew for english essay certain, either.

But everybody must have been suspicious. And nobody was saying anything. Young Hamlet is school very well-liked. He is a soldier, a scholar, and a diplomat. Praxis. We learn that he's the glass of school fashion and the mould of form, i.e., the young man that everybody else tried to imitate. He's also loved of the cds documentary prize, distracted multitude, i.e., the ordinary people like him, and if anything were to happen to school coursework him, there would be riots. Exactly why Claudius rather than Hamlet succeeded Old Hamlet is not explained. Hamlet refers (V.ii) to the election, i.e., the choosing of a new king by a vote of a small number of warlords (as in Macbeth). Essay. (By Shakespeare time, it was the Danish royal family that voted.) Interestingly, the Norwegian king is also succeeded by his brother, rather than by his own infant son Fortinbras.

Or the royal title may have gone to Claudius simply because he married the coursework, royal widow, who he calls our imperial jointress. Some people may tell you that in the Dark Ages, Jutland may have practiced matrilineal descent, i.e., a society where family identity and higher english critical questions, inheritance is passed through the coursework, female line. Since this is historical fiction, and since the historical Hamlet's uncle simply held a public coup, this seems moot. Matrilineal descent is higher english critical known among some primitive people in our own century, and is attested to school by ancient writers on various cultures. The advantage of two sports this system is that the best men tend to get picked for hereditary positions of power. With male-line succession, the coursework, old king is higher essay 2004 followed by coursework, his oldest son, who may be stupid and get himself killed quickly. Under matrilineal descent, the Video Critical Analysis, old king picks the man who will actually wield power after he is gone, but still preserves his own genes. In spite of what anybody else may tell you, we know of no human culture where the men, who are physically stronger and do the fighting, let the school coursework, women make the laws and the big decisions (a matriarchy). You may decide this is cover letter for research paper unfortunate. A real anthropologist, Eric J. Smith [link is now down] at U. Wash., points out that its checks-and-balances system made the Iroquois government the closest thing to a matriarchy ever described. The play opens on the battlements of the castle.

It's midnight. (Shakespeare anachronistically says 'Tis now struck twelve.) Francisco has been keeping watch, and coursework, Bernardo comes to relieve him. Neither man recognizes the other in the darkness, and essay prize, each issues a tense challenge. Francisco remarks, It's bitter cold. and I am sick at heart. This sets the scene, since Shakespeare had no way of darkening his theater or showing the school coursework, weather. The fact that each guard suspects the 1 essay, other of being an intruder indicates all is school not well, even though Francisco does not say why he is sick at heart. Francisco leaves, and essay, Marcellus arrives to share Bernardo's watch. Bernardo is surprised to see also Hamlet's school friend Horatio (who has just arrived at the castle; we never really find out why he's here) with Marcellus. Marcellus and Bernardo think they have twice seen the ghost of Old Hamlet.

Horatio is skeptical. The ghost appears, the men agree it looks like the old king, and Horatio (who is a scholar and thus knows something of the paranormal) tries to talk to it. The ghost turns away as if driven back / offended by the word heaven (God), and it disappears. The men talk about Old Hamlet. They also talk about the unheralded naval build-up commanded by the present king. This is in response to an expected military invasion by the Norwegian prince Fortinbras, who wishes to regain the territories lost by his father's death. The men wonder whether the ghost is returned to school coursework warn about military disaster. The ghost reappears. The men try to comparison talk to it to school find out two sports comparison, what it wants. They try to strike it.

It looks like it is school about to speak, but suddenly a rooster crows (the signal of morning) and the ghost fades away. (As usual, Shakespeare is telescoping time.) Marcellus relates a beautiful legend that during the Christmas season, roosters might crow through the night, keeping the dark powers at cds documentary essay, bay. Claudius holds court. This is apparently his first public meeting since becoming king. Also present are the queen, Hamlet, the school, royal counselor Polonius, Polonius's son Laertes, and two sports, the Council -- evidently the warlords who support his monarchy. Hamlet is still wearing mourning black, while everybody else (to please Claudius) is dressed festively. Claudius wants to coursework show what a good leader he is. He begins by talking about the mix of sorrow for his brother's death, and joy in his new marriage. He reminds the Council that they have approved his marriage and accession, and thanks them.

Claudius announces that Fortinbras of Norway is raising an army to try to take back the land his father lost to Old Hamlet. Claudius emphasizes that Fortinbras can't win militarily. Claudius still wants a diplomatic solution and sends two negotiators to Norway. Next, Laertes asks permission to Critical return to France. The king calls on Polonius. When Polonius is talking to the king, he always uses a flowery, more-words-than-needed style.

Polonius can be played either for humor, or as a sinister old man. (Sinister, evil people can still do foolish things -- like getting themselves caught spying on someone who is very upset.) Either fits nicely with the play's theme of phoniness. Polonius says he is agreeable, and the king gives permission. School. This was rehearsed, and Claudius is taking advantage of the critical essay questions, opportunity to look reasonable, especially because he is about to deal with Hamlet, who wants to return to college. Claudius calls Hamlet cousin (i.e., close relative) and son (stepson), and asks why he is still sad. School Coursework. Hamlet puns. His mother makes a touching speech about how everything must die, passing from nature to eternity, i.e., a better afterlife. She asks him why he is Analysis still acting (seems) sad. Hamlet replied he's not acting, just showing how he really feels. Claudius makes a very nice speech, asks that Hamlet stay at the court, and reaffirms that Hamlet is heir to school his property and throne.

Hamlet's mother adds a nice comment, and Hamlet agrees to stay. He may not really have a choice, especially since Claudius calls his answer gentle and cds documentary essay prize, unforced. Coursework. Does Claudius really care about Hamlet? Maybe. The meeting is over, and Claudius announces there will be a party, at which he'll have the guards shoot off a cannon every time he finishes a drink. Hamlet is left alone.

He talks to cds documentary essay himself / the audience. Today's movie directors would use voice-overs for such speeches (soliloquies if they are long and the speaker is alone, asides if they are short and there are other folks on stage.) He talks about losing interest in school coursework, life and how upset he is by his mother's remarriage and its implications. (In Shakespeare's era, it was considered morally wrong to marry your brother's widow. Henry VIII's first wife had been married to Henry's older brother, who died, but the marriage had not been consummated. This puzzle sparked the English reformation.) Hamlet is trapped in a situation where things are obviously very wrong. Cover Letter For Research Paper Submission. Like other people at such times, Hamlet wishes God hadn't forbidden suicide. School. Interestingly, he does not mention being angry about not being chosen king. Horatio, Marcellus, and Bernardo come in. Cds Documentary Essay. Hamlet is school surprised to higher critical essay see his school buddy. Coursework. Horatio says he's truant (not true), and that he came to see the old king's funeral (not true -- he's much too late).

Hamlet jokes that his mother's wedding followed so quickly that they served the leftovers from the funeral dinner. (I think Horatio probably came to higher english critical essay questions 2004 Elsinore out of concern for school Hamlet, spoke with the guards first, and was invited at once to see the ghost. Use Quotes Essay. Some guys don't say to another guy, I came to coursework see YOU even when it's obvious.) You'll need to decide what Hamlet means when he says that he sees his father in his mind's eye. Sometimes, bereaved people notice their eyes fooling them -- shadows forming themselves in higher english critical, the mind into an image of the deceased. Other mourners report even more vivid experiences that they do recognize to school be tricks of perception. Or perhaps Hamlet is simply thinking a lot about his father, or holding onto cover for research submission his good memories. The friends tell Hamlet about the ghost.

Hamlet asks what the ghost looked like -- skin color and beard colors -- and school coursework, agrees they match his father. Hamlet asks the men to keep this a secret and to let him join them the next night, hoping the ghost will return and talk. Afterwards he says he suspects foul play. Everybody else probably does, too, even without any ghost. Laertes says goodbye to Ophelia, his sister.

He asks her to write daily, and urges her not to get too fond of Hamlet, who has been showing a romantic interest in 1 essay, her. At considerable length, he explains how Hamlet will not be able to marry beneath his station, and school, explicitly tells her not to prize have sex (your chaste treasure open) with him. Ophelia seems to coursework be the passive sort, but she has enough spunk to urge him to live clean too, and not be a hypocrite. Laertes suddenly realizes he has to two sports comparison essay leave quickly (uh huh). Polonius comes in school, and lays some famous fatherly advice on higher english essay Laertes. It's today's self-centered worldly wisdom. Listen closely, and say less than you know. Think before you act.

Don't be cold, but don't be too friendly. School Coursework. Spend most of your time with your genuine friends who've already done you good. Cds Documentary. Choose your battles carefully, and fight hard. School Coursework. Dress for comparison essay success. Don't loan or borrow money. And most important -- look out for school Number One ('Above all -- To thine own self be true.')

I get quite a bit of mail about Polonius's advice, especially about To thine own self be true. Some people see this as Shakespeare's asking us to be totally honest in our dealings with others. Others have seen this as a call to 1 essay mystical experience, union with the higher self. I can't see this. The key is to thine own self.

In Shakespeare's time, the expression true to coursework meant be loyal or look out first for the interests of. ; it also meant fidelity to a romantic relationship. This usage recurs in the Beatle' song All My Loving. To be false implies making a promise or a pretense and not delivering. If it's clear up front that you don't do favors without expecting something in return, nobody can complain about being misled. The rest of Polonius's advice is otherwise totally worldly, practical, and amoral (though not immoral) -- what one would read in english critical essay questions 2004, a self-help book. School. Polonius is not the two sports essay, model for scrupulous honesty. Polonius tells Reynaldo to lie. Polonius lies to school the king and queen, claiming he knew nothing of Hamlet's romantic interest before he saw his love letters. And Polonius tells his daughter that everybody puts on a false front. Hearing this actually makes the cds documentary prize, king feel ashamed. When Laertes leaves, Polonius questions Ophelia about her relationship with Hamlet.

One can play Polonius as kind and school coursework, jocular with his son, rough (even cruel and obscene) with his daughter. He calls her naïve, orders her not even to talk to Hamlet, and demands to see his love letters to her. Critical Analysis. Contemporary readers who are puzzled by school coursework, this should remember that in Hamlet's era (and Shakespeare's), a father would probably get less money from use quotes numbers his future son-in-law if his daughter was not a virgin. Coursework. Polonius, of cds documentary course, pretends he cares only about Ophelia's well-being. Hamlet, Horatio, and the guards are on the walls just after midnight, waiting for the ghost. The king is still partying, and trumpets and cannon go off because he's just finished another drink. Hamlet notes that this is a custom more honored in school coursework, the breach than [in] the observance, now a popular phrase. (This was a Danish custom in cover for research, Shakespeare's time too.

The Danish people's neighbors make fun of school coursework them for this. Old Hamlet may not have engaged in the practice, hence the breach.) This fact inspires Hamlet to make a long speech, So, oft it chances. , about cds documentary prize how a person's single fault (a moral failure, or even a physical disfigurement) governs how people think about them, overriding everything that is good. Of course this doesn't represent how Hamlet thinks about coursework Claudius (who he detests for lots of reasons), and it's hard to Analysis explain what this is doing in the play -- apart from the fact that it's very true-to-life. Coursework. You may decide that Hamlet is restating the play's theme of appearance-vs.-reality. The ghost enters. Hamlet challenges it. He asks whether it is good or evil, his real father or a devilish deception.

He asks why it has returned, making us think about the scoring, unthinkable and unknown (so horridly to shake our disposition / with thoughts beyond the reaches of our souls). The ghost beckons Hamlet. Horatio warns him not to follow, because the ghost might drive him insane. Horatio notes that everybody looking down from an unprotected large height thinks about jumping to school coursework death (a curious fact). Hamlet is determined to follow the ghost, and probably draws his sword on his companions. (So much for the idea that Hamlet is psychologically unable to take decisive action.) Hamlet says, My fate cries out, i.e., that he's going to his destiny. He walks off the stage after the ghost. Directors often have Hamlet hold the handle of cover letter paper submission his sword in front of his face to make a cross, holy symbol for protection.

Marcellus (who like everybody else surely suspects Claudius of foul play) says, Something is rotten in the state of Denmark (usually misquoted and school, misattributed to Hamlet himself.) Horatio says God will take care of Hamlet (Heaven will direct it). Nay, says Marcellus, unwilling to leave the supernatural up to Video Critical Analysis God, let's follow him. The scene change is to indicate that the place has changed, i.e., Hamlet and the ghost are higher up. Hamlet demands that the school, ghost talk, and he does. He claims to be Old Hamlet. Because he died with unconfessed sins, he is going to burn for a long time before he finds rest.

He gives gruesome hints of an afterlife that he is not allowed to describe. (Even the more fortunate dead returning to essay prize earth are fat weeds.) He then reveals that he was murdered by school, Claudius, who had been having sex with the queen. (At least the ghost says they were already having an affair. Before he describes the murder, the ghost says that Claudius had won to his shameful lust the affections of the seeming-virtuous queen.) The ghost's account now becomes very picturesque. Old Hamlet says that Claudius's natural gifts were far inferior to his own, i.e., that Old Hamlet was much better looking, smarter, nicer, and so forth. Claudius was a smooth talker (wit) and gave her presents. Old Hamlet says that lust, though to a radiant angel linked / Will sate itself in a celestial bed / And prey on garbage. In plain language, Gertrude was too dirty-minded for a nice man like Old Hamlet. She jumped into cds documentary essay, bed with a dirtball.

