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believe essays best Sometimes personal essays are actually inspired by a belief statement or quotation from someone famous that the writer respects. Do any quotations below ring true with what you yourself believe? If so, one of these quotations might offer a thesis around which you can frame a personal essay about an insight that has made a real difference in your own life. Write My Paper Not Plagiarized. 1. I have found that being honest is the best technique I can use. Essay For College. Right up front, tell people what you're trying to write my paper not plagiarized, accomplish, and what you're willing to by hannie essays, sacrifice to accomplish it. -Lee Iococca.
2. I know you've heard it a thousand times before. But it's true--hard work pays off. If you want to write, be good, you have to practice, practice, practice. If you don't love something, then don't do it. By Hannie. - Ray Bradbury. 3. If you're not making mistakes, then you're not doing anything. I'm positive that a doer makes mistakes. - John Wooden. 4. It is my paper a paradoxical but profoundly true and important principle of life that the most likely way to reach a goal is to be aiming not at that goal itself but at some more ambitious goal beyond it. Education Argument. - Arnold Toynbee.
5. I don't wait for moods. You accomplish nothing if you do that. Your mind must know it has got to get down to earth. Write My Paper Not Plagiarized. - Pearl Buck. 6. I don't look to jump over wood of the, 7-foot bars. I look around for 1-foot bars that I can step over. - Warren Buffett. 7. If you deliberately plan on being less than you are capable of being, then I warn you that you'll be unhappy for the rest of your life. - Abraham Maslow. 8. If you don't quit, and don't cheat, and my paper not plagiarized don't run home when trouble arrives, you can only win. By Hannie Rayson. - Shelley Long.
9. Success in golf depends less on strength of my paper body than upon strength of mind and character. - Arnold Palmer. 10. People of mediocre ability sometimes achieve outstanding success because they don't know when to quit. Most men succeed because they are determined to. - George Allen. Radicalism. BELIEFS OF JOHN WOODEN. Sometimes personal essays are actually inspired by write not plagiarized a belief statement or quotation from someone famous that the writer respects. Do any quotations below from the famous UCLA basketball coach ring true with what you yourself believe?
If so, one of these quotations might offer a thesis around which you can frame a personal essay about an insight that has made a real difference in your own life. Education Argument Essay. 1.A man may make mistakes, but he isn’t a failure until he starts blaming someone else. 2. Not Plagiarized. Ability may get you to the top, but it takes character to keep you there. 3. Inheritance By Hannie. The main ingredient of stardom is the rest of the team. 4. Young people need models not critics. 5. Talent is God given; be humble. Fame is man given; be thankful. Conceit is self-given; be careful.
6. The journey is my paper greater than the gordon wood radicalism american, inn. 7. Not Plagiarized. Learn as if you were to live forever. Live as if you were to die tomorrow. 8.The true athlete should have character, not be a character. Crime Introduction. 9. Do not let what you CANNOT do interfere with what you CAN do. My Paper. 10. Be more concerned with your character than with your reputation, because your character is what you really are, while your reputation is merely what others think you are. 11.
Things turn out by hannie rayson best for those who make the best of the way things turn out. THINGS I’VE LEARNED……… Personal Essays are based on ideas – insights we’ve learned based on your life experiences. Read the insights expressed by others, and then compose a sentence that expresses one thing you’ve learned about life. 1. I’ve learned that I like my teacher because she cries when we sing “Silent Night”… Age 6. Write. 2. I’ve learned that when I wave to people in writing application, the country, they stop what they are doing and wave back. Age 9. 3. I’ve learned that if you want to not plagiarized, cheer yourself up, you should try cheering someone else up. Age 14. 4. I’ve learned that although it’s hard to admit it, I’m secretly glad my parents are strict with me. Age 15.
5. I’ve learned that if someone says something unkind about me, I must live so that no one will believe it. Age 39. 6. For College. I’ve learned that there are people who love you dearly but just don’t know how to show it. Age 42. 7. I’ve learned that you can make some one’s day by simply sending them a little note. Write. Age 44. 8. I’ve learned that the greater a person’s sense of dissertation proposal with my guilt, the greater his or her need to cast blame on write, others.
Age 46. 9. I’ve learned that no matter what happens, or how bad it seems today, life does go on, and it will be better tomorrow. Age 48. 10. I’ve learned that regardless of your relationship with your parents, you miss them terribly after they die. Age 53. 11. I’ve learned that making a living is not the same thing as making a life. Age 58.
12. I’ve learned that life sometimes gives you a second chance. Age 62. 13. I’ve learned that you shouldn’t go through life with a catchers mitt on both hands. You need to be able to throw something back. Application. Age 64.
14. I’ve learned that whenever I decide something with kindness, I usually make the right decision. Age 66. 15. I’ve learned that it pays to believe in miracles. And to tell the truth, I’ve seen several.
Age 75. 16. I’ve learned that even when I have pains, I don’t have to be one. Age 82. Not Plagiarized. 17. Inheritance By Hannie Essays. I’ve learned that every day you should reach out and touch someone.
People love that human touch – holding hands, a warm hug or just a friendly pat on the back. Write Not Plagiarized. Age 85. 18. Writing Dissertation Proposal With My. I’ve learned that I sill have a lot to not plagiarized, learn. Age 92. THE TOP 10 LESSONS I LEARNED FROM CHARLIE BROWN.
For 50 years the daily comic strip “Peanuts” entertained millions of readers. Every day, the adventures of Charlie Brown, Snoopy, Linus and the whole gang provided many laugh-out-loud moments while at the same time offering a daily inspiration and lessons on life. I remember the many lessons they taught me…. 1. It’s okay to be afraid…just don’t let your fears control you. Charlie Brown often sat in bed and spoke of his fears, but no matter how scared he was, he. always did the rayson, things he wanted to write my paper not plagiarized, do. Charlie Brown often lost, failed at much, but he never gave up. Even though he knew Lucy was gong to pull the football away before he could kick it….Even though he knew the tree was going to eat his kite…Even though he knew his team would lose the ball game, he kept on trying.
3. Help Writing Proposal. It’s what you think of yourself that matters most. Linus carried a security blanket for years and write his friends laughed at him. Crime Introduction. They also laughed at him because he believed in the ‘Great Pumpkin.’ Pigpen was a walking cloud of dust and dirt and was often regarded unkindly. Both characters, however, were always proud of themselves and believed they were as good as anybody else—and they were right. Write Not Plagiarized. 4. Sometimes you need to talk. One thing the ‘Peanuts’ gang understood was the proposal with, importance of write my paper not plagiarized talking things out. Whether leaning up against wood radicalism Schroeder’s piano or atop the brick wall, they always had someplace to discuss what was of write not plagiarized concern to them.
5. Sometimes you need to listen. Even crabby, self-indulged Lucy knew the importance of listening. She started the famous ‘Psychiatry Booth’ where any and all could come and be heard. Through all their adventures, Schroeder remained constant in his appreciation of Beethoven and his love of inheritance by hannie rayson playing the piano. He loved to play piano and that’s what he did, regardless of the circumstances. Write My Paper Not Plagiarized. Charlie Brown flew his kite, played baseball and football, not just to win (he knew he wouldn’t), but because he loved to do those things.
7. It’s important to have friends that care. The ‘Peanuts’ gang was made up of individual characters, each with their own foibles and for college application talents, but through it all they were always there for each other. My Paper Not Plagiarized. 8. Big dreams lead to big things! Snoopy was the gordon wood american, biggest dreamer of write my paper them all, but his wild imagination often led to even wilder, more fantastic adventures in essays, real life. Snoopy knew that you must have a big dream if you are going to lead a big life.
As Charlie Brown was reminded time and again after prodding from Linus: it takes action to my paper not plagiarized, bring about change. Though he often failed, Chuck took action quite regularly….and every now and again things would go his way. Application. While the kids themselves may not have seen the humor in write, the things they did, Schulz made sure that *we* did. Life is wood radicalism of the only as serious or as humorous as YOU make it….Lighten up. Write Not Plagiarized. Go play softball.
Fly a kite. Essay Introduction. Dance with your dog. Smile….it makes people wonder what you’re up to.
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Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The Poetics of Aristotle (384-322 B.C.E.) is a much-disdained book. So unpoetic a soul as Aristotle's has no business speaking about such a topic, much less telling poets how to go about their business. He reduces the drama to its language, people say, and the language itself to write, its least poetic element, the story, and then he encourages insensitive readers like himself to help dissertation proposal with my, subject stories to crudely moralistic readings, that reduce tragedies to the childish proportions of Aesop-fables. Strangely, though, the Poetics itself is rarely read with the kind of write my paper, sensitivity its critics claim to possess, and the thing criticized is not the book Aristotle wrote but a caricature of it. Aristotle himself respected Homer so much that he personally corrected a copy of the Iliad for his student Alexander, who carried it all over the world. In his Rhetoric (III, xvi, 9), Aristotle criticizes orators who write exclusively from the intellect, rather than from the heart, in the way Sophocles makes Antigone speak. Aristotle is often thought of wood of the, as a logician, but he regularly uses the adverb logikos , logically, as a term of reproach contrasted with phusikos , naturally or appropriately, to describe arguments made by others, or preliminary and inadequate arguments of his own.
Those who take the trouble to look at the Poetics closely will find, I think, a book that treats its topic appropriately and not plagiarized naturally, and contains the reflections of a good reader and master logistics characteristically powerful thinker. The first scandal in the Poetics is the initial marking out of dramatic poetry as a form of imitation. We call the poet a creator, and are offended at the suggestion that he might be merely some sort of recording device. As the painter's eye teaches us how to look and shows us what we never saw, the dramatist presents things that never existed until he imagined them, and makes us experience worlds we could never have found the way to on our own. But Aristotle has no intention to diminish the poet, and in fact says the same thing I just said, in making the point that poetry is more philosophic than history.
By imitation, Aristotle does not mean the sort of mimicry by which Aristophanes, say, finds syllables that approximate the my paper sound of frogs. He is wood radicalism of the american speaking of the imitation of not plagiarized, action, and by action he does not mean mere happenings. Aristotle speaks extensively of praxis in the Nicomachean Ethics . It is not a word he uses loosely, and in fact his use of it in the definition of tragedy recalls the thesis chain discussion in write not plagiarized the Ethics . Action, as Aristotle uses the word, refers only to writing proposal with my, what is deliberately chosen, and my paper not plagiarized capable of finding completion in the achievement of inheritance by hannie rayson essays, some purpose. Animals and young children do not act in this sense, and action is not the whole of the life of any of us. The poet must have an not plagiarized, eye for the emergence of action in human life, and a sense for the actions that are worth paying attention to. They are not present in the world in essays such a way that a video camera could detect them. An intelligent, feeling, shaping human soul must find them. By the same token, the action of the drama itself is not on write not plagiarized, the stage. It takes form and has its being in the imagination of the spectator.
The actors speak and move and gesture, but it is the poet who speaks through them, from imagination to imagination, to present to us the essay writing for college thing that he has made. Not Plagiarized? Because that thing he makes has the form of an action, it has to be seen and held together just as actively and attentively by us as by him. The imitation is the thing that is re-produced, in us and for us, by his art. Dissertation With My? This is a powerful kind of human communication, and my paper not plagiarized the thing imitated is what defines the human realm. If no one had the power to help with, imitate action, life might just wash over us without leaving any trace. How do I know that Aristotle intends the imitation of action to be understood in this way? In De Anima , he distinguishes three kinds of my paper, perception (II, 6; III, 3). There is the perception of proper sensibles-colors, sounds, tastes and so on; these lie on the surfaces of things and can be mimicked directly for sense perception. But there is also perception of common sensibles, available to essay topics, more than one of our senses, as shape is grasped by both sight and touch, or number by all five senses; these are distinguished by imagination, the power in write not plagiarized us that is shared by the five senses, and in which the circular shape, for instance, is essay for college not dependent on sight or touch alone. These common sensibles can be mimicked in various ways, as when I draw a messy, meandering ridge of my paper, chalk on a blackboard, and your imagination grasps a circle.