Claudius poured poison in the king's ear. Old Hamlet tells the grisly effects of the poison. It coagulated his blood and coursework, caused his skin to crust, killing him rapidly. His line O horrible, O horrible, most horrible! is probably better given to Hamlet. Praxis. The ghost calls on Hamlet to avenge him by killing Claudius. He also tells him not to school kill his mother. Two Sports. (Taint not thy mind. doesn't mean to think nice thoughts, which would be impossible, but simply not to think of killing her.) The ghost has to leave because morning is school coursework approaching. Hamlet says he'll remember what he's heard while memory holds a seat [i.e., still functions] in this distracted globe. By distracted globe, Hamlet probably means both my distraught head and this crazy world. (The name of the cds documentary essay, theater, too.) Hamlet already has made up his mind about Claudius and his mother, without the ghost's help. So before considering whether the ghost is telling the school, truth, Hamlet calls his mother a most pernicious woman, and praxis scoring, says of Claudius one may smile, and smile, and be a villain. We all know that from experience -- most really bad people pretend to be nice and friendly.

When Hamlet's friends come in, he says, There's never a [i.e., no] villain in all Denmark. He probably meant to school say, . as Claudius, but realizes in midsentence that this isn't the higher english essay questions, thing to say. He finishes the sentence as a tautology (Villains are knaves.) Hamlet says he thinks the ghost is telling the truth, says he will feign madness (put an antic disposition on school -- he doesn't explain why), and (perhaps re-enacting a scene in the old play) swears them to 1 essay secrecy on his sword and in several different locations while the ghost hollers Swear from below the coursework, stage. It's obvious that Hamlet's excitement is comic, and the scene is funny. Hamlet calls the ghost boy, truepenny, and old mole, and says to his friends, You hear this fellow in essay prize, the cellarage.

It seems to me that Shakespeare is parodying the older play, and even making fun of the idea of ghosts, and that he's saying, Don't take this plot seriously, but listen to the ideas. Horatio comments how strange this all is, and Hamlet (who likes puns) says that they should welcome the ghost as a stranger in need. There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy. (Ethan Hawke has our philosophy. I wonder if this might be what Shakespeare actually wrote.) In Shakespeare's era, philosophy means what we call natural science. Notice that Horatio, who is skeptical of ghosts, is the one who suggests trusting God when the ghost appears, and who will later talk about flights of angels carrying Hamlet's soul to heaven. Shakespeare's more rational-minded contemporaries (and probably Shakespeare himself) probably did not believe in ghosts. But scientific atheism (scientific reductionism, naïve naturalism) wasn't a clearly-articulated philosophy in Shakespeare's era. Some time has passed.

From Ophelia's remarks in III.ii. (which happens the day after II.i), we learn that Old Hamlet has now been dead for four months. Shakespeare telescopes time. We learn (in this scene) that Ophelia has (on Polonius's orders) refused to accept love letters from Hamlet and told him not to come near her. We learn in the next scene (which follows soon after) that the school, king and queen have sent to Wittenberg for Hamlet's long-time friends, Rosencrantz and scoring, Guildenstern (two common Danish surnames), and that they are now here. Hamlet has been walking around aimlessly in the palace for up to four hours at a time. Polonius, in private, sends his servant Reynaldo to spy on coursework Laertes. Comparison Essay. Polonius reminds him of how an effective spy asks open-ended questions and tells little suggestive lies. Polonius likes to spy. Ophelia comes in, obviously upset.

She describes Hamlet's barging into her bedroom, with his doublet all unbraced (we'd say, his shirt open in front), his dirty socks crunched down, and pale and school, knock-kneed, as if he had been loosèd out of hell / to speak of horrors. Essay. Or, as might say, as if he'd seen a ghost. Hamlet grabbed her wrist, stared at her face, sighed, let her go, and walked out the door backwards. What's happened? Hamlet, who has set about to feign mental illness, is actually just acting on his own very genuine feelings. Hamlet cares very much about Ophelia. He must have hoped for a happy life with her. Now it is painfully obvious that they are both prisoners of a system that will never allow them to school coursework have the happiness that they should. Comparison. If you want to write a good essay, jot down in about 500 words what Hamlet was thinking while he was saying nothing.

Here's where we really see him starting to be conflicted. Will he strike back, or just play along with Claudius and perhaps marry the woman he loves and be happy? What kind of a relationship can a man who's trying to be upright have in a bad world? Hamlet says everything and says nothing, just as the skull will do later. When Hamlet acts like a flesh-and-blood human being showing authentic emotions, people like Polonius will say he is insane.

And Polonius suggests Hamlet is lovesick. Maybe Polonius really believes this. Maybe he just realized that perhaps his daughter might be the next Queen of Denmark. The king and queen welcome Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Claudius says that except for the death of Hamlet's father, he's clueless as to why Hamlet is upset. (Uh huh.) He asks them very nicely to try to figure out school coursework, what's wrong so Claudius can help. (Now Claudius might well be sincere.) Gertrude says she wants them to cover letter for research paper make Hamlet happy, and that the school, good and generous king will reward them well.

Both say how much they appreciate the opportunity, and Claudius thanks them. Often a director will have Claudius call each by the other's name, and use quotes essay numbers, Gertrude point out which is which (lines 33-34). They go off to find Hamlet. Polonius comes in school coursework, and announces that the ambassadors from Norway have returned, and that after their report he will tell them why Hamlet is acting strange. Cover Letter For Research Paper Submission. Gertrude thinks that Hamlet is simply distressed over his father's death (which Claudius thought of) and her remarriage (which Claudius pretended he couldn't think of.) The ambassadors are back from Norway. School Coursework. Fortinbras was indeed mounting an army to attack Claudius's Denmark. The King of Norway was sick and cds documentary prize, supposedly thought Fortinbras was going to invade Poland instead. (Uh huh.) When he learned the truth, the school, King of Norway arrested Fortinbras, made him promise not to invade Denmark, and higher critical questions, paid him to invade Poland instead.

The King of Norway now requests that Claudius let Fortinbras pass through Denmark for the invasion. (Denmark is on the invasion route from Norway to Poland if the Norwegian army is to cross the school, sea to Denmark. Essay. And we know a sea-invasion was expected from the amount of shipbuilding mentioned in coursework, I.i.) This all seems fake and for show, and probably Claudius (who doesn't seem at all surprised) and the King of Norway had an understanding beforehand. As before, Polonius can be a foolish busybody or a sinister old man. (Foolish busybodies do not usually become chief advisors to warrior-kings.) Polonius launches into a verbose speech about finding the cause of madness, prompting the queen to tell him to letter for research paper submission get to the point (More matter with less art; the queen actually cares about Hamlet.) He reads a love letter from Hamlet. It's about the school coursework, genuineness of his love. Polonius asks the king, What do you think of me? The king replies, [You are] a man faithful and honorable. Now Polonius tells a lie. He emphasizes that he had no knowledge of Hamlet's romantic interest in Ophelia until she told him and gave him the love letter. Polonius then truthfully tells how he forbade Ophelia to essay see or accept messages from Hamlet. However, Polonius does not mention the wrist-grabbing episode. He then reminds the king of how reliable an advisor he has always been, and says Take this from this (my head off my shoulders, or my insignia of coursework office from me; the actor will show which is meant) if this be otherwise.

He finishes, If circumstances lead me [i.e., allow, the actor could say let], I will find / Where truth is higher english questions hid, though it were hid indeed / Within the center [of the coursework, earth]. He suggests he and the king hide and watch Ophelia and Hamlet. Polonius likes to spy. At this time, Hamlet (who may have been eavesdropping), walks in praxis 1 essay scoring, reading a book. School. Polonius questions him, and Hamlet pretends to be very crazy by giving silly answers. They are pointed, referring to the dishonesty of Polonius (To be honest, as this world goes, is to be one man picked out of ten thousand.) Once again, simply being sincere and genuine looks to the courtiers like being crazy. English Questions. Hamlet is well-aware that Polonius has forbidden Ophelia to see him, and he refers obliquely to this. Polonius notes in an aside (a movie director would use a voice-over), Though this be madness, yet there is method in it -- another famous line often misquoted.

The speech of the school, insane, as Polonius notes, often makes the best sense. Why is Hamlet pretending to be comically-crazy? He said he would put an antic disposition on just after he saw the ghost. You'll have to think hard about this, or suspend your judgement. Shakespeare was constrained by the original Hamlet story to have Hamlet pretend to be comically insane, and for the king to try to find whether he was really crazy or just faking. But Hamlet is higher english questions also distraught, and the play is largely a study of his emotional turmoil while he is forced to endure a rotten environment.

You might decide that Hamlet, knowing that his behavior is coursework going to use quotes be abnormal because he is under stress, wants to mislead the coursework, court into thinking he is simply nuts rather than bent on revenge. (Of course, this is completely unlike his motivation in the original story, where he pretends to essay be insane so that people will believe he poses no threat.) I've never been able to decide for myself. Polonius leaves, and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern (who have been watching) enter. Hamlet realizes right away that they have been sent for. They share a dirty joke about Lady Luck's private parts that would have been very funny to Shakespeare's contemporaries, and Hamlet calls Denmark a prison. When they disagree (Humor a madman), Hamlet says There is coursework nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. Questions 2004. To me it is a prison. Hamlet is school making fun of how naive his fake friends are, and perhaps wishing he knew less than he did. (Note that Hamlet is obviously not referring to the idea that there are no moral standards common to cds documentary prize the whole human race -- as do certain contemporary multiculturalists.

The theme of right and wrong pervades the play.) The idea that attitude is school everything was already familiar from higher questions Montaigne, and from common sense. Again we have the theme of the play -- Hamlet chooses NOT to ignore the evil around him, though everybody else has, or pretends to have, a good attitude toward a terrible situation. The spies suggest Hamlet is simply too ambitious. This is ironic, since they are the ones who are spying on their friend for a king's money. School Coursework. Hamlet replies, O God, I could be bounded in cds documentary, a nutshell and count myself a king of infinite space, were it not that I have bad dreams. The friends continue to play on school the idea that Hamlet's ambitious are being thwarted, sharing some contemporary platitudes about the vanity of earthly ambitions. But it seems (from what will follow) that Hamlet's remembering the time when the world seemed like a much happier place -- before he saw the wrongs as they are.

Hamlet then questions the men again about the purpose of their visit. If they actually cared, they would say, Your family asked us to come. Page Numbers. We are all very worried about you. Instead, they pretend they just dropped by to school visit, which is stupid. Only when Hamlet asks them by the rites of our fellowship (i.e., by our secret fraternity ritual) do they have to tell the truth. Cover Letter For Research Paper Submission. (In my own college fraternity, we have the same understanding and a nearly-identical formula.) Hamlet levels with his friends. There was a time when the beauty of the earth, the sky, and coursework, the thoughts and accomplishments of the human race filled him with happiness. (All of this is good Renaissance thought, and familiar from many times and places -- and I hope you've felt this as well.) Now he has lost his ability to derive enjoyment, though he knows the earth, sky, and people should still seem wonderful. Comparison Essay. They seem instead to be the school, quintessence of dust.

Anyone who's experienced depression knows the feeling. Quintessence (fifth essence; compare Bruce Willis's Fifth Element) was an essay idea from prescientific thought -- a mystical substance that made fire, air, water, and earth work together, and supposedly what the planets and stars were made of. The two friends then tell Hamlet that some traveling entertainers will be arriving that evening. They used to have their own theater, but some child-actors became more popular (a contemporary allusion by Shakespeare to the late summer of 1600), and the adult actors took to the road. Hamlet compares the public's changing tastes to the way people feel about his uncle. (Q2 omits the reference to the child actors, but without it, the transition between the actor's losing popularity and coursework, the new king gaining popularity makes no sense, so it cannot be an interpolation.) Hamlet quickly and higher english essay, obliquely tell his friends he is only faking (I am but mad north-north-west. When the wind is southerly, I know a hawk from a handsaw.) The players arrive, heralded by Polonius, who Hamlet calls a big baby. Hamlet fakes madness for coursework Polonius's benefit. He pretends he was talking about something else with his friends, refers obliquely to Ophelia, and gives a Bronx cheer (Buzz buzz). When the players arrive, Hamlet drops the pretense of madness, and greets old friends. Cover Paper. One actor repeats a bombastic speech on the fall of Troy, overacting with tears in his eyes.

Hamlet asks Polonius to treat the actors well. School Coursework. Polonius says he'll treat them as they deserve -- actors were considered undesirables. Hamlet says, [Treat them] better. Use every man after his desert [i.e., deserving], and who shall [e]scape whipping? Hamlet gets an idea.

He asks for praxis a performance of The Murder of Gonzago, with a short speech by Hamlet himself added. (Don't try to figure out what happened to school coursework this speech.) Everybody leaves. Hamlet soliloquizes. He calls himself a rogue and praxis 1 essay, a peasant slave. A rogue was a dishonest person; a peasant slave was an oppressed farm worker. School Coursework. He talks about how the actor got himself all worked-up over something about which he really cared nothing (the fall of essay Troy).

Hamlet contrasts this with his own passiveness in coursework, both word and deed. What does Hamlet really mean? He reminds us, at the end of the soliloquy, that even though he thinks the ghost is telling the truth, he needs to be sure this is not a demonic deception. In the meantime, though, he hates Claudius with a silent hatred that contrasts with the actor's fake show. Video. Hamlet calls himself gutless (I am lily-livered and lack gall). Some commentators have taken Hamlet at his word, and thought he is obsessing and/or depressed, both of which interfere with action. But it seems to me that this is simply a human response to being unable to do anything -- we blame ourselves instead of circumstances. Especially, Hamlet is upset that he needs to make compromises with the world in which he finds himself. School. Perhaps this is confusing -- since Hamlet still doesn't know for sure that the king is guilty.

But it's true to the human experience, and the ideas that Shakespeare has been developing. Comparison. I hope you'll think about this, and decide for yourself. The next day, the two spies visit with the king and queen, as well as Polonius, who has brought Ophelia. They say what everybody knows -- Hamlet's crazy talk is crafty madness to hide a secret, and that he really is upset about something. They invite the coursework, royal couple to the play, and praxis 1 essay, the king seems genuinely glad that Hamlet's found something he will enjoy. The king sends the queen and the spies away. Polonius gives his daughter a book, plants her where Hamlet will find her, and tells her to pretend she is coursework reading. Polonius tells her (or to the king?), It's all right, dear, everybody pretends. 1 Essay Scoring. (With devotion's visage / and pious action we do sugar o'er / the devil himself.) The king sees the application to himself, and says, No kidding. School Coursework. (How smart a lash that speech doth give my conscience!) This is powerful -- we suddenly learn that the king feels horrible about his own crime. Video. Maybe this surprises us.

If Polonius is a sinister old man and knows all about the murder, the king says this directly to school him as they are out of earshot of Ophelia. Polonius can grunt cynically in response -- there's nothing really to say in reply. If Polonius is critical a foolish old man, the coursework, king says this as an aside. Cover Letter Submission. We have just learned that the coursework, king really does hate his crime, and suffers under a heavy burden. Hamlet's famous speech on two sports comparison whether it's worthwhile living or doing anything needs little comment. He says it seems to him that life is not worth living, mostly because people treat each other so stupidly and badly. We also suffer from coursework disease and old age -- even living too long is a calamity. Comparison Essay. But Hamlet foregoes suicide because something after death might be as bad or worse, if we've taken our own lives or haven't lived. He's saying what many people have felt, especially those who do not assume that the Christian account of the afterlife is true -- or even that there is any afterlife. Notice that Hamlet says that nobody's returned to tell of the afterlife -- the ghost notwithstanding.

Shakespeare seems to school coursework be saying, loud and clear, Don't focus on the story. Focus on the ideas. Some people have been puzzled by the lines Thus conscience does make cowards of us all; / And thus the native hue of resolution / Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of essay thought, / And enterprises of school great pitch and moment / With this regard their currents turn awry / And lose the name of action. Not only is Hamlet talking about actual suicide -- he's also talking about lifelong suicide by cds documentary essay, doing nothing, choosing the easy passive approach to coursework life. Compare this to Hamlet's calling himself gutless merely because he can't kill the king until he has all the facts and a good opportunity. It's human nature to feel cowardly and ineffective when you're unable (or too smart) to take decisive (or rash) action.

Hamlet sees Ophelia, reading a book. He assumes it's her prayer book (she is evidently not much of a pleasure reader), and asks her to pray for the forgiveness of essay prize his sins. Instead, she tries to give him back his love letters, saying he has prove[d] unkind, which is coursework ridiculous. Hamlet immediately realizes that she has been put up to this. He responds like a thoughtful man of strong feelings.

He generalizes his disappointment with the two women in his life to all women -- I think unfairly. (Watch how his attitude toward women matures later in the play.) But the cover letter paper, Olivier movie's torrent of loud verbal abuse seems wrong. School Coursework. Showing Hamlet's emotional turmoil and conflict seems better. Use Quotes Essay Numbers. Rather, Hamlet sees Ophelia being corrupted by school, the world with which he feels he has already had to compromise. He doesn't want this to happen to the girl about whom he cares so much. Like most men during breaking up, he says I loved you and I didn't love you. Comparison. More meaningfully, Hamlet talks about school coursework fakeness. Letter Paper. He asks where her father is, and coursework, must know that she is lying. (In Ethan Hawke's version, he finds a wire microphone hidden on Ophelia.) He wants Ophelia to remain good, even as he sees himself becoming compromised.

She would have an essay numbers opportunity to renounce the world by school, joining a convent, and he urges her to do so. (Decide for yourself about anything anybody may tell you about nunnery being Hamlet's double-meaning for essay whorehouse. I can't make sense out of coursework this in the present context.) In our world, even being beautiful drives people to be dishonest. Disgusted with the world, Hamlet suggests that there be no more marriages -- suicide for the human race. Ophelia thinks Hamlet, who she admired so much, is crazy. Essay Page Numbers. (Once again, being genuine looks like insanity.) But the school, king comes out and cds documentary essay prize, says that he thinks that Hamlet is neither in love, nor insane, but very upset about something. Polonius decides he'll get Hamlet to talk to his mother next, while Polonius eavesdrops again. Polonius likes to spy. School Coursework. The king decides that he will send Hamlet to England for the demand of our neglected tribute (i.e., to ask for protection money.)

Hamlet gives an praxis acting lesson, mostly about being genuine. He wants to show people -- body and mind -- as they are. School. So does Shakespeare. He talks with Horatio, and we learn that Horatio is a poor boy who's had bad luck but who doesn't complain. He and praxis 1 essay, Hamlet are genuine friends who know they can trust each other. School Coursework. (A stoical, kindly friend like Horatio is a good choice for the Hamlet who we first meet. After all, he's considering suicide -- a posture that he will outgrow as the play goes on.) Hamlet says, Give me that man / That is use quotes numbers not passion's slave, and I will wear him / In my heart's core, ay, in my heart of school heart, / As I do thee. Our society doesn't talk as much about male bonding as Shakespeare's did. Page Numbers. Around 1600, guys -- including Shakespeare -- commonly wrote poems for each other, and nobody thought this was weird. Hamlet tells Horatio to watch the king as the players re-enact the coursework, murder of Old Hamlet. Hamlet jokes -- first bawdily, then about how his mother looks cheerful despite his father having died only two hours ago. (Ophelia, who is literal-minded and thinks he is crazy, corrects him.)

The play begins with a dumb show, in which the story is english questions pantomimed. The king and the queen profess love, the coursework, king falls asleep, and cover letter paper submission, the villain pours poison in the king's ear and seduces the school coursework, queen. If Polonius is a sinister old man and Claudius's accomplice, he can glance at the king when the poison is poured in the ear. If Gertrude knows the cover for research submission, details of the homicide (the director can decide), she can glance at the king when the poison is poured in school, the ear, or be outraged herself. Cover Letter For Research Paper. Many directors will choose to omit everything after the poison is poured in the dumb show, and have the King get upset and run out right now.

Otherwise, the play proceeds, while Hamlet cracks dirty jokes and the king mentions that the story is offensive. Courtiers who are suspicious or in-the-know can shoot glances at the king during the production. When the villain pours the poison in the victim's ear, and coursework, Hamlet shouts You will see [next] how the murderer gets the love of [the murdered man]'s wife, the king stands up, shouts Give me some light! Away!, Polonius calls for torches (Somebody get the lights. ), and everybody runs out. It seems to me that the entire Danish court realizes (or will soon realize) that Old Hamlet was murdered by Claudius, and higher english essay questions, that Hamlet knows too. School. (Hamlet is about to break through his own mother's denial.) Hamlet and Horatio congratulate each other. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern come back in looking for Hamlet, telling him the english essay questions 2004, king is very angry (duh) and that his mother wants to see him (king's orders). Hamlet gives them goofy answers, intending to insult them rather than deceive them. Guildenstern asks for straight answers. Rosencrantz says, My lord, you once did love me, and asks why Hamlet is upset.

Hamlet's response is to tell his friends to play the recorders that the actors brought. Neither knows how. School. Hamlet says they should be able to, since it is essay page numbers as easy as lying. When they still refuse, Hamlet tells them that they can't play him like they would an instrument. Once again, Hamlet's genuineness looks like madness. Coursework. Polonius comes in, and Hamlet, still talking crazy, gets Polonius to essay agree that a particular cloud looks like each of three different animals. School. (Appearance versus reality.) In an aside, he says to the audience that this is essay as good a job of school coursework acting crazy as he can manage.

Alone on stage, Hamlet says, Now could I drink hot blood / And do such bitter business as the day / Would quake to look on. (Unfortunately for everyone, he is about to do just that, by stabbing Polonius.) He says that he'll keep his temper and not hurt his mother physically. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are back with the king, who says Hamlet is dangerous and that he will send him with them to England with a commission. The two spies talk in use quotes essay numbers, Elizabethan platitudes about the sacredness of kingship, the importance of stability in a monarchy, being holy and religious, and coursework, so forth. (Uh huh, uh huh.) The spies leave. Polonius enters and tells Claudius he is going to two sports comparison hide in coursework, the bedroom. Claudius thanks him. Now Claudius is by himself. The play has really affected him. Use Quotes. He tries to pray.

We get to listen. School. If this were a contemporary action movie (today's revenge plays), we would simply hate the bad guy and wait for him to get his just deserts in use quotes essay page, the end. Shakespeare probably inherited this scene from his source, but he's done something special and coursework, unexpected. By giving Claudius real substance and depth, Shakespeare has at cover letter for research paper submission, once imitated life, increased Hamlet's own stature by giving him an school coursework enemy with real character, and reinforced the theme of appearance against cds documentary essay, reality. Hamlet wants to take decisive action, but can't.

It turns out that Claudius cannot, either. And it's Claudius -- not Hamlet -- who is school prevented from acting by his own inner turmoil. Cds Documentary Essay Prize. He hates his crime. He wants to repent. He realizes he could come clean, confess all, and part with his crown. and his queen. He realizes that until he is willing to do this, he cannot find forgiveness from school coursework God. Video Critical Analysis. But he is afraid of the afterlife (where, unlike this world, money cannot defeat justice).

And he is disgusted by the murder itself. Claudius is trying hard, and calls on God's angels to school help him get up the courage simply to pray for God's grace. Hamlet enters, sees the king unguarded. Perhaps following the plot of the old play, Hamlet spares him, since if he's killed during prayer his soul might end up going to heaven. The actor can say, And so he goes to h. [long pause, he meant to say hell], uh, heaven.

Somebody will ask you to critical questions say that Hamlet is a very bad person for wanting to wait for his revenge until the king is more likely to end up going to hell. Coursework. It seems to higher english critical questions 2004 me that this scene probably was known from the older Hamlet play. Whatever you make of it, the King's speech is among my favorites. Shakespeare has added a special irony that's apparent in Claudius's words -- he was not even able to pray, only struggling. Polonius hides behind a curtain (arras) in school coursework, the bedroom. Hamlet comes in. The queen yells at him.

He yells back. Hamlet accuses her of killing his father (i.e., complicity, perhaps just not thinking about what she should realize her first husband was murdered). Of course, there is no evidence she actually knows. English Critical Essay Questions 2004. (In the quarto version, she says she has no knowledge of the coursework, murder.) Gertrude seems puzzled. Notice that Hamlet doesn't even mention that he is watching his mother in the Mousetrap scene; of course, she would pass the test. Gertrude gets frightened and essay, yells Help! Polonius behind the curtain yells Help! In the stress of the moment, Hamlet stabs him to coursework death through the curtain. (As a pathologist who's seen plenty of real-life murder, this fits perfectly with the most common scenario. Someone who is already very upset feels their basic dignity and english critical questions 2004, personal space has been violated.

And Polonius has done this to school coursework Hamlet.) Trying to avenge a murder and set things to right, Hamlet has just committed another murder -- this one senseless. But Hamlet is so focused on praxis scoring his mother that he does not even pause to see who he has killed before he accuses his mother of complicity in the murder of school coursework his father. (Hamlet doesn't know for sure.) When Polonius's body falls out from behind the curtain, Hamlet remarks he thought it was the king (who he was just with, someplace else), and cover submission, talks about how being a busybody is dangerous. He turns immediately back to his mother, who is baffled and evidently is just now realizing herself that Claudius is a murderer. Coursework. (In the quarto version, the essay prize, queen says something to the effect that she has just now learned of Claudius's guilt. Perhaps some of the coursework, original text of the play has been lost from the folio version.) Hamlet's speech to his mother has less to do with the murder and how it is wrong than with her sexual misbehavior and Critical Analysis, her not mourning her loving first husband. Many of us today will see this as a sexual double-standard from Shakespeare's own time. School. Maybe this is true; in any case, I'm old enough to remember the double standard and how wrong it was. Instead, focus on page the queen's adultery and ingratitude, wrongs against her former husband.

The ghost enters, visible to school coursework Hamlet but not to the queen. Elizabethans believed ghosts might be visible to one person but not to another. Praxis 1 Essay. Perhaps the queen is too morally debased to see the ghost, or perhaps Shakespeare didn't want to clutter his story by having the ghost and the queen have it out between themselves. As Hamlet says he expects, the ghost is there to reinforce how important it is that Hamlet take revenge. But the ghost also asks Hamlet to step between [the queen] and her fighting soul, and help her in this moment of crisis to make the right choice. The queen thinks Hamlet is crazy.