Finally, there is the perception of gordon radicalism, that of which the my paper sensible qualities are attributes, the thing--the son of Diares, for example; it is this that we ordinarily mean by perception, and while its object always has an dissertation my, image in the imagination, it can only be distinguished by intellect, no°s (III,4). Not Plagiarized? Skilled mimics can imitate people we know, by voice, gesture, and so on, and here already we must engage intelligence and imagination together. The dramatist imitates things more remote from the gordon wood radicalism of the american eye and write my paper not plagiarized ear than familiar people. Sophocles and Shakespeare, for help writing, example, imitate repentance and forgiveness, true instances of action in Aristotle's sense of the word, and we need all the write human powers to recognize what these poets put before us. Inheritance By Hannie? So the mere phrase imitation of an action is packed with meaning, available to write my paper not plagiarized, us as soon as we ask what an action is, and how the image of such a thing might be perceived. Aristotle does understand tragedy as a development out essay writing, of the child's mimicry of animal noises, but that is in my paper not plagiarized the same way that he understands philosophy as a development out of writing for college application, our enjoyment of sight-seeing ( Metaphysics I, 1). In each of these developments there is a vast array of possible intermediate stages, but just as philosophy is the ultimate form of the innate desire to know, tragedy is considered by Aristotle the ultimate form of our innate delight in imitation. His beloved Homer saw and achieved the most important possibilities of the imitation of human action, but it was the tragedians who, refined and intensified the form of that imitation, and my paper discovered its perfection. A work is a tragedy, Aristotle tells us, only if it arouses pity and fear. Why does he single out these two passions? Some interpreters think he means them only as examples--pity and fear and other passions like that--but I am not among those loose constructionists.
Aristotle does use a word that means passions of that sort ( toiouta ), but I think he does so only to indicate that pity and master chain fear are not themselves things subject to identification with pin-point precision, but that each refers to a range of write, feeling. It is just the feelings in those two ranges, however, that belong to tragedy. Why? Why shouldn't some tragedy arouse pity and joy, say, and another fear and cruelty? In various places, Aristotle says that it is the mark of an educated person to know what needs explanation and what doesn't. He does not try to prove that there is such a thing as nature, or such a thing as motion, though some people deny both. Essay Writing? Likewise, he understands the recognition of a special and powerful form of drama built around pity and fear as the beginning of an inquiry, and spends not one word justifying that restriction. Write My Paper Not Plagiarized? We, however, can see better why he starts there by trying out a few simple alternatives. Suppose a drama aroused pity in a powerful way, but aroused no fear at all. Writing Application? This is an easily recognizable dramatic form, called a tear-jerker.
The name is meant to disparage this sort of write my paper not plagiarized, drama, but why? Imagine a well written, well made play or movie that depicts the losing struggle of a likable central character. We are moved to have a good cry, and are afforded either the relief of a happy ending, or the realistic desolation of a sad one. In the one case the tension built up along the essay way is my paper not plagiarized released within the experience of the work itself; in the other it passes off as we leave the theater, and readjust our feelings to the fact that it was, after all, only make-believe. Crime Introduction? What is wrong with that? There is always pleasure in strong emotion, and the theater is a harmless place to indulge it. Write Not Plagiarized? We may even come out feeling good about being so compassionate. Gordon Of The? But Dostoyevski depicts a character who loves to cry in the theater, not noticing that while she wallows in her warm feelings her coach-driver is shivering outside.
She has day-dreams about relieving suffering humanity, but does nothing to put that vague desire to work. If she is typical, then the tear-jerker is a dishonest form of drama, not even a harmless diversion but an encouragement to lie to oneself. Well then, let's consider the opposite experiment, in which a drama arouses fear in a powerful way, but arouses little or no pity. This is again a readily recognizable dramatic form, called the horror story, or in a recent fashion, the my paper not plagiarized mad-slasher movie. The thrill of fear is the primary object of such amusements, and the story alternates between the build-up of apprehension and the shock of education argument, violence. Again, as with the tear-jerker, it doesn't much matter whether it ends happily or with uneasiness, or even with one last shock, so indeterminate is its form. And while the my paper tearjerker gives us an illusion of compassionate delicacy, the unrestrained shock-drama obviously has the effect of coarsening feeling. Genuine human pity could not co-exist with the so-called graphic effects these films use to crime essay introduction, keep scaring us. The attraction of this kind of amusement is write my paper again the thrill of strong feeling, and again the writing dissertation proposal my price of indulging the desire for that thrill may be high. Let us consider a milder form of the drama built on arousing fear.
There are stories in which fearsome things are threatened or done by characters who are in the end defeated by means similar to, or in some way equivalent to, what they dealt out. The fear is relieved in vengeance, and we feel a satisfaction that we might be inclined to call justice. To work on the level of feeling, though, justice must be understood as the exact inverse of the not plagiarized crime--doing to the offender the introduction sort of thing he did or meant to write, do to others. The imagination of evil then becomes the measure of good, or at least of the restoration of order. The satisfaction we feel in the vicarious infliction of pain or death is nothing but a thin veil over the very feelings we mean to be punishing. This is a successful dramatic formula, arousing in us destructive desires that are fun to essay writing for college application, feel, along with the self-righteous illusion that we are really superior to the character who displays them. The playwright who makes us feel that way will probably be popular, but he is a menace. We have looked at three kinds of non-tragedy that arouse passions in a destructive way, and we could add others. There are potentially as many kinds as there are passions and combinations of passions.
That suggests that the theater is just an arena for the manipulation of passions in ways that are pleasant in write the short run and at least reckless to pursue repeatedly. At worst, the drama could be seen as dealing in a kind of addiction, which it both produces and holds the only remedy for. But we have not yet tried to talk about the gordon wood radicalism of the american combination of passions characteristic of tragedy. When we turn from the write my paper not plagiarized sort of examples I have given, to the acknowledged examples of essay writing for college, tragedy, we find ourselves in a different world. The tragedians I have in mind are five: Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; Shakespeare, who differs from them only in time; and Homer, who differs from them somewhat more, in the form in which he composed, but shares with them the things that matter most. I could add other authors, such as Dostoyevski, who wrote stories of the tragic kind in much looser literary forms, but I want to keep the focus on a small number of clear paradigms. When we look at a tragedy we find the chorus in Antigone telling us what a strange thing a human being is, that passes beyond all boundaries (lines 332 ff.), or King Lear asking if man is no more than this, a poor, bare, forked animal (III, iv, 97ff.), or Macbeth protesting to his wife I dare do all that may become a man; who dares do more is none (I, vii, 47-8), or Oedipus taunting Teiresias with the fact that divine art was of no use against the Sphinx, but only Oedipus' own human ingenuity ( Oed. Tyr . 39098), or Agamemnon, resisting walking home on tapestries, saying to his wife I tell you to revere me as a man, not a god (925), or Cadmus in my paper the Bacchae saying I am a man, nothing more (199), while Dionysus tells Pentheus You do not know what you are (506), or Patroclus telling Achilles Peleus was not your father nor Thetis your mother, but the gray sea bore you, and the towering rocks, so hard is your heart ( Iliad XVI, 335 ). I could add more examples of this kind by the dozen, and essay for college your memories will supply others. Tragedy seems always to involve testing or finding the limits of what is human.
This is no mere orgy of strong feeling, but a highly focussed way of bringing our powers to bear on the image of what is my paper not plagiarized human as such. Inheritance? I suggest that Aristotle is right in saying that the powers which first of all bring this human image to sight for us are pity and fear. It is obvious that the authors in our examples are not just putting things in front of write my paper, us to make us cry or shiver or gasp. The feelings they arouse are subordinated to another effect. Aristotle begins by saying that tragedy arouses pity and fear in such a way as to culminate in writing dissertation proposal with a cleansing of those passions, the famous catharsis. The word is used by Aristotle only the once, in his preliminary definition of tragedy. I think this is because its role is taken over later in the Poetics by another, more positive, word, but the idea of catharsis is important in itself, and we should consider what it might mean. First of all, the tragic catharsis might be a purgation. Fear can obviously be an insidious thing that undermines life and poisons it with anxiety. It would be good to flush this feeling from our systems, bring it into the open, and clear the my paper air. This may explain the appeal of horror movies, that they redirect our fears toward something external, grotesque, and finally ridiculous, in order to puncture them.
On the other hand, fear might have a secret allure, so that what we need to purge is the desire for the thrill that comes with fear. The horror movie also provides a safe way to indulge and education argument satisfy the write my paper not plagiarized longing to feel afraid, and go home afterward satisfied; the desire is purged, temporarily, by being fed. Our souls are so many-headed that opposite master thesis in supply logistics satisfactions may be felt at the same time, but I think these two really are opposite. In the first sense of purgation, the horror movie is a kind of write my paper not plagiarized, medicine that does its work and inheritance by hannie rayson essays leaves the soul healthier, while in write the second sense it is a potentially addictive drug. Either explanation may account for the popularity of these movies among teenagers, since fear is so much a fact of that time of life. For those of us who are older, the tear-jerker may have more appeal, offering a way to purge the regrets of our lives in a sentimental outpouring of pity. As with fear, this purgation too may be either medicinal or drug-like.
This idea of purgation, in its various forms, is what we usually mean when we call something cathartic. People speak of inheritance essays, watching football, or boxing, as a catharsis of violent urges, or call a shouting match with a friend a useful catharsis of buried resentment. Write My Paper Not Plagiarized? This is a practical purpose that drama may also serve, but it has no particular connection with beauty or truth; to be good in this purgative way, a drama has no need to be good in any other way. No one would be tempted to confuse the feeling at the end of a horror movie with what Aristotle calls the tragic pleasure, nor to call such a movie a tragedy. But the English word catharsis does not contain everything that is in for college the Greek word. Let us look at other things it might mean. Catharsis in Greek can mean purification. Not Plagiarized? While purging something means getting rid of it, purifying something means getting rid of the worse or baser parts of it. It is possible that tragedy purifies the feelings themselves of fear and pity. These arise in wood of the american us in crude ways, attached to all sorts of not plagiarized, objects.
Perhaps the poet educates our sensibilities, our powers to feel and be moved, by refining them and attaching them to less easily discernible objects. There is a line in master in supply chain The Wasteland , I will show you fear in write a handful of dust. Alfred Hitchcock once made us all feel a little shudder when we took showers. Inheritance Rayson Essays? The poetic imagination is limited only by its skill, and can turn any object into my paper, a focus for any feeling. Some people turn to poetry to inheritance by hannie rayson essays, find delicious and exquisite new ways to feel old feelings, and consider themselves to my paper, enter in of the that way into a purified state.
It has been argued that this sort of thing is what tragedy and the tragic pleasure are all about, but it doesn't match up with my experience. Sophocles does make me fear and pity human knowledge when I watch the write my paper not plagiarized Oedipus Tyrannus , but this is not a refinement of those feelings but a discovery that they belong to a surprising object. Sophocles is not training my feelings, but using them to show me something worthy of wonder. The word catharsis drops out of the Poetics because the word wonder, to rhaumaston , replaces it, first in gordon american chapter 9, where Aristotle argues that pity and fear arise most of write my paper, all where wonder does, and finally in essay chapters 24 and 25, where he singles out wonder as the not plagiarized aim of the inheritance by hannie rayson essays poetic art itself, into which the aim of tragedy in particular merges. Ask yourself how you feel at the end of a tragedy. You have witnessed horrible things and felt painful feelings, but the write my paper mark of tragedy is that it brings you out the other side. Aristotle's use of the rayson essays word catharsis is not a technical reference to purgation or purification but a beautiful metaphor for the peculiar tragic pleasure, the write my paper feeling of proposal with, being washed or cleansed. The tragic pleasure is a paradox. As Aristotle says, in a tragedy, a happy ending doesn't make us happy.
At the end of the write not plagiarized play the stage is writing for college application often littered with bodies, and we feel cleansed by it all. Are we like Clytemnestra, who says she rejoiced when spattered by write my paper, her husband's blood, like the master thesis in supply chain logistics earth in a Spring rain (Ag. 1389-92)? Are we like Iago, who has to see a beautiful life destroyed to feel better about himself (Oth. V, i, 18-20)? We all feel a certain glee in the bringing low of the mighty, but this is in no way similar to the feeling of being washed in wonderment. The closest thing I know to the feeling at the end of a tragedy is the one that comes with the write my paper not plagiarized sudden, unexpected appearance of something beautiful. In a famous essay on beauty ( Ennead I, tractate 6), Plotinus says two things that seem true to me: Clearly [beauty] is something detected at a first glance, something that the soul. recognizes, gives welcome to, and, in a way, fuses with (beginning sec. 2). What is the effect on us of this recognition?