The ghost leaves. Hamlet tells the school, queen not to dismiss what he has said about her as the result of madness, and says how ironic it is that virtue (his blunt talk to Video Critical Analysis his mother) has to ask pardon for its bad manners. Hamlet tells his mother to confess herself to heaven and to repent, and school, not to praxis 1 essay scoring have sex with the king. Assume a virtue if you have it not is coursework good advice -- as we'd say today, Fake it 'till you make it, or To be brave, act brave. Carrying out Polonius's body (as in the sources), Hamlet remarks that he's become heaven's scourge and minister against Video, a corrupt world. Coursework. He also says it has pleased heaven (God) -- in his killing of the old man -- to punish Polonius for his mean-minded, foolish spying, and to punish Hamlet, who will have to take the consequences of his nasty-and-stupid act. He tells the queen not to reveal that he's feigning madness. He also indicates that he already knows the spies are going to do him mischief on the English trip, and that he has a counter-plan that will destroy them. Exiting, he remarks that for once, Polonius doesn't have anything to cds documentary say. We never do figure out why Gertrude cannot see the ghost (if there is a reason).

Nor does the scene focus on her realizing that the king is coursework a murderer. Probably Hamlet couldn't persuade her since he still doesn't have the evidence; she'll only realize this at the climax when she drinks the poison. Hamlet talks to her, as he does to others (Ophelia, the spies, Horatio) about Critical not being sullied by coursework, a crooked, corrupt world. Gertrude has not shown any signs of guilt beforehand, but afterwards, especially in the scenes with Ophelia, she will speak of her guilty conscience. Now that Hamlet has killed Polonius, he has become himself a murderer and the object of use quotes essay page Laertes's just quest for revenge. No reasonable person would consider Hamlet either as culpable as Claudius, or excuse him entirely. (A jury today might be understanding, and even a prosecutor might say, Justifiable homicide.) Just recently, we heard Hamlet talk about his own patient merit. Now Hamlet is all-too-human. But there's something else. Coursework. In this scene, Hamlet and his mother reaffirm their love for one another.

From now on, Hamlet will no longer talk about life not being worth living. Praxis Scoring. Perhaps this is the real turning-point of the play. The queen tells the king what has happened to Polonius, and that Hamlet is school insane. The king says he will need to send Hamlet off immediately, make some kind of excuse for cds documentary essay prize him, and coursework, think how to protect the king's own good name (uh huh). Line 40 is two sports comparison essay defective. It should conclude with something about slander. Hamlet has hidden Polonius's body, and when the spies question him, he talks crazy-crafty but says clearly that he knows they are working for coursework the king and against him. Essay. He warns them that this is coursework dangerous. By now the two spies do not even pretend they care about Hamlet.

The king and two or three of his courtiers enter. Video. The king says he cannot arrest Hamlet for fear of riots, but that the public would accept sending him away. The two spies bring Hamlet in. He talks crazy, commenting that everybody ends up dead in the end -- fat kings and lean beggars end up both food for worms, simply different menu items. The king tells Hamlet he just go to school England, and gives sealed letters to the two spies. He tells them, Everything is english essay questions 2004 sealed and done.

It sounds as if the spies know the contents of the letters; a director who wishes to make this clear can have the school, king show the letters to the spies first. The spies leave with Hamlet. The king, alone, tells the audience that the letters instruct the King of England to kill Hamlet upon praxis 1 essay scoring his arrival. Fortinbras's army crosses the stage, and Fortinbras drops a captain off to visit the school, Danish court. The captain meets Hamlet, Rosencrantz, and Video Critical, Guildenstern. Hamlet asks about the army, and the captain says that Norway and Poland are fighting a stupid war over a worthless piece of school land. Two thousand people are going to get killed over essay this nonsense. Hamlet says this is the coursework, result of rich people not having enough to do, a hidden evil like a deep abscess rupturing into essay, the blood. School Coursework. Alone on use quotes stage, Hamlet contrasts himself to school Fortinbras. Hamlet has something worth doing that he hasn't yet done.

Fortinbras is busy doing something that isn't worthwhile. Hamlet reaffirms his bloody intentions. You may be asked to comment on cover submission this passage. You'll need to decide for yourself exactly what it means. If you've made it this far, you're up to coursework the challenge. A courtier tells the queen and Horatio that Ophelia is semi-coherent, talking about her dead father and that the world is full of Analysis deceptions (There's tricks in the world!) The queen does not want to school coursework talk to her; in an aside, she says it will trouble and expose her own guilty conscience. Since the scene in her bedroom, the queen has felt guilty. English Essay Questions. She speaks of her own sick soul and of sin's true nature; she also worries if she can keep her own composure with her own bad conscinece (So full of artless jealousy is guilt, it spills itself in fearing to be spilt.) Horatio suggests that the queen should see Ophelia just for political reasons. Ophelia comes in, singing a song about a dead man, then one about premarital sex. School Coursework. When she leaves, the king talks to use quotes essay page numbers the queen about all the wrong things that have happened -- Polonius killed and quietly buried without a state funeral, Hamlet sent (just[ly]) away, the people confused and school, upset, and english questions, Laertes on his way back, angry. (The king is, as usual, a hypocrite; everybody knows how the trouble really started.) Just then, Laertes (at the head of a mob) breaks down the castle door.

The mob wants Claudius deposed and Laertes crowned king. Laertes runs in, armed, and faces off with Claudius. He is doing exactly what Hamlet considered doing, and didn't do. Coursework. Gertrude risks her own life by wrestling Laertes down. Claudius tells her to let him go, because God protects kings (uh huh). Laertes yells, and Claudius asks for essay a chance to explain. School. Crazy Ophelia comes in, preposterously arrayed with wild flowers, and making half-sense. Laertes notes that her madness talks more clearly than ordinary words (This nothing's more than matter.) She sings another song about a dead man, and passes out symbolic flowers. You can have fun trying to figure out Video Analysis, who gets the rosemary (remembrance, thinking of you -- weddings and school, funerals), who gets the praxis, pansies (thoughts, a pun on pensées), who gets the fennel (flattery / infidelity) and columbines (unchastity), who (with Ophelia) gets the rue (repentance / sorrow; probably Gertrude gets it, as she must wear her rue with a difference as to distinguish two coats of arms, since they have different reasons to be sorry), and who gets the coursework, daisies (unrequited love; you know the game with the essay prize, daisy, She loves me, she loves me not).

Ophelia regrets there have been no violets (faithfulness and friendship) available since her father died. Later, Laertes will ask violets to grow from Ophelia's body. Horatio gets a letter from Hamlet. Supposedly he boarded a pirate ship during a sea scuffle. The pirates are bringing him back home, knowing they'll get some kind of coursework favor in the future. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are on their way to England and Hamlet will have more to say about them. The king explains to Laertes that he couldn't arrest or prosecute Hamlet because the scoring, queen loves him and he's popular with the common people. He's about to tell Laertes that his revenge is imminent (Don't lose any sleep over school that -- l. 31), though he probably plans to tell Laertes the details only after Hamlet is killed in for research submission, England. Just then a letter comes from Hamlet announcing he's back in Denmark. School. The king already has Plan B. The king says it's such a good plan that even his mother won't be suspicious. (Uh huh.

The plot that Shakespeare inherited has some credibility problems, and Shakespeare does not seem to care.) He will have Laertes have a fencing match with Hamlet. Laertes will accidentally choose a weapon that is cover letter for research paper actually sharp, with which he'll kill Hamlet. (Hamlet is most generous, And free from coursework all contriving, so he won't check the swords.) Laertes mentions that he has some blade poison. Cover Letter For Research Paper Submission. He must have bought it to use on Claudius (who he thinks is the murderer of Polonius). Even a scratch will kill. (Uh huh, nobody will be suspicious?) Now the king decides that for backup (in case Laertes is school unable to stab Hamlet and make it look like an accident), he will have a poisoned drink ready, and Hamlet will want some when he's thirsty. (Uh huh, nobody will be suspicious?) Before you decide that you cannot suspend your disbelief, think about what's really going on. The king knows that the court knows that he's already a murderer, and comparison, that they don't care. So nobody will do anything even when the king and Laertes kill Hamlet treacherously in plain view.

The queen comes in, crying. School Coursework. Ophelia was hanging chains of flowers on trees. She climbed a willow that hung out over a river. She fell into the river, simply continued singing, and drowned when her clothes waterlogged. Please note that this is essay questions obviously an accident, not a suicide -- just as when a crazy person walks in front of a bus nowadays. I think Claudius gives it out as a suicide just to inflame Laertes. We don't know who saw Ophelia drown, or why nobody tried to coursework save her.

Perhaps an observer from the castle battlements, or perhaps her last acts were reconstructed from the scene, or perhaps we are asking the wrong question. Two men are digging Ophelia's grave. One asks whether someone who tries to go to heaven by the short route (suicide) can be given Christian burial. In Shakespeare's time (as Hamlet already mentioned in I.ii.), suicide was considered a sin, and sometimes even unforgivable. Suicides would ordinarily be buried in essay prize, unconsecrated ground without a Christian service. Sometimes they'd be buried at coursework, a crossroads (as a warning to everybody not to english essay 2004 do the same), and sometimes with a stake through the school coursework, heart (to prevent them from rising as undead, of course.)

The men joke about essay how politics has influenced the coroner's decision to allow Christian burial. Coursework. They parody lawyer talk (Maybe the water jumped on letter paper her, instead of school coursework her jumping into the water. Or maybe she drowned herself in her own defense.) They say what a shame it is that, in our corrupt world, rich people have more of Video Critical Analysis a right to commit suicide than do poor people. Hamlet and coursework, Horatio walk in. The gravedigger sings a contemporary song about having been in love and two sports essay, making love, and thinking it was great, but now being dead and in a grave as if he'd never lived at all. The marks -a- signify his grunting as he shovels. He tosses up a skull. School Coursework. Hamlet (incognito) asks who is to be buried, the men exchange wisecracks about death and Hamlet's insanity. The gravedigger says he has been working at this trade since the very day that Hamlet was born. (Thus the gravedigger comes to stand for cover paper Hamlet's own mortality.) Hamlet asks about dead bodies, makes a four-way pun on the word fine, and jokes about coursework chop-fallen (in the living it means frowning, but the skull has lost its chop, i.e., jawbone.) Loggits is the game we call horseshoes. Let her paint an inch thick is cds documentary essay prize a reference to the new fashion of women wearing make-up. Even the jester couldn't make someone laugh about the fact that -- makeup or no -- death and coursework, its ugliness are inevitable.

The gravedigger tells him which skull belonged to use quotes page the court jester, Yorick. Hamlet also remembers Yorick's jokes and coursework, his kindness. Cover Letter. But there is more. In the medieval and renaissance world, it was the special privilege of the court jester to tell the truth. School. He could do this without fear of reprisals. In Shakespeare's plays (notably Twelfth Night, As You Like It, and King Lear), the jester's role as truth-teller is central. Hamlet has dealt with the themes of honesty, dishonesty, and truth-telling. In this most famous scene of Critical all, Yorick tells the truth without saying a word. We all end up in the same place, dead. The funeral party comes in, and Hamlet recognizes maimed rites, i.e., much of the school coursework, era's normal Christian burial service is eliminated because of the suspicion of suicide.

Hamlet and 1 essay, Horatio hide. School. Laertes protests the fact that the service is limited. The pastor's reply is organized religion at its worst. Laertes says the priest is the one who will go to hell. He jumps into the grave, picks up the corpse and embraces it, and launches into a bombastic speech.

Hamlet comes out and jumps into the grave too. He calls himself Hamlet the Dane, claiming the royal title. (In Shakespeare's era, a monarch was called by the name of cover paper his country for short.) Shakespeare's heroes all develop as people, and coursework, many people (myself included) dislike Hamlet's attitude toward women as evidenced in critical questions 2004, the first half of the play. But in striking contrast to the nunnery scene, he now proclaims boldly, I loved Ophelia. Laertes drops the corpse and school coursework, starts choking Hamlet. Separated, Hamlet parodies Laertes's bombastic speech. English Essay Questions. Horatio takes Hamlet off and the king says to Laertes, Good. Now we have an excuse for a duel right away. Hamlet is explaining to Horatio about school coursework how he substituted his own letter to the King of England, ordering the execution of the spies. (He used flowerly language, though he hated doing it -- he even mentions that he was trained to write like that, and worked hard to forget how. Again, this is the theme of cover letter for research submission sincerity.) Hamlet already had a pretty good idea of what the English trip was all about, so his having a copy of the royal seal, and some wax and school coursework, paper, is cover for research paper no surprise (as he already indicated at the end of the bedroom scene.) Surprisingly, Hamlet talks about reading and changing the coursework, letters on an impulse, and has a famous line, There's a divinity that shapes our ends / Rough-hew them how we will. Rough-hew was to page carve the basics of a woodcarving or sculpture, with the fine-shaping to follow. Horatio (who seems more inclined to faith in God than do the other characters) agrees: That is most certain.

Since this doesn't make perfect sense with the plot, Shakespeare probably placed it here for philosophic reasons, especially given what is about to happen -- coincidences (Providence?) are going to work events out for Hamlet's cause. There seems to be some mysterious design behind life that makes things work out and gives life its meaning. School Coursework. Unfortunately for Hamlet and other decent people, it doesn't always bring about altogether happy endings. Still, it's grand being part of things. One can find similar ideas in essay, Montaigne, Proverbs 16:9, and the modern Christian saying, A person proposes, God disposes. Bring your own life experience -- do you know of anyone who had been considering suicide who was comforted and perhaps dissuaded by the notion that somehow the universe (if not a personal God) would somehow work everything out? Do you think this is school coursework true? I can't answer.

Horatio remarks that it'll only be a short time before the king finds out about the execution of the spies. Hamlet says life itself is short (The interim is mine, / And a man's life's no more than to say 'One'.) Osric brings Laertes's challenge, Hamlet accepts. The king has bet heavily on Video Critical Hamlet, probably to coursework divert suspicion. Don't try to figure out the terms of the bet -- the use quotes essay numbers, two accounts contradict each other.

Hamlet admits foreboding to school coursework Horatio, and both suspect foul play is imminent. But Hamlet decides to page numbers go forward anyway. We defy augury -- Hamlet is not going to school let his apprehensions interfere with his showing courage and doing what he must. There is special providence in essay, the fall of a sparrow. This is an allusion to the gospel. God knows every sparrow that falls. Mark Twain (The Mysterious Stranger) pointed out school coursework, that the sparrow still falls. Essay Prize. Hamlet is about to coursework die, too, although God is watching.

Hamlet notes that death is praxis 1 essay going to come, sooner or later. The readiness is all -- being ready to live and die with courage and integrity is all the answer that Hamlet will find for death. School. Hamlet points out cds documentary essay, that nobody really knows what death is, so why be afraid to die young? Let be -- don't fight it. Is Let be the answer to coursework To be or not to be? (!). The duel is higher english essay set up. Coursework. In Q1 and Q2, they bring foils (long slender swords) and daggers; in Q2 and F foils and gauntlets (metal gloves). Hamlet puns on foil, a metal backing that made gemstones shine brighter; he will make Laertes look even more the cds documentary essay prize, champion fencer. (Thanks to Hamlet, foil has come to school coursework mean any character who contrasts with the hero, showing up what kind of person the hero is.) Hamlet apologizes to Laertes, and cover for research paper, blames his distracted mental state -- he wasn't himself. School Coursework. (There is a parallel in Romans 7-8). As the king expected, Hamlet is not at all suspicious about the swords, and merely asks whether they're all the for research paper, same length.

In the first round, Hamlet tags Laertes (who is thinking about the poison and perhaps doesn't have his heart really in it). School. The king drops the poison in praxis scoring, the cup, pretending he thinks it's a pearl. (Okay, this is silly.) Whether the court thinks the pearl is to school coursework be dissolved in acidified wine and drunk (occasionally done as conspicuous-consumption), or is a gift to Hamlet, you'll need to decide for yourself. The king probably takes a drink (from another cup, or he drinks before the higher critical essay, poison is dissolved, or he just pretends to drink.) The queen mentions that Hamlet is fat and out of breath. Fat just means sweating, so she wipes his forehead. In the second round, Hamlet hits Laertes again. Coursework. The queen grabs the cup and Video Critical, drinks despite the king's warning. We'll never know whether she has just realized what is going on, and wants to save Hamlet's life and maybe end her own miserable existence. (She does realize quickly that the cup is poisoned. People who are really poisoned without their knowledge just think they are suddenly sick.) Laertes says in an aside that he's having moral qualms about school coursework killing Hamlet by treachery. The third round ends in a draw (perhaps locked weapons), then Laertes reaches out and paper submission, scratches Hamlet illegally when he is not looking. (When Laertes begins a round, he says Come; when he says Have at you now, it signals something illegal.) They scuffle (because of the illegal blow, Hamlet is incensed). During the scuffle, they exchange swords.

This was a recognized move in fencing. One fencer would grab the coursework, other's hand with his free hand (usually with a metal glove) or strike it with his dagger. The right response was for the other fencer to do the same, and swords could then be exchanged. On stage, the exchange is usually done by having Hamlet disarm Laertes with his sword, which flies up. For Research Submission. Hamlet puts his foot on the sharp poisoned sword (he knows it's sharp, but not that it's poisoned, and he intended to scratch Laertes back). Hamlet gives his own sword to Laertes, fights again, and inflicts a deeper wound on him, explaining why Laertes dies quicker. The queen announces the drink is poisoned, and school coursework, drops dead. Critical Essay 2004. Laertes tells everything, and coursework, shouts The king's to blame! For the first time, Hamlet can kill the king and have people realize he was right.

Hamlet stabs the king with the Video Critical, poisoned blade, then forces the poisoned beverage down his throat. Elizabethans pretended to believe that kings were sacred, so Shakespeare had to school have everybody shout Treason, but nobody does anything. (If the director wishes, the guards and paper submission, court can draw their own weapons and coursework, surround the king. Horatio can show the letters to England at this time, too.) Hamlet says he is dying, and Horatio offers to commit suicide like a Roman soldier when his side was defeated. Hamlet drinks the poison instead, to ensure Horatio won't. If Hamlet saw no reason to scoring live, then Horatio has one -- to tell the truth about Hamlet. In the final scene, Fortinbras happens by, as do the English with word of the spies' execution. School. In the last irony, Fortinbras has gotten his land back, and his own father's death avenged. Horatio says he'll tell about accidental judgments, i.e., people have gotten their just deserts through seeming accidents -- the theme of God working in the world to make things right. Fortinbras calls for essay military honors to be shown Hamlet's body. Some people will see this recovery of ceremonial to mean things are right with the world again. Others will simply see one more example of power passing in an unfair world -- as it was in school, the real Dark Ages.

In Ingmar Bergman's production of Hamlet, Fortinbras's words, Bid the Video Analysis, soldiers shoot! is their signal to school pull out their guns and slaughter Horatio and the rest of the surviving Danish court. Shakespeare's Hamlet was a remake of an cover letter for research submission already popular play, based in turn on historical fiction, based in turn on school an episode from the use quotes, Dark Ages, the lawless, might-makes-right era that followed the collapse of Roman-era civilization. The Historical Hamlet was the son of a Danish King of the school coursework, Jutes, who lived during the Dark Ages. The warlord was assassinated and his crown usurped by two sports essay, his brother. This was a coup, not a secret murder. According to current superstition, anyone who killed a crazy person risked acquiring the same disease from the victim's spirit. Therefore, the murdered warlord's son pretended to be crazy, acquiring the school coursework, nickname Amlothi, crazy person. Eventually he killed his uncle and became King of the Jutes in turn. Two Sports Comparison. He ruled successfully, and the nickname stuck.

The Geneologies [my link is now down] record Amleth, King of Denmark. School. They show that he married a Scottish princess named Herminthrud (Hermutrude). He was eventually killed in battle. He is for research paper submission buried in Denmark in a field called Ammelhede (Hamlet's Heath) to this day. In a strange twist of fate, Herminthrud married one Viglek, also King of Denmark, the man whose army defeated and killed Hamlet. Michael Skovmand, Dept. of English at U. of Aarhus, Denmark, shared this with me: There is a Frisian runic inscription from about 700 AD to the effect that On a cliff Amleth put up resistance (translated from Danish: På en klint satte Amled sig til værge).

There is school a consensus that Amleth was a local prince in Jutland in the 7th century. But there is more, albeit circumstantial evidence which points to a pre-Saxo Amleth. A report from a vicar north of Aarhus in use quotes, Jutland from 1623 describes a locality called Ammelhede where according to local legend Amled lies buried. The details of this report shows how Amled existed in popular memory, independent of Saxo which at that time had only existed in Danish a hundred years and had practically no readership beyond the clergy and a few academics. Ammelhede exists to this very day, and in 1933 the local tourist board put up a stone with this memorial inscription: Amled ypperste / Oldtids-snille / teed sig tåbe / Til H‘vnens time / Kaaret paa ting / Af jyder til konge/ H jsat han hviler / Paa Ammel Hede ( = Amled the greatest / Craftiest of Old / Acted a fool / Until the hour of school coursework revenge / Elected at the Ting / by Jutes to be king / raised high he rests / at Ammel Heath [my translation]) So next time you visit Denmark, stop by Ammelhede, a few miles to the south-east of Randers -- don't even think about visiting the bogus 'Hamlet's Grave' between Elsinore and Copenhagen! In Saxo, Hamlet pretends to think that the beach sand is english 2004 ground grain.

This is school coursework ancient, being repeated explicitly in an old Norse saga (the Prose Edda) that refers to the ocean-wave nymphs who ground Hamlet's grain. (Kennings sometimes alluded to other stories that the audience would know.) The ancient Roman, Lucius Junius Brutus, also feigned insanity while awaiting his revenge. Analysis. This gave the school, family its name (brute = unthinking animal), and it was passed along to the Brutus who killed Caesar. David (I Samuel) also once feigned madness to deceive Saul. In our era, organized crime leader Vincente Gigante is said to english essay questions 2004 have feigned madness. There is a historical novel, now hard to find, about the historical Hamlet entitled The War of Jutish Succession. Royal Deceit is a B-movie, not released in theaters, adapted from Saxo. I'd appreciate knowing of any good links.

Amled -- Viking Theater play based on coursework Saxo. Link is now down. Prince of Video Critical Analysis Jutland -- Danish movie based on school coursework Saxo. Christian Bale is Hamlet. Saxo Grammaticus Historia Danica , written around 1200, presents a highly-fictionalized (actually silly) version of the story. Horwendil, warlord of Video Critical Analysis Jutland, kills the school coursework, King of Norway in single combat and use quotes essay page numbers, is given Gurutha, daughter of the coursework, King of Denmark. Their son is Amleth. Horwendil's jealous brother Feng murders Horwendil and marries Gurutha. The murder is no secret. (The historical Macbeth killed an Video Critical Analysis enemy in public, and school coursework, promptly married his victim's wife, who became Lady Macbeth.) Gurutha is happy enough, especially when Feng claims he killed Horwendil to protect Gurutha from impending mistreatment.

Amleth pretends to be crazy. Feng tries to find out whether he is praxis really crazy, or just pretending. First, Feng puts an attractive woman in coursework, the woods where Hamlet will find her, and observes secretly. Amleth is warned of the plot, and cover for research paper submission, takes the woman off for a private date. They have a great time, having been childhood friends, and she tells Amleth everything. Next, Feng hides a courtier under some straw to eavesdrop on Amleth's conversations with his mother. Amleth suspects a trap, pretends to think he is coursework a chicken, jumps around on cover for research the straw, stabs the eavesdroper to death through the straw, cuts the body up, and tosses it into the sewer where it is eaten by the pigs. Amleth has a long speech in which he calls his mother a whore and makes her sorry. She agrees to school coursework help him. She begins weaving a net to entrap Feng's courtiers.

Feng sends Amleth to King of Britain with two courtiers who carry sealed letters asking the King of Britain to execute Amleth. Amleth finds these and substitutes different letters asking for the execution of the courtiers and that Amleth be given the King of Britain's daughter in marriage. Again, this all works out for letter paper Amleth. At the British court, Amleth demonstrates his abilities at coursework, psychic divination. Amleth returns a year later. Paper Submission. He arrives at Feng's court, where he again pretends to school coursework be insane. Cds Documentary Essay Prize. He plays with his sword and cuts himself, and the guests nail his sword to its scabbard. Amleth plays host, gets everybody drunk, flings a net woven by his mother over coursework the drunken courtiers, and burns the Critical Analysis, king's house. Feng is asleep nearby. Amleth goes into Feng's bedroom, exchanges swords with the sleeping Feng, then awakes him and challenges him to single combat.

Feng now has the sword that is nailed to the scabbard, and Amleth kills him. Amleth goes on to become a successful Viking looter and warlord, finally dying in school, battle. Saxo confirms that Amleth's Scottish wife betrayed him and higher critical essay 2004, married Wiglek (Viglek), the man who had killed him in battle. Belleforest's Histories Tragiques was a book of stories in French from 1576. Belleforest adapted Saxo's historical fiction. The queen committed adultery before the school coursework, murder of comparison Hamlet's father. Hamlet is melancholy and school, brooding. There is a lot of dialogue.

Hamlet's very long speech in his mother's bedroom is closely followed by Shakespeare. There was an English translation in 1608, The History of Hamblet (sic.) ; it borrows Shakespeare's A rat! A rat!, and specifically makes the 1 essay scoring, covering through which the spy is stabbed into a wall hanging. My link to Belleforest in translation is now down. Please let me know if this ever reappears online. The Spanish Tragedy was a revenge play by Thomas Kyd with several similarities to Shakespeare's Hamlet. It may be a companion-piece to the original Hamlet play, that Kyd probably also wrote. The background is one of international political intrigue. A ghost reveals a secret murder (but to the audience, not the hero). The hero (who learns of a murder via a letter) must decide whether a murder was really committed, and by whom.

The hero acts crazy; it is not clear how much of this is pretending. The hero upbraids himself for delaying, although his only problem is figuring out coursework, how to kill a king surrounded by guards. There is a play-within-the-play. The bad guys play roles, and are actually killed onstage. There are several records of a play, performed in 1594 at numbers, Newington Butts outside London, and probably earlier, about Hamlet. It is described as a tragedy with a ghost crying Hamlet, revenge!. Coursework. The play was evidently never published, and of course we do not have the manuscript. Thomas Nashe wrote in 1589 in his introduction to a book by Robert Greene, English Seneca read by candlelight yields many good sentences -- as 'Blood is a beggar' and Video Critical, so forth; and if you entreat him fair on school a frosty morning he will offer you whole Hamlets, I should say handfuls, of tragical speeches! Nashe is mostly spoofing Thomas Kyd, who wrote blood-and-thunder revenge plays.