Plotinus says that in every instance it is an astonishment, a delicious wonderment (end sec. 4). Aristotle is insistent that a tragedy must be whole and one, because only in that way can it be beautiful, while he also ascribes the superiority of tragedy over epic poetry to its greater unity and concentration (ch. 26). Master Chain? Tragedy is not just a dramatic form in which some works are beautiful and others not; tragedy is itself a species of beauty. All tragedies are beautiful.
By following Aristotle's lead, we have now found five marks of tragedy: (1) it imitates an action, (2) it arouses pity and fear, (3) it displays the human image as such, (4) it ends in wonder, and my paper not plagiarized (5) it is introduction inherently beautiful. Write My Paper Not Plagiarized? We noticed earlier that it is action that characterizes the distinctively human realm, and it is reasonable that the depiction of an action might show us a human being in some definitive way, but what do pity and fear have to do with that showing? The answer is everything. First, let us consider what tragic pity consists in. Essay Introduction? The word pity tends to have a bad name these days, and to imply an attitude of condescension that diminishes its object.
This is not a matter of the meanings of words, or even of changing attitudes. It belongs to pity itself to be two-sided, since any feeling of empathy can be given a perverse twist by write my paper, the recognition that it is writing not oneself but another with whom one is feeling a shared pain. One of the write my paper most empathetic characters in all literature is Edgar in King Lear . He describes himself truly as a most poor man, made tame to fortune's blows, Who, by the art of known and feeling sorrows, Am pregnant to good pity (IV, vi, 217-19). Two of his lines spoken to his father are powerful evidence of the insight that comes from proposal with my suffering oneself and taking on not plagiarized, the suffering of others: Thy life's a miracle (IV, vi, 5 5 ), he says, and Ripeness is all (V, ii, 11), trying to help his father see that life is still good and death is not something to be sought. Yet in the last scene of the play this same Edgar voices the writing with stupidest words ever spoken in any tragedy, when he concludes that his father just got what he deserved when he lost his eyes, since he had once committed adultery (V, iii, 171-4). Having witnessed the play, we know that Gloucester lost his eyes because he chose to help Lear, when the kingdom had become so corrupt that his act of kindness appeared as a walking fire in a dark world (I1I, iv, 107). There is write my paper not plagiarized a chain of effects from gordon radicalism of the Gloucester's adultery to his mutilation, but it is not plagiarized not a sequence that reveals the true cause of that horror. The wholeness of action that Shakespeare shapes for us shows that Gloucester's goodness, displayed in a courageous, deliberate choice, and not his weakness many years earlier, cost him his eyes. Edgar ends by giving in to the temptation to radicalism of the, moralize, to chase after the write fatal flaw which is no part of tragedy, and loses his capacity to see straight.
This suggests that holding on to proper pity leads to seeing straight, and that seems exactly right. But what is proper pity? There is a way of missing the mark that is opposite to condescension, and essays that is the excess of pity called sentimentality. There are people who use the my paper not plagiarized word sentimental for any display of feeling, or any taking seriously of crime, feeling, but their attitude is as blind as Edgar's. Sentimentality is inordinate feeling, feeling that goes beyond the source that gives rise to it. The woman in Dostoyevski's novel who loves pitying for its own sake is an example of this vice. But between Edgar's moralizing and her gushing there is write my paper a range of appropriate pity. Master? Pity is one of the instruments by which a poet can show us what we are. We pity the loss of Gloucester's eyes because we know the value of eyes, but more deeply, we pity the violation of Gloucester's decency, and in so doing we feel the truth that without such decency, and without respect for it, there is write no human life.
Shakespeare is in chain control here, and the feeling he produces does not give way in write embarrassment to moral judgment, nor does it make us wallow mindlessly in pity because it feels so good; the pity he arouses in us shows us what is precious in us, in the act of its being violated in another. 5. Application? Tragic Fear and write my paper not plagiarized the Image of essay writing, Humanity. Since every boundary has two sides, the not plagiarized human image is delineated also from the outside, the side of the things that threaten it. Chain Logistics? This is shown to us through the feeling of fear. As Aristotle says twice in the Rhetoric , what we pity in my paper not plagiarized others, we fear for ourselves (1382b 26, 1386a 27). In our mounting fear that Oedipus will come to know the truth about himself, we feel that something of our own is education argument essay threatened. Tragic fear, exactly like tragic pity, and either preceding it or simultaneous with it, shows us what we are and are unwilling to lose.
It makes no sense to say that Oedipus' passion for truth is write my paper a flaw, since that is the very quality that makes us afraid on essay, his behalf. Tragedy is never about flaws, and it is only the silliest of mistranslations that puts that claim in Aristotle's mouth. Tragedy is about central and indispensable human attributes, disclosed to us by the pity that draws us toward them and the fear that makes us recoil from what threatens them. Because the suffering of the tragic figure displays the boundaries of what is human, every tragedy carries the sense of write my paper not plagiarized, universality. Oedipus or Antigone or Lear or Othello is somehow every one of master in supply logistics, us, only more so. Write? But the mere mention of these names makes it obvious that they are not generalized characters, but altogether particular. And if we did not feel that they were genuine individuals, they would have no power to engage our emotions. It is by their particularity that they make their marks on us, as though we had encountered them in gordon radicalism of the american the flesh. It is only through the write my paper not plagiarized particularity of our feelings that our bonds with them emerge.
What we care for by hannie rayson essays, and cherish makes us pity them and fear for them, and thereby the reverse also happens: our feelings of write, pity and essay writing fear make us recognize what we care for not plagiarized, and cherish. When the tragic figure is destroyed it is a piece of ourselves that is thesis lost. Yet we never feel desolation at my paper the end of a tragedy, because what is lost is by hannie rayson also, by the very same means, found. Not Plagiarized? I am not trying to make a paradox, but to describe a marvel. It is not so strange that we learn the dissertation with my worth of something by losing it; what is astonishing is what the tragedians are able to achieve by making use of that common experience. They lift it up into a state of write my paper, wonder. Within our small group of exemplary poetic works, there are two that do not have the tragic form, and hence do not concentrate all their power into putting us in radicalism of the american a state of wonder, but also depict the state of wonder among their characters and contain speeches that reflect on it. They are Homer's Iliad and write my paper Shakespeare's Tempest . Introduction? (Incidentally, there is an excellent small book called Woe or Wonder, the Emotional Effect of write, Shakespearean Tragedy , by J. V. Cunningham, that demonstrates the continuity of the radicalism of the american traditional understanding of write my paper, tragedy from Aristotle to Shakespeare.) The first poem in essay for college application our literary heritage, and Shakespeare's last play, both belong to a conversation of which Aristotle's Poetics is the most prominent part. 6. The Iliad , the Tempest , and Tragic Wonder.
In both the Iliad and write not plagiarized the Tempest there are characters with arts that in some ways resemble that of the poet. For College Application? It is much noticed that Prospero's farewell to his art coincides with Shakespeare's own, but it may be less obvious that Homer has put into the Iliad a partial representation of himself. But the last 150 lines of Book XVIII of the Iliad describe the making of a work of art by Hephaestus. I will not consider here what is depicted on the shield of not plagiarized, Achilles, but only the meaning in the poem of the shield itself. In Book XVIII, Achilles has realized what mattered most to him when it is too late. The Greeks are driven back to their ships, as Achilles had prayed they would be, and know that they are lost without him. But what pleasure is this to me now, he says to his mother, when my beloved friend is dead, Patroclus, whom I cherished beyond all friends, as the equal of my own soul; I am bereft of him (80-82). Those last words also mean I have killed him. In his desolation, Achilles has at last chosen to act. I will accept my doom, he says (115 ). Thetis goes to Hephaestus because, in spite of thesis in supply, his resolve, Achilles has no armor in which to meet his fate.
She tells her son's story, concluding he is lying on the ground, anguishing at heart (461). Her last word, anguishing, acheuon, is built on Achilles' name. Now listen to what Hephaestus says in reply: Take courage, and do not let these things distress you in write your heart. Would that I had the by hannie rayson essays power to hide him far away from death and my paper not plagiarized the sounds of essay introduction, grief when grim fate comes to him, but I can see that beautiful armor surrounds him, of such a kind that many people, one after another, who look on it, will wonder (463-67). Not Plagiarized? Is it not evident that this source of inheritance rayson, wonder that surrounds Achilles, that takes the sting from his death even in a mother's heart, is the Iliad itself? But how does the Iliad accomplish this? Let us shift our attention for a moment to the Tempest . The character Alonso, in the power of the magician Prospero, spends the length of the play in the illusion that his son has drowned. To have him alive again, Alonso says, I wish Myself were mudded in that oozy bed Where my son lies (V, i, 150-2). But he has already been there for three hours in his imagination; he says earlier my son i' th' ooze is bedded; and not plagiarized I'll seek him deeper than e'er plummet sounded And with him there lie mudded (III, iii, 100-2). Radicalism American? What is this muddy ooze?
It is Alonso's grief, and his regret for exposing his son to not plagiarized, danger, and his self-reproach for his own past crime against Prospero and Prospero's baby daughter, which made his son a just target for essay, divine retribution; the ooze is Alonso's repentance, which feels futile to him since it only comes after he has lost the thing he cares most about. But the spirit Ariel sings a song to Alonso's son: Full fathom five thy father lies; Of his bones are coral made; Those are pearls that were his eyes; Nothing of write my paper, him that doth fade But doth suffer a sea change Into something rich and master chain logistics strange (I, ii, 397-402). Alonso's grief is aroused by an illusion, an imitation of an action, but his repentance is real, and is slowly transforming him into write not plagiarized, a different man. Who is this new man? Let us take counsel from the honest old councilor Gonzalo, who always has the clearest sight in the play. He tells us that on this voyage, when so much seemed lost, every traveller found himself When no man was his own (V, i, 206-13). The something rich and strange into which Alonso changes is himself, as he was before his life took a wrong turn. Prospero's magic does no more than arrest people in a potent illusion; in his power they are knit up In their distractions (III, iii, 89-90). When released, he says, they shall be themselves (V, i, 32).
On virtually every page of the Tempest , the word wonder appears, or else some synonym for it. Miranda's name is master Latin for wonder, her favorite adjective brave seems to mean both good and out-of-the-ordinary, and the combination rich and not plagiarized strange means the same. What is wonder? J. V. Cunningham describes it in help dissertation with my the book I mentioned as the shocked limit of my paper, all feeling, in which fear, sorrow, and joy can all merge. There is some truth in that, but it misses what is wonderful or wondrous about wonder. It suggests that in wonder our feelings are numbed and we are left limp, wrung dry of gordon of the, all emotion.
But wonder is itself a feeling, the one to which Miranda is always giving voice, the powerful sense that what is write before one is both strange and good. Wonder does not numb the other feelings; what it does is dislodge them from their habitual moorings. The experience of writing dissertation my, wonder is the write my paper disclosure of a sight or thought or image that fits no habitual context of feeling or understanding, but grabs and holds us by a power borrowed from nothing apart from itself. The two things that Plotinus says characterize beauty, that the inheritance by hannie rayson essays soul recognizes it at first glance and spontaneously gives welcome to it, equally describe the experience of wonder. The beautiful always produces wonder, if it is my paper seen as beautiful, and the sense of wonder always sees beauty. But are there really no wonders that are ugly? The monstrosities that used to be exhibited in circus side-shows are wonders too, are they not? In the Tempest , three characters think first of help proposal, all of such spectacles when they lay eyes on Caliban (II, ii, 28-31; V, i, 263-6), but they are incapable of wonder, since they think they know everything that matters already.
A fourth character in the same batch, who is drunk but not insensible, gives way at the end of Act II to the sense that this is not just someone strange and deformed, nor just a useful servant, but a brave monster. But Stephano is not like the holiday fools who pay to see monstrosities like two-headed calves or exotic sights like wild men of Borneo. I recall an aquarium somewhere in not plagiarized Europe that had on wood radicalism of the american, display an astoundingly ugly catfish. People came casually up to its tank, were startled, made noises of write not plagiarized, disgust, and turned away. Even to be arrested before such a sight feels in some way perverse and in supply chain has some conflict in the feeling it arouses, as when we stare at the victims of a car wreck. The sight of the ugly or disgusting, when it is felt as such, does not have the settled repose or willing surrender that are characteristic of wonder. Wonder is sweet, as Aristotle says. This sweet contemplation of something outside us is exactly opposite to Alonso's painful immersion in his own remorse, but in write my paper every other respect he is a model of the spectator of a tragedy. We are in the power of of the, another for write my paper not plagiarized, awhile, the inheritance essays sight of an illusion works real and durable changes in us, we merge into something rich and strange, and what we find by being absorbed in the image of another is ourselves.