So Kyd is probably the author of the first Hamlet play. In 1596, Thomas Lodge wrote about the ghost which cried so miserably at the theater, like an oyster wife, 'Hamlet revenge!'. We can assume that this play had the murder a secret, and a ghost to reveal it to Hamlet. Some people will tell you that this play must be the source of these plot elements, which fit with the genre: Hamlet's death and the surrounding circumstances. You can decide for yourself; we're not going to know whether these were introduced by Kyd (or whoever wrote the first Hamlet play) or by english 2004, Shakespeare. It contains elements that distinguish it from the other versions we have of Shakespeare's Hamlet. They might perhaps come from the older Hamlet play, via the actor's reconstruction. The spy is called Corambis, not Polonius. His servant is Montano, not Reynaldo. The queen assures Hamlet she knew nothing of the murder -- but Hamlet hasn't even told her about it.

The queen promises to conceal, consent, and school coursework, do her best to essay prize aid Hamlet in his revenge against school coursework, the king. The queen warns Hamlet, via Horatio, of cover letter paper submission a plot. Whenever there is disagreement between Q1 and Q2 or F, Q1 is school inferior -- making less sense, or not sounding so good. Some of the stage directions tell us things that we wouldn't know from other sources. The ghost comes into the queen's bedroom in his pajamas (night gown); Ophelia plays the lute (an early kind of guitar) when she's crazy. When Hamlet and Laertes fight, they catch one another's rapiers. Here is Hamlet's most famous speech as it appears in the Bad Quarto.

To be, or not to be, aye, there's the higher essay, point, To die, to sleep, is that all? Aye, all. No, to school coursework sleep, to dream, aye merry, there it goes, For in that dream of death, when we awake, And borne before an everlasting Judge, From whence no passenger ever returned, The undiscovered country, at those sight. The happy smile, and the accursed damned.

But for this, the joyful hope of praxis scoring this, Who'd bear the scorns and flattery of the school, world, Scorned by the right rich, the rich cursed of the poor? The widow being oppressed, the orphan wronged, The taste of hunger, or a tyrant's reign, And thousand more calamities besides, To grunt and sweat under this weary life, When that he may his full quietus make, With a bare bodkin? Who would this endure,

But for a hope fo something after death? Which puzzles the brain, and cover for research, doth confound the sense, Which makes us rather bear those evils we have, Than fly to school coursework others that we know not of. Aye that, oh this conscience makes cowards of us all. First Quarto (1603) -- visit here to see just how bad the bad quarto is. Warning: This link crashed my IE browser twice. Antonio's Revenge by John Marston, is mentioned by use quotes page, a contemporary source as 1601, and has a very similar plot to Shakespeare's Hamlet.

The murdered man's wife marries his murderer, and the murdered man's ghost calls his son to revenge. The son pretends to be insane, and is melancholy. He walks around in school coursework, black reading a book. There is a play-within-a-play for comparison no reason. The son foregoes an opportunity to kill the murderer in hopes of school a better revenge later. The ghost speaks from beneath the stage, and letter for research, reappears in the mother's bedroom. The son's girlfriend dies of a broken heart. Probably Marston was using Shakespeare's plot, since Shakespeare has a literary source and school coursework, Marston doesn't. Der Bestrafte Brudermord (Fratricide Punished) is a German play that is obviously an adaptation of Shakespeare's Hamlet, which it resembles in higher critical essay questions, contradistinction to Belleforest.

A ghost appears to coursework Francisco, Horatio, and the other guards at the beginning. Hamlet says he is sick at heart over his father's death and his mother's remarriage. Hamlet wants to go back to Wittenberg but the king asks him to stay in Denmark. Corambus's son Leonhardus goes to France. The king gets drunk, as is his habit. The ghost tells how he was killed by having hebona poured in his ear. Hamlet makes Horatio and scoring, the guards promise not to tell what they have seen. They swear in several locations. The ghost calls on them to school swear from Critical below ground.

Hamlet begins acting crazy. Corambus remembers his own youth, and suggests that Hamlet is in love. Hamlet tells Ophelia to go to a nunnery. Hamlet stages a play-within-a-play. The king's guilt is revealed by his reaction when poison is poured into the player-king's ear. Hamlet comes upon the king at prayer, but spares him so that his soul will not go to heaven. Hamlet kills Corambus by school coursework, stabbing him through a tapestry. Hamlet talks to his mother and is visited again by use quotes page, the ghost, who says nothing. Ophelia goes crazy and school coursework, commits suicide by jumping off a cliff. The two spies take Hamlet to an island off Dover, where they reveal their intention to shoot him. They stand on either side and let him give the signal.

He ducks and they shoot each other. Hamlet finds that they carried letters instructing the English king to execute him if their plot fails. Hamlet, the king, the queen, and cds documentary essay prize, Leonhardus all die in the same ways as in Shakespeare's play. The king uses diamond dust as poison. (That won't work. -- Ed the school coursework, Pathology Guy.). What's more, the scenes and use quotes essay page numbers, narrative proceed in the same order as in Shakespeare's play. Somebody will tell you that the coursework, old man's name being Corambus is proof that Der Bestrafte Brudermord must therefore derive from the older Hamlet play. 2004. This seems silly to me. I'd conclude, rather, that in the first run of school coursework Shakespeare's Hamlet, Polonius and Reynaldo were named Corambis and Montano, and that Shakespeare changed their names for comparison essay some reason.

Der Bestrafte Brudermord has some other points of agreement with Q1 against coursework, Q2, but even more with Q2 against Q1. So both seem to be adaptations of Shakespeare's original. So what did Shakespeare add? Shakespeare was constrained by his plot and genre to have Hamlet's revenge delayed, and to have Hamlet talk about being frustrated. Belleforest provided the essential plot. The old Hamlet play, which we do not have, must have contributed other elements. Shakespeare adds more. Essay. The play is very long, and must have been trimmed for school production. So Shakespeare must have written much of scoring it to please himself.

We also have another hint that Hamlet is Shakespeare's mouthpiece -- Shakespeare named his own son Hamnet. School. His neighbors in Stratford were Hamnet and Judith Sadler, and higher english critical essay, Hamlet's name was sometimes spelled Hamlet. Hamnet Shakespeare died in school coursework, August 1596. To discern an author's intent, look for material that does not specifically advance the plot, typify the genre, or have strong mass-audience appeal. Here is english essay questions what Shakespeare added. Hamlet considers suicide, and school coursework, talks about it in words to which most of us can relate. Mostly, it's people's stupid mistreatment of other people that makes him think life is not worth living.

The one extended reference to Christianity (the rooster crows all night in 1 essay scoring, the Christmas season) is a beautiful legend that is obviously not true. Hamlet's father, who he remembers so fondly, is burning in the afterlife for his sins. Either Hamlet's father was not such a fine person as Hamlet says, or the afterlife itself is as unfair as our own world. (Of course Shakespeare could not talk about this possibility openly.) Speaking of the school coursework, afterlife. Hamlet, considering suicide, mentions that no one has ever returned from the english critical essay 2004, afterlife with any details. This is despite the coursework, fact that we just saw him talking to a ghost. I think Shakespeare is saying, This story is fiction. English Critical Essay Questions. The ideas Hamlet talks about are basic to human experience. The girl who is used as a spy on Hamlet is one about whom he cares very much, and who may be pregnant by him. In the original, the spy who gets killed in the bedroom is a nobody, a throw-away person killed as casually as in school coursework, a bad action movie. The spy who Hamlet kills in his mother's bedroom is not only somebody we have gotten to know -- he is the father of the woman Hamlet loves.

Hamlet stabs him just because he is distraught and not thinking clearly. Higher English Essay. Hamlet -- who lives in a bad world -- himself becomes culpable. Shakespeare does not allow us to overlook this. The two spies who Hamlet sends to coursework their deaths are his college fraternity brothers. It is not absolutely certain that they actually intend Hamlet any harm.

It's just conceivable that they are too stupid to english critical realize what's going on. Hamlet is interested in acting, and coaches actors. One player over-acts, and Hamlet reflects on how people pay more attention to make-believe than to real life. In the school coursework, prayer scene, Shakespeare lets us listen to praxis scoring the King as he tries to repent his crime, and fails. The king gains much stature and some sympathy.

Hamlet talks to a foot soldier who knows that the war is stupid and that he is likely to die for no good reason. School. Hamlet reflects that this dumb war is the result of Video Critical Analysis rich people having nothing to do. The gravediggers crack jokes about death and suicide, remarking on how a politics and money allowed the girl to receive a minimal Christian burial. The priest's remarks to Laertes show organized dogmatism at its most heartless. (In fact, this pathologist thinks Ophelia probably died accidentally.) Hamlet handles Yorick the coursework, beloved jester's skull and meditates on how everybody ends up dead in the end. Hamlet likes the cover letter, man with whom he fights his duel. Hamlet has wronged Laertes as Claudius has wronged Hamlet, and coursework, Hamlet knows it.

Hamlet tells Horatio he think that perhaps there's a divinity that shapes our ends and this made him board the pirate ship. From time to time, Hamlet talks about a sense that he is God's agent, with his steps guided by divine providence. But the death-scene itself is explicitly without any Christian comfort. In Q1 (recalled by prize, the actor either from the earlier play, or from what a good-guy hero might be expected to say), Hamlet's last words were, Heaven receive my soul. Instead, Shakespeare's Hamlet speaks cryptic last words: The rest is school silence. Generally, Hamlet talks a great deal about comparison death and disease, without any suggestion of an orthodox religious faith to make it meaningful or bearable. Almost all readers and viewers come away from Hamlet liking the prince very much. School. He is for research paper submission a thinker, and he is funny. We see into his own mind, and discover him to be genuine and sincere. We admire him for school coursework resisting the evil around him. But Hamlet is both stupid and mean when he kills Polonius.

And it is Video Critical Analysis hard to like his nasty, bitter outlook on life in coursework, the first half of the play. Especially, if you do not like everything about today's teenaged Goth culture (wearing black, being clever and disrespectful, playing with people's feelings, complaining that life seems meaningless and higher questions 2004, empty), you won't like everything about the Hamlet who we meet at the beginning. If this were an action-movie or something by one of Shakespeare's contemporaries, the prince might be entirely sympathetic, and his enemies altogether despicable. It's characteristic of coursework Shakespeare's later tragedies that our sympathies are always divided. Some of the cover submission, most powerful serious movies (Shane, Unforgiven, Hoodlum -- all are revenge plays) have the same moral ambiguity. You can find examples from classical tragedy as well (Agamemnon, Medea, many more).

In Hamlet, Shakespeare explains why he writes in coursework, this way -- he intends to hold a mirror up to prize nature, to show us ourselves. I know not 'seems'. -- Hamlet. I'd already noticed when I was formally taught it in school coursework, my medical school psychiatry course. For most twenty-year-olds, the essay, biggest life-issue is, What has happened to most forty-year-olds that caused them to lose the ideals and the authenticity of school coursework youth? For most forty-year-olds, the higher critical essay, biggest life-issue is, How did I lose the coursework, ideals and authenticity that made me who I was when I was twenty?

It's no coincidence that college Greeks profess high ideals. It's what makes them work. for people not yet corrupted by the world. Teenaged Holden Caulfield (Catcher in the Rye) described the use quotes, shams of the phony society of the wealthy, and heard Hamlet had talked about the same theme. School Coursework. He plans to essay page read the play eventually. In the 1970's, it was usual for people to call each other phony if they thought differently about something, and there was no defending against coursework, it. Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn uses another young person to comment on the falsity of adult society. Huck lives fairly well, as Hamlet does. Huck speaks only by his actions, without Hamlet's eloquence.

Mark Twain uses humor and irony to show how much finer Huck is than his betters. The king holds a ceremonious first-public-meeting in cover for research, I.ii. Polonius is buried without ceremony. Ophelia gets a limited ceremony. At the end, Fortinbras holds a ceremonial memorial for Hamlet. In Macbeth, we are treated to school coursework a spectacle from the same era of warlords that gives the two sports essay, setting for Hamlet. Everybody knows Macbeth killed Duncan, and nobody intends to coursework do anything to bring him to justice, preferring the stability provided by another capable leader. In Hamlet's court, everybody (not just Hamlet, and probably even his mother) must suspect Claudius to be a murderer. After the play-within-the-play, it's obvious. Son: Dad, what's the difference between ignorance and apathy? Dad: Son, I don't know and I don't care. Use Quotes Page Numbers. -- Contemporary.

At the end, Hamlet's fideism, a vague faith in God's ability to sort out the mess of this world without any more specific religious dogma, is the kind of faith that many honest, thinking people have reached in our own day. School. Elizabethans talked of God's general providence (the goodness and intelligence that created and sustains the world) and God's special providence (God guiding events subtly to make things work out for the right.) You will need to decide for yourself whether special providence is at work in our own world, or whether Shakespeare actually believed so. But Hamlet thinks it does. Hamlet sees himself as God's agent, and praxis 1 essay scoring, he tells this to his friends (O cursed spite. ) and school, his mother (scourge and higher critical essay questions 2004, minister). Hamlet reflects on God's providence (fall of a sparrow) after his life is saved from the spies. Laertes sees his own death as God's judgment, and Hamlet as God's avenger. What is telling, though, is school coursework that this does not enable Hamlet to Critical Analysis hope for, or expect, a better afterlife. Is Life Worth Living? If his chief good and coursework, market of use quotes essay page his time. Is but to coursework sleep and feed? A beast, no more. -- Hamlet.

Pathologists joke, Is life worth living? It depends on the liver!. Seriously, we've all asked this question. Shakespeare offers no pat answer, only Hamlet's courage and dignity in accepting the human condition, saying No! to corruption, and in meeting his own task and his own death. In the noir genre of hard-boiled detective fiction, the hero gradually learns about page numbers both public and private corruption. Nothing is as it seems. The hero strikes back, but the school, ending is never completely happy. Hamlet is called to higher his revenge by heaven and hell, i.e., something that Shakespeare thought of as more fundamental than the struggle between good and evil.

Hamlet talks a great deal about the nature of human beings, characterizes himself as indifferent[ly] honest and could accuse himself of things for which it would have been better if he hadn't been born. School. We are left to wonder what these are, but soon Hamlet becomes the villain in a revenge story that mirrors his own. Old Hamlet, supposedly a good man, is higher english burning for a while in school, purgatory for unconfessed sins of the kind that ordinary folks commit. Claudius, who Hamlet considers a very bad man, shows us his true mind twice, and we see a struggle between his hunger for divine grace and his need to keep his wife's love. The morality plays that preceded Shakespeare showed examples of good and bad people, and heroes that had a clear choice and made it. Shakespeare seems to be telling us in Hamlet that we can and should try to 1 essay scoring live well, but that both good and bad are inherent in coursework, the human condition. Growing up, we must come to terms with our inability to live up to our own ideals. (You may have trouble finding much on life's gray areas in English literature before Shakespeare. Even Chaucer published a pious deathbed retraction for his freethinking.)

Today we hear a lot about the usual five stages of coming to terms with death (impact, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance.) As a physician, I've noticed that the sequence often happens as described, though it's by no means invariable. (People with a living, mature religious faith often -- but by no means always -- simply accept.) At the end, Hamlet is no longer depressed, but accepts the human condition. Video. Whether he's right to do so is something you'll need to decide. Coursework. But it's a common experience for people growing up. And Shakespeare's shown it to us in Hamlet. If you find yourself wondering whether it's worth going on living in a world full of essay sham and wrong. perhaps you will find your own answers in school coursework, unselfish love rather than in two sports essay, stoical acceptance. School. And perhaps you, too, can be a hero. Shakespeare was constrained by his plot. to have Hamlet pretend to be delusional; and.

to have Hamlet kill the spy in his mother's bedroom. The principal scene in which Hamlet pretends to be crazy (puts [his] antic disposition on) is the one in which he teases Polonius, calling him a fishmonger (compare fleshmoner, or pimp. remember that Polonius wants money for his virgin daughter.) In the other scenes, Hamlet acts genuine and other people think he's crazy. Higher Critical Essay Questions. Ophelia describes Hamlet's silent visit and school, Polonius thinks it's craziness. Ophelia hears Hamlet telling her to get out of a bad world, and comparison essay, she thinks he's lost his reason.

Hamlet's mother thinks Hamlet is crazy after becoming distraught at the end of the closet scene. After the play-within-the-play, the king knows Hamlet isn't crazy, but tells the coursework, rest of the court that he must be sent away to England because of his mental illness. For Research Submission. Notice how Shakespeare adds a new theme -- be yourself, be genuine, and a fake world will consider you to be deviant. Shakespeare's Hamlet is already distraught, and in times of school emotional distress, we do wrong things without thinking. Afterwards, Hamlet (who is indifferent honest), blames his madness for the killing of Polonius. The delusions are fake (as Claudius, and anybody familiar with real mental illness, will recognize). The irrational striking-out in a moment of emotional turmoil is very real. Shakespeare's play focused on the mind of a man who's profoundly distraught and who is two sports asking himself whether life is worth living. Having Hamlet also pretend to be insane was central to the old story, but not to Shakespeare's play. Hamlet uses his feigned madness to point out to those around him how crazy and false the sane world is.

There are themes and school coursework, real controversies that you can explore further, based on your own experience of life. T.S. Cover Letter Paper Submission. Eliot, asked whether the madness of Hamlet was real or feigned, asked, Is the madness of Hamlet's critics real or feigned? This sums it up for me. The nonsense about Hamlet being unable to make up his mind begins with his own speeches after hearing the Player King's speech on Hecuba (he berates himself for hesitating), and especially after talking to Fortinbras's soldier (thinking too precisely on the event -- i.e., people who obsess a lot are the ones who do the school, least). Praxis Scoring. Obsessive-compulsive personality and neurosis are well-known, and mild variants have affected most bright people occasionally.

Bradley points out school, that Hamlet seems depressed (melancholy) and that this will slow a person down; early 20th century writers influenced by psychoanalysis talked about a mother-fixation causing the depression. But the truth is that Hamlet has no opportunity to kill the king and then justify his action, until the final disaster, when Laertes reveals The king's to blame. In the comparison essay, case, providence provides the opportunity. Coursework. Hamlet really does not delay his revenge any more than do Robocop or Nevada Smith. Heroes of earlier revenge plays soliloquize about having to delay, and criticize themselves for it. But revenge plays require that the praxis 1 essay, revenge take time and planning -- or there would be no play. Sam Coleridge (an obsessive who blamed the failure of his grandiose projects on his opium habit) talked about Hamlet thinking too hard. Coleridge identified with this Hamlet, but this isn't Shakespeare's Hamlet.

Schlegel called Hamlet thought-sick. Goethe found Hamlet lovely, sensitive and without strength of coursework nerve. Now, when Hamlet expresses regrets that he's not completed his revenge, he compares himself unfavorably to the Player King (who has just recited a ridiculous, bombastic speech) and to Fortinbras (who is getting thousands of people killed for no good reason at use quotes essay, all -- I first became interested in Shakespeare during the Vietnam war). It is no coincidence that both the Player King and Fortinbras are pursuing stupid, vain goals. What is Shakespeare trying to tell us? Hamlet's revenge isn't so much simply the school, killing of the king, as it is the purging of all the rottenness in higher essay questions 2004, the Danish court. And although it costs him his life, he succeeds.

At some time, we all consider how much wrong there is in the world. School. Hamlet gives us a chance to watch an ordinary person consciously choose to say No! to the world's wrongness and phoniness, and to strike back with intelligence and power. From the bare-bones of an old revenge story, Shakespeare has held up the mirror to something in us that is precious. I hear Hamlet saying, So many people put so much effort into doing things that are not worthwhile. It's a bad world, and praxis 1 essay scoring, I am far from a perfect human being. And we all end up dead in the end. But I am going to do something worthwhile, and do it right. More on school whether Hamlet has a tragic flaw. I believe that the praxis 1 essay scoring, whole there has to be a tragic flaw business was dreamed up by Aristotle, who got paid to school tell young people that if they were really good, then bad things couldn't happen to them, and that people went to sad shows just to have a good cry (purge the emotions of pity and scoring, fear). If it is helpful, point out the obvious.

Aristotle said that a tragic hero should have character flaws so that we wouldn't see bad things happening to school totally-good people. Maybe the heroes of Shakespeare's tragedies are not all-virtuous because Shakespeare wants to Video Analysis show us life as it really is. Since Sophocles's ultra-coldblooded Electra, revenge plays have been among the favorite genre for coursework theater and movies. Why? First, a revenge play presumes that to right a wrong, somebody is forced to take the law into his or her own hands. This showcases one of the two sports essay, most important and serious of human concerns -- how do we maintain good law (i.e., a government that really protects its people's lives and opportunities)?

It's the central question of civilization. (The conclusion of Electra is chilling -- read Sophocles's answer.) Second, the revenger must overcome obstacles to revenge. The lead character has a strong purpose with which we can identify, and we can share his or her feelings and thoughts. There is a satisfaction when revenge is finally won. Shakespeare's philosophy? You decide! One may find ideas similar to those in Hamlet in Montaigne's essays (here's a top-flight college paper for school coursework an eager student), in Ecclesiastes (Old Testament, of course) and in the following famous twentieth-century piece (sometimes stated to higher critical essay be much older).

Go placidly amid the noise and haste, and remember what peace there may be in school, silence. As far as possible, without surrender, be on good terms with all persons. Speak your truth quietly and essay numbers, clearly; and coursework, listen to others, even to the dull and ignorant; they too have their story. Avoid loud and aggressive persons; they are vexations to cds documentary essay the spirit. If you compare yourself with others, you may become vain or bitter, for always there will be greater and lesser persons than yourself.

Enjoy your achievements as well as your plans. Keep interested in your own career, however humble, it's a real possession in the changing fortunes of time. Exercise caution in your business affairs, for the world is full of trickery. But let this not blind you to what virtue there is; many persons strive for high ideals, and everywhere life is full of heroism. Be yourself. Especially do not feign affection. Neither be cynical about love; for in the face of school coursework all aridity and disenchantment, it is as perennial as the grass. Take kindly the counsel of the for research paper, years, gracefully surrendering the things of youth.

Nurture strength of spirit to shield you in coursework, sudden misfortune. But do not distress yourself with dark imaginings. Many fears are born of fatigue and loneliness. Beyond a wholesome discipline, be gentle with yourself. You are a child of the universe no less than the Video Analysis, trees and coursework, the stars; you have a right to be here. And whether or not it is clear to you, no doubt the universe is 1 essay scoring unfolding as it should. Therefore be at peace with God, whatever you conceive him to be. And whatever your labors and school, aspirations, in the noisy confusion of life, keep peace in your soul. With all its sham, drudgery and broken dreams, it is still a beautiful world. Be cheerful.

Strive to be happy. Contrast this with Polonius's advice to submission Laertes. Somebody will remind you that according to the Christian ethics of Shakespeare's era, revenge was considered wrong. A saint would forgive and bring about reconciliation. (As a Christian, I have discovered that this is school coursework possible more often than we might think.) Even ordinary people were not supposed to take the law into cds documentary prize, their own hands. It's hard, though, to see this as a major theme of this revenge play.

Somebody will tell you that Hamlet is about how it's difficult to know the right thing to do -- whether it's killing the king, how to deal with an impossible home situation, or whether life is worth living. Somebody else will tell you that the real tragedy is that Hamlet kills the king, rather than forgiving him and living in love and school, harmony. In Hamlet's era, without effective birth control or stable democracy, bloody conflict was a fact of higher critical questions life. Coursework. In an era of warlords, the best for which anyone could hope was a temporary truce and some justice. Despite their individual virtues and their politically correct apologists, all real-life primitive societies are like this. Hamlet was fundamentally correct -- the world, by its very nature, is full of unpleasantness and wrong. How does Hamlet's attitude toward women change during the play? Is this a major theme? (I think so -- it's not mentioned that often. You decide.) Hamlet starts off very upset and claiming he wishes he was dead because of his mother's faithless to his good father's memory.

He urges Ophelia to withdraw from a rotten world full of rotten women. Later, at the end of the praxis 1 essay, closet scene, he reaffirms his love for his mother despite her faults, and in the graveyard scene affirms he loves Ophelia. If life has taught me anything, it's that people are to be loved along with (not just in spite of) their imperfections. Perhaps you believe this as well. Eric Jones MD came up with an idea in Hamlet and coursework, Oedipus. Hamlet cannot kill Claudius because he unconsciously identifies with him, due to Hamlet's old Oedpius complex, when he wanted to have his mother incestuously. Jones notes that Shakespeare's own dad died around the time the play was written. Nowadays, almost all psychiatrists will tell you that Freud's psychoanalysis is of historical interest, having shown very limited ability to predict the thoughts and actions of patients or to two sports comparison effect recovery. One of my own medical school psychiatry professors said, There's no 'Oedipus complex.' You can decide for yourself about Jones's claims. Is Ophelia pregnant with Hamlet's baby?

Hamlet was romantically interested in Ophelia, and she in him, and coursework, they lived in the same castle. Praxis. Hamlet jokes with Polonius about how his daughter might become pregnant, a pregnant rich girl might be sent for secrecy's sake to a convent (nunnery) and the child given for adoption, and Ophelia sings about lost virginity. School Coursework. We aren't going to know. Supposedly there were two drownings in Shakespeare's community when he was younger. A lady named Alice suicided by jumping down a well when her family didn't approve of the man she loved. Praxis 1 Essay. Another lady (Katherine Hamlet) accidentally fell into the river (she was carrying buckets).

How these events may have affected Shakespeare's decision to have Ophelia drown must remain speculative. You've already noticed that Shakespeare follows a rule from his era -- the school coursework, highest-ranking person on stage gets the first and last lines in each scene. An easy high-school paper can focus on how different characters approach the questions posted in essay, the To Be or Not To Be soliloquy. Ophelia is mostly passive. People who go on to become schizophrenic are often quiet, passive people (schizoid).

Shakespeare probably noticed this. Laertes is bold, forceful, and spouts lines from a bad Elizabethan revenge tragedy (I don't care if I go to hell -- contrast Hamlet's and Claudius's fear of damnation.) Fortinbras bides his time, and grabs the opportunity. Horatio is school coursework a classic stoic with a Roman's sense of honor and a Christian trust in God's power to help. Polonius is a manipulator. From Shakespeare's Era.

If you are interested in the English religious controveries of Shakespeare's era, you may decide that some are reflected in cover for research submission, Hamlet. People who held to school the Roman tradition might believe in Purgatory, a place of higher critical essay 2004 suffering where sins committed in life were burned away, and where sufferings could be eased by purchasing the ministry of the church. Before the Reformation, this had helped make the coursework, relgious orders wealthy, and also sparked the founding of schools and hospitals where the beneficiaries were asked to pray for the sould of their benefactors. People who still believed in the Roman doctrine of purgatory feared especially dying without the sacraments of the church, because the time in purgatory would be prolonged. The English government church forbidden even praying for the dead. Probably many people didn't like this. On the other hand, the Puritans pressured for religious rituals to be even further curtailed. In an Critical era without religious freedom, this had generated a lot of bad feeling.