As Alonso is shown a mirror of write my paper not plagiarized, his soul by Prospero, we are shown a mirror of ourselves in Alonso, but in that mirror we see ourselves as we are not in witnessing the Tempest , but in witnessing .a tragedy. The Tempest is thesis chain logistics a beautiful play, suffused with wonder as well as with reflections on wonder, but it holds the intensity of the tragic experience at a distance. Homer, on the other hand, has pulled off a feat even more astounding than Shakespeare's, by imitating the experience of a spectator of tragedy within a story that itself works on us as a tragedy. In Book XXIV of the not plagiarized Iliad, forms of the word tham bos , amazement, occur three times in three lines (482-4), when Priam suddenly appears in crime introduction the hut of Achilles and kisses the write my paper not plagiarized terrible man-slaughtering hands that killed his many sons (478-9), but this is education only the prelude to the true wonder. Achilles and Priam cry together, each for his own grief, as each has cried so often before, but this time a miracle happens. Achilles' grief is transformed into satisfaction, and cleansed from his chest and his hands (513-14). Write Not Plagiarized? This is all the more remarkable, since Achilles has for days been repeatedly trying to take out his raging grief on Hector's dead body. The famous first word of the Iliad , mInis , wrath, has come back at the beginning of Book XXIV in essay the participle meneainon (22), a constant condition that Lattimore translates well as standing fury. But all this hardened rage evaporates in one lamentation, just because Achilles shares it with his enemy's father. Hermes had told Priam to appeal to Achilles in the names of not plagiarized, his father, his mother, and his child, in order to stir his heart (466-7), but Priam's focussed misery goes straight to Achilles' heart without diluting the effect. The first words out of Priam's mouth are remember your father (486).
Your father deserves pity, Priam says, so pity me with him in mind, since I am more pitiful even than he; I have dared what no other mortal on earth ever dared, to stretch out my lips to argument topics, the hand of the man who murdered my children (503-4). Achilles had been pitying Patroclus, but mainly himself, but the feeling to which Priam has directed him now is exactly the same as tragic pity. Achilles is looking at write not plagiarized a human being who has chosen to go to the limits of what is thesis humanly possible to search for write my paper not plagiarized, something that matters to him. The wonder of this sight takes Achilles out of his self-pity, but back into himself as a son and as a sharer of crime essay introduction, human misery itself. All his old longings for glory and revenge fall away, since they have no place in the sight in which he is now absorbed. For the my paper moment, the beauty of Priam's terrible action re-makes the world, and determines what matters and what doesn't. The feeling in this moment out of time is fragile, and proposal with Achilles feels it threatened by write not plagiarized, tragic fear. In the essay writing for college application strange fusion of this scene, what Achilles fears is himself; don't irritate me any longer now, old man, he says when Priam tries to hurry along the return of Hector's body, don't stir up my heart in its griefs any more now, lest I not spare even you yourself' (560, 568-9). Finally, after they share a meal, they just look at each other.
Priam wondered at Achilles, at write not plagiarized how big he was and what he was like, for inheritance rayson essays, he seemed equal to the gods, but Achilles wondered at Trojan Priam, looking on the worthy sight of him and hearing his story (629-32). In the grip of wonder they do not see enemies. My Paper? They see truly. They see the beauty in two men who have lost almost everything. They see a son a father should be proud of and a father a son should revere. The action of the Iliad stretches from Achilles' deliberate choice to remove himself from the war to for college, his deliberate choice to return Hector's body to Priam.
The passion of the Iliad moves from anger through pity and fear to wonder. Priam's wonder lifts him for write not plagiarized, a moment out of the misery he is enduring, and permits him to see the cause of master in supply chain logistics, that misery as still something good. Achilles' wonder is similar to that of Priam, since Achilles too sees the cause of write my paper not plagiarized, his anguish in a new light, but in his case this takes several steps. When Priam first appears in by hannie his hut, Homer compares the amazement this produces to that with which people look at a murderer who has fled from his homeland (480-84). This is a strange comparison, and write my paper not plagiarized it recalls the even stranger fact disclosed one book earlier that Patroclus, whom everyone speaks of as gentle and kind-hearted (esp. XVII, 670-71), who gives his life because he cannot bear to master thesis in supply chain, see his friends destroyed to satisfy Achilles' anger, this same Patroclus began his life as a murderer in his own country, and came to Achilles' father Peleus for my paper, a second chance at life. When Achilles remembers his father, he is remembering the man whose kindness brought Patroclus into his life, so that his tears, now for his father, now again for Patroclus (XXIV, 511-12), merge into a single grief. But the old man crying with him is education essay a father too, and Achilles' tears encompass Priam along with Achilles' own loved ones. Finally, since Priam is crying for Hector, Achilles' grief includes Hector himself, and so it turns his earlier anguish inside out. My Paper Not Plagiarized? If Priam is like Achilles' father, then Hector must come to seem to Achilles to be like a brother, or to be like himself.
Achilles cannot be brought to such a reflection by reasoning, nor do the feelings in which he has been embroiled take him in help writing proposal that direction. Only Priam succeeds in unlocking Achilles' heart, and he does so by an action, by my paper not plagiarized, kissing his hand. From the beginning of help writing dissertation my, Book XVIII (23, 27, 33), Achilles' hands are referred to over and over and over, as he uses them to pour dirt on not plagiarized, his head, to tear his hair, and to kill every Trojan he can get his hands on. Hector, who must go up against essay, those hands, is mesmerized by them; they are like a fire, he says, and repeats it. His hands seem like a fire (XX, 371-2). After Priam kisses Achilles' hand, and not plagiarized after they cry together, Homer tells us that the desire for lamentation went out of Achilles' chest and out of his hands (XXIV, 514). His murderous, manslaughtering hands are stilled by a grief that finally has no enemy to take itself out thesis in supply logistics, on.
When, in write not plagiarized Book XVIII, Achilles had accepted his doom (115), it was part of a bargain; I will lie still when I am dead, he had said, but now I must win splendid glory (121). But at topics the end of the poem, Achilles has lost interest in glory. He is no longer eaten up by the desire to be lifted above Hector and Priam, but comes to rest in just looking at them for write, what they are. Help Dissertation Proposal My? Homer does surround Achilles in armor that takes the sting from his misery and from his approaching death, by working that misery and death into the wholeness of the Iliad. But the Iliad is, as Aristotle says, the write not plagiarized prototype of tragedy; it is not a poem that aims at conferring glory but a poem that bestows the gift of wonder.
Like Alonso in the Tempest, Achilles ultimately finds himself. Of the master in supply logistics two, Achilles is the closer model of the spectator of not plagiarized, a tragedy, because Alonso plunges deep into remorse before he is brought back into the shared world. Achilles is crime essay lifted directly out of himself, into write my paper, the shared world, in gordon wood of the american the act of wonder, and sees his own image in the sorrowing father in front of him. This is exactly what a tragedy does to us, and exactly what we experience in looking at Achilles. In his loss, we pity him. In his fear of himself, on Priam's behalf, we fear for him, that he might lose his new-won humanity. In his capacity to my paper, be moved by the wonder of gordon radicalism, a suffering fellow human, we wonder at write my paper not plagiarized him.
At the end of the Iliad, as at gordon wood the end of every tragedy, we are washed in the beauty of the human image, which our pity and our fear have brought to sight. The five marks of tragedy that we learned of from Aristotle's Poetics --that it imitates an write my paper not plagiarized, action, arouses pity and fear, displays the human image as such, ends in wonder, and is inherently beautiful--give a true and powerful account of the tragic pleasure. 7. Excerpts from Aristotle's Poetics. Ch. 6 A tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious and has a wholeness in for college application its extent, in language that is pleasing (though in distinct ways in write my paper not plagiarized its different parts), enacted rather than narrated, culminating, by crime, means of pity and fear, in the cleansing of these passions . So tragedy is an imitation not of people, but of my paper not plagiarized, action, life, and happiness or unhappiness, while happiness and unhappiness have their being in activity, and come to completion not in a quality but in some sort of action . By Hannie Essays? Therefore it is deeds and the story that are the end at which tragedy aims, and in all things the end is what matters most . So the source that governs tragedy in the way that the soul governs life is the my paper story. Ch. 7 An extended whole is that which has a beginning, middle and end. But a beginning is something which, in itself, does not need to be after anything else, while something else naturally is the case or comes about after it; and an end is its contrary, something which in itself is of such a nature as to be after something else, either necessarily or for the most part, but to have nothing else after it-It is therefore needful that wellput-together stories not begin from just anywhere at education random, nor end just anywhere at random . And beauty resides in size and order . the oneness and wholeness of the beautiful thing being present all at once in contemplation . in stories, just as in human organizations and in living things. Ch.
8 A story is not one, as some people think, just because it is about one person . And Homer, just as he is distinguished in write my paper all other ways, seems to have seen this point beautifully, whether by art or by nature. Ch. 9 Now tragedy is an imitation not only of a complete action, but also of objects of crime essay introduction, fear and pity, and these arise most of all when events happen contrary to expectation but in consequence of one another; for in this way they will have more wonder in them than if they happened by chance or by fortune, since even among things that happen by not plagiarized, chance, the greatest sense of wonder is from those that seem to have happened by essay for college, design. Chs. 13-14 Since it is peculiar to tragedy to be an imitation of write my paper not plagiarized, actions arousing pity and fear . and since the education topics former concerns someone who is my paper not plagiarized undeserving of essays, suffering and the latter concerns someone like us . the story that works well must . depict a change from good to bad fortune, resulting not from badness one that arises from the write my paper actions themselves, the astonishment coming about through things that are likely, as in the Oedipus of Sophocles. Writing With My? A revelation, as the write my paper word indicates, is a change from ignorance to knowledge, that produces either friendship or hatred in people marked out for thesis chain logistics, good or bad fortune. Write My Paper Not Plagiarized? The most beautiful of revelations occurs when reversals of condition come about at the same time, as is the case in the Oedipus.--Ch. 11.
Chs. 24-5 Wonder needs to writing for college, be produced in tragedies, but in the epic there is write more room for that which confounds reason, by means of which wonder comes about most of all, since in the epic one does not see the person who performs the action; the events surrounding the pursuit of Hector would seem ridiculous if they were on stage . But wonder is sweet . And Homer most of all has taught the rest of us how one ought to speak of what is untrue . One ought to master in supply chain logistics, choose likely impossibilities in preference to unconvincing possibilities . And if a poet has, represented impossible things, then he has missed the mark, but that is the right thing to my paper not plagiarized, do if he thereby hits the mark that is the essay for college end of the poetic art itself, that is, if in that way he makes that or some other part more wondrous.
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East of Eden - Character Summaries. Cyrus is the stern father of Adam and Charles. His military career is cut short when he was shot in the right leg during the Civil War. Write My Paper? His amputated leg is replaced first by a wooden and then by a steel prosthesis. Cyrus, who “was something of a devil,” contracted gonorrhea while in the service and passed it onto his first wife, who kills herself as a result (14). After the help writing proposal, death of his wife, he quickly remarries and write my paper, fathers his second son, Charles. His perceived favoring of Adam causes a violent and lifelong rift between his sons. Cyrus is very proud of his involvement in the military.
He peremptorily decides Adam will join the military as he believes his weaker son needs discipline to make him a man. In his spare time, he writes perceptive articles criticizing military strategy. Argument Topics? As a result he is offered a paid position with the General Army of the write my paper, Republic (G.A.R) and travels around the country lobbying and speaking about military issues. After the death of his second wife, he re-locates to Washington D.C. to continue his work with the military. He dies of pneumonia in wood american, 1894 and many high level government officials attend his funeral. He leaves Adam and Charles an inheritance of write my paper $100,000.
The boys are never sure how Cyrus amassed his fortune though Charles suspects his father had stolen the thesis logistics, money. Adam was born in 1862 on a Connecticut farm to father, Cyrus and Cyrus’s first wife whose name is never mentioned. His mother commits suicide when Adam is still a baby. He is raised by Cyrus’ second wife Alice. Cyrus views him as weak and less intelligent than his brother Charles, which confirms his decision to force Adam to enlist in the military, a prospect that terrifies Adam. My Paper Not Plagiarized? He was a quiet, obedient child who shied away from conflict and violence.
He catches on early that his father tends to exaggerate about himself and knows that his father was not a great man (20). During his first five years in the army, Adam develops a deeper aversion to violence and volunteers to work in field hospitals. After being discharged in 1885, he wanders around Chicago for a few weeks to avoid moving back home with Charles. Not knowing what to do next, he re-enlists in the military. He is discharged again in 1890 in San Francisco. Writing Application? He spends the next three years wandering around the country and eventually serves time in jail for vagrancy.
Upon arriving back at the farm, Charles tells him about write my paper their inheritance. Adam stays on at the farm with Charles for a few years. After growing restless, he takes off for months at a time traveling around the world, especially when he and Charles would quarrel. Adam is not content to continue living on the farm and talks of moving to California which further irks Charles. When Cathy, after being beaten by Mr. Edwards, arrives on their doorstep, Adam takes her in and cares for her. He proposes before she is completely well and they are soon married. Adam and his new bride relocate to Salinas, California. His intention is to build a new “Eden,” where he can create a lasting legacy for his family. Unfortunately for Adam, he is completely deceived about the inheritance rayson essays, identity if his wife. Once she shoots him and deserts him with her newborn twin sons, Adam falls into a hopeless stupor, leaving his Chinese-American man-servant Lee to raise his children.
He does not even name them until Samuel Hamilton forces him to do so when the twins are fifteen months old. My Paper Not Plagiarized? It is another 10 years, after a confrontation with his estranged wife, before Adam actually takes an essay application interest in raising his sons. The boys, however, have already been permanently affected by that time. Both long for the acceptance of father and mother and embark on an inner struggle that is exacerbated on the one hand by Cal’s perception of his father’s favoring of Aron and Aron’s embarrassment over his father’s failed business venture. In the end, Adam has repeated the mistake of his own father causing a rift between his two sons. He seems to redeem himself on his deathbed by forgiving and accepting Cal who has suffered his entire life from write not plagiarized, being estranged from his emotionally aloof father. Charles is the son of Cyrus and education essay topics, Alice Trask and half-brother of Adam. Charles is considered stronger, quicker, and smarter than Adam. My Paper? Adam possesses a secret fear of Charles, who is prone to outbreaks of murderous rage. When Adam is old enough to enlist, Cyrus has a private talk with him about essay introduction his future in the military.
Charles overhears the conversation and becomes envious of his father’s interaction with Adam. Not Plagiarized? His envy, combined with his bitterness over Cyrus’s preference of the inheritance by hannie rayson, birthday gift Adam had given him, enrages Charles. Write? Charles blames Adam for his feelings of rejection and severely beats and then chases after Adam, intending to kill him. After Adam leaves for the Army and his mother dies, Charles is left alone to run the family farm. He misses his brother and often writes letters to Aron. By Hannie? He becomes lonesome and isolated. In his letters to Adam he writes about looking for a wife but instead only ends up frequenting the write, local inn, which houses prostitutes.
Occasionally, he would move in “one slovenly woman after another” but his interest in the women would quickly wane and he would then move them out (53). When Adam finally comes home to the farm after their father’s death, Charles is glad to have his brother around but the tension between the brothers never lessened. While the industrious Charles seeks to increase their land holdings and develop the family farm, Adam is restless and dissatisfied with farming. His desire to travel rather than stay in Connecticut agitates Charles and writing proposal with, is a subject of write their quarrels with each other. Gordon Wood? When Adam decides to take in write not plagiarized, Cathy, Charles instantly distrusts her and sees in essay writing application, her a darkness that he recognizes in himself. On Adam and Cathy’s wedding night, Cathy drugs Adam and shows up in Charles’s bedroom and the two have sex. Although never proven, it is hinted that Charles could be the biological father of one or both of Adam’s twin boys. Throughout his adulthood, Charles stayed focused on running the farm and amassed great wealth; however, he never finds love or happiness. Of the Trask property Steinbeck writes, “It was a grim farm and a grim house, unloved and unloving” (63). Upon his death, Charles left behind a $100,000 inheritance, which he willed to be split between Adam and Cathy.
A note scribbled to Adam by one of Charles’ lawyers indicated he died having lived a lonely and miserly existence. Cathy, one of Steinbeck’s most interesting and controversial characters, is born with what the not plagiarized, author describes as “a malformed soul” in writing for college application, a small Massachusetts town (71). From early on, people are both taken and my paper, betrayed by her innocent face. She often makes people feel uneasy, though they would not be able to say why. She learns at gordon wood a young age how to use her sexuality to manipulate people and is a very clever liar.
She is the not plagiarized, cause of the radicalism of the, whipping of two fourteen year old boys and write my paper not plagiarized, the apparent suicide of topics one of her school teachers. Write? As a teenager, she murders her parents by setting the dissertation proposal, family’s home on fire while they slept. Though her body was never found, she too is presumed dead. Eventually Cathy finds her way to Mr. Edwards in Boston for a job as a prostitute. Instead, stricken by her apparent innocence and beauty, he installs her as his mistress.
Cathy tortures Edwards, who is write not plagiarized obsessed with her, by stroking his jealousy and education essay, fears that she might abandon him. He later learns of the house fire and write my paper, forces her to accompany him on a trip to Connecticut, where he nearly beats her to death. She crawls her way onto the Trask property where Adam finds her and nurses her back to health. She marries Adam for protection, though she has sex with his brother Charles on her wedding night. Reluctantly she moves to California with Adam where she learns she is pregnant. She later intimates to Adam that Charles impregnated her. After a failed self-induced abortion, Cathy gives birth to twin boys. She endures her pregnancy as a trial and the birth is described as “bitter, deadly combat” (187). Two weeks after the delivery, she packs her bags to leave the ranch. When Adam attempts to with, stop her, she shoots him in the shoulder. Cathy then finds her way to write my paper, Faye’s brothel where she adopts the pseudonym Kate.
Like others before her, Faye is fooled by radicalism, Kate’s innocent face and beauty. She discourages Kate from prostitution and eventually begins to rely on her to run the brothel’s affairs. When Kate learns that Faye has left everything to her in her will, she concocts a subtle and my paper not plagiarized, devious plan to murder Faye. Once Faye is help dissertation proposal with my dead and Kate has inherited the house, she creates a brothel with a reputation for sexually depraved spectacles. She keeps the prostitutes in her employ cowed and hooked on drugs. Eventually Kate is my paper not plagiarized visited by Adam and both of crime essay introduction her twin sons. The meetings, along with growing paranoia about the evil deeds of her past resurfacing, cause Kate to question herself. Having always been self-assured in her isolation from what she saw as great depravity in write not plagiarized, other people, she begins to wonder if perhaps it is she who is different. Particularly, her meeting with Aron, who is brought to her out of revenge by his angry and rejected brother, brings this fact into relief. “They had something she lacked,” Cathy thinks to herself, “and she didn’t know what it was. Once she knew this, she was ready; and once ready, she knew she had been ready a long time—perhaps all her life” (550). She was ready to kill herself, which she does, after willing her entire fortune to Aron.
Cal is one of Cathy and Adam Trask’s twin sons. Cal is described as “watchful” and is darker of writing application complexion and bigger and stronger than his fair skinned twin (333). Cal notices from an early age that people gravitate towards his innocent and angelic looking brother. As a result, he craves attention and often feels rejected, especially by his father. Cal possesses a cruel streak that contrasts sharply with his brother’s gentle nature. While on one hand he loves his brother, on the other, he gets satisfaction from knowing he can manipulate Aron to cause him pain and confusion. Sometimes he feels a great desire to protect his more innocent brother. He is frightened by what he perceives as darkness inside of him, especially once he learns the my paper not plagiarized, truth about his mother.
He worries it might be an inherited, permanent evil. He prays to God to remove the stain: “I don’t want to be mean. Help Dissertation With? I don’t want to be lonely” (377). After learning about Cathy, Cal stalks her for a few weeks until she confronts him. When he finally comes face to face with his mother, Cal realizes where the not plagiarized, darkness comes from and decides that he has the gordon wood radicalism american, power to become a different person. Like his Uncle Charles, Cal craves love and attention from write, his father, whom he believes favors his brother. Essay For College? When Adam loses his fortune, Charles invests in a business deal with Will Hamilton during WW I and makes a $15,000 profit upon the great demand for beans.
Cal presents the money to his father as a gift on write not plagiarized, Thanksgiving in front of Adam, Abra and Lee. Adam rejects the essay, gift, refusing to take any money that was made in profit off of the war. Cal is completely devastated. Write My Paper? In revenge, Cal takes Aron to see Kate. Consequently, Aron runs off and joins the military and is killed in battle only a few months later. Adams suffers a major stroke upon learning of his son’s death. Cal, riddled with guilt, seeks out Abra who brings him back to his father. Of The? Ultimately, Adam blesses Cal with the write my paper not plagiarized, word, timshel, indicating that there is a chance of redemption for education topics, Cal should he choose to triumph over the sins of his past. Aron is one of Cathy and Adam Trask’s twin sons. In comparison to his darker, brooding brother, Aron seems simple and write, innocent. People are taken by writing application, his pleasant countenance: “The width between his blue eyes gave him an expression of angelic innocence” (333).
Unlike the clever and suspicious Cal, Aron is not plagiarized trusting and kind. Though he hears suspicious remarks about his mother, he cannot reconcile the fact that his father might be a liar. While Cal craves the attention of his father, Aron desires the master thesis chain, love of a mother figure. He allows his girlfriend, Abra, to mother him and admits to himself he experiences a “wordless longing” for his mother (426). Perhaps, deep down, Aron blames his father for his angst, which could explain the intensity of the embarrassment he suffers after Adam loses the family’s fortune in his failed attempt to transport refrigerated lettuce across the nation. Aron seems to write my paper not plagiarized, become increasingly uncomfortable in his own skin after that incident and desires to finish school early and leave Salinas. In the meantime, Aron turns to the church and chain logistics, becomes devoutly religious. He decides to become an Episcopalian minister and even contemplates a life of my paper celibacy, much to Abra’s disappointment. His devout nature causes friction in his relationship with Abra, who feels she cannot live up to his expectations. Overtime, Abra comes to realize that Aron does not love her; rather, he loves an idealized version of her that exists only in his mind—just as was the case with Adam’s love of in supply chain logistics Cathy. Aron also comes to harshly judge his brother Cal whom he sees as living a sinful life.
Aron is destroyed when confronted by the reality of Cathy. That the blood of write a depraved prostitute runs in help proposal my, his veins is too much for not plagiarized, him to bear. Though he is killed shortly after he runs away and joins the military, it is likely he experienced a more significant emotional or spiritual death after the confrontation. Readers are left to wonder if Aron would have ever been able to recover from the crushing blow had he survived the war. Samuel Hamilton, a transplant from Northern Ireland, arrived in the Salinas Valley around 1870. Samuel is the bearded patriarch of a large family from which John Steinbeck is descended (139). Samuel unfortunately settles on dry, rocky ground and is never able to establish a successful farm. Through his ingenuity and education, industrious nature, he manages to eke out not plagiarized, a meager living to support his wife and nine children. Lee is Adam Trask’s complex and interesting Chinese-American servant. Readers meet Lee when he goes to pick up Samuel to bring him back to the ranch to discuss boring wells with Adam. On the surface, Lee appears a stereotypical Chinese manservant, wearing a queue and speaking in pidgin Chinese.
Within a few moments of meeting him and learning Lee was born in America, Samuel tells Lee, “I mean no disrespect, but I’ve never been able to figure out why you people still talk pidgin when an illiterate baboon from the help proposal my, back bogs of Ireland, with a head full of Gaelic and a tongue like a potato, learns to my paper, talk a poor grade of English in ten years” (161). Lee and in supply chain logistics, Samuel are great friends from that moment on. Lee explains he essentially hides behind a stereotypical Chinese mask since that is what the surrounding American culture expects from him. The Trasks are first introduced to Abra Bacon and her family when Abra is 10 years old. Her family stops at the Trask ranch for shelter during a storm. Abra is intelligent and my paper, precocious. She seems much more mature than other girls her age. Later when Adam asks Cal Abra’s age, he replies, “Nearly fifteen. But she’s—well, more than that some ways” (453). Lee comments that she was born a woman. As a child, she is immediately drawn to the sweet and innocent Aron, which sparks Cal’s jealousy and anger towards her and his brother.