Stories of ghosts returning from purgatory, which had been popular before the coursework, Reformation, were dismissed as diabolical deceptions. For purposes of the plot, there is really no reason for Old Hamlet to talk about his being in two sports essay, torment or having died with all his imperfections on his head (i.e., unconfessed sins). Hamlet swears by Saint Patrick, who is coursework sometimes described as the essay page numbers, patron saint of Purgatory. Of course, Old Hamlet is in purgatory, which according to the the official government church doesn't exist. When Laertes complains about the school, limited burial service given to his sister, people in the audience would have thought about the contemporary controversies. You can find out on your own what evidence exists to show that John Shakespeare, the author's father, was at least a Roman Catholic sympathizer who wanted prayers for his soul after he died. (Ask about documents found in Stratford centuries later.) But you'll need to english essay 2004 decide for coursework yourself whether Shakespeare is using an old plot, or expressing his secret beliefs, or (my choice) showing us ourselves. More For Students.

Kronberg Castle, in Helsingor (Elsinore), near Copenhagen, is supposedly Hamlet's castle. Photo. Commentary: T.S. Eliot on Hamlet and his Problems G Wilson Knight's remarks on Hamlet seem to be off-line today. Shakespeare always divides our sympathies. Knight sees Hamlet as more the villain than Claudius is. Introduction to cover paper submission Hamlet Postmodernist. . School. or even perhaps to 1 essay tell us that there is no truth, save for that truth given existence by a genius through theatrical devices, representation, illusion, and art. Uh?

No Fear -- text along with 21st-century English translation. Sixty-Second Shakespeare -- Bloodbath at Danish Court -- 'Mad' Prince Hamlet Was Right All Along Trysto Hamlet -- extremely abridged, could be performed by small children. Oor Hamlet -- mock Scots ballad, very funny. Shakespeare's Sonnets. School Coursework. A remarkable sequence even by today's standards. The site author is, like me, committed to making Shakespeare available to everybody, at no cost. 1 Essay. Enjoy.

Duane Morin -- an e-book is in coursework, preparation. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for letter online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Coursework. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service.

The Undiscovered Country -- Hamlet site, promoting the author's e-book. Looks good. To the cds documentary, best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to coursework free sites. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from Critical a lot of wasted time. It's a shame.

This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. School Coursework. If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know. Great PerformancesDavid Tennant / Patrick Stewart -- watch the entire NC-17 play. Laurence Olivier -- introduction for children, well done. Royal Shakespeare Company -- David Tennant / Patrick Stewart; watch the play; highly recommended. Star Wars -- Hamlet and Laertes trade weapons. Jude Law -- talks about his Hamlet. Coventry -- Patrick Stewart as Claudius. Sam West -- Royal Shakespeare Company 2000. Public Broadcasting System -- gets NC-17 rating.

Psychological thriller. Critical. Graphic violence. Scenes of school a supernatural nature. In a time of essay conflict, a voice from the grave will take a vengeful man to a place beyond sanity where only conspiracy and death await. Ethan Hawke's Hamlet is set in contemporary New York City. I liked it much better than most of the school coursework, critics did. Use Quotes Page. Bill Murry, who is always funny, plays Polonius and still shows up how cruelly he treats Ophelia. The popular movie Coraline quotes Hamlet's speech, What a piece of work. when the heroine, who is neglected by her parents, is coursework tempted with false promises of a richer and more meaningful life. The theme of the use quotes numbers, book and movie, which surely explains their popularity, is that if parents don't attend to their children's needs to grow emotionally and coursework, mentally, someone else will.

And it will probably be the wrong people. Oedipus the King -- including something about the tragic hero business. If you are asked to write about Shakespeare's tragic heroes or their tragic flaw or whatever, help yourself to Critical my skeptical notes on school coursework Aristotle. You may find it more rewarding to focus on something at use quotes page, once more obvious and more profound. School Coursework. Shakespeare (unlike Sophocles) is letter for research paper writing about real-life, flesh-and-blood people (tragic flaws -- nobody always acts smart) who live in an imperfect world (tragic choices). In Shakespeare, our sympathies are usually divided among the characters. For this reason, Aristotle's thoughts on tragedy (i.e., people are imperfect) really seem more useful in discussing Shakespeare than in discussing Sophocles. In my pathology course and here, my advice is the same -- focus on coursework the human beings, the real-life, individual situations. You may also decide there are some common theme elements (real vs. fake friendship; bad government is bad for the country; despite what has happened to you, you can still be a hero). If you decide that the questions, philosophical Hakuna Matata (Everything is fine) song is ironic, then the central theme of The Lion King is school coursework that life is by its nature full of troubles and cover, wrongs, and you find its meaning in school, what you do about it this fact.

Of course, compare and contrast papers are for beginners. (1) Look at use quotes essay page numbers, the short story that provided the plot (click here. and notice how Shakespeare has portrayed racism as it really is in our world. School. Ordinary decent folks (i.e., the Venetian government) care only who a person is and essay page, what that person can do. They consider Brabantio a jerk for accepting a person of another race as a friend but not as a son-in-law. Iago, who for whatever reason has a chip on his shoulder, spews racial venom for his own dark reasons. Desdemona is originally frightened by someone who looks different, but quickly learns to love that person so that race become indifferent. (2) It is very common for special-forces operatives who return to civilian life and/or who try to sustain a marriage to school coursework have terrible difficulties.

Those who are successful deserve our special admiration. Too many become terribly confused and end up in self-destructive behaviors, both loving and 1 essay, hating. It's one of school our world's strangest ironies that romantic love is more treacherous and letter for research submission, incomprehensible than war. I'm Ed. You can visit me at my own page and follow the links from there to my autopsy page, my notes on disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the other sites.

Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks and parentheses. This became standard to protect fragile bits of school coursework movable type. Critical Analysis. My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. In one of the Bard's best-thought-of tragedies, our insistent hero, Hamlet, queries on two fronts about coursework how life turns rotten. To be or not to be: that is the question; Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer. The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune. Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and praxis scoring, only if you like it, and get out of school abusive relationships by any means. Tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances or what feelings you really harbor -- get guidance from cds documentary essay prize other adults if you need it, and remember Polonius's advice, which works often enough in our crazy world). Coursework. The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to paper submission work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people.

To include this page in a bibliography , you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Hamlet by school coursework, William Shakespeare Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/hamlet.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the cover letter for research paper submission, site itself is The Pathology Guy and school, the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD. Thanks for visiting. Health and friendship. reset Jan. 30, 2005: Athar: Hamlet is post-Christian. Bleakers: Sigh. Hamlet didn't find meaning, because there isn't any, but he did find peace. Ciphers: Hamlet found out cds documentary prize, he could act instead of brood.

Doomguard: The court goes bad and everybody dies. Dust Folk: Hamlet finds peace in death. Free League: There are many meanings here. Godsfolk: Hamlet develops as a person. Guvnurs: Nowadays with good forensic pathology, we could have proved the case against school coursework, Claudius without Hamlet having to two sports essay take the law into his own hands.

Hardheads: See what happens when law and order break down. Mercykillers: We love a good revenge play. Revolutionaries: Authority corrupts. Sensates: Hamlet showcases powerful feelings. Signers: There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. Takers: Hamlet learned to quit moping and school, got what he wanted. Xaositects: Crazy make sense people the critical questions, most. Visitors send me this question from time to time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, Is life worth living in a world full of wrong? And can I live well? -- then the school coursework, answer is maybe that Shakespeare deals with basic human issues.

Click here to see the author's friend, Dr. Higher English 2004. Ken Savage, do it right. Thanks for school coursework the memories and for your friendship. Give me that man That is not passion’s slave, and I will wear him In my heart’s core, ay, in essay, my heart of school coursework heart.

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14 Reasons this is school, a Perfect Recent College Grad Resume. Share this article: If you’re unsure where to start or what to comparison essay include in your entry-level college grad resume, we’re here to help! TopResume recently partnered with TheJobNetwork to produce a webinar all about resume writing for the recent college graduate. Click on the following link to listen to a resume-writing webinar for the entry-level professional and check out coursework a sample resume below to help craft the Video Critical perfect resume for your job search. Below are 14 reasons why this is an school coursework, excellent resume for a college graduate. 1. Critical Analysis? He used a professional-looking email address. The email address fratbro4life@domain.com may have been funny when you were in school coursework, college, but it’s not the best choice to represent your professional brand in the working world. Do yourself a favor and set up a professional-looking email address that’s reserved for your job-seeking activities. Essay? 2. It includes a customized link to school his LinkedIn profile.

Not only is LinkedIn a great place to cover letter for research build your professional brand and make connections, but recruiters expect to find you on there. In fact, a survey found that more than 90 percent of employers use LinkedIn to search for school coursework and evaluate job candidates. Make it easy for them to find you by Analysis including the link to coursework your profile at the top of your resume. Take it a step further and customize your LinkedIn profile URL so it matches your brand and fits nicely on praxis 1 essay scoring, your resume. School? 3. The professional summary isn’t full of fluff. It can be tempting to throw a bunch of buzzwords such as “ambitious” and “self-starter” into the summary section of two sports essay, your college grad resume, but employers know these are pure fluff and won’t be impressed when they read them. Don’t tell employers how you’re a great team player. Instead, explain how you served on a committee to raise money for your lacrosse team or received accolades for coursework a group project during your internship.

Click on english 2004, the following link for more tips to craft your professional summary. 4. Nicolas optimized his resume with relevant keywords. Your job application needs to get past multiple gatekeepers before it makes it into the hands of a hiring manager. Take a look at the job listings you’re interested in and identify the key terms and coursework, phrases that routinely pop up. If you have those skills or were exposed to that industry or process, incorporate them into your resume. You can add them into a core competencies section, similar to Nicholas’ resume, or incorporate them throughout the work experience section. 5. There aren’t any mentions of high school. Hiring managers are interested in what you’ve done lately, not what you accomplished four or more years before you went to college. Focus on highlighting your activities, accomplishments, and the work experience that took place during your college career, calling special attention to anything that directly supports your job goals. Only list your GPA on your entry-level resume if it’s a 3.0/4.0 or higher. Critical Analysis? If the GPA in school, your major is higher than your overall GPA, feel free to use that instead.

However, keep in mind that employers will know why you didn’t include the GPA and may ask you about it during the comparison interview process. 7. School? Nicholas didn’t include his course work. If you’ve held at least one internship that’s relevant to your degree and career goals, there’s no reason to also include a list of the courses you took. Employers will value your internship experience over the stuff you learned in the classroom any day of the prize week. Coursework? However, if you did not intern, include a list of the 400-level courses you took that are most closely tied to your job goals to show hiring managers what subjects you’re familiar with. 8. It plays up Nicholas’ selling points. The format of your entry-level college grad resume will depend upon critical essay questions 2004 the information you have to work with.

If you have a ton of great internship experience, highlight that just below your professional summary and education sections. If you didn’t hold any jobs that were related to your future career, play up other information instead, such as the high-level courses you took or major projects you participated in, academic or athletic honors you received, or extra-curricular activities that demonstrate your leadership skills. In Nicholas’ case, we divided his experience into school, two categories so his relevant internships took the spotlight. Video Critical? 9. School Coursework? Each employer has a company description. Help employers get a better understanding of the industries and work environments you were exposed to by including a line that describes each company with which you held an internship. Essay? If you’re tight on space, feel free to eliminate this information for coursework your summer jobs that aren’t related to your current career goals.

You can also omit this information from your internships if they were all held at companies with big, well-known brand names. 10. Nicholas bulleted the cds documentary most important information. Use bullet points to draw attention to the information you believe recruiters will care most about. This may include an accomplishment or other major contribution you helped your team achieve. 11. Action verbs are used to describe his work experience.

Notice how the bullets under Nicholas’ roles begin with an coursework, action verb? This information focuses on how Nicholas contributed to an end result. Use Quotes Essay Numbers? When you’re new to coursework the workforce, you may not have many major accomplishments and contributions to include in your resume; however, use action verbs (i.e. created, led, managed, improved, developed, built) to describe your activities. 12. His extracurricular activities and honors are provided. Video Analysis? Your first resume out of college should play up your best selling points. This may include any projects or extracurricular activities you held while attending college, as well as any scholarships or other honors your receiving during that time.

Click on the following link for more tips on how to coursework build a resume using college involvement as experience. 13. Nicholas’ relevant skills are listed. Paper? Take a closer look at the job descriptions that interest you and note what technical skills they expect you to possess. This may include a particular software program or a language skill that’s considered valuable in your chosen field.

If you have a working knowledge of school, these platforms, list them on your resume. Praxis? If you keep seeing a skill or tool mentioned that you don’t know much about, look for coursework free or low-cost online courses on the topic to bolster your skill set. Resources such as edX, SkillShare, and Lynda.com are a great place to start. Scoring? As an entry-level professional, you only get one page of resume real estate don’t waste it by adding references or the phrase, “References available upon request.” Employers usually won’t ask for this information until you make it to a face-to-face interview, and they know you’ll provide it if they request it. Looking for more samples and advice?

Click on the following links to check out a recording of school coursework, our recent resume-writing webinar and take a look at another recent college graduate resume sample I wrote for cover for research submission Business Insider. Click on the following link for more resume advice. Need help with your entry-level resume? Take advantage of school, our free resume critique today! Subscribe today to letter for research paper get job tips and school, career advice that will come in Analysis, handy. Let's stay in school, touch. Subscribe today to get job tips and career advice that will come in handy.

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