Though they are together for just a few moments, Aron and Abra decide they will be married some day. Mrs. Trask is Cyrus’ first wife and the unnamed mother of Adam. Writing? She considered herself to be deeply religious and believed that when bad things happened to her it was punishment from God. After she realized Cyrus had given her gonorrhea, she reasoned it was punishment for the illicit thoughts and my paper not plagiarized, dreams she had while Cyrus was away— her “nocturnal philandering” (15). She decides she needs to sacrifice herself to make amends and drowns herself in a pond. Alice lived on wood american, a farm neighboring Cyrus Trask’s property and is quickly married at age 17 to Cyrus just weeks after his first wife’s death. My Paper? She soon becomes pregnant and gives birth to Charles. She mostly busies herself with raising the boys, cooking and keeping the house clean.
She rarely exhibits emotion and education argument topics, only smiles when she is alone. Only Adam ever catches a glimpse of her smiling and my paper not plagiarized, this causes him to wood radicalism american, long for the motherly affection he never received. We learn after Charles nearly beats Adam to death, she has secretly always loved Charles more. When Cyrus is away on military business, she is required to my paper not plagiarized, send regular reports to him about the essay introduction, household affairs. She keeps her letters short and to the point. She suffers from consumption but keeps her condition hidden, fearing Cyrus’s military discipline will subject her to my paper not plagiarized, a treatment that will likely kill her. She dies from consumption while Adam is away in the army. Liza is the practical, hard working and devout wife of education topics Samuel Hamilton. She manages to give birth to nine children, whom she feeds, disciplines and scrubs, along with keeping a well-polished and orderly household. Liza is unemotional and plain in her appearance. Above all, she places a firm and unwavering faith in not plagiarized, God, whom she is certain shares all of her opinions: “It was well known that Liza Hamilton and the Lord God held similar convictions on nearly every subject” (178).
While she is gordon wood of the disdainful of her husband’s creative thinking, she cares for him and write not plagiarized, loves and respects his kindness. George is the oldest son of Samuel and Liza Hamilton. Master Thesis In Supply? Gentle, polite and handsome, he was “a sinless boy who grew to be a sinless man” (37). Write? Eventually he marries and becomes an insurance salesman. Will is the second son of Samuel and Liza Hamilton. Help Writing Dissertation Proposal With My? Unlike his brother George, Will is “dumpy and stolid” and very energetic (37). He marries a woman named Delia. Will develops an write my paper not plagiarized interest in business at an early age and has a knack for creating and investing in help writing dissertation my, profitable ventures. He grows wealthy selling Fords and is politically and fiscally conservative. Cal seeks out the assistance of my paper not plagiarized Will when he wishes to make money to give to his father.
Together they invest in beans, which Will perceives will be in great demand with the outbreak of WW I. They both make a large profit off the venture. Later in the novel, and to Adam’s surprise, readers learn William is master in supply disdainful of his father for his failure to achieve financial success in life. Tom is the third son of Samuel and Liza Hamilton. My Paper Not Plagiarized? He is lively and enthusiastic and likes to dream big. He inherited his father’s inventive nature but is more daring. He seems sensitive and for college, is the victim of intense emotions, including a “driving sexual need that made him remain a bachelor” (39). He often experiences guilt over what he perceives as his excesses. Described by Samuel as “quavering over greatness,” his family members, especially his mother, are protective of his sensitive nature and write not plagiarized, apparent passivity (280).
Unlike his brothers and sisters who eventually move away, he remains on thesis chain, the family farm. Eventually, feeling responsible for his sister Dessie’s death, he commits suicide. Joe is the youngest son of Samuel and Liza Hamilton. He is “physically lazy” and considered the darling of the write my paper not plagiarized, family(40). Since he is apparently inept at inheritance essays farm work, he is sent to college. He becomes very successful in the burgeoning field of advertising and moves east. Una is the oldest daughter of Samuel and Liza Hamilton.
She is described as thoughtful, studious [and] dark (40). She lacks her father’s sense of my paper humor. Despite her dark intensity, she is Samuel’s favorite--his “greatest joy” (273). She eventually marries a technician who is trying to invent color film. He is uncomfortable around her family and master in supply, so moves Una to the border of Oregon. Una seems to disappear for my paper, awhile until, shockingly, her body is brought home. The actual cause of her death is mysterious but it is apparent she has lived in great poverty. The family is greatly affected, especially Samuel, who begins to age with sorrow after Una’s death.
Lizzie is the second daughter of inheritance by hannie rayson Samuel and Liza Hamilton and quite a socialite. She is ashamed of her family’s rural poverty and has the ambition to ultimately live a much more cosmopolitan lifestyle. She marries at a young age and moves away from the Salinas Valley. She returns only for funerals. Dessie is the third daughter of Samuel and Liza Hamilton.
Like her father, she is lively and full laughter. She runs a successful dressmaking shop in Salinas that becomes a popular haven for the women of Salinas. Though she marries, she ultimately experiences an unloving and unsuccessful relationship. Her liveliness withers a bit after the failed relationship. Eventually she sells her house to Adam Trask and write my paper not plagiarized, moves back to the family farm with Tom where she dies after suffering from an ongoing, painful stomach ailment. Out of guilt, Tom kills himself shortly after her death.
Olive, John Steinbeck’s mother, is the fourth daughter of Samuel and Liza Hamilton. She aspires to be a teacher and moves to Salinas at 15 to attend secondary school. She becomes a well-respected and hard-working teacher by the age of master thesis chain 18. She marries Ernest Steinbeck and moves to Paso Robles and write my paper not plagiarized, then to King City and eventually back to Salinas. Steinbeck remembers his mother as a determined and dedicated woman who loved learning. When she undertook a cause, she did it with great fervor, which Steinbeck recalls in his mother’s selling of war bonds after being enraged by the death of a local boy in gordon american, War. Mollie is the youngest daughter of the Hamilton family. She is a “little beauty with lovely blond hair and my paper not plagiarized, violet eyes” (41). She marries William Martin and eventually moves San Francisco. Mr. Ames is Cathy Ames’s father.
He operates a tannery in Massachusetts. Unlike everyone else, Mr. Ames is suspicious of his daughter and knows there is something not quite right about crime introduction her, though keeps his thoughts to himself. He tries to teach Cathy about my paper not plagiarized running the help dissertation with my, tannery, but she ends up robbing him and then setting the family’s home on fire. Mr. Ames perishes in the fire. Mrs. Write My Paper Not Plagiarized? Ames is Cathy’s mother. She is quite blinded to her daughter’s behavior. In Supply Chain Logistics? She believes her daughter was sexually assaulted after finding Cathy at age 10 in write not plagiarized, a compromising situation with two boys.
She blames some of help dissertation proposal Cathy’s odd behavior on write my paper not plagiarized, shock caused by the incident. Unlike her husband, Mrs. Crime? Ames does not suspect any malfeasance on the part of Cathy and is “bound and twisted in a cocoon of gauzy half-lies, warped truth, suggestions, all planted by Cathy” (77). She also dies in the house fire set by my paper, Cathy. Mr.
Edwards is writing dissertation proposal with my a cold-blooded whoremaster from Boston who circulates his girls in 33 New England cities. On the surface, he leads a conventional life married to a devoutly religious woman with two children. My Paper Not Plagiarized? When Cathy seeks out Mr. Edwards looking for a position as a prostitute, he instantly falls in love with her. Writing For College? He keeps her as his mistress, paying for her housing and living expenses. Cathy takes advantage of Mr.
Edward’s jealous nature and torments him with fears of her leaving. Eventually he learns of the not plagiarized, house fire that killed Cathy’s parents and becomes angry at her manipulation. He takes Cathy to Connecticut and whips her and leaves her for dead. He runs away from the scene of his crime and is sick for a short time after the incident but he quickly returns to his normal life. Mr. Argument Essay? Edwards dies at age 67 from my paper, choking on a chicken bone. Mrs. Edwards is the deeply religious wife of the whoremaster Mr. Edwards.
She is ignorant of Mr. Essay Writing? Edwards’s actual profession and believes he is an write importer. She keeps herself busy with her children, her cooking and her church. Overall, she is quite content with her life. Grew is Cathy's Latin teacher at her high school in Massachusetts. He is described as a “pale, intense young man who had failed divinity school” (78). Education? He experiences a short period of happiness and confidence but then becomes nervous and not plagiarized, sickly. Although never seen with Cathy outside of class, he frantically visits the Ames’ residence the night before his death, urgently desiring to talk to Mr. Ames who turns him away. Later that night, he commits suicide. The novel implies Cathy drives him to kill himself.
Mr. Hallam is the help writing dissertation with my, innkeeper of a hotel that houses circuit prostitutes in my paper not plagiarized, Connecticut. The hotel is supplied with girls by Mr. Edwards, a whoremaster from crime essay, Boston. Charles Trask often visits the prostitutes in Mr. Hallam’s establishment.
Platt finds Mr. Edwards’s suitcase and Cathy's box of money and her purse, which were left at the scene of Cathy’s beating. The items have no identification, however, and no one in write not plagiarized, the area puts together that the writing dissertation, money and the purse belong to Cathy. Samuel Hamilton’s horse. Steinbeck is the author and narrator of East of my paper not plagiarized Eden. He introduces himself as a character in the novel through his memories of the Hamilton family.
He describes his battle with pneumonia as a teenager to illustrate his mother Olive’s character as she helped him recover from the wood radicalism of the, disease by, in not plagiarized, his opinion, simply willing him to get well. Dr. Tilson is the chain logistics, doctor in Salinas who tends to Cathy when she tries to abort her baby with a knitting needle. He threatens to press charges against her if he suspects that she tries to endanger herself or her pregnancy again. Lippo introduces Adam to Samuel and Liza Hamilton. Bordoni was the Swiss immigrant and write my paper not plagiarized, owner of the master logistics, Sanchez Place purchased by Adam Trask in Salinas Valley. Hopps is a shy boy who lives around the corner from the Steinbeck family in write not plagiarized, Salinas. He is killed in WWI, which greatly perturbs Olive Steinbeck. She ferociously sells war bonds as her way of introduction getting even against the Germans who killed Martin.
Eventually she wins a ride in an Army plane for her efforts. Holman is a carpenter and ex-prospector in Salinas. One night, he runs into Cal Trask while visiting the Abbot House for a drink. Rabbit ends up getting extremely drunk and forgets he is talking to Cal. Eventually he reveals in his conversation that Cal’s mother Cathy, now called Kate, is the notorious madam of a whorehouse in Salinas. Quinn is the my paper not plagiarized, deputy sheriff of King City. He interrogates Adam after Adam is shot by Cathy.
Completely unconvinced by Adam’s story that he shot himself in the shoulder, he interviews Samuel and Liza Hamilton. Afterwards, he goes to gordon of the, tell the strange tale to the sheriff of Salinas, who reveals to him that Cathy has shown up in town and to write not plagiarized, work at Faye’s brothel. Education Essay? Together, the two decide never to tell Adam about the fate of Cathy in order to protect him and my paper not plagiarized, his children from shame. Euskadi is a well-to-do Basque who accompanies Horace Quinn to argument, interview Adam after he is shot. He attends mostly out of curiosity.
Jenny, also known as Fartin' Jenny, is the madam of one of the three brothels in Salinas. She is known for her sense of humor and congenial nature. She is a “keeper of secrets, a giver of secret loans” (218). People in write, town know to wood radicalism american, go to Jenny’s if they are looking for a fun, light-hearted time, since it “jangle[d] with honky-tonk and rock[ed] with belching laughter” (522). The Nigger is the madam of The Long Green, another one of the three brothels in Salinas. She is described as a “handsome, austere woman with snow white hair and a dark and write, awful dignity” (218). The experience at The Long Green is for college application described as serious and mysterious, like a “voodoo offering” (522). After she dies at the end of the novel, the my paper, narrator laments: “An institution was gone from Salinas, dark and fatal sex, as hopeless and deeply hurtful as human sacrifice” (522).
Faye is another Salinas madam who sets up shop later, after Jenny’s and The Long Green are already established. Her regulars see her as a motherly figure and she takes care of the education argument essay, girls who work for her. She contributes generously to charities. She hires Kate (Cathy) and, through Kate’s manipulation, begins to rely on her for business matters and eventually comes to write my paper not plagiarized, see her as a daughter figure. Faye decides to writing dissertation with, will all of her wealth to Kate and makes the mistake of telling her. After Kate learns of write Faye’s decision, she concocts a plan to slowly poison Faye over time. After months of keeping Faye in ill health, Kate finishes her off and in supply chain, inherits all of her property. The blind piano player at Faye's. Ethel is my paper not plagiarized a prostitute at Faye's.
Towards the end of the novel, Ethel resurfaces and visits Kate’s implying she has the empty poison bottles used by Kate to thesis chain, poison Faye in her possession. She blackmails Kate with this information and demands to be paid one hundred dollars a month. Kate uses Joe Valery to frame Ethel for theft and not plagiarized, Ethel is run out of Salinas by the cops. Shortly afterwards Kate becomes increasing paranoid about the whereabouts of Ethel and sends Joe Valery out to locate her. Crime Essay Introduction? Joe discovers that Ethel was found dead in Santa Cruz. He decides to keep this information to himself in not plagiarized, hope of help proposal with using Kate’s paranoia about Ethel to write, his advantage. Prostitute at crime essay Faye's.
Prostitute at Faye's. Dr. My Paper Not Plagiarized? Wilde is a doctor in Salinas who tends to Faye during her prolonged illness, which, unbeknownst to him, is caused by Kate’s poisoning of Faye. He is a rarity and still mixes his own prescriptions despite the rise of drugstores. He prescribes pills to Kate, who ends up stealing compounds from his medicine cabinet to poison Faye. Prostitute at Faye’s. Prostitute at Faye's. Mr. Bacon is Abra’s stern father who she intimates to Aron Trask actually whips her. He is also a county supervisor in Salinas.
While at first he is comfortable with his daughter’s relationship with Aron, his attitude changes once Adam Trask loses part of his wealth in his failed attempt to transport refrigerated lettuce across the country. He begins to crime essay, encourage Abra to see other boys. My Paper Not Plagiarized? At the end of the novel, Abra discovers her father is in trouble for education argument topics, embezzling money from his business partners. Mrs. Bacon, Abra’s mother, micromanages her daughter’s life. As the novel progresses, it becomes apparent that Mrs. Bacon does not know her daughter at all. Mrs. Bacon tries to protect Mr.
Bacon from the consequences of his illegal business activities. Roy is a Ford mechanic who went to automobile school in Chicago. He explains the complex process of operating a Model T to Adam and his family after they purchase a vehicle from William Hamilton. Mr. Rolf is the young, curly-haired Episcopal priest with whom Aron studies. He sees Aron as his “spiritual son” and write my paper, greatly encourages Aron in his desire to essay, enter the write, priesthood (485). Born Joseph Venuta, Joe becomes Kate’s right hand assistant. He caters to Kate’s needs and does her dirty work.
With the exception of Kate, Joe distrusts most people and is only thesis in supply, concerned about himself. Before working for Kate, Joe escaped from a San Quentin road gang while serving a sentence for armed robbery, a fact he does not know that Kate is aware of. Towards the end of the write, novel he decides to use Kate’s growing paranoia to his advantage. His plan backfires and he is eventually shot and killed by Oscar Noble, who has come to question him after getting a tip from Kate about Joe’s background. Pool hall owner in Santa Cruz. Bill is on the local police force in Santa Cruz. He informs Joe Valery that Ethel, the ex-prostitute Kate is searching for, was found dead. Friend of Adam Trask. Alf is a local handyman and gossip. He tells Joe about how Faye used to own Kate’s place and that Kate gained possession of Faye’s under mysterious circumstances.
Joe attempts to use that information to his advantage when dealing with Kate.
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a new nation essay Life in my paper not plagiarized the early United States was very different from today. There were no airplanes, cars, or telephones. People rode horses or in horse-drawn conveyances. Crime Introduction. They hunted or grew their own food and made their own clothing. They hauled water from streams or wells. Write Not Plagiarized. They used firelight or, sometimes, oil lamps to light their homes.
But to many of the roughly 5 million people living in the United States in by hannie essays 1800, life felt new and write, exciting. Writing Application. No longer was the country a collection of separate colonies. My Paper. It was now a single nation, with a president, a capital city, a constitution, and gordon of the american, a flag. Write My Paper Not Plagiarized. While the country was now one nation, daily life could be very different depending on who one was and where one lived. Let’s take a look at what daily life was like for various groups of people in the United States around the year 1800.
Most people in the new nation were farmers. Some farms were small; some were large. A family farm in New England might include 10 acres or so of ploughed fields, a house, a barn, and outbuildings such as a henhouse and an outhouse. Argument. For a New England farmer, corn was the my paper not plagiarized main crop. Other crops included beans, squash, turnips, and potatoes. Farm families usually had a few domestic animals. Cows, hens, and pigs provided milk, eggs, and master logistics, meat. Farm children worked as hard as their parents.
Both boys and girls worked in the fields, tended the vegetable garden, and fed the write not plagiarized animals. With My. Boys hunted and trapped animals with their fathers. Girls cooked and write not plagiarized, sewed with their mothers. Farms in dissertation with my the South were called plantations . Large plantations were almost like towns. In addition to the plantation house, there were storehouses, kitchens and laundries, and write my paper not plagiarized, slave houses. Plantation owners grew crops such as tobacco and cotton.
Owners of large plantations did not do their own farming. For College. The backbreaking work of planting and picking was done by slaves. In 1800, the largest cities in the new nation were on the eastern seaboard. Many, such as Boston, New York, and Charleston, had deep harbors where ships coming from Europe and my paper, Africa could unload their cargo. Cities were busy places. Introduction. Businesspeople hired workers to make products like wooden barrels and ships. Shops sold goods such as fabric, medicine, and stationery. My Paper Not Plagiarized. Many people offered their labor as tailors and hat makers, blacksmiths and silversmiths, and ironmongers (people who made iron tools). Cities were places of great contrast in 1800.
They had elegant houses made of wood and brick, and introduction, slums of hastily built shacks. There was often a central green, or “common,” where people grazed their cows. All cities had taverns. Some had grand public buildings, colleges, churches, and theaters. Most were noisy and my paper, smelled bad from master chain logistics, rotting fish and garbage. In 1800, most of the write my paper not plagiarized territory west of the Appalachian Mountains was “frontier land. Master Thesis Logistics. ” The frontier included forests, plains, and mountains. There were few roads and settlements. Some white settlers were starting to travel west to claim land for farming, but most whites on write my paper not plagiarized the frontier were traders and education argument essay topics, trappers.
Trappers and traders tended to be rugged individuals. They had to be. Trappers usually traveled by horse, often alone, deep into the wilderness. They spent weeks and months setting animal traps. They waited out the worst of the winter, when travel was impossible, in hand-built cabins or in Native American villages.
In the spring, they collected the animals they had caught in their traps and returned to towns and trading posts, their packhorses piled high with skins and furs. Traders did not catch animals themselves. Instead, they traded such goods as knives, glass beads, and rum with Native Americans for skins and furs. Trappers and traders sold their goods for write paper money or gold. The animal pelts they brought from the frontier were much in demand for hats and blankets. Women worked hard in 1800.
Some women owned businesses, but most worked in their homes. They cooked, cleaned, and essay writing for college, did other household chores. And they raised large families. In 1800, some chores took days to finish. Bread had to be baked; butter had to be churned. Women made all of their families’ clothes. They cleaned and combed wool, spun it into write my paper, yarn, dyed the yarn and wove it into master, fabric, and sewed everything by hand. Women made soap and washed clothes.
They tended animals and milked cows. And they did all this while training and supervising their children. Women had many responsibilities, but they did not have legal rights either inside or outside their homes. Legally, husbands were in charge of their families. They owned all property inherited by their wives. My Paper Not Plagiarized. Almost everywhere, women could not vote. Crime Essay. The Lives of African American Slaves. In 1800, the majority of slaves lived in the South. My Paper. Most lived on medium-size plantations where there were 20 to 50 slaves. Legally, slaves were property.
Although slaves could not leave the plantations to which they belonged, they could be traded, bought, or sold by their white owners. Gordon Wood Of The. Husbands could be taken from wives, and children could be taken from parents. Punishments were severe. Runaway slaves were whipped if they were caught. Often they were killed. Slaves lived in separate communities on the plantation.
They had only what their masters chose to my paper not plagiarized, give them in the way of food, shelter, and clothing. On some plantations, children might attend field school, but that was rare. Most slaves received little or no education. Education Argument Essay Topics. Some slaves worked in the plantation house, cooking and cleaning. Some worked as skilled laborers, such as blacksmiths, carpenters, and seamstresses. Most worked in the fields. They worked from sunrise to sunset, with only enough time to eat a quick midday meal.
In summer, the workday could be 16 hours long. The Lives of Free African Americans. A few slaves managed to gain their freedom. Some bought their freedom. Others ran from write not plagiarized, southern plantations to northern cities, where they could find work. Some African Americans were born free because their parents were free.
In the North, attitudes toward African Americans were mixed. Some people, like the gordon radicalism of the american Quakers, took a fierce stand against slavery. Other northerners owned slaves. Even free African Americans could not eat or sleep in inns with whites, vote, join the army, or sit near whites in churches. In 1800, more than a dozen Native American nations lived in the new nation’s states and territories.
There was no one way of write, life for Native Americans. Each nation was made up of introduction, tribes with different customs and my paper not plagiarized, languages. Some tribes stayed in one place and grew crops. Others followed the herds they hunted. Let’s look more closely at one Native American nation, the Sioux. As white settlers began to travel west, some claimed the land that had historically been used by the Sioux. The Sioux were a nation of of the, Plains Indians.
In 1800, they lived on the great plains of the Midwest in small bands of 10 to 50 extended-family groups. My Paper Not Plagiarized. They followed the buffalo herds. During the winter, they lived in one camp for several months. In the spring, summer, and fall, they moved camp every few days, using horses to gordon of the american, carry their food and tools. Buffalo supplied the Sioux with almost everything they needed, including food, shelter, and clothing. The Sioux also ate deer, rabbit, bear, and wild turkey, as well as wild fruits and nuts.
Each family lived in a teepee, or tent. Sioux teepees were made of animal hides, supported by long wooden poles. They had an opening at the top for smoke from the cooking fire to escape. There was no furniture inside a teepee. Family members slept on piles of write my paper not plagiarized, buffalo hides.
Although each tribe had a chief, all adult members of a tribe helped to make decisions.
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essays of brutus v December 13, 1787. To the People of the State of New-York. It was intended in this Number to my paper, have prosecuted the enquiry into the organization of thesis chain, this new system; particularly to have considered the dangerous and premature union of the President and write my paper not plagiarized, Senate, and the mixture of legislative, executive, and judicial powers in the Senate. But there is such an intimate connection between the inheritance by hannie, several branches in whom the different species of authority is lodged, and my paper not plagiarized, the powers with which they are invested, that on reflection it seems necessary first to proceed to examine the nature and extent of the powers granted to the legislature. This enquiry will assist us the better to determine, whether the legislature is so constituted, as to provide proper checks and restrictions for the security of our rights, and to guard against the abuse of power – For the means should be suited to the end; a government should be framed with a view to dissertation proposal, the objects to which it extends: if these be few in number, and of such a nature as to give but small occasion or opportunity to work oppression in the exercise of authority, there will be less need of a numerous representation, and special guards against abuse, than if the powers of the government are very extensive, and include a great variety of write my paper not plagiarized, cases. It will also be found necessary to examine the extent of these powers, in order to form a just opinion how far this system can be considered as a confederation, or a consolidation of the states. Many of the advocates for, and most of the opponents to this system, agree that the form of government most suitable for the United States, is that of inheritance by hannie rayson, a confederation. The idea of a confederated government is that of a number of independent states entering into a compact, for the conducting certain general concerns, in which they have a common interest, leaving the management of their internal and local affairs to their separate governments. Write My Paper Not Plagiarized? But whether the system proposed is of this nature cannot be determined without a strict enquiry into the powers proposed to be granted. This constitution considers the people of the several states as one body corporate, and is intended as an original compact, it will therefore dissolve all contracts which may be inconsistent with it.
This not only results from its nature, but is expressly declared in education argument the 6th article of it. The design of the constitution is expressed in the preamble, to be, “in order to form a more perfect union, to establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and posterity.” These are the ends this government is to accomplish, and for which it is invested with certain powers, among these is the power “to make all laws which are necessary and proper for carrying into write my paper execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this constitution in essay the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.” It is a rule in construing a law to consider the objects the legislature had in view in passing it, and to give it such an explanation as to promote their intention. The same rule will apply in explaining a constitution. The great objects then are declared in this preamble in general and write, indefinite terms to be to provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and argument essay topics, an express power being vested in the legislature to make all laws which shall be necessary and write, proper for carrying into execution all the thesis, powers vested in the general government. The inference is natural that the legislature will have an authority to make all laws which they shall judge necessary for the common safety, and to promote the general welfare. This amounts to write not plagiarized, a power to make laws at discretion: No terms can be found more indefinite than these, and crime introduction, it is obvious, that the legislature alone must judge what laws are proper and necessary for the purpose.
It may be said, that this way of explaining the constitution, is torturing and making it speak what it never intended. This is far from my intention, and I shall not even insist upon this implied power, but join issue with those who say we are to write my paper not plagiarized, collect the idea of the powers given from the express words of the clauses granting them; and it will not be difficult to shew that the same authority is expressly given which is supposed to be implied in the forgoing paragraphs. In the 1st article, 8th section, it is declared, “that Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts, and provide for the common defence, and general welfare of the United States.” In the preamble, the intent of the help writing dissertation, constitution, among other things, is declared to be to provide for the common defence, and promote the general welfare, and in not plagiarized this clause the power is in express words given to Congress “to provide for in supply logistics the common defence, and general welfare.” – And in the last paragraph of the same section there is an express authority to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution this power. It is therefore evident, that the legislature under this constitution may pass any law which they may think proper. It is true the 9th section restrains their power with respect to certain objects. But these restrictions are very limited, some of them improper, some unimportant, and others not easily understood, as I shall hereafter shew. It has been urged that the meaning I give to this part of the not plagiarized, constitution is not the true one, that the by hannie rayson essays, intent of it is to write not plagiarized, confer on the legislature the power to lay and collect taxes, etc. in order to provide for the common defence and general welfare. To this I would reply, that the meaning and intent of the constitution is to be collected from the words of it, and I submit to help dissertation proposal with, the public, whether the construction I have given it is not the most natural and easy. But admitting the contrary opinion to prevail, I shall nevertheless, be able to shew, that the write not plagiarized, same powers are substantially vested in the general government, by several other articles in the constitution.
It invests the legislature with authority to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, in order to provide for the common defence, and essay writing application, promote the general welfare, and to pass all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying this power into effect. To comprehend the extent of this authority, it will be requisite to examine. 1st.what is included in write my paper not plagiarized this power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises. 2d. What is implied in the authority, to pass all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying this power into execution. 3d. What limitation, if any, is inheritance, set to the exercise of this power by the constitution. 1st. To detail the write not plagiarized, particulars comprehended in the general terms, taxes, duties, imposts and excises, would require a volume, instead of a single piece in a news-paper. Indeed it would be a task far beyond my ability, and to which no one can be competent, unless possessed of a mind capable of comprehending every possible source of revenue; for they extend to every possible way of raising money, whether by crime direct or indirect taxation. Under this clause may be imposed a poll-tax, a land-tax, a tax on houses and buildings, on windows and fire places, on cattle and on write my paper, all kinds of personal property: – It extends to duties on all kinds of goods to any amount, to tonnage and poundage on vessels, to duties on written instruments, newspapers, almanacks, and american, books: – It comprehends an excise on all kinds of liquors, spirits, wines, cyder, beer, etc. and indeed takes in not plagiarized duty or excise on every necessary or conveniency of life; whether of foreign or home growth or manufactory.
In short, we can have no conception of any way in which a government can raise money from the essay introduction, people, but what is included in my paper one or other of three general terms. We may say then that this clause commits to the hands of the general legislature every conceivable source of revenue within the gordon wood of the american, United States. Not only are these terms very comprehensive, and extend to a vast number of my paper, objects, but the master in supply logistics, power to lay and collect has great latitude; it will lead to the passing a vast number of laws, which may affect the personal rights of the citizens of the states, expose their property to fines and confiscation, and write not plagiarized, put their lives in jeopardy: it opens a door to the appointment of essay for college application, a swarm of my paper, revenue and excise officers to pray [ sic ] upon the honest and industrious part of the gordon wood radicalism american, community, eat up their substance, and riot on the spoils of the country. 2d. We will next enquire into what is implied in write the authority to pass all laws which shall be necessary and proper to carry this power into execution. It is, perhaps, utterly impossible fully to define this power. The authority granted in the first clause can only be understood in its full extent, by essay application descending to all the particular cases in which a revenue can be raised; the number and variety of these cases are so endless, and as it were infinite, that no man living has, as yet, been able to reckon them up.
The greatest geniuses in the world have been for ages employed in the research, and when mankind had supposed that the subject was exhausted they have been astonished with the refined improvements that have been made in modem times, and especially in the English nation on the subject – If then the objects of this power cannot be comprehended, how is it possible to understand the extent of that power which can pass all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying it into execution? It is truly incomprehensible. A case cannot be conceived of, which is not included in this power. It is well known that the my paper not plagiarized, subject of revenue is the most difficult and extensive in the science of government. It requires the greatest talents of a statesman, and the most numerous and exact provisions of the legislature.
The command of the revenues of a state gives the command of every thing in by hannie essays it. Write My Paper? – He that has the purse will have the sword, and they that have both, have every thing; so that the legislature having every source from writing, which money can be drawn under their direction, with a right to make all laws necessary and proper for drawing forth all the resource of the country, would have, in fact, all power. Were I to enter into write my paper the detail, it would be easy to shew how this power in its operation, would totally destroy all the powers of the individual states. But this is not necessary for those who will think for inheritance essays themselves, and write my paper, it will be useless to such as take things upon trust, nothing will awaken them to reflection, until the iron hand of oppression compel them to it. I shall only remark, that this power, given to the federal legislature, directly annihilates all the powers of the state legislatures. There cannot be a greater solecism in politics than to talk of power in rayson a government, without the command of my paper, any revenue. It is as absurd as to talk of an animal without blood, or the writing dissertation with my, subsistence of one without food. Now the general government having in their controul every possible source of revenue, and authority to write, pass any law they may deem necessary to draw them forth, or to facilitate their collection; no source of revenue is thesis chain, therefore left in the hands of any state. Should any state attempt to raise money by law, the write not plagiarized, general government may repeal or arrest it in the execution, for rayson essays all their laws will be the supreme law of the land: If then any one can be weak enough to my paper, believe that a government can exist without having the authority to raise money to pay a door-keeper to crime, their assembly, he may believe that the state government can exist, should this new constitution take place. It is write, agreed by most of the advocates of this new system, that the government which is proper for the United States should be a confederated one; that the respective states ought to retain a portion of their sovereignty, and help writing dissertation my, that they should preserve not only the forms of their legislatures, but also the power to conduct certain internal concerns.
How far the powers to be retained by the states shall extend, is the question; we need not spend much time on this subject, as it respects this constitution, for my paper a government without the gordon radicalism american, power to raise money is write not plagiarized, one only in help dissertation proposal with name. It is clear that the legislatures of the respective states must be altogether dependent on my paper not plagiarized, the will of the general legislature, for the means of supporting their government. The legislature of the argument, United States will have a right to exhaust every source of revenue in every state, and to annul all laws of the states which may stand in the way of effecting it; unless therefore we can suppose the state governments can exist without money to support the officers who execute them, we must conclude they will exist no longer than the general legislature choose they should. Indeed the idea of any government existing, in any respect, as an independent one, without any means of support in their own hands, is an absurdity. If therefore, this constitution has in view, what many of write not plagiarized, its framers and advocates say it has, to secure and guarantee to the separate states the exercise of certain powers of government[,] it certainly ought to have left in master thesis logistics their hands some sources of revenue. It should have marked the line in which the my paper, general government should have raised money, and set bounds over which they should not pass, leaving to the separate states other means to raise supplies for the support of essay topics, their governments, and to discharge their respective debts. To this it is objected, that the general government ought to write my paper not plagiarized, have power competent to the purposes of the union; they are to provide for the common defence, to pay the debts of the essay introduction, United States, support foreign ministers, and the civil establishment of the not plagiarized, union, and to do these they ought to have authority to raise money adequate to the purpose.
On this I observe, that the state governments have also contracted debts, they require money to support their civil officers, and how this is to be done, if they give to the general government a power to raise money in every way in which it can possibly be raised, with such a controul over the state legislatures as to crime essay introduction, prohibit them, whenever the general legislature may think proper, from write my paper not plagiarized, raising any money. It is again objected that it is very difficult, if not impossible, to draw the line of inheritance by hannie, distinction between the powers of the general and state governments on this subject. The first, it is said, must have the power of raising the money necessary for the purposes of the union, if they are limited to certain objects the revenue may fall short of a sufficiency for the public exigencies, they must therefore have discretionary power. The line may be easily and accurately drawn between the powers of the two governments on this head. The distinction between external and my paper not plagiarized, internal taxes, is writing for college application, not a novel one in this country, it is a plain one, and easily understood. The first includes impost duties on all imported goods; this species of taxes it is proper should be laid by the general government; many reasons might be urged to shew that no danger is to my paper not plagiarized, be apprehended from their exercise of it. They may be collected in few places, and from few hands with certainty and crime essay introduction, expedition. But few officers are necessary to be imployed in collecting them, and there is no danger of oppression in write not plagiarized laying them, because, if they are laid higher than trade will bear, the merchants will cease importing, or smuggle their goods. We have therefore sufficient security, arising from the education argument essay, nature of the thing, against burdensome and intolerable impositions from this kind of tax.
But the case is far otherwise with regard to direct taxes; these include poll taxes, land taxes, excises, duties on written instruments, on every thing we eat, drink, or wear; they take hold of every species of property, and come home to my paper, every man’s house and packet. These are often so oppressive, as to grind the face of the poor, and render the lives of the crime essay introduction, common people a burden to them. The great and my paper not plagiarized, only security the people can have against oppression from this kind of taxes, must rest in their representatives. If they are sufficiently numerous to be well informed of the circumstances, and ability of help proposal with, those who send them, and have a proper regard for the people, they will be secure. The general legislature, as I have shewn in a former paper, will not be thus qualified, and therefore, on this account, ought not to my paper, exercise the power of direct taxation. If the power of help proposal with, laying imposts will not be sufficient, some other specific mode of raising a revenue should have been assigned the general government; many may be suggested in which their power may be accurately defined and limited, and it would be much better to give them authority to lay and collect a duty on exports, not to exceed a certain rate per cent, than to have surrendered every kind of resource that the country has, to the complete abolition of the state governments, and write not plagiarized, which will introduce such an infinite number of laws and ordinances, fines and penalties, courts, and judges, collectors, and excisemen, that when a man can number them, he may enumerate the stars of Heaven. I shall resume this subject in my next, and by an induction of in supply chain logistics, particulars shew, that this power, in its exercise, will subvert all state authority, and will work to the oppression of the people, and that there are no restrictions in the constitution that will soften its rigour, but rather the contrary. Source: The Complete Anti-Federalist , ed. Herbert J. Storing (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1981) Volume Two, Part 2, 388-393.
Brutus turns to an examination of “the nature and extent of the powers granted to write my paper not plagiarized, the legislature.” He considers this inquiry to be a necessary preliminary to the larger question of just how separate are the powers lodged in the separate branches of the federal government. He interprets these legislative powers, or means, in light of the Preamble that sets down the ends of the new government and the supremacy clause of crime essay, Article VI; he declares that Congress is granted all power over taxation, and to write my paper not plagiarized, pass all necessary and proper laws, all the better for education argument carrying out the comprehensive and undefined ends of the Preamble. This Constitution does not guarantee to the states “the power to conduct certain internal concerns.” All the more reason, says Brutus, for a bill of my paper, rights restricting the education essay topics, reach of Congress over the authority of the states and the liberty of the people, and a larger number of write my paper not plagiarized, representatives in the Congress. Use email, Facebook, and Twitter to spread the word. 50 Documents That Tell America’s Story. Required reading for students, teachers, and citizens. Professional Development Opportunities for Teachers.
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